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  1. Updates on Friday 24 June 2016

Live Reporting

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Our live coverage throughout the day

Francesca Williams

BBC News

Live updates have now finished on the historic day on which we learned the result of a far-reaching decision made by British voters to leave the EU.

We'll be back at 08:00 on Monday with news for the North East, as well as travel reports and the weather forecast. 

In the meantime, if you've got any updates or pictures you'd like to share with us feel free to get in touch via FacebookTwitter or email    

'Extraordinary day, historic day'

Stockton South Conservative MP and Northern Powerhouse minister James Wharton - who campaigned to exit the EU  - said the decision to leave was the "will of the British people and absolutely must now be respected".

"We've had a very heated referendum debate that seemed to go on for ever, it certainly had passions running high," he said.

"We've been given a message by the British people, we've now got to do it.

James Wharton

"We've got to get the right deal from Europe in terms of our trade but we've got to start that process of leaving the European Union and taking back control of our own future."  

The UK's rocky road to divorce

Jonny Dymond looks at how the EU has divided parties and felled leaders since 1973

How the EU has divided parties and felled leaders

It's a run for your money...

Francesca Williams

BBC News

...and to vote go.

After yesterday's precautionary run on Euros at bureaux de change and travel agents around the country, are travellers feeling any differently now the vote is in?

Voters from both sides - about to jet off from Newcastle Airport - put the result down to the issue of immigration.

"I'm disappointed for my grandchildren - it won't affect me," one woman said.

Another believed "the free movement of people into the country - I don't think it works".

UK 'needs to improve competitiveness' to succeed outside the EU

The director of car parts manufacturer Nifco in Stockton says there is a lot of work ahead if the UK wants to compete in a global market.

Mike Matthews says "shipping products and services all over the world is very expensive".

"Shipping to Europe is much more competitive - puts us on a much more even footing with a lot of other manufacturers," he says.

"So we're going to have to work hard in improving the UK's competitiveness if we're going to succeed on a global platform."

'The call is to build bridges not divisions'

The Bishop of Newcastle, the Right Reverend Christine Hardman, has called for people in the region to unite after the Brexit vote.

“The sharpness of the debate and the divisions it has highlighted pose a challenge for us as we move forward into the future," she said.

The Right Reverend Christine Hardman
Diocese of Newcastle

“As someone who is inspired by Christian hope, I believe that the task is now for us to unite, to build a generous, outward-looking, and welcoming country." 

Video: Reaction to Lindsay Lohan's Sunderland vote claim

'Let down' North East votes Leave

People across north-east England voted to leave the European Union because they felt "let down" by the government, a Labour MP has said.

Julie Elliott, MP for Sunderland Central, said she believed people took "cuts to local councils, to the health service, insecurity in work" out on the EU and gave it a "kicking".

But Leave Sunderland organiser Richard Elvin called the result "fantastic".

Sunderland count
Ian Forsyth/Getty Images

Newcastle was the only area to vote Remain. The other 11 voted Leave.

See local results here

Follow the latest news on the BBC's live EU referendum page

UKIP's Mr Elvin said: "It's an absolutely fantastic result. Who could have predicted 61.5% against 38.5%?

Brexit: British clubs 'could suffer in transfer window'

BBC Sport

Sunderland AFC and Middlesbrough FC may find it more difficult to buy their footballing targets after the UK's decision to leave the European Union, an expert has warned.

Transfer fees and wages may rise, said Simon Chadwick, professor of sports enterprise at Salford University.

"Clubs could suddenly find players are much more expensive because the pound is worth less," he said.

Football Association chairman Greg Dyke said the decision could have "quite an impact on English football".

The BBC's Chris Morris looks at how leaving the EU might impact the Premier League

Players' wages, the staging of big events, the Premier League brand and the Bosman Ruling on transfers could all be affected, according to Chadwick.  

Butcher selling meat in pounds and ounces after Brexit vote

A butcher is selling meat in pounds and ounces following the vote to leave the EU.

Darren Gratton, from Gratton's in Devon, claimed some customers had asked if they could order their meat in imperial units.

The shop's scales measured in kilograms, he said, but he could still work "with both" systems.

It brings back memories of the Sunderland greengrocer hailed the Metric Martyr after being prosecuted for selling fruit and vegetables by the pound.

Steve Thoburn was convicted for selling goods only in imperial measures in 2001.

Steve Thoburn

The group's appeals against conviction were rejected all the way up to the House of Lords and this February, by the European Court of Human Rights.

He died in 2004.

Right, pay attention everyone, here's how Article 50 works

Francesca Williams

BBC News

There's been a lot of talk about how the UK gets out of the EU.

Somehow it feels like it should have a more momentous-sounding name, not just Article 50.

This section of the 2009 Lisbon Treaty covers the process of leaving the union.

