Summary

  1. Candidates criss-cross battleground states in final hours of campaign
  2. Clinton promises an "inclusive" America - Trump vows to purge "corrupt" system
  3. BBC poll of polls puts Democratic candidate ahead by four points
  4. More than 45 million early voters have already cast their ballots

Live Reporting

By Courtney Subramanian

All times stated are UK

Monday recap

Polling place
AP

With election day now just hours away, we are pausing our live page. Here are the the main developments on the final day of campaigning. 

  • Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton made a manic eve-of-poll dash round battleground states
  • Clinton urged voters to back a "hopeful, inclusive, big-hearted America" 
  • Trump told supporters: "You have one magnificent chance to beat the corrupt system and deliver justice" 
  • The BBC poll of polls puts Clinton on 48% and Trump at 44% 
  •  A record number of Americans - at least 44.9 million - have voted early by post or at polling stations, which is likely to be about 40% all ballots cast 
  • There are signs of a high turnout among Hispanic voters, which could be good news for Clinton 
  • Trump's campaign manager Kellyanne Conway sought to allay anxiety about the Republican candidate in a BBC interview

Join us again as polling stations open across America for full coverage of what is sure to be a momentous day!

Missing the election already?

As the US presidential election comes to an end, many tourists are picking up quirky keepsakes to commemorate this unforgettable race for the White House.

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A warp-speed trip down memory lane...

Relive the highlights of the 19-month election campaign in 170 glorious seconds.

Enjoy the ride...

Warp speed recap

Epic trolling of Clinton camp

FBI Director Comey, who sensationally unveiled a new email investigation into Clinton at the end of October, only to exonerate her yesterday, has been honored with a lifetime achievement award by a group whose board has longtime ties to Trump. The nonprofit Federal Drug Agents Foundation, which honoured Comey, lists more than three dozen board directors on its website, including the head of the company that publishes the pro-Trump National Enquirer and the developer of a Trump-branded tower in Toronto.

FBI Director Comey
AFP
FBI Director Comey

Ann Coulter v Martin Amis

BBC Newsnight's Emily Maitlis was just live on Facebook in New York with celebrated novelist Martin Amis and conservative commentator Ann Coulter and they had an argument.

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'I know what's been going on'

Early voters in Medina, Cleveland
AP
Early voters in Medina, Cleveland

A polling monitor in Ohio has reported this fraught exchange.

Shachi Kurl, executive director of the Angus Reid Institute - a Canada-based public opinion research organisation - is in suburban Cleveland observing the US election as a member of the International Visitor Leadership Program.

It's coming up on 2pm at the Lake County Administration Centre and the lineup to cast a ballot on the last day of early voting extends into the hallway, almost out the door. Janet Clair, director of the Lake County Board of Elections, is a busy woman. This is her eighth election on the job, and she says this one is the most "unique". The biggest concern she's seeing at polling places is that people think their votes won't actually be counted. As Clair begins to demonstrate how electronic voting machines work, she is called away and asked to speak to a distraught voter who believes her ballot will be among those un-counted. The woman, on the brink of tears, is wearing a T-shirt emblazoned with an American flag, the silhouettes of two soldiers and the words "American Strong". "I've been voting for 38 years," she says. "I know what's been going on; it's just now that it's come out." Clair tries to reassure the woman. "Would you feel better if you knew I've sworn an oath?" "I don't think it’s you," the woman responds. "It's people higher up in the party." She doesn’t say which party she means. In soothing tones, Clair brings the voter around, explains patiently and in detail why she can trust the electronic voting machine, and convinces her to cast her ballot. The woman votes and thanks her. "This is what I’m dealing with," Clair says when the woman leaves. "All these conspiracy theories going around."

Clinton ahead in final few national polls

BBC poll of polls showing Hillary Clinton on 48% and Donald Trump on 44%
BBC

We've updated our poll tracker to take in the national polls that have been released so far today. At the moment, our poll of polls has Hillary Clinton with a four point lead over Donald Trump, 48% to 44%.

