Menya uko kanseri yifashe ku isi

Indwara ya kanseri iri muzihatana abantu benshi ku isi kandi amafaranga abarirwa muzi za miliyari akoreshwa mu kuyirwanya. Mu byukuri, kanseri ntabwo ari indwara imwe ahubwo ifite ubwoko burenze 200 kandi buri bwoko bufite ibimenyetso, uburyo bwo kubusuzuma no kubuvura bwihariye. Ishami rya ONU ryita ku buzima - OMS - rivuga ko umubare w'abandura kanseri uziyongeraho 70% mu myaka 20 iri imbere.

Abashakashatsi bo mu muryango Cancer Research UK bavuga ko ubwoko bwa kanseri buboneka hirya no hino ku isi busa nkaho butahindutse mu myaka 20 ishize.

Ubwoko bune bwa kanseri bukunze kuboneka - kanseri y'ibihaha, amabere, amara - buboneka muri kanseri 4 ku 10 (42%) zisuzumwa hirya no hino ku isi, nkuko bitangazwa na Globocan Project (imibare kuri kanseri ikusanywa na International Association of Cancer Registries).

Kanseri y'ibihaha niyo iboneka cyane mu bagabo ku isi naho ifata amabere niyo iboneka cyane mu bagore.

Kubana na kanseri

Abantu miliyoni 169.3

bazahitanwa na kanseri ku isi

  • Abantu miliyoni 32.6 barwaye kanseri ku isi.Aba ni abapimwe mu myaka itanu ishize, bari bakiriho mu mpera za 2012.

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Icyegeranyo giheruka kuri kanseri hirya no hino ku isi cya OMS cyerekana ko 60% by'abantu bashya bandura kanseri ku isi baboneka muri Afurika, Aziya, Amerika yo hagati na Amerika yepfo. Muri utu turere niho 70% byabahitanwa na kanseri baboneka.

Nk'urugero, mu Burayi na Amerika ya ruguru abahitanwa na kanseri ni bake ugereranyije na kanseri zihaboneka, mu gihe muri Aziya na Afurika haboneka umubare munini w'abantu bahitanwa na kanseri.

Urebye imibare y'abarwaye kanseri muri buri gihugu, umubare munini w'abagabo n'abagore barwaye kanseri baboneka muri Denmark aho usanga nko mu mwaka wa 2012 abantu 338 ku 100 000 bari bayirwaye.

IBIHUGU 5 KU ISONGA

BIFITE IKIGERO KININI CYA KANSERI

1. Denmark

Abantu 338.1 ku baturage 100.000

  • 2. Ubufaransa 324,6

  • 3. Australia 323,0

  • 4. Ububiligi 321,1

  • 5. Norvege 318,3

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Ibi bikurikiwe na Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika, Ireland, Korea, Ubuholandi na Nouvelle Caledonie.

Mu Burasirazuba bwo hagati, Isiraheli nicyo gihugu kirimo abantu benshi barwaye kanseri, iri ku mwanya wa 19 ku rutonde rw'ibihugu 50. Barbados (27) na Uruguay (33) nibyo bifite abantu benshi bafite kanseri ku migabane ya Amerika nyuma ya Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika na Canada. Cuba, Argentina na Puerto Rico nabyo biri mu bihugu 50 bya mbere.

KANSERI N'ITERAMBERE

57% bya kanseri zose

ziboneka mu bihugu bikennye n' ubwo kanseri ibonwa nk'ikibazo cy'ibihugu bikize

  • 43% bya kanseri ku isi ni izo mu bihugu bikize

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Abashakashatsi bavuga ko ibishobora gutera kanseri bisa hose ku isi.

IBISHOBORA GUTERA KANSERI

1/3

cy'impfu za kanseri ziterwa n'imyifatire n'imirire

4

  • 1. Itabi

  • 2.Imirire n'Umubyibuho ukabije

  • 3. Inzoga

  • 4. Kudakora siporo

Itabi ni kimwe mu bintu birusha ibindi gutera kanseri, 20% byabahitanwa na kanseri baba barayitewe n'itabi.

Kanseri iterwa no kumywa inzoga nyinshi iboneka cyane mu Burayi na Amerika naho indyo mbi n'umubyibuho ukabije birimo kwiyongera nk'ibintu bishobora gutera kanseri mu bihugu bifite ubukungu buri hasi n'ibifite ubukungu buciriritse.

Kandi ibihugu bikenye biremererwa cyane n'umutwaro w'iyo ndwara.

KUBONA IMITI igabanya ububabare

99%

by'impfu zibabaza zibonoka mu bihugu bikennye

  • 90% by'imiti ikaze ku isi biba muri Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Amerika na bimwe mu bihugu by' Uburayi

  • Munsi y'Less than 10% by'ingano yose bikoreshwa na 80% by'abaturage ku isi

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KANSERI IMBERE HAZAZA

Icyo abahanga bahanura

70%

by' inyongera y'ubwandu bushya mu myaka 20 iri imbere ku isi

  • Miliyoni 22 z'abarwayi bashya muri 2032, bavuye kuri miliyoni 14,1 muri 2012.

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