Business

US unemployment rate falls to new two-year low of 8.8%

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The US unemployment rate fell to a new two-year low in March of 8.8%, from 8.9% in February.

It was the fourth monthly fall in a row. The unemployment rate has fallen by a percentage point during the last four months.

Employers created 216,000 jobs in March, the US Department of Labor said, higher than market expectations.

Other economic data showed a slight dip in manufacturing in March, although the report was seen as broadly positive.

The Institute for Supply Management's (ISM) index of national factory activity dipped to 61.2 last month from 61.4 in February.

February's rate was the highest since May 2004. Any reading above 50 indicates growth.

US and European stock markets were boosted by the economic news. London, Paris and Frankfurt all closed with gains of more than 1.5%, while the Dow was up 1% by late afternoon.

Continuing recovery

Most of the new jobs were created in the private sector, in factories, shops and health care, as well as in education and several professional and financial services.

David Sloan of IFR Economics said: "This [the jobs report] suggests the recovery is continuing."

The new private sector jobs offset job losses in the public sector, mainly resulting from cuts by local government.

"The numbers are obviously good and one can hope that we will continue to see the market rise in continuing months," said Bernard Baumohl, managing director and chief global economist of Economic Outlook Group.

If employers keep on creating jobs at this pace, as many economists expect, there will be a further 2.5 million new jobs in the US by the end of the year.

"The steep decline in the jobless rate and the solid employment growth in recent months are encouraging," said the chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, Austan Goolsbee, in a post on the White House blog.

That will do little, however, to alleviate widespread concerns that the economic recovery in the US is failing to create enough jobs to make up for the 7.5 million lost during the recession.

"As long as millions of people are looking for jobs, there is still considerable work to do to replace the jobs lost in the downturn," Mr Goolsbee acknowledged.

Inflation fears

Market Data

Last Updated at 04:31 GMT

Market index Current value Trend Variation % variation
Dow Jones 24962.48 Up 164.70 0.66%
Nasdaq 7210.09 Down -8.14 -0.11%
FTSE 100 7252.39 Down -29.18 -0.40%
Dax 12461.91 Down -8.58 -0.07%
Cac 40 5309.23 Up 7.06 0.13%
BBC Global 30 9908.46 Up 8.15 0.08%

Analysts were also worried about the possible impact of rising oil and other commodity and energy prices.

"There's a nagging concern that the job outlook may be in jeopardy as energy prices keep escalating," said Mr Baumohl.

"That will put a squeeze on household spending and business investments, and one has to wonder whether we'll see the pace of hiring slow as a result."

However, others pointed to slow wage growth, which could offset the impact of higher energy and commodity prices.

"Soft earnings still highlight that underlying inflation pressures are going to be restrained," said David Mann, regional head of research for the Americas at Standard Chartered in New York.

Earlier this week, the US Department of Commerce unexpectedly cut its estimate of fourth-quarter growth to an annualised rate of 2.8%, from 3.2% previously.

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