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  1. Al-Shabab gunmen storm Kenyan university
  2. At least 70 dead and 79 injured
  3. Unknown number of hostages seized
  4. 500 students rescued
  5. Garissa university, 150km from Somali border, sealed off

Live Reporting

By Lucy Fleming, Clare Spencer and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Good night - we'll be back

That's it for today on the BBC Africa Live page. Download the

Africa Today podcast and visit for the latest news on the siege in Kenya.

The BBC's Thomas Amter has just sent this photo of emergency workers in Garissa.


The 'mastermind'

The Kenyan government say this is the man behind the Garissa University College attack:

Kenya university attack: Wanted poster showing Mohamed Mohamud, alias Dulyadin alias Gamadhere - ALLEGED to be the mastermind behind the attack on the campus by Islamist militants
Kenya Interior Ministry

They've put a $215,000 (£145,000) reward for his capture.

Mohamed Kuno has several aliases but is best known as Mohamed Dulyadin, which means ambidextrous in the Somali language.

BBC News looks at how he rose up the ranks of al-Shabab.

'No lessons learnt'

BBC Somali analyst Abdullahi Abdi has been speaking to residents of Garissa. They have been telling him the attack is similar to the 2013 Westgate shopping mall siege, and it shows the government has not learnt anything. Residents are also wondering why there were only two guards on duty when the militants stormed the university, despite warnings of an attack.

Isolated in female dormitories

The gunmen in Garissa in Kenya have been isolated by the security forces

in the female dormitories:

Here's a map of the scene of the siege:


1. Militants enter the university grounds, two guards are shot dead

2. Shooting begins within the campus

3. Students attacked in their classrooms while preparing for exams

4. Gunmen believed isolated in the female dormitories

5. Some students make an escape through the fence

Body bags

Anne Soy

BBC Africa, Garissa

Body bags are being brought into a plane. It's a very dramatic scene considering it is about 15 hours since the start of the attack at Garissa University College.



A woman is helped in Garissa after escaping from a building at the university.

A woman reacts as she is rescued out of the building where she had been held hostage as Kenyan soldiers entered the university building after a fierce fights with attackers at the Garissa University in Garissa town

Nigeria president's call

This is the phone call that changed Nigeria:

Picture shows former military ruler Muhammadu Buhari, who has become the first opposition candidate to win presidential elections in Nigeria. Gen Buhari's party said his opponent, incumbent Goodluck Jonathan, had admitted defeat and congratulated him via a phone call.
Red Media africa

President Goodluck Jonathan is congratulating Gen Muhammadu Buhari on winning the country's election.

But the call almost didn't happen. The editor of the BBC Hausa service

Mansur Liman says Mr Jonathan couldn't get through to Gen Buhari so he sent a messenger round to his house to tell him to pick up his phone.

Bodies flown to Nairobi


Kenya Red Cross


"#GarissaAttack Update: Aircraft carrying 20 bodies has landed at #Wilson from #Garissa. Bodies being transported to #ChiromoMortuary".

Al-Shabab's growth

Mary Harper

BBC News

What started as a largely Somali movement has become a regional one, with growing numbers of Kenyan recruits. Al-Shabab has recently released propaganda videos aimed at a Kenyan audience. There are also unconfirmed reports that it is considering switching allegiance to Islamic State in order to remain relevant.

This is hurting tourism. Just last week, the UK's Foreign Office updated its travel advice, warning British citizens against all but essential travel to eastern Kenya and most of the coast.

'At war'

Mary Harper

BBC News

Al-Shabab says it attacked Garissa University College because it is at war with Kenya. In October 2011, Kenyan troops entered Somalia in an effort to stop the Islamists from crossing the long, porous border between the two countries and kidnapping people. But their presence achieved the opposite effect, provoking al-Shabab to increase its activity in Kenya.

Al-Shabab fighters (file photo)

Al-Shabab killed 67 people when its heavily armed fighters attacked the Westgate shopping centre in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, a year-and-a-half ago. Originally based in Somalia, it has killed dozens more since then in its pursuit of a hardline Islamic law.

Coming up on Focus TV

Lebo Diseko is in the chair on Focus on Africa TV at 17:30 GMT.