Of the polls released today, Mr Trump is leading in just one - an LA Times tracker that has him up 48% to 43%. However, doubts have been raised over the quality of that particular poll because of how it weights the views of a 19-year-old black Trump supporter in Illinois, which you can read about here

National polls released on 7 November
BBC

Lady Gaga and Bon Jovi to sing for Clinton

Lady Gaga surprises fans while on the Bud Light x Lady Gaga Dive Bar Tour where the singer performed three new tracks off her upcoming album 'Joanne' in New York City.
Getty Images

The Clinton campaign has enlisted a star-studded line-up for its final "Get Out the Vote" rally in Raleigh, North Carolina, at midnight.

Lady Gaga, Jon Bon Jovi and DJ Samantha Ronson are scheduled to appear at the event, according to the campaign. 

Bill Clinton and Chelsea Clinton will also attend. 

A look back at American voters

The BBC's Rajini Vaidyanathan has spent a lot of time on the campaign trail speaking with Americans who have shaped the long and often contentious road to election day. 

With just one more day to go, she looks back at some of the voters and voices who will ultimately determine who takes over the White House in January. 

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Knock knock. Who's there? It's Madeleine Albright!

Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright tweeted a video of her campaigning and knocking on doors to get out the vote for Hillary Clinton. 

Albright, who served under former President Bill Clinton, was the first woman to hold the cabinet post. She also served as US ambassador to the United Nations and was a member of President Clinton's National Security Council.

In the video, she's seen telling supporters "that this election is more important than anything that most of us have ever seen and we have the best candidate", she said, referring to Hillary Clinton.

She appears to have toned down her language from when she told female Bernie Sandsers supporters during the Democratic primaries: "There’s a special place in hell for women who don’t help each other."

She later said it was the "wrong time to use that line".

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A Trump rally in Michigan

Riley Visner appears with her two children at a rally for Republican nominee Donald Trump in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
BBC

The BBC's Regan Morris spoke to Annie Visner, who along with her kids are first in line for Trump's last rally in Grand Rapids, Michigan.

She's a Canadian legal resident of the US and "the only reason I don't want my citizenship yet is I don't want that man's name on my papers", she said, referring to President Obama. 

They arrived at 09:30 local time (14:30 GMT) for the 23:00 rally. There are about 40 other people lined up as of 16:00 local time.

We told you the election is out of this world...

US astronaut Shane Kimbrough, a member of the main crew to the International Space Station (ISS), is seen in this file photo.
AP

NASA announced on Monday that astronaut Shane Kimbrough cast his ballot from the International Space Station at some point over the last few days. 

But he's not the only astronaut to vote while circling the globe in 2016. Kate Rubins also voted before she returned to Earth a week ago. 

A 1997 Texas law allows American astronauts to vote from space. Many of NASA's astronauts live in Houston when they're not in space.

10 US election oddities

George RR Martin's 'high anxiety'

Novelist George RR Martin attends Rolling Stone LIVE Presented By Miller Lite in Scottsdale, Arizona.
Getty Images

The political scheming of this wild US election cycle has been enough at times to make even the Lannisters of TV's Game of Thrones blush.

George RR Martin, the novelist who created the dark world of Westeros, seems to agree.

He shared his support for Hillary Clinton in a series of posts on his blog, while blasting Donald Trump. 

The author, whose book series A Song of Ice and Fire is the basis for the hit HBO series, voted early last week in New Mexico. 

The Hillary for New Mexico Twitter account tweeted a photo of the novelist speaking to volunteers and supporters on Saturday.

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In his blog, which is entitled Not a Blog, Martin revealed on Sunday he was suffering from vote anxiety. 

"The election still has me in a state of high anxiety. I am not sleeping well, and I think I check 538 about three dozen times a day, hoping for some good news. Tuesday cannot come fast enough for me. I think I speak for a lot of Americans when I say that I desperately want this thing to be over," he wrote.