This is how it's done:

  1. The UK officially tells the European Council it intends to leave.
  2. There are negotiations between the EU and the UK to decide how this happens and what the UK will get/give in the future. This will include discussions about the trade tariffs we've heard so much about.
  3. Negotiations are meant to be completed within two years of (1) but the European Parliament has a veto over any new agreement formalising the relationship between the UK and the EU.
  4. It is possible some of the main issues - including when anything happens - could be dealt with in informal discussions with other EU members and the European Commission before the official process is invoked.
  5. Vote Leave says Britain could instead, technically, simply write the EU out of its laws, although that wouldn't help future negotiations.
  6. All other members states have to agree unanimously if the UK wants to come back into the EU.

Hitachi's (brief) response to the UK's vote to leave the EU

In a statement the president and chief executive of Hitachi, Toshiaki Higashihara, said: "We will take our time to carefully assess the implications for our business as these become clearer."

The Japanese conglomerate opened a £82m train factory in Newton Aycliffe in September, its first factory in Europe. 

Toshiaki Higashihara

In an exclusive interview with the BBC in April, Toshiaki Higashihara said he opposed Brexit.  

Sorry, is this not about football?

Francesca Williams

BBC News

If you thought the referendum campaign seemed to go on for a long time, it's nothing compared to another set of bitter rivalries.

After Newcastle voted to remain and Sunderland voted to leave it was only a matter of time before someone started making football analogies.

A parody account purporting to be written by Sunderland AFC striker Jermain Defoe (just to be clear for the lawyers - it isn't him) tweets: "The people of #Newcastle thought voting to remain was to stay in the premier league."

We're not sure the Remain camp - or Newcastle fans - will be amused.

Brexit: What happens now?

The UK has voted to leave the EU - a process that has come to be known as Brexit. 

Here is what is likely to happen next.

Houses of Parliament

Joy, disappointment, surprise and pragmatism in Middlesbrough

Middlesbrough has voted to leave the EU - and many in the town are very pleased with the result.

For others, the future is still a little unnerving.

Middlesbrough's EU referendum thoughts

Reassurance sought for EU students

Universities have pledged to pressure ministers to ensure European staff and students can still work and study in the UK after the vote to leave the EU.

Vice-chancellors from the Universities UK umbrella group say the decision to leave will create "significant challenges" for higher education.

They are already in talks with EU commissioners, it is understood.

The Russell Group of top research universities says it will work with ministers to safeguard research funds.

It represents Durham University, Newcastle University, the University of Glasgow and 21 other universities.

Phil Coombes

What makes people vote the way they do?

Francesca Williams

BBC News

If this referendum has proved anything it is that the same set of facts can be taken as evidence for two entirely contradictory opinions.

Lumberjilly, tweeting from Northumberland, believes Redcar voted to leave the EU because there was "no state aid for SSI owing to EU rules".

However other tweeters point out people have "sadly forgotten this area was improved by EU money".

On Tuesday The Gazette explored whether Teesside would be better in or out - and there were numbers to back up both.

BreakingBishop Auckland Labour MP 'backs no confidence bid over Jeremy Corbyn'

Bishop Auckland Labour MP Helen Goodman is to support a motion of no confidence in party leader Jeremy Corbyn, journalist Michael Crick says.

Margaret Hodge and Ann Coffey confirmed they have sent a letter to the chairman of the Parliamentary Labour Party calling for the motion.

It has no formal constitutional force but calls for a discussion at their next PLP meeting on Monday.

It will be up to the PLP chairman to decide whether it is debated. If accepted it would be followed by a secret ballot of Labour MPs on Tuesday.

Bishop Auckland Labour MP Helen Goodman
Labour Party

Ask Andy: How will UK vote affect the pound?

The BBC's Andrew Verity explains the economic impact the changing value of the pound can have.

Ask Andy: What happens to the pound after the UK's EU vote?

North East 'had one of the strongest leave votes'

The total leave vote in the North East was 58% - the third strongest showing in England behind the East and West Midlands.

Check how your area voted here.

Voting graphic

What will life after Brexit be like?

Francesca Williams

BBC News

During the EU referendum campaign there was the obvious question of what would happen if we voted to leave.

Would the warnings of disaster prove to be unfounded? Or would it be the optimistic hope for a new golden era that would unravel?

Only hours in, we still don't really know. But this, written by BBC political correspondent Carolyn Quinn in January, on what happened when Greenland voted to leave - by the same percentage - is interesting to read now.  

A view across the Fjord in Greenlandic capital, Nuuk

BBC reporter Fiona Trott finds Teesside ready to 'take back control'

Fiona Trott

BBC News

In a town where seven out of 10 people backed Brexit, one man I spoke to in Hartlepool summed up the general mood.

"It's been a vote against the establishment," he said. "Unemployment here is 9.4%. People feel hard done by."

When you stop and talk to voters in the street, they tell you things couldn't get any worse so why not vote for change?

It's probably why UKIP gained three seats here in the May elections.

People here feel like they want to take back control.

What about the financial markets? One shopper told me "It's just a blip".

