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Summary

  1. Nigeria oil minister warns of mayhem if fuel scarcity not resolved
  2. Rwanda remembers the 1994 genocide
  3. Chad opposition protesters tear-gassed in N'Djamena
  4. Djibouti apologises over BBC expulsion
  5. Kenya's Chase Bank placed under receivership
  6. Nigeria's army says 800 Boko Haram fighters surrender
  7. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  8. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Thursday 7 April 2016

Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Thursday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

In the meantime, keep up-to-date with what is happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast and checking the BBC News website.  

A reminder of today's wise words:

You won't live forever so leave a legacy."

A Somali proverb sent by Fatima-Rasmi Ahmed Ainte, Mogadishu, Somalia

Click here to contribute your proverb.

We leave you with this picture of two teachers in Zanzibar which is from the everydayeducation Instagram feed, where you can find some lovely pictures of pupils and teachers from across the continent:

View more on instagram

Besigye wins presidential election - in Oxford

Anslem Besigye in Oxford
Anslem Besigye
Anslem Besigye in Oxford

Ugandan opposition leader Kizza Besigye's son has gone one better than his father and managed to win an election for president. 

Not of a country, admittedly, but of a university club. 

Anslem Besigye, a student at Oxford University, won his bid to become president of the Oxford Union, one of the most prestigious debating societies in the world.

His father was arrested on many different occasions before, during and after his attempt to unseat President Yoweri Museveni, who won a fifth term in elections in February.

His mother, who is the Executive Director of charity Oxfam International, tweeted about his victory: 

View more on twitter

She responded with a smiley emoji to one of her followers, teasing her about her son enjoying a slightly smoother ride than his father in his bid for the presidency: 

@Winnie_Byanyima Glad he wasn't placed under house-arrest for winning

Mugabe takes heat out of relationship with veterans

Brian Hungwe

BBC Africa, Harare

Robert Mugabe
AFP

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has urged discipline within the rank and file of veterans of the liberation war.

Addressing the veterans in the capital, Harare, Mr Mugabe climbed down on earlier threats that he was going to deal with those amongst them who had attacked his wife Grace Mugabe.

There had been some criticism of her alleged presidential ambitions, which had created tension between the veterans and the president.  

But Mr Mugabe said that the veterans should close ranks and focus on fighting external enemies.

The president also promised to look into their welfare issues. 

Veterans at meeting
AFP

Rwandan genocide remembered 22 years on

The hashtag #Kwibuka22 (meaning "Remembering" in the Kinyarwanda language) has been trending across East Africa today as Rwandans gathered to mark the 22nd anniversary of the genocide.

Rwandan President Paul Kagame was joined in the capital, Kigali, by the Tanzanian leader to light the flame of remembrance, which will burn for 100 days, the same length of time it took for 800,000 people to be killed in the violence. 

View more on twitter

Thousands of people thronged the streets of Kigali to take part in a remembrance walk...

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...though the pouring rain eventually forced organisers to call it off. 

One Rwandan journalist saw an eerie parallel in the day's forbidding weather:

View more on twitter

Read more about the Rwandan genocide: 

What's behind Nigeria's fuel scarcity?

Nigeria's fuel scarcity has left many motorists frustrated with the hours they have to spend queuing up for a drop of the black gold.

Man sleeping on a car boot
BBC

But people are still not clear what's behind the problem this time.

The BBC's Nigeria reporter Martin Patience has been looking at the issue and says there are three main issues which have held up fuel imports:

  1. Outstanding debts - The current government says it inherited massive fuel subsidy debts from the previous administration, and it took time to pay those off.
  2. Currency crisis - There is a shortage of foreign exchange in the country making it harder to import fuel.
  3. Fuel subsidy dispute - The government and the fuel sellers are arguing over whether the government should continue to subsidise fuel despite the fall in the oil price

Kenyan athletics faces new anti-doping deadline

Kenya could be banned from the Olympics if it does not pass new anti-doping rules by a new World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada) deadline of 2 May.

Kenya has already missed two deadlines to show it is tackling cheating in sport - 11 February and 5 April.

