In a special series, BBC Earth has recreated the last days of the last Neanderthal on Earth.
It is a story based on the latest scientific research and stunning discoveries of Neanderthal remains.
To find out more, watch the films above and below:
How Neanderthal are you?
What do you owe to our ancient cousins?
How human were Neanderthals?
They were as special as our ancestors
Did Neanderthals create art?
A stunning engraving suggests they did
The last Neanderthal
The real story of how our extinct relative lived and died
Join over five million BBC Earth fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter and Instagram.
If you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter called "If You Only Read 6 Things This Week". A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Earth, Culture, Capital, Travel and Autos, delivered to your inbox every Friday.