الذكرى الـ150 للحرب الأهلية الأمريكية

آخر تحديث:  الخميس، 14 ابريل/ نيسان، 2011، 16:58 GMT

Hello and welcome to BBC Xtra English!

This week is the 150th anniversary of the American civil war which began on April 12th 1821.

It lasted for four years and was between the Union army and the Confederates.

The Union army was made up of mostly northern states who fought eleven southern Confederate states who had just seceded, mainly over the issue of slavery.

By the time it ended, in 1865, more than 600,000 soldiers and an unknown number of civilians had died.

It remains America's costliest conflict and its origins and consequences are still the subject of debate.

Our Washington correspondent, Paul Adams, has been visiting historical sites in America that are re-enacting some of the war's many battles.

He found that even though the civil war ended a very long time ago, it still has the power to inflame passions amongst many Americans.

There appears to be resentment in the south over the humiliation it received at the hands of the Union army.

This resentment has led to an alternative view of the war, its causes and outcome.

Academic David Aiken is a founder member of the League of the South, which advocates southern independence.

He said that "Southerners were of the opinion that they were defending the constitution, defending law, against a brutal, materialistic invasion force from the north."

Slavery, in David Aiken's view, was not a southern, but a national problem.

Some Southerners also felt that slavery was an integral part of the south's economy and its abolishment would have destroyed their economy.

What do you know about the American civil war? Write to us in English!
ما الذي تعرفه عن الحرب الأهلية الأمريكية؟ اكتبوا لنا بالإنجليزية

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.لاستخدام هذا الملف لابد من تشغيل برنامج النصوص "جافا"، وأحدث الإصدارات من برنامج "فلاش بلاير"

اعرض الملف في مشغل آخر

Civil war
حرب أهلية
Union army
جيش الولايات المتحدة الشمالية (جيش الاتحاد)
Confederates
الكونفيدراليون - جيش الولايات الجنوبية
Seceded
انفصلت
Slavery
العبودية/الرق
Costliest
الاكثر تكلفة
Conflict
صراع
Origins
أصول
Consequences
عواقب
Re-enacting
إعادة تمثيل
Inflame passions
يثير، يهيج، يلهب المشاعر
Resentment
استياء
Humiliation
إذلال
Alternative view
عرض بديل/وجهة نظر بديلة
Brutal
وحشي
Materialistic
مادي
Invasion force
قوة غازية

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