She'll be getting the latest update of the Garissa University College attacks with

Anne Soy live in north-eastern Kenya and security analysis from Nairobi.

And of course, we're showing

Peter Okwoche's full interview with Nigeria's President-elect
Gen Buhari.

Watch it on BBC World TV.

Security operation

As the

death toll rises to 70, some photos are coming through of the Garissa University college siege.

Here Kenyan soldiers take cover near the perimeter wall of the campus.

Soldiers take cover

Meanwhile, a Kenyan soldier stops a boy from moving in the direction of the siege.

boy and soldier

BreakingBreaking News: 'Four militants killed'


Kenya's government has

tweeted: "500 students rescued, 70 dead among them 4 terrorists #OneKenya voa CS @InteriorKE"

'Critically injured'


Here's another

tweet from the Kenya National Disaster Operation Centre on the latest in Garissa: "9 critically injured from the #GarissaAttack have been airlifted from Garissa Airbase to Nairobi for treatment."

Curfew imposed


The Kenya National Disaster Operation Centre

tweets: "Inspector General @JBoinnet issue a curfew order from 6:30pm to 6:30am in Tana River, Garisa, Wajir and Mandera counties until 16 April".

BreakingBreaking News: '70 dead' in Garissa


The Kenya National Disaster Operation Centre

tweets: "UPDATE: 70 fatalities, 79 injured, over 500 students rescued from the Garissa University College campus. Operations still ongoing."

Memories of Westgate


Kenyan-based journalist Hannah McNeish

tweets: "As the light fades in #Kenya, horrible deja vus of #Westgate imagining how hostages much be feeling trapped in #Garissa University dorm."

'Subtle change' in Nigeria

BBC Africa correspondent Andrew Harding ruminates over what Nigerian opposition leader Muhammadu Buhari's victory in the presidential election means for Africa. He warns not to get over-excited by the result and argues it was no people's revolution, just a subtler change to an entrenched autocracy.

In position

Soldiers are pictured in position around the perimeter wall of Garissa University College.

Kenyan soldiers by Garissa campus

Nairobi treatment

Some patients who were airlifted from Garissa have now arrived for treatment as Kenyatta National Hospital in the capital, Nairobi.

Medics help an injured person at Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, Thursday 2 April 2, 2015, after being airlifted from Garissa

'Not an equal battle'

The head of the African Union mission in Somalia says he has been "shaken" by the attack in Garissa.

"If you attack a military, it's an equal battle, but if you go after students, who are learning, who are preparing for the future of Africa, it's different. Al-Shabab has no accountability... Because of who they have targeted today - I'm a father myself - I am shaken,"

Maman Sidikou told BBC Focus On Africa's James Copnall.

'Two attackers neutralised'


Kenya's Ministry of Interior

tweets: "#GarissaAttack update: Two terrorists have been neutralised in the ongoing operation. Security agencies intensify rescue operation."

Morocco wins football appeal

Ian Hughes

BBC Sport

Morocco have won their appeal against their bans from the 2017 and 2019 Africa Cup of Nations tournaments. The Court of Arbitration for Sport has overturned the ruling which was made by the Confederation of African Football after Morocco did not host the 2015 finals.

Focus on Africa at 15:00 GMT

The BBC's Bashkas Jugsooda'ay will be live on

Focus on Africa at 15:00 GMT with the latest from Garissa and the ongoing siege as the programme tries to establish how many students have been taken hostage at the university campus.

Kenyan soldiers run for cover near the perimeter wall where attackers are holding up at a campus in Garissa 2 April 2015

Uganda memorial for Kagezi

Catherine Byaruhanga

BBC, Uganda

A memorial service for Ugandan prosecutor Joan Kagezi, who was shot dead on Monday evening, has taken place in the capital, Kampala. The church was packed with family, friends and government officials. Ms Kagezi was killed by gunmen on a motorbike in a suburb of Kampala on the eve of the trial of 13 men accused of taking part in the 2010 bombings by al-Shabab in Kampala. She was also handling cases on the killing of Muslim clerics.

