12 September 2013
Last updated at 07:18 ET
The USA's Jesse Owen, born on 12 September 1913, is pictured here on his way to winning gold in the long jump at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Owens was the star of the games, also winning gold in the 100m and 200m as well as a member of the 4x100m relay team. At the time, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was concerned about the Nazis' rise to power - but, after the successful Winter Olympics in Germany earlier that year, Berlin hosted the Games. Many countries proposed boycotting the Games, but the only notable absentee was Spain. These were to be the last Olympics until 1948.