No wonder he can't seem to finish The Winds of Winter, the sixth installment in the fantasy saga. 

He said in another post, referring to Trump: "In my lifetime, there has never been a presidential candidate more unfit to lead this nation."

Anyone know if they can vote by raven in the Seven Kingdoms?

Trump: Make your dreams come true

Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump speaks during a campaign rally in Raleigh, North Carolina.
Reuters

In making his final plea to voters in Raleigh, Trump said if he doesn't win the election, it will have been "the single greatest waste of time, energy and money".

"Just imagine what our country could accomplish if we started working together as one people, under one god, saluting one American flag." 

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From our archives....

BBC Newsnight

We've been digging through our archives for footage of Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump... 

Here's an extract from a Jeremy Paxman interview with Clinton in 2014: 

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And here's Emily Maitlis with Donald Trump as part of her 2011 film Donald Trump: All American Billionaire:

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Watch more on our US election YouTube playlist

Third party president?

Evan McMullin, the anti-Trump conservative independent candidate, thinks that by blocking a win in the state of Utah he can seize the entire presidency.

If neither candidate wins 270 electoral college votes, the president will be decided by Congress' House of Representatives.   

An election hasn't been decided by the House since 1824, and a third-party candidate hasn't won an electoral college vote since 1968.

ABC News's political analyst Matthew Dowd describes this scenario “as close to not happening as improbable can get", but try telling that to Team McMullin.

Who is Evan McMullin?

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Trump ramps up Brexit prediction

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump points to the crowd as he arrives to a campaign rally.
AP

He's promised "Brexit times five" and even "Brexit times 10".

Now Donald Trump has found a new formula for describing the victory he hopes to pull off on Tuesday, telling a campaign rally in Raleigh, North Carolina: "Tomorrow's going to be a very historic day. I think it's going to be a Brexit plus plus plus. Does that make sense? Plus plus plus." 

Trump believes he can defy the establishment and the pundits by replicating the success of the referendum campaign to get Britain out of the European Union.

His campaign manager Kellyanne Conway has said he means that despite the Remain team's robust campaign in the final days before the referendum, the Leave supporters were able to turn out voters. 

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Record turnout for early voting in North Carolina

Voters line up on 20 October during early voting at Chavis Community Center in Raleigh, North Carolina.
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Voters line up on 20 October during early voting at Chavis Community Center in Raleigh, North Carolina.

As Clinton and Trump dash across battleground states in their final pitch, a record three million voters have already cast a ballot in the all-important state of North Carolina.

Only three states have had a higher turnout for early voting than North Carolina, according to the University of Florida elections project.

While Democratic early voting was slight down from the 2012 election, Republican early voting was up by 13%.

But the state could prove to be a big wildcard as independent voting turnout was up about 40%, the Charlotte Observer reported.

The rise of the alt-right

The cartoonist reclaiming a hate symbol

The anti-immigrant rhetoric of Republican Donald Trump has energised a disparate American movement accused of racism and anti-Semitism.

The group, known as the alt-right for "alternative right", have adopted a cartoon frog called Pepe as one of their symbols leading to it being classified as a hate symbol by a prominent civil rights group.

Now the frog's creator, Matt Furie, is trying to reclaim the cartoon, which he says, has been "hanging out with the wrong crowd."

Read more about James Cook's experience with alt-right movement

Pepe drawn on a Trump sign
Getty Images
Pepe seen at a Trump rally on Sunday

Trump in North Carolina

Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump speaks at a rally at the JS Dorton Arena in Raleigh, North Carolina.
AFP

"Now it's up to the American people to deliver the justice that we deserve at the ballot box tomorrow," he says during his second campaign stop on Monday. 

"My contract with the American voter begins with a plan to end corruption and to take our country back from the special interests," he continued. 

Peruvian shamans' predictions

Shamans in Lima, Peru, have performed a ritual to predict the results of the US election a day before Americans head to the voting booth. 