'The real Kenya'

Commenters on BBC Africa's Facebook page have reacted with a mixture of sadness and anger to the attacks in Garissa. One of our most popular posts shows people in the town donating blood at a makeshift facility near the hospital. A commenter described it as "the real Kenya". Meanwhile, some users have suggested that Kenya should withdraw its troops from Somalia to help improve security within Kenya.



Kenya's ministry of interior has raised the reward for the alleged mastermind of the attack to about $216,000 and

tweets this appeal:

Ministry of Interior, Kenya

'Long-armed one'

We've got more details on the man the Kenyan government calls the mastermind of the Garissa University College attack.

A BBC Somali Service reporter says that Mohamed Kuno was a headmaster at a madrassa, or Islamic school, in Garissa before he quit in 2007 to join the now-defunct Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) Somalia.

When the UIC split, Mr Kuno joined al-Shabab and became a high-ranking official. Recently he has been involved in running al-Shabab's activities in Kenya. He goes by the nickname "Dulyadeyn", which in Somali means the long-armed one.

BreakingBreaking News

The Kenya government has named Mohamed Kuno as the mastermind of the Garissa University College attack.

Kenya's Cabinet Secretary for Internal Security Joseph Nkaiserry placed a $53,000 (£35,700) bounty on Mr Kuno.

Ebola safe burial

Elsewhere in Africa, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea area still dealing with the Ebola outbreak - and you can ask questions about the safest way to bury people killed by the illness later today.

Red Cross's Amanda McClelland will be on the

BBC Ebola Facebook page from 1600-1700 GMT.

The charity carried out more than 15,000 burials in the three West African states during the current outbreak.

Ebola Facebook Q&A poster

'Gunfire continues'


Ruth Nesoba

BBC Africa, Nairobi

tweets: "Situation ongoing, small arms fire still being exchanged between militants inside the building and security forces outside. #GarissaAttack"

All staff safe


Kenya's National Disaster Operation Centre


"All staff of the Garissa University College have been accounted for and are helping with the tracking of students."

Catch up on the Kenyan university siege in less than 15 seconds with this

BBC News Instagram video.

Instagram video

'Officer shortage'

President Kenyatta also said that he had ordered the head of police to "ensure that the 10,000 recruits whose enrolment is pending, promptly report for training at the Kenya Police College".

"We have suffered unnecessarily due to shortage of security personnel. Kenya badly needs additional officers, and I will not keep the nation waiting."

'Stay calm'

Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta

has just released a statement about the siege, saying "terrorists attacked Garissa University College killed and wounded several people and have taken others hostage".

He extended his condolences "to the families of those who have perished" and said the government had undertaken the "appropriate deployment".

"I also urge Kenyans to stay calm as we resolve this matter, and to provide the authorities with any information they may have in connection with any threats to our security."



Malcolm Webb, a correspondent for al-Jazeera English TV,

tweets "#Kenyan army tank drives towards #Garissa University. Gunfire, hostages still inside".

Kenyan tank in Garissa
Malcolm Webb

'On the roof'


Kenyan-based journalist Hannah McNeish has just spoken to Abdikadir Sugow, the spokesman for Garissa's governor.


tweets that he says the "militia are still on top of the roof. They're gathering there." Mr Sugow said they want to have an "aerial view" of security forces below and there is intermittent gunfire.

From witness statements it is not clear whether the attackers are wearing "protective clothing" or "suicide vests", Mr Sugow said.

'Gunmen holed up'


Kenyan journalist Dennis Okari, who is at the site of the Garissa University College,

tweets: "The gunmen are holed up inside the upper hostel section. I can hear gunfire from the other end @ntvkenya".

A photo of the Garissa University College campus
Dennis Okari

'Non-Muslim institution'

Anne Soy

BBC Africa, en route to Garissa

There have been several recent al-Shabab attacks in north-eastern Kenya - and as in the Westgate mall siege of 2013 - Muslims and non-Muslims have been separated.

A survivor of a bus that was attacked in November

told the BBC that the militants asked passengers to recite from the Koran - those who could not quote from the Muslim religious text were killed.

The bus attacked by militants near Mandera in November - Kenya
Twenty-eight people died when a bus was hijacked by al-Shabab militants in November

When al-Shabab called the BBC earlier, its spokesman said the group was behind the attack on Garissa University College because it considers it a non-Muslim institution on Muslim ground.