Autumn Statement: What is it?
What's all this I hear about an Autumn Statement?
It is the second of the two most important economic statements that the chancellor gives every year (the first being the Budget).
What's the point of it?
The chancellor updates MPs on the government's taxation and spending plans - based on the economic projections provided by the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) - a body set up in 2010 to provide independent economic forecasts.
The OBR publishes its estimates for the country's economic growth and the government's finances as soon as the chancellor finishes making his speech.
Autumn - it's December!
Well yes. In the 80s and 90s the statements were usually in November, but since 2003 they have more often than not come in December. I suppose the best way to think about it is like the autumn term at school or university - it just comes at the end of it.
How is it different from the Budget?
Good question. Traditionally, the Autumn Statement has outlined economic projections and broad departmental spending allocations, while the Budget largely dealt with taxation plans. However that line has been increasingly blurred and taxation plans are now also announced in the Autumn Statement.
One other difference is that during the Budget, chancellors are allowed to refresh themselves with alcoholic drinks - no other MPs can do this. Ken Clarke favoured whisky while William Gladstone opted for sherry and a beaten egg. Alas for the chancellor, no such tradition applies to the Autumn Statement.
The Autumn Statement has undergone various permutations. In the 90s, Ken Clarke moved the Budget to Autumn and then had a Summer Statement. Under the last Labour government it was called the Pre-Budget Report.
Oh yes the Pre-Budget Report - I vaguely remember that.
Labour introduced the term Pre-Budget Report to highlight the fact that it had become more about trailing taxation and spending plans for the Budget. Announcing them earlier gave more time for consultation and implementation before the end of the tax year. George Osborne changed the name back to the Autumn Statement in 2010.
When was the Autumn Statement first introduced?
In 1975 an Act of Parliament made it a duty for the government to publish two economic updates a year. The first such forecast was made in 1976, by the then Chancellor Denis Healey. The first reference to an Autumn Statement seems to be in 1982 - although it was also frequently referred to as the spending round.
So what is the Chancellor going to say?
Well we won't know for sure until he gets up in front of Parliament at 11.15 on Thursday, 5 December (you can follow his speech live on the BBC website) but Mr Osborne has already said that he will detail plans which will lead to a reduction in energy bills by an average of £50.
A lot of policy announcements were made during the party conference season. Amongst other things, we can expect more details on the Lib Dems' pledge for free school meals and the Conservative plan for a tax break for married couples and civil partners.
Interesting. Didn't this year's date change somewhere along the line?
Yes. It was originally planned for Wednesday, 4 December but because the prime minister is going to be in China then, the date was moved to accommodate it.
So it starts at 11.15... when will it finish?
Anyone's guess - and the subject of many an office sweepstake (or is that just business journalists?)
At the moment the bookmakers William Hill have the shortest odds on it lasting 46-50 minutes. Last year's lasted 47 minutes. But digesting the contents of it will take days if not weeks.