Combating Dubai's raw sewage woes
21 May 2013 Last updated at 00:39 BST
The fast pace of development in Dubai means that infrastructure has often failed to keep up.
Just a few years ago, sewage trucks would queue for up to 24 hours to ditch their filthy loads at sewage treatment plants.
But with some processing firms now developing and even exporting their own sewage technology, has the situation improved?
Jonathan Frewin reports from Dubai.