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Summary

  1. Events mark the 100th anniversary of the Gallipoli campaign, one of the bloodiest in World War One
  2. Allied forces landed on the beaches of the Gallipoli peninsula in modern-day Turkey in April 1915
  3. Allied forces were locked in an eight-month stalemate with Ottoman troops before pulling out in January 1916
  4. An estimated 131,000 soldiers on both sides of the conflict died during the doomed campaign
  5. It was the first campaign that led to major casualties for Australian and New Zealand forces during the war
  6. Leaders of Australia, New Zealand and Turkey, and Princes Charles and Harry, are among those attending remembrance services

Live Reporting

By Stephen Robb, Henrietta McMicking, Claire Bates and Jastinder Khera

All times stated are UK

'Hold in our heart the fallen'

Memorial service at Cape Helles
Reuters

That's all for this live page coverage of day one of the Gallipoli campaign centenary events. Friday's commemorations are also wrapped up in this

report, and we will be back on Saturday to cover Anzac Day and Turkish memorial services.

We leave you with the words of the Rev Dr David Coulter, Chaplain General to Her Majesty's Land Forces, who opened the ceremony at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's Helles Memorial:

"We recall the courage of those who fought and died, and we give thanks for the freedom wrought by their sacrifice.

"We pray for our respective countries represented here today, asking that we may hold in our heart the fallen in whose footsteps we stand, and that we may be faithful to their legacy."

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Email talkingpoint@bbc.co.uk

Claude Kidman
Kidman and Schneider families

Denice Spratt emails: This is a photo of my great uncle, Claude Kidman, who was part of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.

He served in Egypt and Gallipoli and then in France where he was awarded the military medal and bar for bravery in the field.

He was a sergeant in the Medical Corps, in the Mounted Field Ambulance serving from 1914 to 1918.

My great aunt Elsie Donald - later Kidman - served from 1915 to 1918 first as a staff nurse with the Medical Corps and then later as a sister. She was at Egypt and France and also on the hospital ships.

We Kiwis are proud of the men and women who fought for us in the First World War and all other wars and for us the 25th of April is a very emotive day and we honour all who served by attendance at the Dawn Parade.

Morto Bay service

Clarence House

tweets: The Prince of Wales and Prince Harry attend the French service at Morto Bay #Gallipoli100

Princes at French memorial service at Morto Bay
Clarence House

BBC iWonder: Exploring Gallipoli

Morto Bay

A French field kitchen on the Gallipoli peninsula
AWM
A French field kitchen on the Gallipoli peninsula

The French cemetery is at Morto Bay. The French force, mostly Senegalese, was responsible for a section of the Allied line that ran about a kilometre (0.6 miles) north of the Turkish Martyrs memorial.

Morto Bay itself was far behind the front line but was open to Turkish shelling across the Straits.

"Wounded everywhere! The killed lay in confused heaps which increased as you advanced." - French medical officer Dr Subin, based at Morto Bay, writing later.

BBC iWonder: Exploring Gallipoli

Tragedy at V beach

A view of V beach from the ship River Clyde, which was run aground as part of the landing
AWM
A view of V beach from the ship River Clyde, which was run aground as part of the landing

A century ago tomorrow, soldiers from the Royal Dublin Fusiliers, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and Royal Hampshire Regiment landed at V beach at Cape Helles.

The beach was heavily fortified. As the soldiers made for land, Turkish machine gunners opened fire and the sea ran red with blood.

Of the 700 Dubliners landing, 300 were killed and many of the rest were wounded. A British naval bombardment failed to reduce Turkish fire and a later landing attempt by the Munsters suffered 70% casualties.

The British forces eventually established a toehold on the beach.

Ship's Company of HMS Bulwark

Royal Navy

tweets: Royal Navy Guard drawn from the Ship's Company of #HMSBulwark for commemorations at Cape #Helles #Gallipoli100

Royal Navy Guard from HMS Bulwark
Royal Navy

BBC iWonder: Exploring Gallipoli

Unwinding at war

Troops in the sea at Cape Helles
AWM
Troops in the sea at Cape Helles

Swimming in the sea offered a rare chance for Allied soldiers to enjoy themselves. Some braved the waves during the day, while others waited for nightfall to avoid the threat of Turkish artillery.

