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Summary

  1. A day of live BBC coverage examining how the movement of people is changing the world
  2. Ex-Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) chief Sir Richard Dearlove warned of a "populist uprising" on the issue.
  3. UNHCR special envoy Angelina Jolie Pitt said there was a "race to the bottom" between countries showing how tough they were
  4. The BBC is carrying reports from Vietnam, San Francisco, Iraq, Greece and Bangladesh during the day
  5. A live radio drama by award-winning playwright James Graham was broadcast
  6. Get involved on social media using #WorldOnTheMove

Live Reporting

By Ollie Stone-Lee, Trevor Timpson and Helier Cheung

All times stated are UK

Get involved

End of live coverage of World on the Move

This ends our live coverage of the BBC's programming about how mass migration is changing the world. The day saw ex-MI5 chief Sir Richard Dearlove warn that the migrant crisis could spark a "populist uprising" in Europe.

Earlier, UNHCR special envoy Angelina Jolie Pitt said countries could not turn their back on the migrant issue - "If your neighbour's house is on fire you are not safe if you lock your doors." 

BBC coverage of the issue continues on radio and TV bulletins and the News website, and on Radio 4's The World Tonight (22:00), which reports from California on the changing patterns of immigration into the US.  

SIr Richard Dearlove's 'populist uprising' fears

Watch Sir Richard Dearlove's warning that if Europe's leaders cannot inspire confidence in their handling of the migration issue they risk facing a "populist uprising". 

Sir Richard ended his speech with a stark warning for Europe's leaders.

Uber boss tells his refugee story

The chief technology officer for taxi-hailing firm Uber has told how he fled the Vietnam war in 1979 when he was 10 years old.

Thuan Pham described how he left his home in the middle of the night, crammed into a boat with hundreds of other refugees. 

They nearly sank, were robbed by pirates and then dumped on a deserted island where they had to build shacks to live in.

He told Ritula Shah on The World Tonight: "The experience did not scar me. If you live in a place where there is freedom and opportunity, you can make it."

Uber's chief techonology officer, Thuan Pham, fled Vietnam in 1979 aged 10

One last chance?

Fellow panellist Shashank Joshi, from the Royal United Services Institute, argued that Sir Richard was not giving Europe enough credit for sanctions and arms embargoes against countries like Russia, Iran and China.      

As the session ended, panel chair Anne McElvoy pressed Sir Richard to reveal which way he would vote in the UK's referendum on EU membership. 

He did not answer directly but said he had been a convinced European and had not "quite given up on Europe". 

"Maybe we should give Europe one last shot" to deal with the migrant crisis, he said, "but if it doesn't deal with it, the consequences are lethal; they are politically lethal".  

Shashank Joshi
BBC
Shashank Joshi

Europe 'irresolute' over migrant crisis - Dearlove

Watch as Sir Richard Dearlove questions whether the EU is capable of a "massive  response" to the migrant crsis, reminiscent of the post-war Marshall Aid plan.     �`�`\�N

Former head of MI6 Sir Richard Dearlove on the migrant crisis

'More Europe not less'

Times newspaper columnist David Aaronovitch suggested that each of Sir Richard's criticisms of the EU's failings "required more from the European Union and not less". 

Sir Richard suggested there was an alternative: for the "five major states of Europe" acting together but not "through the format of the EU with all the baggage that carries". 

David Aaronovitch
BBC
David Aaronovitch

Europe could face 'populist uprising'

Sir Richard ended his speech with a stark warning for Europe's leaders. 

"There are strong arguments on both sides but if Europe cannot act together to persuade a significant majority of its citizens that it can gain control of its migratory crisis then the EU will find itself at the mercy of a populist uprising, which is already stirring," he said. 

"The stakes are very high and the UK referendum is the first role of the dice in a bigger geopolitical game."

Sir Richard Dearlove
BBC

'Don't conflate migration with terrorism'

Sir Richard said terrorists could exploit freedom of movement and high levels of migration but "we should not conflate the problem of migration with the threat of terrorism".

He said: "With large numbers of people on the move a few of them will inevitably carry the terrorist virus.

"However, effective border control is probably not the most important part of countering terrorism. It does not pick up 'clean skins' [peole without police records] or those who are using different identities. 

"Good intelligence, drawing on human and technical sources and the analysis of data flows, is the key to effective counter-terrorism."

He said a number of the most lethal terrorists were already inside Europe, including the UK.

"They are already amongst us," he added.  

Sir Richard Dearlove
Jeff Overs/BBC
Sir Richard Dearlove said some terrorists are "already amongst us".

EU 'may have outlived its historical role'

The former spy chief has more damning words about the EU's ability to meet a migration test which is "more serious" than that of 1945. 

"Failing to meet this challenge suggests that the EU in its present configuration of 28 vastly differing national interests, thrown into relief by the crisis, may well have outlived its historical role," said Sir Richard. 

"And the EU's inept response to the Balkan crisis, and to Ukraine's westward move away from Russia's former imperium is further evidence of an alliance of nation states struggling with its geopolitical role."

