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  1. Opposition's Muhammadu Buhari wins Nigerian election
  2. First time incumbent has lost Nigerian presidential poll
  3. Gen Muhammadu, Muslim northerner, is ex-military ruler
  4. His supporters hope he will defeat Boko Haram militants

Live Reporting

By Damian Zane, Lucy Fleming, Farouk Chothia and Clare Spencer

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Good night - we'll be back tomorrow

And that's it for today on the BBC Africa Live page.

For the latest reaction to Gen Muhammadu Buhari's win in the Nigerian elections, visit - and we leave you with this photo of people celebrating in the northern city of Kaduna.

People celebrating
Getty Images

Listen in

Have a listen to a special edition of the

Africa Today podcast, marking a momentous day in Nigeria's recent history - presented by Bola Mosuro in London and Akwasi Sarpong in Abuja.

Call for calm

Gen Buhari's press office has sent out a statement asking for "sober" celebrations after he won the Nigerian election.

Buhari said anybody happy with the victory of the APC in the presidential election should not be involved in the "molestation of opponents or the destruction of their property".


BBC Monitoring

Nigerian state TV didn't report the victory of opposition APC candidate Gen Buhari, reports BBC Monitoring. NTA TV broadcast the results of states where the incumbent PDP party was leading and then at 17:30 GMT went to a recorded programme called Telecom Today.

The phone call

Gen Buhari's press officer caught the moment when President Jonathan called up the APC's presidential candidate to congratulate him on winning the 2015 election.

Gen Buhari on the phone

'Phone call happened'

PR Nigeria, which sends out messages on behalf of Nigeria's PDP party, has confirmed President Jonathan's phone call to Gen Buhari accepting defeat in the presidential election, reports the BBC's Will Ross from Abuja. "No more doubting Thomases" is their message.

Celebrating in Kaduna

A resident of Kaduna state, north of Nigeria's capital, Abuja, sent in these pictures to the BBC Hausa service via Whatsapp of people taking to the streets to celebrate Gen Buhari's victory in the presidential election.

people celebrating
people celebrating

Power of the ballot

Will Ross

BBC Nigeria correspondent

Since Nigeria's independence from the UK in 1960 there have been numerous coups and rigged elections.

This poll has brought to the surface dangerous religious and regional differences.

The outcome may be disputed by some and there is still a fear of violence. But many Nigerians feel for the first time they have the power to vote out a government that is not performing well.

Five reasons Jonathan lost

Nigerians are so used to the idea that an incumbent should win the presidential election that President Goodluck Jonathan's failure to beat Gen Muhammadu Buhari needs some explaining.


the BBC's Damian Zane has drawn up a list - at the top is the biometric voters cards that made the election harder to rig.

'Turned a corner'

Will Ross

BBC Nigeria correspondent

Finally the long wait is over. The opposition's General Muhammadu Buhari has won this pivotal contest. His party says President Goodluck Jonathan has called to concede victory.

This is a hugely significant moment in Nigeria's history. Never before has a sitting president lost an election and it feels as though Nigeria has turned a corner.

'Sweeping out the old'

This APC supporter outside the opposition headquarters in Nigeria's capital, Abuja, told the BBC that Nigeria has swept out the old for new with the election of Gen Muhammadu Buhari. The broom is the symbol of Gen Buhari's APC party.

For more about the man likely be Nigeria's next president when official results are declared later

read BBC Africa's profile of him.

An APC supporter holding a broom

Kano crowds

BBC Hausa's Yusuf Yakasai has just sent this photo of the crowds coming out on to the streets to celebrate opposition presidential candidate Gen Buhari's likely victory. It's in Kano - the largest city in northern Nigeria and a stronghold of Gen Buhari.

Crowds in Kano, Nigeria

All quiet at PDP HQ

The BBC's Chris Ewokor is outside the headquarters of Goodluck Jonathan's party, the PDP, in Abuja. He told the BBC's Focus on Africa radio programme "on ordinary days this it is usually a beehive of activity, but it is very quiet here now, like a ghost town".

