14 June 2011
Last updated at 12:06 ET
People of Nuagaon village in Jagatsinghpur district, rural Orissa form a protest line in the searing morning sun. They are campaigning against South Korean company Posco's plan to build a huge steel plant, which would see them lose farmland and forests.
They wait and watch for land acquisition in the area to begin.
Some wait behind makeshift defence lines of thorn branches. The villagers say they will fight for as long as they can to save their land and their livelihoods.
Betel vine plantations, the leaves of which are widely consumed in India, are being flattened to make way for a 12 million-tonne steel plant.
Ramesh Chandra Rout watches on as his betel vine plantations are flattened in Jagatsinghpur district.
He used to earn about $300 a month from this crop, enough to run a household and put two children through school.
But he has now given up his six-year battle to save his farm. He has accepted a one-off compensation payment from the state government of about $3,000 in return for his land.
For generations, betel vine plantations have provided local farmers with a stable and dependable means of earning a living.
But many farmers from villages such as Noliasahi have handed over their land to the government for the building of a huge steel works plant by South Korean firm, Posco. Worth many billions of dollars, it is the biggest foreign investment deal to come India's way to date.
Many fear that betel vine production in the area will fall dramatically, with plantations being destroyed to make way for the steel plant development.
It will be at least five years before the Posco steel plant is fully operational. But already the life and land in places like Jagatsinghpur district are changing. And these people are now playing a part in the story of emerging India.