Closing NHS services: the impossible job?

NHS logo The medical profession has argued expert care needs to be done at fewer sites

The verdict over child heart surgery in Leeds is just the latest twist in a long-running fight over the future of this complex area of care.

The debate has been raging for over a decade and has already been subject to legal challenges - a perfect illustration of why changing the NHS remains an incredibly difficult task.

The medical profession is united in the belief that expert care needs to be offered at fewer sites.

Child heart surgery is the prime example of that. It is one of the most complex procedures undertaken by the NHS with just 3,600 operations carried out each year.

To provide a uniformly high quality and safe service operations in such fields must be concentrated at specialist sites, it has been argued. Evidence shows this helps doctors improve skills and share expertise.

But the push for change is not just confined to child heart surgery. Similar debates are going on over everything from A&E units to stroke care.

The problem is reorganisations come at a price: the loss of services from much-loved local hospitals.

The strength of feeling displayed in Leeds - mirrored in south London, where campaigners took to the streets a month ago to oppose the downgrading of Lewisham Hospital's A&E unit - is testament to that.

These are difficult decisions and, with money getting ever tighter in the health service, expect more disputes in the future.


So where does the NHS go from here?

In terms of child heart surgery the verdict could be appealed by the Joint Committee of Primary Care Trusts, which has coordinated the review.

This happened when London's Royal Brompton Hospital won a legal challenge two years ago. The Court of Appeal subsequently overturned the verdict.

People marching in Lewisham The decision to downgrade Lewisham's A&E unit prompted outrage

As for the wider issue, some believe there needs to be a complete recalibration in how we view hospitals.

One of the biggest advocates for this is the NHS Confederation, which represents health managers.

By coincidence it has published a report on Thursday calling for a re-think in how services are organised.

It suggested large hospitals should be reserved for those with life-threatening conditions or needing complex care instead of being a dumping ground for the sick and frail.

Jo Webber, from the NHS Confederation, said: "Changing how we think and respond to circumstances is never easy, but never before has the scale of change required been like that currently facing the health and social care system.

"For too long, the default setting when we think about health care or support is to think of a hospital. But in reality, acute hospitals - whether major teaching sites or local district generals - are rarely the best place for someone who needs ongoing health or treatment."

This, of course, would require a big investment in community services first.

And perhaps that is the key. One of the most successful reorganisations of recent years was to London's stroke services.

Traditionally, care was provided from 30 hospitals, but after changes in 2010 emergency care is now provided in eight specialist centres.

Instead of simply shutting the other 22 bosses in London made sure they invested in rehabilitation services - some at the existing hospitals, some at new facilities - close to people's homes so that the public knew there would still be services available locally.

The changes were introduced with limited resistance. Some would argue that such change is easier to achieve in the capital where distances between sites is shorter - and that maybe true.

But the idea of good communication and investing in community-based services early are principles many would agree could help wherever changes is taking place.

Nick Triggle Article written by Nick Triggle Nick Triggle Health correspondent

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  • rate this

    Comment number 55.

    Yes. Investing in community based care would be expensive but the real question is; Who will pay? Nowadays that is always the question as every organisation involved tries to push the cost onto some other organisation.

  • rate this

    Comment number 54.

    Leeds is the 3rd biggest city in England with a population over 750K, add to that the surrounding population of Yorkshire and Humber you have 5.3million people. The decision would have meant people traveling 100's of miles on a regular basis for childrens heart surgery! Medical facilities need to be placed where the populations are, not making the populations travel to the medical facilities!

  • rate this

    Comment number 53.

    We could have the best NHS in the world if it was not so badly mismanaged. They have had the money and misspent it. Why has nobody been called to account for the £12 Billion computer fiasco? Where has all the money gone? The NHS is being privatised at an alarming rate, We need to defend it now.

  • rate this

    Comment number 52.

    In Blackburn Lancs they are trialing a GP led system in conjunction with the ambulance service. If you call an ambulance you will be assessed by the attending paramedic who will then seek a rapid assessment from an on call GP. who would then send you to the A&E for admission. or suggest you are treated in the community. The legal implications are massive for this system. not Good.

  • rate this

    Comment number 51.

    When you are seriously ill the NHS is wonderful, unfortunately too many people abuse it. Now is the time to make drunks who make the A&E dept a no good area for the rest of us who need emergency treatment pay for treatment. I do agree that hospitals who specialise in certain aspects, where the Doctors and Nurses are trained in their area are much better as long as you don't have to travel too far


Comments 5 of 55


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