Some nations have done a better job than others of navigating the needs of two-partner working families as mothers flood the job market.
In some countries, like Sweden and the United Kingdom, generous amounts of paid leave are the norm while in countries like the United States, only unpaid leave is federally mandated.
After maternity or paternity leave, national government programs in some countries provide free or subsidized childcare. In most nations, however, parents must cobble together arrangements for care.
And across the globe, women regularly earn less than their male counterparts.
A look at seven countries, their maternity leave rules, childcare policies and salary differentials.
--Data compiled by Kiran Herbert
(Philippe Desmazes/Getty Images)