Hottest July in US since records began

US heat wave Hak atas foto Reuters
Image caption Meteorologists say the average temperature was 25,3, beating the previous record in July 1936.

Belajar bahasa Inggris sambil membaca berita BBC dalam dua bahasa tentang suhu udara terpanas bulan Juli di Amerika Serikat dan harga sereal dan gula dunia yang meningkat tajam.

Hottest July in US since records began

Meteorologists in the United States say July was the hottest month there since records began in 1895.

They say the average temperature was 25.3 Celsius, beating the previous record which was set in July 1936 - a time of severe heat and drought known as the Dust Bowl.

Scientists say the drought associated with the current heatwave stretches from the mid western states to California and from the Dakotas in the north to Texas.

They say almost half of the US corn crop and a third of the soya bean crop have been severely damaged by the lack of water.

Juli adalah bulan terpanas di Amerika Serikat

Pakar meteorologi di Amerika Serikat mengatakan Juli merupan bulan terpanas sejak tahun 1895.

Mereka mengatakan suhu rata-rata adalah 25,3 Celsius, lebih tinggi dari rekor sebelumnya tahun 1936. Saat itu terjadi gelombang panas dan kekeringan yang disebut Dust Bowl (Mangkuk Debu).

Para ilmuwan mengatakan kekeringan itu terkait dengan gelombang panas saat ini yang terjadi mulai dari negara bagian di barat tengah sampai California dan dari Dakota di utara sampai Texas.

Mereka mengatakan hampir setengah panen Amerika Serikat dan sepertitga panen kedelai rusak karena kekurangan air.

Cereals and sugar rise sharply

Hak atas foto Reuters
Image caption FAO says cereals rose by 17% from June because of drought conditions.

The Food and Agriculture Organisation says global grain and sugar prices rose sharply in July.

The United Nations body said cereals rose by 17% from June because of drought conditions in the United States and production difficulties in Russia.

Sugar rose to a new high after rains hampered harvesting in Brazil, the world's largest producer. However, the price of rice was unchanged.

The price index across all food types rose by 6%, well below the record set in February last year.

Sereal dan gula naik tajam

Badan Pangan dan Pertanian Dunia mengatakan harga biji-bijian dan gula meningkat tajam pada bulan Juli.

Badan PBB itu mengatakan harga sereal naik 17% mulai bulan Juni karena kekeringan di Amerika Serikat dan kesulitan produksi di Rusia.

Harga gula juga meningkat karena hujan mengganggu panen di Brasil, produsen terbesar dunia. Namun harga beras tidak berubah.

Indeks harga makanan seluruh jenis meningkat 6%, di bawah rekor yang tercatat bulan Februari tahun lalu.

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