'Like storing gasoline next to the fire'

Sir Richard Dearlove has been sharply critical of the European Union's response to the scale of the migration crisis and says the impact is far-reaching. 

He said: "The EU's response has been hesitant and irresolute, complicated by the differing reaction of member states and the extent to which their national interests are affected. 

"To see walls and fences going up across Europe reminds me of the Iron Curtain which I crossed many times. It was always a sinister moment. 

"For the EU, however, to offer visa free access to 75 million Turks to stem the flow of migrants across the Aegean seems perverse, like storing gasoline next to the fire we're trying to extinguish (though for the moment the exodus has slowed)."

Sir Richard Dearlove
BBC

Former spy master's take on migrant crisis

Sir Richard Dearlove, former chief of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), says the context of the debate about migration is "heavily charged"  because of the referendum on UK membership of the EU. 

"We do stand on the threshold of having to make an historical choice and in my view time and circumstances are not propitious because of the migration crisis Europe faces."

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Sir Richard Dearlove
Getty Images
Sir Richard Dearlove was in the intelligence services for 38 years.

The refugees that are going home

Thousands of people will try to reach Europe this year from countries like Syria and Iraq, taking the paths that hundreds of thousands of migrants before them have taken. That much we're familiar with.So what about this: the people who are choosing to go the other way? Jim Muir reports.  

Giving birth on a refugee boat

Sarah Montague began the day on the Today programme telling how people are returning to Vietnam. But this interview with a woman who had to give birth at sea is a reminder of the flight of many Vietmanese people in the 1970s. 

Xuan Phan recounts how in 1975, as she fled Vietnam, she had to give birth at sea

Britain 'has a fantastic humanitarian tradition'

When asked if he's more of an optimist than a pessimist, Lord Dubs tells Hardtalk's Stephen Sackur: "I think I'm more optimistic than pessimistic - that's why I do these things [campaigning]. I believe they do fully reflect what many people want. I think in Britain we have a humanitarian tradition which is still fantastic."

He says he believes that Sir Nicholas Winton, who organised the Kindertransport trains the saved him, would also be supportive of allowing more refugee children into the UK. 

Lord Dubs on Hardtalk
BBC

'Lessons of history?'

today on @BBCHARDtalk Lord Dub reminds us of possibilities for refugees, lessons of history #kindertransport #refugees #worldonthemove

Political response must combine "head and heart"

Lord Dubs' proposal to amend the Immigration Bill to relocate and support 3,000 unaccompanied refugee children from other countries in Europe to the UK was rejected by MPs. 

Critics argued this would put more children in danger by encouraging them to travel to Europe unaccompanied.

When asked by Stephen Sackur if his arguments were ruled by sentiment, Lord Dubs replied that politics is "both head and heart" - not just one or the other.

Lord Dubs
BBC

Residents of Spanish Harlem find their roots

Does the USA still have the welcome mat out for new arrivals? Nick Bryant reports from New York's Spanish Harlem, on the World Tonight at 22:00 on Radio 4.

A train going through Manhattan's neighbourhood of Harlem.

The children who escaped the Holocaust

In 1939, Lord Dubs says, Britain was the only country that took in the 'Kindertransport' children - children who escaped the Holocaust on trains from Prague organised by Sir Nicholas Winton. He is immensely grateful to the UK, he adds. 

Campaigning for unaccompanied refugee children

Alf Dubs has been campaigning for unaccompanied refugee children from other countries in Europe to be granted entry to the UK. Here, he speaks to two young refugees from Syria.

Lord Alf Dubs speaks to two child refugees from Syria on College Green on April 25, 2016 in London, England
Getty Images

'Are we more or less compassionate than before?'

Stephen Sackur asks Lord Dubs: "Do you see a change amongst us humans? Do you think we are more compassionate or less compassionate today than we were in 1939?"

"I'd like to think we're more compassionate," Lord Dubs says, because we see more about crises on our television screens. "Equally, we seem to have more concerns about migration."

However, Lord Dubs says he believes the British are still very compassionate. 

Inside the world's biggest refugee camp

Dadaab was meant as a temporary home for Somalis fleeing their country's civil war. Twenty five years later, it's home to 330,000 people - and the third biggest city in Kenya. This week, the Kenyan government announced plans to try and close it down.  

Inside the world's biggest refugee camp

Coming up next: Lord Dubs on HARDtalk

Labour peer Lord Dubs arrived in the UK in 1939 as a six-year-old refugee fleeing the persecution of Jews in Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia.   

He was one of 669 children who escaped the Holocaust on trains from Prague organised by British stockbroker Sir Nicholas Winton.  

He'll be on HARDTalk on BBC World News speaking to Stephen Sackur.

Lord Dubs
AFP

Buried without a name

More than 1,250 unnamed men, women and children have been buried in unmarked graves in 70 sites in Turkey, Greece and Italy since 2014. The majority died trying to cross the Mediterranean to seek a new life in Europe.

But who cares for these dead? Where are they buried? And how can desperate relatives many miles away discover if their missing loved ones are among the drowned?