Shamans perform a ritual of predictions for the upcoming US election with posters of presidential candidates Donald Trump and Hilary Clinton at the Agua Dulce beach in Lima on 7 November..
Getty Images
Shamans perform a ritual of predictions for the upcoming US election with posters of presidential candidates Donald Trump and Hilary Clinton at the Agua Dulce beach in Lima.
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Shamans perform a ritual of predictions for the upcoming US election with posters of presidential candidates Donald Trump and Hilary Clinton at the Agua Dulce beach in Lima, Peru.
Getty Images
Peruvian shamans with poster of U.S. Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump perform a ritual of predictions ahead of the US election.
Reuters

Nixon to Trump - Don't be a sore loser

Richard Nixon has some advice from beyond the grave for Donald Trump, writes Paul Wood. At least he does if the latest polls are right and Trump loses tomorrow. "Great men have become mediocre because of inability to accept a defeat," Nixon wrote in his book In the Arena. "Many men have become great because they were able to rise above defeat."

Nixon was talking about his decision not to contest the 1960 election, even though he was convinced he had lost through fraud (in Texas and Illinois). In another book, his memoirs, he wrote that he was worried that a presidential recount would be "devastating to America’s foreign relations... I could not subject the country to such a situation".

And, he went on, if he had lost in a recount: "Charges of ‘sore loser’ would follow me through history and remove any possibility of a further political career."

In this composite image a comparison has been made between former US Presidential Candidates John F Kennedy (L) and Richard Nixon. In 1960 John F Kennedy won the presidential election to become the President of the United States.
Getty Images
Getty Images

Nixon lost to Kennedy by 0.1% of the popular vote. It was the closest election in US history. Obsessively going over the result, Nixon calculated that a shift of just 11,085 votes in key districts of key states out of 69 million cast nationwide would have changed the results. 

Donald Trump has spoken of contesting the result of this election. This time, however, may not be as close as 1960. The BBC’s poll of polls puts Trump behind Clinton by four percentage points. 

Still, President Obama, on the stump in Michigan, said there had been states where he had won by only two votes a precinct. And it should be pointed out that Trump's campaign staffers - and Trump himself - say he is on course for an upset victory. 

Rubio confident Russia won't hack election

Senator Marco Rubio speaks to supporters at a primary election party in Kissimmee, Florida.
AP

Florida Senator Marco Rubio said he does not think the Russian government will be able to interfere with the US electoral system on Tuesday.

But if they do, he added, Russia should "absolutely" face immediate consequences. 

"Obviously, I want to win my re-election. And I don’t want Hillary Clinton to get elected," Rubio, a Republican who is favoured to win in Florida, told conservative radio host Hugh Hewitt.   

"But more important than all of that, in my mind, is that America have elections that everyone can look at and say this is a legitimate election and we acknowledge the results. And so that’s what I expect to see tomorrow."

US intelligence officials have said they believe Russians are behind a hack on the Democratic National Committee earlier this year. 

What's really inside Donald Trump's locker room?

BBC Newsnight

Forget "locker room talk", what's really inside Trump's real locker room? The BBC's Emily Maitlis had a rummage round back in 2011. 

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Watch more of Emily Maitlis' film Donald Trump: All American Billionaire here

Backstage with Clinton

Have a look at some of the behind-the-scenes pictures captured by a Getty photographer travelling with the Clinton campaign earlier in Pittsburgh.

A quick prayer before her Pittsburgh speech
Getty Images
A quick prayer before her Pittsburgh speech
clinton reviews the stage
Getty Images
Clinton reviews the stage
clinton's feet
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Anxious voters watch Clinton speak
clinton waves
Getty Images
Clinton urges the crowd not to accept a "dark and divisive vision" for the future

Secretary of State Gingrich, Attorney General Giuliani...

(From L) Dennis Hastert, former speaker of the US House of Representatives, Callista Gingrich, wife of Newt Gingrich, former speaker of the US House of Representatives, and Rudy Giuliani, former mayor of New York, attend the annual meeting of the Iranian resistance, presided over by the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) in Villepinte, near Paris in 2013.
Getty Images
Former speaker of the House Dennis Hastert (L), Callista Gingrich, wife of Newt Gingrich, and Rudy Giuliani attend the annual meeting of the Iranian resistance in Villepinte, near Paris in 2013.