Council expresses 'serious concern for jobs' after leave vote

Northumberland County Council is seeking "clarity about the North East devolution deal which included making decisions locally about the allocation of EU funding".

Labour council leader Grant Davey said: "An estimated £108m of European investment came into Northumberland over the last nine years, helping to regenerate our towns, invest in our businesses and providing support for tourism and farmers.

"Services will be damaged and jobs will be lost if this government doesn't immediately deliver a plan to replace this now lost funding."

Pushing the borders?

Immigration control has been a major theme in the referendum but, in the North East, a different border is making people think.

Scotland voted to Remain and First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said its people saw their future as part of the European Union.

Some Twitter users in the North East are now suggesting Newcastle - which also voted Remain - should become part of Scotland.

Welcome to Scotland sign
Getty Images

'Government must now secure the best possible ongoing relationship with Europe'

North East Chamber of Commerce chief executive James Ramsbotham has said a "significant number of our members are worried about the impact of leaving" the EU.

"We have an export record which is the strongest in the whole country and this must not be compromised as the decision to leave becomes a reality," he said.

James Ramsbotham

"The government must now secure the best possible ongoing relationship with Europe and the rest of the world to enable sustained business growth in our region."  

American actress asks: 'Where's Sunderland?'

It has travelled far and wide, this news that the UK has decided to leave the EU.

Even to Hollywood and Freaky Friday actress Lindsay Lohan, who asked her 9,289,779 Twitter followers where Sunderland was, since it was expected to provide the first result.

Lindsay Lohan
Getty Images/Eamonn McCormack

It really was her, BBC Trending says.

And she seems to know more about the UK than people might have given her credit for - have a look.

Cameron's departure will 'get the country back on track'

Francesca Williams

BBC News

News of David Cameron's departure has been greeted happily by some in Middlesbrough.

One woman told BBC Tees it was "brilliant" someone she believed was a "very weak man" had resigned.

"We need a good strong prime minister to put his views over if they want to do some deals with the EU," she said.

"Fine about that, but let us do our own rules and regulations and get the country back on track like it was."

Another man said he was worried, despite voting to leave.

"It's a big new thing now and we've got to go it alone - hopefully we'll get there."

EU vote: David Cameron says UK 'needs fresh leadership'

How did the North East vote to leave the European Union?

Here are the key figures:

North East referndum results graphic

'Disaffected' Hartlepool people vote Leave

In Hartlepool, almost 70% of people voted to leave - 32,071 as compared to 14,029 for Remain.

John Tennant, leader of the UKIP group on Hartlepool Council, said: "It's a forgotten town, a town that's lost a lot of its industry.

"There's a lot of people who are disenfranchised, they feel disaffected, and they look at the European institutions where people are well paid, with big expensive lives, all being paid for by us ordinary hardworking people.

"They say 'Oh that's not good enough', we want our money back, we want our country back, so let's govern ourselves."

'Questions for Labour leadership'

The Labour MP for Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland Tom Blenkinsop has been expressing his disappointment at the vote to leave the EU.

Asked if Labour was out of touch with voters in the North East, he said there were "questions for the leadership and I think there are questions about how we demonstrated or got across any economic message about being within the European Union".

"My view has always been that Jeremy Corbyn (pictured) wasn't necessarily a political asset for the Labour Party," he said.

Jeremy Corbyn

'Take the result on the chin'

Labour MP for Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland Tom Blenkinsop said he was "obviously very disappointed" but the decision to leave the EU "has to be respected".

"We have to take the result on the chin," he said.

"Those who campaigned for leave have to show us the way now because there will be people waking up, whether they voted remain or leave, who will be in a state of... shock.

Tom Blenkinsop
Labour Party

"And what we need is stability now.

"When we are negotiating our new path forward as a non-EU member state there's people's livelihoods at stake." 

'The sun comes up tomorrow'

One Conservative MP is remarkably sanguine in the face of a referendum result he didn't vote for.

Hexham's Guy Opperman reminded listeners to BBC Newcastle that "this is a democracy - the people have spoken".

"That's fine, this is what a democracy is about: we move on, we dust ourselves down, the sun comes up tomorrow, we all go back to work, we make this work," he said.

"We are a wonderful country, we will make this work."

Guy Opperman

David Cameron to step down: 'Utterly decent to the end' - MP

Conservative Hexham MP Guy Opperman has reacted to David Cameron's announcement that he will step down

View more on twitter

EU Referendum: David Cameron will attempt 'to steady the ship'

Prime Minister David Cameron is to step down by October after the UK voted to leave the European Union.

Mr Cameron made the announcement in a statement outside Downing Street after the final result was announced.

He said he would attempt to "steady the ship" over the coming weeks and months.

He had urged the country to vote Remain, warning of economic and security consequences of an exit, but Leave won by 52% to 48%.

David Cameron announces he will step down

BreakingEU Referendum: David Cameron announces he will resign

Prime Minister David Cameron announces he will step down by October following the UK's vote to leave the European Union.

More to follow.