The papers: The surveillance debate and walking away from Alzheimer's

Britain's security - and the measures it takes in its name - is a hot topic in Monday's newspapers.

The Times says David Cameron will "buck the trend of defence cuts" when he unveils an extra £1.1bn to help the military deal with terrorist threats.

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Image caption An RAF Typhoon fighter plane

Mr Cameron will make the announcement at the Farnborough Air Show, the paper adds.

The PM is to stress the importance of drones and special forces in combating the 21st Century threats the UK faces, it understands.

Some of the cash will be invested in state-of-the-art surveillance equipment, armed drones and other specialist weaponry, a new radar system for Typhoon fighter jets, and a new ice patrol ship, the Times reveals.

The Daily Telegraph leads with the story.

The paper says the investment was made possible by deep defence cuts which cut 30,000 personnel from the size of the armed forces.

David Cameron - writing in the Telegraph - outlines the announcement he will make.

"The threats we face have changed utterly in 30 years - from the clarity of the Cold War to the complex and shifting challenges of today: global terrorism, organised crime, hostage taking, the risk of nuclear proliferation, cyber attack, energy security," he writes.

"Having a modern flexible armed forces is not national vanity - it is a national necessity.

"Our national interest is served by Britain playing a role in the world," the PM adds.

The Guardian's front page focuses on a different sort of security: the debate over emergency legislation due to pass this week, which will allow the intelligence agencies and police more powers to look at the public's emails, call records and texts.

Image copyright AP
Image caption Edward Snowden: a whistleblower or a traitor, depending on which paper you read

It says the laws have been condemned by the exiled American whistleblower Edward Snowden.

Mr Snowden - the National Security Agency worker who fled to Moscow after leaking details of his employer's activities - said the UK's government was asking for "new authorities, immediately without any debate, just taking their word for it, despite the fact that these exact same authorities were just declared unlawful by the European Court of Justice.

"Is it really going to be so costly for us to take a few days to debate where the line should be drawn about the authority and what really serves the public interest?" he tells the paper.

In its analysis, the paper says the new legislation is a "snoopers' charter" under another name, which will "massively expand" the type of communication the state agencies can gather and require overseas companies to comply with interception warrants.

The Daily Mail has a radically different take on the story, saying "Snowden attacks the terror Bill prompted by his treason".

The paper says "Snowden told his friends at the Guardian that the emergency legislation 'defies belief'.

"What really 'defies belief' is the liberal Left's continued reverence for a man whose treachery has blown a huge hole in GCHQ and MI5's intelligence gathering abilities."


Old ha'penny

An issue which has divided the Church of England for many years could be settled later with a General Synod vote on women bishops.

The motion needs to pass by a two-thirds majority in all the three branches of the Synod - bishops, clergy and laity - the Daily Telegraph explains.

"Despite overwhelming support in the Church as a whole, senior aides are expecting a narrow vote among members of the laity," the paper adds.

A Synod vote on the issue 20 months ago narrowly rejected women bishops.

The proposal foundered over how to keep those who felt they could not accept the concept within the Church.

In its leader column, the Telegraph says it is time to settle the "vexed issue".

"It's true that the Church looks to a higher authority than the whims of contemporary society when making decisions, and opponents of women bishops in the Synod will have come to their view carefully.

"But Anglicans are pragmatic people: many will feel that having agreed to permit women priests in 1992, allowing women bishops is the next logical step."

The Independent says that six women hold the rank of dean - the highest post they are currently permitted to hold - and "supporters said there was a large cadre of talented women who could take on the top jobs".

The present Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, has said he "would be delighted" if there was a female archbishop in his lifetime, the paper adds.

The Guardian's opinion column says the Synod needs "one last heave" to pass the contentious measure.

It says the decision to bar women from the episcopate was "not a fight about principle" but a "rearguard action" from the defeated opponents of women priests to "systematically exclude women from as much of the Church as possible".