Mapping the election

A BBC graphic showing Nigeria's presidential election result at 16:45 GMT, when there were two states yet to declare. Delta has since been declared for President Goodluck Jonathan and Borno is expected to go in favour of opposition candidate Gen Buhari.

Map of Nigeria

'Lagos to party'

Veteran Nigerian journalist Sola Odunfa has told the BBC's Focus on Africa radio programme: "In Lagos here I'm expecting a big party at the house of APC politician Bola Tinubu, who was instrumental in bringing about the coalition that backed Gen Buhari."

People react as partial results of the Nigerian presidential elections are released by Inec indicating the main opposition All Progressives Congress (APC) presidential candidate is ahead at a public viewing centre in Lagos on 31 March 2015
People in Lagos have been cheering the APC's tally

'So proud'

Nigeria's opposition presidential candidate Gen Muhammadu Buhari has

retweeted his wife Aisha, who appears to be implying that he has won the election.


'Loud music'

Nkem Ifejika

BBC World Service, Abuja

The BBC's Nkem Ifejika is outside the headquarters of Gen Buhari's party, the All Progressives Congress (APC). He told the BBC's Focus on Africa's radio programme that "there is music, music, music here, it is so loud with people celebrating."

Focus on Africa TV

From 17:30 GMT,

Peter Okwoche in Abuja and
Lebo Diseko will co-present a special edition of Focus on Africa TV on BBC World News, with the latest from Nigeria's presidential election.

The BBC's Abdullahi Kaura Abubakar will also be live from Kano, the northern Nigerian city where Gen Buhari's supporters are already celebrating.

Also on the programme:

Catherine Byaruhanga from Uganda's capital, Kampala, on aftermath of the killing of a top anti-terrorism prosecutor.

'Wait for it'


Nigeria's opposition presidential candidate Gen Muhammadu Buhari is refraining from saying he has won the election in

his tweets.

Twitter screen grab

BBC Focus on Africa

BBC Focus on Africa is about to start on the World Service, bringing you the latest from Nigeria, where celebrations have already begun at opposition APC party headquarters although the official result from the elections are yet to be declared.

This is the team, including presenter Akwaksi Sarpong, preparing for the broadcast in Nigeria's capital, Abuja.

BBC Focus on Africa team in Abuja

Two more hours?


There is still one more state - Borno - to be declared in Nigeria before the results of the presidential election are official.

The electoral commission, Inec, quotes its chairman Attahiru Jega in this

tweet: "Under the circumstances, it's safe to assume that we will reconvene around 8pm when the results will arrive"- Jega #Nigeriadecides"

That means a two-hour delay before Gen Buhari is likely to be declared the winner.

'Admits defeat'

According to the head of the BBC's Hausa Service Mansur Liman, Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan has called Muhammadu Buhari to concede election victory and to congratulate him

Only Borno to declare

With only one state to be declared in the Nigeria presidential election the results are:

  • APC's Muhammadu Buhari: 14,954,400
  • PDP's Goodluck Jonathan: 12,827,522.

The only state to declare is the north-eastern state of Borno, which has been at the heart of the Islamist Boko Haram insurgency.

Announcement has resumed

The returning officer for Nigeria's southern Delta state is reading the results for his state at the electoral centre in Abuja.

Songs about brothels

BBC Afrique producer Genevieve Sagno has interviewed Nina Miskina, a rapper originally from the Democratic Republic of Congo, about her controversial lyrics.

Genevieve Sagno interviewing Nina Miskina (R)

She said that her music is influenced by her difficult past - including the eight months she spent working as a prostitute in Belgium.

"We need more female hip-hop artists because there aren't enough points of view from women reflected in rap,"

the singer said.

'Sexist tweets'

South Africa's Channel 24 predicts comedian Trevor Noah may lose his job as the host of the Daily Show before he has even begun. A trawl through his old tweets show some dubious jokes.

Here is one of the tweets he is being criticised for:


Kano's streets packed

The BBC's Charlotte Attwood in Kano says despite the fact that there are still election results to come from three states in Nigeria the streets of the northern city are already packed with supporters of opposition presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari.

