For connoisseurs of Soviet chic, mission control for the International Space Station at Korolev near Moscow takes some beating.
Corridors are lined with corrugated golden panels – the same type of panels, curiously, as were used at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in Ukraine – and no doubt the cracked sepia-brown linoleum floor tiles were also produced to a central design. But the highlight is a two-storey high mural of Yuri Gagarin, hand outstretched, reaching for the stars. Further along the golden corridor, adding to the nostalgia of past glories, is the preserved control room for space station Mir.
For your average space geek – say, a 42-year-old space reporter and science journalist – it is wonderful to wallow in this glorious history. But the trouble with us space addicts is that we sometimes live too much in the past. So much so, in fact, that our visors become rose-tinted.
Take the Space Shuttle, for example. Many of us complained that it was too costly, too dangerous and too complicated. It was Nasa’s white elephant, we suggested: a dead-end when we should have been going to the Moon and Mars. This is the same Shuttle that, when it was cancelled, made us teary-eyed and sentimental. How could they ground the most beautiful machine ever created?
But it is not just the past. Space geeks can also get obsessed with the far future. If we are not fantasising about boldly going where no one has gone before, then we are fearful (but secretly a little excited), that sentient robots are going to take over the Earth. Although by then, ideally, we will also be colonising the Galaxy, seeking new life and civilisations.
But the real excitement lies between the past and infinity (and beyond). It is here, right now, and always has been – we just haven’t noticed. Because when it comes to space, we are living in a remarkable period. Here is how the evidence stacks up:
The International Space Station (ISS)
Right now, somewhere above our heads, six astronauts are going about their daily lives in space. (This rather neat site uses Google maps to show you exactly where.) It is not the science they are doing or the observations they are taking that are the most exciting, it is the mundane things: the sleeping, eating, drinking, exercising and going to the toilet. All that stuff is really difficult in space, and if we ever want to leave the confines of low Earth orbit, we need to get the hang of it. And if you have ever seen a space toilet, you will appreciate the horror for you and your companions if you don’t follow the correct procedure when you use one.
At a recent space conference I attended, a senior Nasa official gave a speech about the Agency’s future ambitions. Almost every slide he used was about SpaceX. This startup company, headed by PayPal founder Elon Musk, has already flown a wheel of cheese around the Earth (and returned it safely) and is about to launch a spacecraft to the ISS. The Dragon capsule will carry cargo into orbit, dock with the station and return to Earth. Eventually it will be approved to carry people. The transition from behemoth agencies to private enterprise isn’t necessarily going to be pretty, but if space can make money (and the satellite industry has already proved that it can), then the future for space travel is looking bright.
While the search for evidence of life on Mars remains the focus, Nasa’s Messenger mission is uncovering all sorts of weird information about Mercury – from mysterious hollows to an offset magnetic field. Meanwhile, the international Cassini spacecraft continues to send back remarkable pictures of Saturn and its moons, and the European Space Agency’s Venus Express is unravelling the mysteries of Earth’s evil twin. When you factor in discoveries from the Kepler planet-hunter, the various space telescopes, observatories and Earth observation missions such as CryoSat, then the amount of scientific knowledge being gathered in space has never been greater.