دجاج مقاوم لإنفلونزا الطيور

آخر تحديث:  الخميس، 27 يناير/ كانون الثاني، 2011، 12:07 GMT

Hello and welcome to BBC Xtra English!

UK scientists have created the world's first genetically modified (GM) chickens that do not spread bird flu.

Writing in Science journal, the team of scientists say that their work demonstrates it is possible to create a variety of GM farm animals resistant to viral diseases.

The research team inserted an artificial gene into chickens; this introduces a tiny part of the bird flu virus into chicken cells.

Whilst these birds become infected, this makes that virus harmless to other poultry.

The team believes that the genetic modification they have introduced is harmless to the chickens and to people who might eat the birds.

Professor Helen Sang of Edinburgh University told BBC News that genetic modification might be a better way of protecting against diseases than vaccination.

This is because the GM technique works even if the virus mutates but vaccination does not.

"It will protect a whole flock from avian influenza infection. This is really exciting because bird flu is a real challenge to poultry production and if it were introduced to poultry breeding it would protect our large scale production flocks from avian influenza," said Professor Sang.

The researchers believe that the technique could be used to protect any farm animal from any disease.

Their aim is to develop animals that are completely resistant to viral diseases.

The researchers say they think the technology has the potential to boost food production and reduce costs.

"There's going to be a real problem in feeding the world as the population increases," says Professor Sang.

"As the demand for animal products increases and it's going to get increasingly expensive and we are looking at different ways to tackle that problem."

But Peter Bradnock of The British Poultry Council said more research was needed to assess the long term impact on farm animals before food producers would even consider using the technology.

Even then, companies would have to assess the likely reaction from consumers: "We have to have a big debate as to whether society wants to have GM animals even for this very good potential benefit," he told BBC News.

And Tim Elsdale, who is an organic farmer in East Sussex, said it was better to adopt good farming practices to avoid animals getting diseases in the first place than to create GM farm animals.

"We don't suffer much from animal diseases on this farm," he said.

"Organic methods of husbandry doesn't encourage disease if the animals are well spaced enough. They live in a natural environment and they eat normal food then a lot of diseases that are prevalent on conventional farming would not be apparent to us".

If the food and farming industry did want to use GM technology in this way in the UK, they would need to seek prior approval from the Food Standards Agency (FSA). The FSA would conduct a full detailed safety evaluation before any of this GM produce could enter the market.

In addition to that, produce would need to be labelled so that consumers would be able to make a choice about the food they eat. If there were an application, the authorisation process could be carried out in a matter of months.

What do you think of genetically modified foods? Write to us in English!
ما رأيك في الأغذية المعدلة وراثياً؟ اكتب لنا بالإنجليزية

prog

prog

.لاستخدام هذا الملف لابد من تشغيل برنامج النصوص "جافا"، وأحدث الإصدارات من برنامج "فلاش بلاير"

يمكن التشغيل باستخدام برنامج "ريال بلاير"، أو "ويندوز ميديا بلاير"

Genetically modified
معدل وراثياً
Bird flu
فيروس انفلونزا الطيور
Viral diseases
الأمراض التي تسببها الفيروسات
Artificial gene
جينات صناعية
Cells
خلايا
Infected
مصابة
Virus
فيروس
Poultry
الدواجن
Harmless
غير مضر
Mutates
يتغير
Vaccination
تلقيح
Flock
سرب
Avian influenza
فيروس انفلوينزا الطيور
Impact
أثر
Organic
عضوية
Husbandry
الزراعة
Authorisation process
عملية التفويض

words

words

.لاستخدام هذا الملف لابد من تشغيل برنامج النصوص "جافا"، وأحدث الإصدارات من برنامج "فلاش بلاير"

يمكن التشغيل باستخدام برنامج "ريال بلاير"، أو "ويندوز ميديا بلاير"

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