Economy tracker: Unemployment

Latest news:

Unemployment fell by 146,000 to 2.02 million in the three months to the end of July, while the rate fell to 6.2%, according to the latest Office for National Statistics (ONS) figures, the lowest level since September-November 2008.

The number of people claiming Jobseeker's Allowance in August fell by 37,200 to below one million, at 966,500, the ONS said.

Understanding unemployment:
  • A person is classed as unemployed if not only out of work, but also actively looking for work and available to start work within a fortnight
  • Unemployment figures are based on a survey carried out by the Office for National Statistics. They show the average number of people unemployed over a three-month period
  • A new survey is done every month, but comparisons are made between separate three-month periods, not overlapping ones. e.g. April-June v Jan-March, not April-June v March-May
  • The ONS also publishes the claimant count which shows the number of people receiving Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) in a particular month. That figure comes from information supplied by the Department for Work and Pensions
  • The unemployment figure is higher than the claimant count as many jobseekers do not or cannot claim JSA
  • The two main measures can sometimes move in different directions. A change in benefits rules moving people on to JSA from another benefit, for example, would increase the claimant count without a corresponding increase in unemployment.
Background:

Get help

Graduates at a job fair

Unemployment is referred to as a lagging indicator, because businesses will often delay laying people off as long as they can in difficult times.

A few months after the start of the recession in 2008, unemployment started to rise sharply. When the global financial crisis hit, the unemployment rate was a little over 5% or 1.6 million.

Towards the end of 2009, with the UK coming out of its severest recession since the 1950s, it was almost a million higher at 2.5 million, or 8%.

Unemployment peaked at almost 2.7 million at the end of 2011, its highest level for 17 years.

More on This Story

Related Stories

More Business stories

RSS

BBC Business Live

  1.  
    ALIBABA SHARE SALE 06:30: Radio 5 live

    "You are getting a taste of the future," says Gordon Barber, from the centre for digital business at the University of Salford on Wake Up to Money. He browses the Alibaba website in his spare time. He says it can give an insight into where high street technology products will be in one or two years time.

     
  2.  
    ALIBABA SHARE SALE 06:16: Radio 5 live

    "Investors are punch drunk with new issues," says Justin Urquhart Stewart, co-founder and senior partner of Seven Investment Management on Wake Up to Money. He says that recent shares sales have been "overpriced" and "oversold". He adds investors want to wait until shares settle down before investing in firms like Alibaba.

     
  3.  
    ALIBABA SHARE SALE 06:10: Radio 5 live
    Alibaba HQ

    The BBC's Ali Moore in Singapore explains the extent of Alibaba on Wake Up to Money. It owns China's biggest online shopping site. It has an online payment system. It owns 35% of a department store chain and it wants a banking licence. But she says the firm does not face massive competition in its home market, so it's not clear how it will do outside China. Its shares are expected to be priced after the US markets close on Thursday.

     
  4.  
    PHONES 4U RESCUE 06:02: Radio 5 live
    Phones 4U store

    Bondholders "were extremely angry over what happened," says Justin Urquhart Stewart, co-founder of Seven Investment Management Wake Up to Money. He's referring to the collapse of Phones 4U. Its private equity owners took more than £200m out of the firm by loading it with debt. Now those holders of debt are offering to take a loss to keep the business going.

     
  5.  
    06:01: Matthew West Business Reporter

    Morning folks. As always feel free to get in touch either on email bizlivepage@bbc.co.uk or on twitter @bbcbusiness.

     
  6.  
    06:00: Ben Morris Business Reporter

    A group of Phones 4U creditors are offering a deal to help revive the firm, and find out why you should care about Alibaba. Stay with the Business live page.

     

Features

From BBC Capital

Programmes

  • Cinema audienceClick Watch

    Brighter 3D films - the new laser-based system promising to deliver crisper, clearer movies

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.