New term, new battle over homework

homework Homework is meant to consolidate learning, but it can be a source of stress and conflict for many families

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The long summer holidays are over - bedtime is coming back into line, the first days of term have gone well and everyone has settled back into the rhythm of school. Parents are feeling justifiably relieved - only to find a book bag full of homework to brighten up the weekend.

"Homework should not be causing your child (or you!) stress or anxiety," a teacher's note accompanying my daughter's list of tasks said. "Homework," it went on, "is set so that families can support their child's work in school."

Now, most parents will be only too keen to support their children's work in school, but if only it were a stress- and anxiety-free activity. The reality for many families is that homework is a flashpoint for tears, tantrums and arguments.

Of course, some parents see homework as a reassuring sign that a school is taking pupils' academic progress seriously and even base their choice of schools on the amount of homework set.

Start Quote

It's the kind of homework being set that is some of the problem, I think”

End Quote Prof Sue Hallam Institute of Education

But for others it is another task to stage-manage in the already fraught and busy cycle of family life - and all the more so for primary-age children who are not old enough to take responsibility for completing it unaided.

Prof Sue Hallam, of the Institute of Education at London University, has researched the subject of homework extensively. She believes much of the friction for families is down to increased amounts of formal written school work making its way onto the family kitchen table.

"In the past children would be sent home with a spelling list of 10 words and be expected to learn their times tables," said Prof Hallam.

"What is happening now is that children are given written work and that's where the problem starts - Mum and Dad try to help and of course teaching methods have changed and that can confuse them. Parents get upset and the child gets upset.

"It is often when homework is formal school work that the problems start at primary level. It's the kind of homework being set that is some of the problem, I think.

"You have to put this in a social context - a lot of parents are working and the last thing they want to do after the stress of a day's work is supervise homework. They want the time they have with their children to be quality 'nice' time."

BBC SCHOOL REPORTERS' VIEWS

Hannah, Renee, Adam

Hannah: I got homework at primary school and I think that it shouldn't be banned in primary schools because it prepares pupils for secondary school. You learn some of the most important things you will ever learn at primary school, like learning to read and write, so pupils should be practising those skills as much as possible - they are not too young. A lot of kids need to change their attitude towards homework and be bothered to do it. If a teacher has set the homework, it must be important.

Renee: Do homework the day you get it, because everything you have done in class will be fresh in your mind, and if you need help it gives you time to get it. Your parents might not be able to help, but teachers usually give you over a week to do homework, during that time you can ask the teachers for help. It should be kept so pupils do school things at home for practice and continue to learn.

Adam: We have schoolwork to do five hours a day, five days a week, so why should we do extra work at home as well? It is too much as we need time to do other stuff like our hobbies. It should be banned but it is important for GCSE students, especially in Year 11 for things like revision. Some parents can't help their children. For example, my mum is a teacher so she can help me with my homework, but some of my friends are not as lucky as me to have someone at home to help them.

Homework guidelines

The current trend for formal primary school homework began in 1998, when the then Education Secretary, David Blunkett, put out voluntary recommendations for schools in England and Wales and offered support for the introduction of homework clubs.

The guidelines suggested pupils in Years 1 and 2 (ages five to seven) should do 10 minutes of homework a night, stretching to 30 minutes a day for pupils in Years 5 and 6 (ages nine to 11).

They recommended pupils in the first year of secondary should be doing up to 90 minutes a night, increasing to up to two and a half hours a night for those studying for their GCSEs (Years 10 and 11).

In her book, Homework: The Evidence, Prof Hallam says that in 1997, 64% of primaries had a homework policy, but just two years later, 90% had policies, including 100% of junior and 75% of infant schools.

In defence of his recommendations, Mr Blunkett told the BBC they were "not some sort of central imposition", rather an attempt to raise attainment for all.

"Guidelines were brought in because of the complete disparity between some schools who were offering no homework and those expecting an enormous commitment by families," he said.

"The problem we were identifying was that highly educated and often better-off parents not only wanted homework but chose schools that offered this additional reinforcement.

"We were trying to offer something for everyone in raising standards for all, rather than reinforcing the advantages or disadvantages of family background."

Mr Blunkett's homework guidelines were scrapped in England in March last year by the current Education Secretary, Michael Gove.

This does not mean Mr Gove does not believe in homework, rather that head teachers should decide the best approach for their pupils, free from "unnecessary bureaucratic guidance".

Raising attainment

But while this government takes a hands-off approach to homework, the pressure is still on, as Prof Hallam points out.

"Primary schools are under pressure to get high levels for pupils at Key Stage 2 (age 11). This government has ratcheted up the number of children that must get these levels or the school can be forced to become an academy," she says.