"We had a glorious swim after dusk. The Turk guns seldom fire after dark … the beach is just crowded — all men though."

Diary of Sergeant Cyril Lawrence, 2nd Field Company of Australian Engineers, June 1915

BBC iWonder: Exploring Gallipoli

An island hospital

A convalescent camp in Malta
Mary Evans Picture Library
A convalescent camp in Malta

Almost 58,000 sick and wounded soldiers were transported from Gallipoli to Malta, which became an

island hospital for Allied troops. Malta was known as the "nurse of the Mediterranean", with 27 hospitals and more than 3,000 medical staff.

Irish president honours dead

Princes Charles and Harry, Presidents Erdogan & Higgins
Clarence House

The President of Ireland, Michael Higgins, is also attending the Commonwealth and Ireland Service at Cape Helles.

The Royal Dublin Fusiliers and the Royal Munster Fusiliers were amongst the regiments who landed on V beach on 25 April 1915.

Shadows on the wall

The shadows of Prince Charles and Prince Harry at the Cape Helles memorial
Reuters

From a day offering much striking imagery, this picture captures the shadows of Prince Charles and Prince Harry at the Cape Helles memorial ahead of the Commonwealth and Ireland service there.

BBC iWonder: Exploring Gallipoli

How the Allies communicated

A signal tent at divisional headquarters in Gallipoli
Getty Images
A signal tent at divisional headquarters in Gallipoli

Communications were rudimentary at Gallipoli. Many signal lamps were lost during the landings and semaphore flags were impractical under Turkish fire.

Telegraph lines and runners were the most common method of communication. Signallers could send Morse code messages at 40 words per minute.

Fergal Keane

BBC foreign correspondent

tweets: #Gallipoli100 Prince Harry reads from AP Herbert: tomorrow we must stagger up a hill/to man a trench/to live among the lice

'Fears would be realised'

Prince Charles addresses Cape Helles service
BBC

From Prince Charles's address at the service: "The countless letters and diaries from Gallipoli remind us all too powerfully and vividly that the battles on this peninsula were fought and endured largely by ordinary people called upon to do extraordinary tasks.

"I'm always struck by the accounts of departing soldiers that often speak of smiles, cheers and waving caps, when we can only think that deeper down there lurked dark and foreboding fears that would be realised all too often and all too soon."

BBC iWonder: Exploring Gallipoli

Bringing in the big guns

A British 60-pounder heavy field gun in action on a cliff top at Helles Bay, Gallipoli
Getty Images
A British 60-pounder heavy field gun in action on a cliff top at Helles Bay, Gallipoli

The Allied landings were hampered because the naval guns on their old warships were designed to hit other vessels and weren't very effective against Turkish land targets.

Ground artillery was also unreliable. Barrages let off before soldiers went over the trenches would often end early due to fears of inaccuracy. This gave the Turkish troops time to regroup and led to the slaughter of hundreds of Australian light horsemen at the Nek.

Guns and silence

Royal Navy

tweets: #HMSBulwark fires a gun salute to begin and end a minute of silence to remember the fallen. #Gallipoli100

HMS Bulwark at sea from Cape Helles
Royal Navy

Laying of wreaths

The Prince of Wales lays the first wreath at the Commonwealth Memorial Service followed by Turkey's President Erdogan to commemorate the Ottoman losses.

Last Post

Last Post is played at Cape Helles memorial service.

Gathering at Cape Helles

Royal Navy

tweets: The Commonwealth and Ireland Memorial Service is now taking place at Cape #Helles. #Gallipoli100

Cape Helles service
Royal Navy

Royal reading

Princes Harry and Charles at Cape Helles
EPA

Prince Charles was among those to deliver a reading at the memorial service at Cape Helles.