It says a victory for women bishops will cause "much rejoicing" and may even lead one of the present Pope's successors to realise "that the Protestants were right about women".

The Times predicts a close vote, saying the leader of the House of Laity, Dr Philip Giddings said he would not even bet "an old ha'penny" on the proposal for women bishops to be passed.

The paper says that if the vote fails, the Synod could be dissolved with Church leaders hoping new elections will water down the number of traditionalists and evangelicals in the body, or the Bishops could impose the measure via the House of Lords, or the government could force the Church's hand using equality legislation.

"Any option will lead to rancour," the paper adds.


Win-win situation

A story about new research into ways to reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's Disease is carried in many of Monday's newspapers.

The Daily Express says "millions could be saved from developing the disease by making a few simple changes to their lifestyle" according to experts.

It adds the Cambridge University study has identified seven "key risk factors" which could trigger the condition.

They are diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, lack of exercise, depression, smoking and poor education, the Express explains.

The work, published in the Lancet, suggests at least a third of Alzheimer's cases could be prevented by avoiding the risk factors, although the other two-thirds are thought to have a genetic cause, the paper adds.

The Daily Mail focuses on the recommendation in the study that taking 20 minutes exercise, three times a week can dramatically cut the risk.

"Cut Alzheimer's risk by walking" is the paper's banner headline.

Prof Carol Brayne, who was involved in the study, tells the paper that walking to work or perhaps "getting off the bus" at a further away stop, could pay big dividends.

"Simply tackling physical inactivity, for example, will reduce levels of obesity, hypertension and diabetes, and prevent some people developing dementia, as well as lead to a healthier old age in general - it's a win-win situation," she added.

The Mail notes that one in three people aged over 65 will develop some form of dementia, with Alzheimer's the most common form.

Elsewhere, the Independent reports that two separate studies have discovered "biomarkers" that can identify the presence of Alzheimer's by looking at a person's eye.

"The development of a quick invasive test to detect Alzheimer's would be an important step in helping people receive an early diagnosis, and helping to improve clinical trials so that potential new treatments have the best possible chance of success," Dr Simon Ridley, of Alzheimer's Research UK told the paper.


Sales reps

With the World Cup final over, all is left is for a battery of Fleet Street sub-editors to come up with punning headlines such as "Super Mario" - both the Daily Express and the Daily Mirror's play on German goalscorer Goetze's first name - or the more militaristic "German sub sinks Argentina", which is the Daily Star's effort.

The Sun noted the presence of a number of celebrity oldies in the crowd including "football curse" Sir Mick Jagger, and Brazilian legend Pele, 73.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel sat "only a few seats away" from Russian leader Vladimir Putin, it notes.

Image caption David Beckham's sending off in the 1998 World Cup - an incident he seems to have now put behind him

The Sun is also one of many papers to picture David Beckham at the game with his three sons.

The Daily Mail notes that the former England midfielder had bought his children Argentina replica kit in a move the paper says must "lay the ghosts of 1998" for the star.

Beckham was sent off in a match against Argentina, leading to an England defeat and national vilification of the player at that world cup.

The paper mocks the sober dark suits of the BBC commentary team, saying that they had been compared to sales reps.

The Times said the final was watched by one billion people worldwide in a tournament which overall was "nearly the greatest" Cup of all time.

It said even the Americans have started to be won over by the game, with the USA's clash with Portugal getting an unprecedented 25 million viewers in the States.

Apart from the Beckham family, most of the Brits watching the final seemed to bee rooting for Germany, the paper says, with 95% of UK bets going in that direction, Ladbrokes reported.

And although 26,000 soldiers and police are on the streets of Rio to ensure safety for the VIPs - and keep the despondent Argentinian fans from clashing with their bitter Brazilian rivals - the paper reports Brazil 2014 was a World Cup where "ugliness gave way, in the end, to beauty".

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