RBS to cut 3,500 jobs in investment bank shake-up
The Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) has said it will cut a further 3,500 jobs, with most of them to happen this year.
The cuts are part of a reorganisation and shrinkage of its investment bank.
The losses, which will be split between its UK and international offices, come on top of 2,000 cuts announced earlier.
A further 950 jobs are also to go at Irish subsidiary Ulster Bank, split between 350 in Northern Ireland and 600 in the Irish Republic.
Meanwhile, rival Barclays said it will cut 422 UK jobs in its IT division.
RBS' "wholesale banking" business, which provides services to large clients including investment banking services, will be split into separate "markets" and "international banking" divisions.
The new markets division - which comprises RBS' main trading activities - will focus on the bank's traditional strengths of debt, currency and money markets, the bank said in its statement.
The international banking division will provide services for the bank's biggest clients.
These will include corporate advisory services transferred from its investment bank - such as helping major companies borrow money by issuing bonds - as well as cash management and payments services.
The bank has already shed some 30,000 employees over the last two years, 22,000 of them in the UK.
"It is a disgrace that while on a daily basis, stories are emerging about the massive bonuses at the top of the bank, increasing numbers of jobs are being cut from amongst the hard working staff," said David Fleming of the Unite union.
Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg told the BBC that the government "will be working with [the government's holding company for the RBS shares it owns] and others to make sure that RBS clearly understand that this is not the time to start paying people lavish bonuses".
Markets took the statement well, although many of the details had been flagged up in advance.
RBS shares closed 5.5% higher, outperforming other banks and other large companies on the FTSE 100 index.
The bank said that it planned to close or sell off other business lines, such as those dealing with shares and stock markets, as well as its business advising companies on mergers and acquisitions.
It is also looking to dispose of its corporate brokerage, Hoare Govett.
These business lines were ones that had been added or expanded only in recent years under the leadership of former chief executive Sir Fred Goodwin.
RBS also said in its statement that the size of the balance sheet - the total loans and investments - of its former investment banking division would be reduced by more than a quarter, from £420bn to £300bn, over three years.
This will enable it to cut its borrowing from wholesale money markets - which evaporated during the 2008 financial crisis, threatening the bank's collapse - by £75bn.
"The overall aim is to improve profits and reduce risks," says the BBC's business editor, Robert Peston. "Which matters to most of us, since taxpayers are sitting on losses of £26bn on the £45.5bn they invested in RBS to rescue it."
However, he also notes that the business lines being disposed of were not the ones responsible for causing RBS its huge losses during and after the 2008 financial crisis.
RBS said the restructuring was also designed to prepare the bank for new UK regulatory requirements for banks to ring-fence their core UK operations from their riskier investment banking activities.
The bank's dealings with British small and medium-sized companies will accordingly be transferred away from the new international banking division, and handled via its UK banks.
RBS is thought to have received interest from possible buyers for its Australian business.
Chancellor George Osborne announced the change in strategy at the bank in December 2011.
"Investment banking will continue to support RBS's corporate lending business but RBS will make further significant reductions in the investment bank, scaling back riskier activities that are heavy users of capital or funding," Mr Osborne told Parliament in December.
Mr Osborne's announcement came in the wake of a report into the bank by the Financial Services Authority in December 2011 which pointed to "errors of judgement and execution" by RBS management which led to its failure in 2008.
The bank is now 82%-owned by the UK government after taxpayers injected £45.5bn of new capital into RBS.