'All who served'

Gallipoli memorial
TOLGA BOZOGLU

At the service, Air Chief Marshal Sir Joe French says: "The monument around which we gather together today honours all who served."

Commonwealth and Ireland service

Prince Harry at Cape Helles
Reuters

The focus is now at the Cape Helles memorial for the Commonwealth and Ireland service.

700 lost on first day

Fusiliers join Gallipoli commemorations
Getty

Members of the British army's 5th Fusiliers walk past the names of Commonwealth soldiers killed during the Gallipoli campaign.

@JohnMTinsley

tweets: Today we remember Gallipoli x and especially the Lancashire Fusiliers who lost 700 men on the first morning and won 6 Victoria Crosses.

In pictures

Soldiers march through a sea of poppies during a street parade to commemorate Anzac Day in Wellington, New Zealand
AP
In the New Zealand capital Wellington, soldiers took part in a street parade ahead of 25 April, which is marked as Anzac Day

For more images from today's ceremonies in Gallipoli, and events in Australia and New Zealand,

click here for our picture gallery.

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Email talkingpoint@bbc.co.uk

Mrs M, Hornsby, Australia, emails: We are British and moved to Australia seven years ago. Our children are heavily involved in the ANZAC 'week' with school.

It is amazing how much knowledge my 8, 7 and 5 year olds have absorbed. They are fascinated by the stories and are very excited to go to the dawn service tomorrow. I wouldn't usually take my little ones to an early event, but there is no stopping them!

They honour the men and woman that fought and continue to fight today. It is wonderful to see such respect from the young children. We will never forget in this household.

World War One dress

Mounted Turkish gendarmes dressed as World War One Ottoman Turkish soldiers
Getty Images

Mounted Turkish gendarmes dressed as World War One Ottoman soldiers for the 100th anniversary commemorations.

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Mark Jones went out to the region in 2008 while he was serving in the Army. He went across to Gallipoli to do a battlefield tour, they went off the beaten track .

This photo was taken from the top of a bridge:

View of Gallipoli beaches from a bridge
Mark Jones

BBC iWonder: Exploring Gallipoli

Victoria Crosses before breakfast

Indian troops on W beach as stores are being unloaded
Getty Images
Indian troops on W beach as stores are being unloaded

The British landings at X and Y beaches at Cape Helles were lightly opposed, but the terrain and lack of co-ordination meant they didn't advance far inland.

At W beach the Lancashire Fusiliers fought a fierce action against Turkish machine gunners and submerged barbed wire, winning the beach at the cost of

"six Victoria Crosses before breakfast".

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James Abbott from North Bay in Canada has written in: My grandfather left the Ottawa Valley to join the Royal Naval Air Service.

He flew a seaplane during the Gallipoli campaign and was shot down and crashed in the water.

He survived, but was shot at from land. So he filled his flight suit with whatever he could and threw it on one of the wings, hoping to draw their fire away.

A destroyer rescued him later and that was the end of his war.

Turkish jets

Fergal Keane

BBC foreign correspondent

tweets: #Gallipoli100 Just watching fly past of Turkish jets and waiting for ceremony to begin at Cape Helles

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Paul Murphy emails: My grandfather - born in Dublin - served with the Dublin Fusiliers and was on board the SS River Clyde on 25.4.15.

He was wounded although I do not know whether this happened at the landing or later in the campaign.

He rarely spoke of his experience there except to say how brave the Turks were.

His opinion of Winston Churchill is better left unsaid.

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Janette Steel, from Dingwall, in the Highlands, writes: My grandfather, Donald Allan, was presumed dead on 12th July 1915, his third wedding anniversary.

He left a wife, two children and a third on the way. His death affected my family because my grandmother took his death so badly.

He had been a regular soldier, serving in India and South Africa but came out of the army in 1908. He said goodbye to Granny at Bridge of Allan.

I hope to go to Hamilton South church in July to lay a poppy cross at the war memorial inside the vestibule there.