Cut crime, boost health

Hoodie with knife Violent crime accounts for 10% of all recorded crimes

Violent crime has a ripple effect. Not only does it affect the victim and their loved ones, it has a wider impact on communities.

Property prices can go down, local businesses can be harmed and - as new research shows - health suffers.

Researchers from Bristol University, Imperial College Business School and Australia's Monash University found there was a correlation between rises in violent crime and the amount people walked.

Their analysis of data on nearly 900,000 adults in England, showed a doubling in crime led to a 4% drop in walking.

That may not seem a lot, but the impact was the same as a 6C fall in temperature.

The importance of walking

  • Walking is one of the most accessible forms of exercise
  • Brisk walking - at least 3.5mph - counts towards an adults recommended daily activity levels
  • But the amount people walk has dropped by 20% in the last decade
  • Walking has been shown to be beneficial in preventing everything from heart disease and diabetes to improving mental wellbeing
  • Regular walking - 15 minutes a day - can improve life expectancy by three years
  • Walking is seen as a gateway to other forms of activity. The more people do the more likely they are to take up other pursuits

What is more, walking is important in terms of overall physical activity levels.

It is one of the most common and easy ways people can stay active.

Nearly half of people in England spend at least 20 minutes walking three times a week.

Another fifth spend at least 20 minutes walking once or twice a week.

Even small changes in walking can have a significant impact.

While much is made of the need for open spaces and leisure facilities or the cost of junk food and alcohol when it comes to encouraging healthy lifestyle, this research shows wider determinants cannot be ignored, according to Prof Carol Propper, one of the lead researchers.

"Violent crime is not everywhere, but we should not forget that crime can have this sort of influence. Policy makers need to think about this and take it into account," she says.

In many respects, this has already started.

Earlier this year local government took responsibility for public health under the reforms to the NHS.

With their responsibility for things such as street lighting and planning and the lead role they place in local partnerships, council can have an influence where NHS bodies cannot.

The new systems are still bedding in - they've not yet been in place six months - but this research demonstrates there is much that they can done beyond the obvious.

Nick Triggle Article written by Nick Triggle Nick Triggle Health correspondent

Failing hospitals: Is the glass half-full or half-empty?

Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt is certainly happy with the progress being made by failing hospitals put in special measures. But should he be?

Read full article

More on This Story

More from Nick

Features & Analysis

  • Man holding lipWitch hunt

    The country where a writer accused of blasphemy must run


  • Espresso cupNews quiz

    Which city serves the strongest cup of coffee?


  • Irvine WelshDeaf ears

    Five famous Scots who can't vote in the Scottish referendum


  • Electric chairReturn of 'the chair'

    Five people talk about their roles in Tennessee's execution debate


BBC Future

(SPL)

How to learn while you sleep

Enhance memory with your eyes shut Read more...

Programmes

  • Leader of Hamas Khaled MeshaalHARDtalk Watch

    BBC exclusive: Hamas leader on the eagerness to end bloodshed in Gaza

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.