Chatter about who Trump would have in his cabinet has emerged.

Former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani has reportedly been considered for attorney general while former speaker of the House Newt Gingrich's name has been mentioned for secretary of state, three campaign advisers told NBC

Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus has also been tipped as Trump's potential chief of staff. 

Retired Lt Gen Michael Flynn is also reportedly under consideration for defence secretary or national security adviser. 

Trump, however, has not participated in the transition talk, partly due to superstition, according to NBC.  

Urban v rural split

BBC Newsnight

What happens when you look at the electoral map on a county-by-county basis - rather than state-by-state?

It looks totally different - as BBC Newsnight's tweet below shows - it's almost all red for Republican. The map below shows the 2012 election result. 

But when you look at the map by state, the blues fill in. That's because cities have larger population densities, and that swings the result on a state-wide basis.

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All this week Emily Maitlis will be presenting a series of US election specials for BBC Newsnight. If you're in the UK, you can watch them here. You can also follow Newsnight on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube

Is this the swingiest county in the swingiest state?

Rajini Vaidyanathan has been speaking to voters of all stripes during her visit of Hillsborough County, Florida. 

She's been asking Floridians who they support, and despite 16 (plus!) months of campaigning, she's been finding that some voters are still undecided.

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'Republican Party cannot survive'

The sociologist Charles Murray says this election will destroy the Republicans. "The Republican Party cannot survive this debacle."Murray's book, Coming Apart, defined the poor, white working class who have powered Trump's "movement", writes the BBC's Paul Wood in Washington. 

Murray told him: "This Trump phenomenon closes out the ability of the Republican brand to attract millennials...millennials are staying with the Democrats forever. Increasingly, the Republicans are going to be a party that is white and old.”

a suburb neighbourhood
iStock
Much has changed in America since the 1950s

He continued: "The white working class was historically the central constituency of the Democratic Party…But in the 1960s there began a major shift among Democratic elites. It started with the civil rights revolution… It continued in the late 1960s as feminism took off and… into the 1970s as the gay liberation movement began. It wasn't just that they were ignoring the white working class… they were actively disparaging white working class males: they were sexist, they were racist, they were homophobic, they were neanderthals. So along comes Ronald Reagan…and they start voting Republican."  

Ronald Reagan
Getty Images
President Ronald Reagan's legacy looms large in this election

  "But they were never ideologically conservative, perhaps on social issues…they were never a limited government, free enterprise economics constituency. So what happened this year exposed that a big chunk of the Republican party is not conservative, in any sense of meaningful sense of that word. And that's a great deal of the Trump support. I personally think the Republican Party cannot survive this debacle this year. There will eventually be a replacement of the Republican Party by a populist party. Maybe the populist party will call itself 'Republicans' but Republicans who are limited government conservatives are going to have to find a new home."  

Live at Trump's NC rally

We were live in North Carolina from one of Trump's final rallies. 

What could the Republican candidate say to firm up any undecided voters? Share your questions and comments on @BBCNewsUS

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Obama's bully pulpit

President Obama has taken on the "attack-dog" role that's traditionally the purview of a ticket's vice-presidential candidate, writes the BBC's Paul Wood. 

Speaking to a crowd in Ann Arbor, Michigan, the president went negative on Donald Trump in a big way, listing what he regards as Trump's faults. "Donald Trump is temperamentally unfit to be commander-in-chief," he said. "Over the weekend his campaign took away his Twitter account! If your closest advisers don't trust him to tweet then how can we trust him with the nuclear codes?" he told the audience, many of whom were millennials. 

Vote Now, says the audience in Michigan
Getty Images
Vote Now, says the audience in Michigan

He went on with his list: "This is the first candidate in decades to hide his tax returns. He's not contributing to veterans, he's not contributing to our troops, he's not contributing to our outstanding public universities...This is not somebody who's a champion for working families.