TIPS FOR PARENTS

child working
  • Keep a designated homework area at home
  • Help keep a routine for your child when it comes to homework
  • Praise and encourage your child to help boost their confidence
  • Refrain from completing your child's homework for them
  • Allow yourself enough time to help your child with their homework
  • Use the library
  • Use after-school homework clubs
  • Encourage your child by offering a small reward if they complete their homework
  • Don't get stressed out by homework - if you are, your child will be too

Source: Parenting support charity, Family Lives

"Schools will do everything they can to avoid that. Homework therefore is a means of getting children to do more and more work, which will help them achieve the levels they need."

So as the scrutiny of Ofsted inspections, league tables and forced academisation continues, at least in England, homework is unlikely to be scrapped.

Indeed, for many schools it is an essential way of ensuring pupils achieve their full potential. For example, for the Ark chain of academies, homework is seen as a vital means of raising standards.

Amy Baird, head teacher at Ark John Keats Academy primary school in Enfield, London, says: "Even when they are young, children benefit from the chance to practise and embed what they've learnt at school.

"For the youngest children that might be practising phonic sounds with their parents and, as they move up primary school, it's really valuable to ensure children really understand the mathematics and English that they've learnt during the day."

Kieran Larkin, principal of the Ark King's Academy, Birmingham, says homework helps develop an independent work ethic.

"Homework is a way to learn practical research skills - using the library, devising questionnaires or interviews and conducting online searches - not just accepting the first Google hit as a universal truth. These are essential - and enriching - skills for later life.

"Homework provides time to practise - it provides time to embed the things that are useful to learn by rote, such as times tables, vocabulary, spelling, irregular verbs and handwriting."

Staying sane

So if homework looks set to continue to cast a shadow over the family kitchen table, what strategies might families adopt to stop it spoiling the weekend?

Jeremy Todd, chief executive of the parenting charity Family Lives, says: "Homework needs to be part of the family routine. Parents need to create a space for children to do the work without the television or radio blaring out and follow up on work handed in, asking if they've had any feedback."

Anne Longfield, chief executive of the charity 4Children, adds: "Homework is a good thing - families investing in support for learning is the thing that really helps achievement.

"The challenge for schools is to find ways of presenting homework that is meaningful to children in their leisure time - and to families."

For the sake of family harmony, let's hope schools manage to do just that this term.

Does homework cause tension in your household? How do you cope with helping your children get it done?

Unless the homework is very similar I try and sit with my children separately so that I can concentrate on each one individually. This helps to prevent disputes and competition when one child is stronger then the the other is certain disciplines.

Heidi, Derby

So much fuss about homework? I studied school, college and all the way to my master's degree in India. Homework in school (primary & secondary) is a huge amount to do - typically 3 essays to write (one in each language) - arithmetic to complete and history and geography Q&A that needs digging through textbooks to find answers to - and we wrote and did not type in laptops then.

Shripad, Normanton, West Yorkshire

Homework is an important tool in the teachers arsenal and I believe in moderation it can be a true benefit but all too often the volume of homework required, even at primary school age, leads to friction within the family unit. As a parent of a 10 year old and 7 year old who both receive what I believe is excessive homework requirements for their age this only doubles the net effect of misery this can induce.

Paul, Ossett

Having all these suggestions of how to make homework less stressful is all very well- but none would have made the slightest difference in my house (I'm now at uni). By the time I got home, I was shattered and Homework meant that sometimes I would spend my whole evening getting stressed out rather than relaxing. My parents did try to praise me when I'd finished, but I felt so much resentment towards teachers that it made no difference. Far too much is given, and teachers just assume that if you can't do it, you didn't try.

Alex, Leeds

I have two sons aged 6 and 12. I am struggling to get the right balance between homework and giving them a life. My 6 year old is coming home every night with a list of spelling and is so biffed up at the end of it that the reading book has been abandoned for the moment as he is still getting use to his personal workload. Our 12 year old son occasionally needs help with maths which for me is a nightmare so dad gets maths I get English spelling etc. We are also trying to help our children with their fitness levels which I think really needs to be a homework priority for families.

Kim, Liverpool

I am out of the house from 7:30-21:00 most nights with school and after school clubs. When I get home I then always have at least 2 hours homework. I don't understand how people can complain about their homework as most people are only at school for a few hours a day and if they organised their time well would be able to get their work done far easier and have time for other activities. I believe most of the problems with this country's schooling system is the fact that people can't be bothered to try, and if they did try and stopped procrastinating, they would find school and homework far easier.

Izzy, Oxford

Our school hands out homework for the primary 1s on a Monday and collects it back in on the Friday so it can be done in small sections through the week and there's no pressure for parents to sit down with their children to do it at the weekend.

Sheena, Edinburgh

Living is stressful. Not every task can be rendered simple and relaxing. And besides, do children necessarily need to be helped? Isn't the whole point of school work - whether done in school or at home - that they learn to do it themselves? If Mummy and Daddy are going to sit down and do it with you - or for you - what's the point?

Rosemary, Switzerland

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