Earlier, newspaper vendors in Kano were doing a roaring trade.

Newspaper sellers in Kano

Clean sweep?


Kelvin Brown

BBC News

tweets: "A guy holds a traditional broom, symbol of #Buhari's APC party as # Kano celebrates his win. #Nigeria"

APC supporters

Investors would welcome Buhari

Investors have told Bloomberg News that the market will react positively to a Gen Buhari win in the Nigerian election. But there is a warning that this is dependent on President Jonathan accepting defeat.

Francois Conradie, a political analyst at South Africa's NKC Independent Economistss, said that if Gen Buhari wins, he expects to see the most trouble in the oil-rich Delta region and in the northern states currently controlled by Mr Jonathan's PDP.

'Keep Jega and win'


Yacouba Ouedraogo, who has been covering Nigeria's election for BBC Afrique,

tweets in French that after former President Olusegun Obasanjo, if Gen Buhari wins he will become the second person to lead Nigeria as a military man and civilian.

He also included this image in his tweet, in reference to the calm conduct of electoral chairman Attahiru Jega, who is being much admired on social media.

Keep Jega and Nigeria wins

Oil tanker accident

A man in Nigeria's oil capital, Port Harcourt in the south of the country, looks on at an oil tanker carrying fuel that exploded after an accident. Officials at the scene said one person was killed, the European Photopress Agency reports.

A Nigerian man looks over the scene where an oil tanker carrying fuel exploded following an accident in the oil rich Niger Delta, Port Harcourt, Nigeria 31 March 2015

Marikana report handed over

South Africa's President Jacob Zuma has confirmed he has received the report looking into the shooting dead of 34 striking miners by police in Marikana in 2012. But his office said he won't look at it until he is back from a visit to Algeria.

Jacob Zuma
President Zuma is currently on a state visit to Algeria

The killings reminded some South Africans of how the apartheid regime dealt with protesters.

Stunt riders

Nigerians celebrate the anticipated victory of opposition presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari in the city of Kaduna, north of the capital Abuja, by doing stunts on their scooters.

Nigerians celebrate the anticipated victory of Presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari by doing a burnout on a scooter in Kaduna, Nigeria Tuesday 31 March 2015
Nigerians celebrate the anticipated victory of Presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari on a scooter in Kaduna, Nigeria Tuesday 31 March 2015

Reading up

A South African reading project has won the world's largest children's literature award. Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa produced a series of books in different African languages.


They also formed a network of reading clubs to encourage children to read and inspire parents, grandparents and teachers to read with them. For more details go to the

BBC News story.

Three more states to go

BBC Hausa Service editor Mansur Liman predicts that the results from the northern states of Borno and Sokoto will cancel whatever majority is returned from Delta in the south for the PDP's Goodluck Jonathan.

He says opposition APC candidate Gen Buhari is on course to win Nigeria's 2015 general elections.

Mapping the vote

Here is a BBC graphic showing the Nigerian presidential results by state up to 15:30 GMT today:


'Noah to steer comedy'

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

South Africans are still excited at the news that Trevor Noah will host the Daily Show after John Stewart leaves. This is the headline of The Star newspaper in Johannesburg.

Newspaper stand in Johannesburg, South Africa

Fried plantain


Nkem Ifejika

BBC World Service, Abuja

tweets about the slow announcement of Nigeria's presidential election: "After this ordeal, I'll need fried plantain and/or pounded yam and afang soup. #NigeriaDecides"

There are only three more states to be declared - and there is now a short break in proceedings.

Latest Ebola figures

The World Health Organization has released

its latest data on Ebola cases. They counted 14,764 confirmed cases across Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone two days ago.

Sierra Leone health officials check passengers transiting at the border crossing with Liberia
Getty Images

Nigeria results - nearing the end

With only three more states to be declared in the Nigeria presidential election the results are:

  • APC's Muhammadu Buhari: 14,233,564
  • PDP's Goodluck Jonathan: 11,463,918