كيف يمكن التعامل مع ارتفاع عدد سكان العالم؟

آخر تحديث:  الثلاثاء، 3 مايو/ أيار، 2011، 15:45 GMT

Hello and welcome to BBC Xtra English!

The latest Chinese census shows that its population grew to 1.34 billion people by 2010, with a sharp rise in those over 60.

When China carried out its first census in 1953 it had a population of 594 million, less than half the current figure.

This census, the first in 10 years, comes after a decade of rapid economic growth that has led to significant social change.

The results revealed that almost half of all Chinese - 49.7% of the population - now live in cities, up from about 36% 10 years ago. Many have been drawn to jobs in China's factories and coastal industrial zones.

The census for the first time counted migrant workers where they were living, rather than where they were registered. It found that more than 220 million Chinese had worked away from home for over six months in 2010, almost double the previous figure.

The government's strict controls on family size, including its one-child policy for most urban families, have reduced annual population growth to below 1% percent. The rate is projected to turn negative in coming decades.

There has been growing speculation in the country's media about the possibility that the government will ease the policy - introduced in 1980 as a temporary measure to curb surging population growth - and allow more people to have two children.

As it currently stands, most urban couples are limited to one child and rural families to two. The average household now numbers 3.1 people, down from 3.44 a decade ago.

Some demographers have said that the limits on family size may now threaten China's economic future, with fewer people left to pay and care for an older population, as well as to work in the factories that have transformed the country into the world's second largest economy.

But state-run Xinhua news agency said President Hu Jintao told top party lawmakers on Tuesday that China's family planning policy would remain unchanged and the low birth-rate be maintained.

How do you think the Chinese government should deal with its population? Write to us in English!
برأيك كيف ينبغي على الحكومة الصينية التعامل مع عدد سكانها؟ اكتب لنا بالإنجليزية

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.لاستخدام هذا الملف لابد من تشغيل برنامج النصوص "جافا"، وأحدث الإصدارات من برنامج "فلاش بلاير"

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Census
تعداد
Population
سكان
Rapid
سريع
Significant
هام
Social change
تغير اجتماعي
Coastal
ساحلي
Industrial zones
المناطق الصناعية
Migrant workers
العمال المهاجرون
Strict controls
ضوابط صارمة
Urban
مدني
Projected
متوقعة
Speculation
تخمين
One-child policy
سياسة الطفل الواحد
Surging
ارتفاع

words

words

.لاستخدام هذا الملف لابد من تشغيل برنامج النصوص "جافا"، وأحدث الإصدارات من برنامج "فلاش بلاير"

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There are families in Saudi Arabia have more than 34 members, I they thinks the land is empty and life is good ,and they've forget that there is no water, and they forget that in the past the tribal wars for pasture and water kept the population low, and this will happen after the petrol era.

Mohammed Zaidan, Najran, Saudi Arabia

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