Beda Fourth dan Forth

burung puffin
Image caption The few remaining puffins can go forth and multiply, berarti maju.

This is BBC Learning English. Now, as you’ve probably worked out by now, the English language can be very confusing.

One sort of confusing words are homophones – that means two words which sound the same but have different meanings. Here’s a basic example: meat – meaning food such as beef and lamb (MEAT), and meet – meaning when people get together (MEET).

Now, let’s join Finn and Abigail, who are going to look at one pair of homophones.

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Finn: Hello and welcome to Soundalikes, our guide to words in the news which sound the same but have different meanings. Now, which words do we have today, Abigail?

Abigail: OK, Finn I’ve got two which again sound exactly the same. 'Fourth' and 'forth'

Finn: Oh, 'fourth' and ‘forth’. – well one of those sounds easy enough, the number after second and third perhaps?

Abigail: Exactly, yes.

Finn: But let's find out what the other meaning could be.

"...Bolton missed the chance to go fourth in the league as they were held by Southampton..."

"...Arsenal have no fresh injuries ahead of their Champions League final. Their manager urged them to go forth and win..."

Finn: Ok – so a couple of football stories there. In the first one we heard about a team – Bolton – missing their chance to go fourth in the league.

Abigail: Yes – that's right – they could have gone fourth, or moved to fourth position in the league table. So this is fourth related to the number four and it’s spelled FOURTH

Finn: Ok – so no problems there… in the second clip though we heard about a manager telling his team to go forth and win… and now this doesn't mean to go into fourth position?

Abigail: Exactly, it’s nothing to do with the number four at all and it doesn’t have that U in it. It’s FORTH, no U and it just means forward really.

Finn: OK, so here to go forth means just to go forward, or to go ahead.

Abigail: Exactly, so the manager’s encouraging his team to go forward and win the game. And another time that you hear that word forth with no U is in the phrase back and forth.

Finn: OK so back and forth which I guess literally just means back and forward.

Abigail: Exactly yes – so you might say I have been back and forth to the shops all day today… I’ve been going to the shops and coming back again. Back and forth.

Finn: Back and forth, going there and back all day. So – can we say if you hear a word that sounds like fourth in a news story and it doesn't sound like it has anything to do with a number – then it's probably the one meaning forward? So, without a U.

Abigail: Absolutely, yes. Definitely.

Finn: Ok – so today we heard fourth as in the number, with a U, and forth meaning forward, that’s without the U. More Soundalikes next time.

So we heard Finn and Abigail talking about the words fourth and forth. Let’s see if you can identify the two different words when used in a sentence. So, the two meanings are: fourth – relating to the number 4, and forth meaning forwards.

Listen to these examples and see if you can get the right meaning.

"Jersey surfer Cole Jouanny, finished only fourth in the long-boards final."

"The Countryside Council have eliminated the rats so the few remaining puffins can go forth and multiply."

So did you get them right?

First example meant the number 4.

Second example meant forwards.

If you got them all right – well done!

Let’s recap the spellings of those two words. Fourth – relating to the number four, is spelt FOURTH and forth – meaning forwards, is FORTH.