Read the BBC's report about the untold story of Europe's drowned migrants here

Tombstones are pictured on migrant graves, who died during the attempt to reach the Island of Lesbos, at a newly built cemetery on March 11, 2016 in Kato Tritos, Greece
Getty Images

How did the crisis get so bad?

The international human system that deals with refugees is so "broken" that the UN has called a summit to address it.

But how did things get so bad? The BBC explains the numbers behind the headlines. 

How the global refugee crisis got so bad - in numbers

"Leave this city, join the exit."

That's the call of Alfie, a young teacher, when he and his girlfriend hit breaking point when they stop being able to pay London rent and are forced to move back to the family home. 

James Graham's short drama for Radio 4 tried to show the "movement of people" is not just a distant, global phenomenon but something that is affecting many young people in the UK. You can still catch up and listen to the play

Stephen Wight and Jade Anouka
BBC
Stephen Wight and Jade Anouka in James Graham's play.

UN envoy demands end to migrant detentions

The UN's special rapporteur for the human rights of migrants has urged Greece to end the detention of all migrants arriving after the accord between Turkey and the EU.

Speaking in Athens, Francois Crepeau said the detentions were particularly unacceptable in the case of children.

He said he had met children who had been kept in police cells for more than two weeks and were not allowed outdoors. 

Francois Crepeau
Reuters

Migration to Europe explained in seven charts

Although developing countries host more than 80% of the world's refugees, much of the news about migration has focused on the crisis in Europe. 

The BBC explores migration to Europe, in seven charts.

Chart showing the routes migrants use to enter the EU illegally
BBC

Migration: What is it like for children?

What is life like for young people who move to the UK? Many experience snow for the first time - but find it difficult not being able to speak English fluently.

As part of BBC School Report, Maneeha, originally from Pakistan, and her best friend Maria, born in Lebanon, both at Archbishop Holgate's School in York, interviewed each other about their experiences.

You can listen to their interview here.

A new life in Europe: Was it worth it?

For the last nine months, BBC Radio 4's the World at One has been following the journey of the Dhnie family from Syria, as they risked their lives to get to Europe.

 Manveen Rana looks at the twists and turns of their journey and the difficulties of settling in when they reached Europe.

You can listen to the latest in the podcast series here.

The story of one Syrian family heading for Europe in search of a better life.

Continue the discussion on Facebook

Debate on Angelina Jolie Pitt's speech on the migration crisis in continuing on the BBC's Facebook page.

Tom Newton calls Jolie Pitt out of touch: 

Sorry Angie, but I'm not going to take words of wisdom from someone with your privilege and wealth. You don't have to live with the negative consequences of mass immigration.

However, Gloria Navarro McDermott is glad Jolie Pitt spoke out: 

I don't have much respect for Hollywood and their politics, but Angelina Jolie is a shining example of what fame and fortune can be used for raising awareness to certain world crisis. Kudos to her.

Acclaimed playright's migration drama

James Graham, the author of award-winning play This House, has turned to domestic migration as the subject for his latest drama. 

He produced the radio play script, which is being live broadcast at 1415 BST (1315 GMT) on BBC Radio 4, for the World On The Move day. 

Migration for work is a British invention, says James Graham.

'Best place to be a refugee'

Khadija al-Hassan
BBC

Uganda has been praised for having some of the world's most welcoming policies towards refugees, the BBC's Catherine Byaruhanga reports.

Khadija al-Hassan, who fled fighting in Somalia six years ago, likes her life there. "There is no problem in Uganda. Refugees are given houses, food and free education for their children. You can even sleep in the open and no-one will bother you."

At the heart of this generosity may be that many people in power know what it is like to be forced to flee. Thousands of Ugandans were refugees in the years after independence in 1962 - even President Yoweri Museveni and some of his cabinet colleagues have been exiles themselves.

Read Catherine's report here

'When I learned he wanted to sell me I started crying'

Rohingya Muslims, who are denied citizenship and freedom of movement by the government of Myanmar, are described by the UN as one of the world's most persecuted minorities. Many have fled to Bangladesh - but, as these two women found, they were still in danger.

Rohingya women tell of rape and trafficking in Bangladesh

'Don't shy away from tackling repression'

Concerns about interfering in other cultures should not make people shy away from helping victims of repression, Jigsaw's Yasmin Green has said. 

Ms Green is head of research and development at the think tank, which was formerly known as Google Ideas. 

She argued that everybody deserved the right to access information. 

Yasmin Green from Jigsaw (formerly Google Ideas), on their vision of a more open internet.

Jolie's fight for victims of war 'admirable'

So much respect for Angelina Jolie-Pitt. How she uses her public position to fight for rights of victims of war and refugees is so admirable

System 'breaking down'

Watch Angelina Jolie Pitt's warning that we are seeing the accustomed system of dealing with refugees over recent decades break down. 

Angelina Jolie-Pitt, UNCHR Special Envoy, addresses global migrant crisis.

Newcastle 'totally changed my life'

Listen as students at Newcastle's Excelsior Academy describe how they coped with coming to the city.

Newcastle 'totally changed my life'

'Treat refugees as you would want to be treated'