"For all his tough talk about China, he's using Chinese steel in his hotels... In his 70 years of work, Donald Trump has never shown any concern about working people... except for the folks who clean up in his hotels."

Mr Obama also spoke about his record: "Tomorrow, you will choose whether we continue this journey of progress or whether it all goes out the window." 

Meanwhile, in Pittsburgh, Clinton held a simultaneous rally saying: "We don't have to accept a dark and divisive vision for America.

"Our core values are being tested in this election," she said attempting to take the high ground - the traditional role for the candidate. 

Clinton's closing argument

In Clinton's latest ad, she speaks into the camera for two minutes, asking voters to consider a few questions.

"It's not just my name and my opponent's name on the ballot; it's the kind of country we want for our children and grandchildren. Is America dark and divisive or hopeful and inclusive?"

"Our core values are being tested in this election," she says.

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'Not, yes I can. Yes we can'

President Barack Obama speaks at a rally for Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Getty Images

"It isn't that often in your life where you know you can make a difference," Obama says. 

"This is one of those moments. Don't let it slip away."

He urges the crowd to make the right choice at the polls on Tuesday. 

"It now comes down to you. It's in your hands," the president continues. "The fate of our democracy depends on what you do when you step into that voting booth tomorrow."

He quotes from the Declaration of Independence, saying: "We hold these truths to be self evident. That all men are created equal."

Obama reminds the crowd that his 2008 campaign slogan was "yes we can. Not 'yes I can'. Yes we can." 

Clinton camp helps jet-lagged journalists

"You are in Pittsburgh," reads a sign at a Clinton rally, photographed by the BBC's Kim Ghattas.

Check out the helpful info...

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Obama says Trump an arrogant know-nothing

"He can't hear your boos but he'll hear your votes tomorrow," Obama tells the audience in Ann Arbor.

He then addresses Trump's claims that the President has failed on trade and manufacturing jobs. 

"It's bad being arrogant when you know what you're talking about, but it's really bad being arrogant when you don't know what you're talking about," he says.

Presisdent Barack Obama
BBC

Clinton: Anger is not a plan

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While speaking at a rally in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Hillary Clinton tells supporters the choice is clear.

"For those who are still making up your minds or thinking maybe it's not worth voting at all, let me just say, the choice in this election could not be clearer. It really is between division and unity.

"I believe America's best days are still ahead of us. That doesn't mean we don't have to work for it because we do," she continued. 

Clinton says she understands people are frustrated and angry. 

"There's fear, even anger in our country. But I've got to say, anger is not a plan my friends."

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Obama hearts SpongeBob

Stumping for Clinton in front of a millennial crowd, Obama has been revealing a fondness for SpongeBob SquarePants.

"While I was out there campaigning (in 2008), you were watching Disney channel," Obama tells the mostly young crowd in Michigan after remarking that when he first ran for president, many of those in the crowd were only 10 years old.

"I had a soft spot for SpongeBob. SpongeBob was probably my favourite," he tells the crowd, saying that he would watch what his daughters liked to watch at the time.

Twitter has gone wild following the "SpongeBob 4 Prez" remark.

It's been the kind of election to make us all as gloomy as Squidward Tentacles...

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Chelsea 'fiercely, ridiculously' proud

US President Barack Obama greets Chelsea Clinton in Ann Arbor, Michigan
AP
US President Barack Obama greets Chelsea Clinton in Ann Arbor, Michigan

Wearing a T-shirt with the slogan "Make Herstory" (instead of history), the daughter of Bill and Hillary Clinton introduces President Obama in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

"I'm fiercely, ridiculously proud to be her daughter," the 36-year-old says before heaping praise on the current president.

President Obama takes to the stage, where he is addressing more than 9,000 people. 

"Tomorrow you will choose whether we continue this journey of progress or whether it all goes out the window," Obama tells the crowd.

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