Alphabet - owner of Google - takes top spot from Apple
- 1 February 2016
- From the section Business
Alphabet- Google's parent company- has surpassed Apple as the world's most valuable company after its latest earnings report.
The company made a profit of $4.9bn (£3.4bn) for the fourth quarter, an increase from $4.7bn a year ago.
The announcement sent its share price up as much as 9% in after-hours trading.
That means that Alphabet is now worth around $568bn, compared with Apple, which has a value of $535bn.
It is the first time that Alphabet has separated out the results of its Google business - which includes the search engine and YouTube - from its "Other Bets" business, which includes more experimental ventures such as self-driving cars and internet balloon programs.
On an annual basis, Alphabet made $16.3bn but the figures show that the "Other Bets" business lost $3.6bn during the period, while Google's operating income rose to $23.4bn, as online advertising increased.
"It looks like Google continues to execute on mobile [advertising]," said Neil Doshi managing director of research at Mizuho Securities.
"Two or three years ago mobile was a big head wind for Google. There were concerns that it [had] a negative impact on its desktop business, but as mobile takes over for more searches, mobile ads are becoming closer in value to the desktop ads."
Soaring share price
Alphabet's share price 1 Feb 2016
stock market value
Google shares have risen
18 fold since the original stock first floated in 2004
Analysis: Dave Lee, BBC technology reporter
If last week Apple was punished for not sharing enough big ideas for the future, Alphabet is being rewarded for spending big on its many technology gambles.
The company was under a lot of pressure to be more transparent over how much cash it was splashing on things like driverless cars, internet-enabled helium balloons and Google Glass.
Turns out it was a lot - $3.6bn last year. But with the Google side of Alphabet doing so very well, it doesn't really matter. As long as things stay like that, Alphabet will continue to be an attractive proposition for investors.
The big gain for the company was advertising. All important paid-for clicks - where advertisers pay per person who clicks on the ad - were up 31% across the entire internet, and 40% on Google-owned sites.
Alphabet's claiming of the most valuable company title has been seen by some as a passing of the technology baton.
Apple became the United States' most valuable company in 2010, when it dislodged Microsoft. Microsoft in turn overtook IBM two decades earlier.
Meanwhile, in the UK, revenue rose 16% to $1.92bn in the fourth quarter. It is the only territory outside the US for which the company breaks down its figures because it is such a large part of the business.
The company is currently at the centre of a tax row in the UK after it agreed to pay £130m in back taxes that stretch back to 2005. The agreement was seen by some as too lenient for the internet giant.
What is after-hours trading?
- When investors buy and sell shares outside the regular opening hours of major exchanges
- It exists because big financial institutions want to trade large blocks of shares 24 hours a day
- Adopted in the 1990s by financial institutions and some rich investors; the growth of online trading led to ordinary investors being able to take part a few years later
- Riskier than trading during regular hours - trading volumes are lower and share prices can be more volatile, meaning the spreads between the buying and selling prices of shares can be wider
- With less information available it can be harder to work out what's behind some after-hours price movements, leaving small investors at a disadvantage
- But potential profits can be higher