The Galapagos Islands have lost one of their unique species

A new species of vermilion flycatcher has been described from the Galapagos Islands, but the birds have not been seen in the wild since 1987

A new species of songbird has been discovered in the Galapagos Islands, but it is already thought to be extinct.

"This marks an important landmark for conservation in the Galapagos, and a call to arms to understand why these birds have declined," says co-author Jack Dumbacher from the California Academy of Sciences.

The findings were published in the journal Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.  

Melissa Hogenboom is BBC Earth's feature writer. She is @melissasuzanneh on Twitter.

Join over five million BBC Earth fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter and Instagram.

If you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter called "If You Only Read 6 Things This Week". A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Earth, Culture, Capital, Travel and Autos, delivered to your inbox every Friday.