If Kenya does not legislate to create a new national anti-doping agency, it will be declared non-compliant and move a step closer to missing the Rio Games.

Meanwhile Ethiopia has been given until November to perform mass doping tests.

Since 2011, more than 40 Kenyan athletes have failed drugs tests and the country has been placed on a watch-list of nations at risk of breaching the Wada code and told to take legal steps to toughen its anti-doping procedures.

Read more on BBC Sport.

Emily Chebet
Getty Images
Two-time cross-country world champion Emily Chebet is among the Kenyan athletes to have been banned for doping offences

Nigeria's Maiduguri 'an example to Europe'

UN representative in the Sahel Toby Lanzer is travelling in north-east Nigeria at the moment and has been tweeting some of what he's seen.

He's met some of those displaced by the Boko Haram insurgency and praises people in the city of Maiduguri for their willingness to host them.

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

He also highlights the sanitation situation and the associated public health risks:

View more on twitter

Algeria regain top spot in African rankings

Algerian players celebrate goal against Ethiopia
Getty Images
Algeria's victory over Ethiopia puts them on course to qualify for Afcon 2017

Algeria are back as Africa's top team in Fifa's ranking for April, while Cape Verde slip from the summit to sixth.

Moving up from third to first, Algeria have re-established themselves, helped by a 7-1 thrashing of Ethiopia in an Africa Cup of Nations qualifier.

In contrast, Cape Verde were beaten twice by Morocco.

And Nigeria have tumbled to 14th in Africa and 67th in the world after being eliminated from qualifying for the 2017 Nations Cup.

Top 10 African sides in Fifa's rankings for April (world ranking in brackets)

1. Algeria (33)

2. Ivory Coast (34)

3. Ghana 38)

4. Senegal (43)

5. Egypt (44)

6. Cape Verde (47)

7. Tunisia (47)

8. DR Congo (51)

9. Guinea 58)

10. Congo (59)

What do former heads of state get up to?

Tanzania's former President Jakaya Kikwete now has a lot more time on his hands since stepping down last November.

He's still involved in some diplomatic activity as the African Union's envoy to Libya, but he also has other things to be getting on with.

He told the BBC's Tulanana Bohela that there is much less stress in his life, and his most favourite thing is to take care of his grandchildren.

He can also look after his cattle and his pineapple farm.

Nigeria minister: Fuel queues 'could create mayhem' if not dealt with

Nigeria's junior oil minister Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu has been explaining the measures that are being taken to deal with the current fuel scarcity to staff at the state-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation 

A transcript from a podcast distributed to staff shows that he thinks "mayhem" could result from the fuel scarcity issue if it's not resolved.

In recent weeks Nigerians have been spending hours in queues to fill up their cars and diesel generators, because of a lack of fuel in the country.

Mr Kachikwu is quoted as saying:

Fuel queues, don't make any mistake about it... is the single most difficult item, which if not solved can bring down the polity and can create a mayhem here, so it is something that we have focused on."

The minister outlined what he saw as the cause of the shortages.

Firstly, he said that a lack of foreign exchange in the country has meant importers have found it difficult to buy the refined fuel from abroad.

Secondly he said there had been a large number of "pipeline disruptions", which have affected supply.

He added that things should be resolved by next week.

Fuel queue in Lagos
AP

Djibouti apologises for arresting BBC team

President Ismael Omar Guelleh
AFP
President Ismael Omar Guelleh is expected to win a fourth term in Friday's poll

The government of Djibouti has apologised after a BBC team in the country to cover upcoming elections was detained incommunicado for 19 hours and then expelled from the country. 

In a statement sent to the BBC, it said:

Government officials were not aware of the incident involving the BBC team, which resulted from the actions of the security services. We offer our apologies to the BBC and the journalists concerned for this regrettable incident. However, it does appear that the BBC team... did not provide full and accurate information regarding their reporting intentions when they applied for their accreditations."

Djibouti government spokesman Naguib Ali Taher

The BBC team denies this and says it was in regular contact with the foreign ministry about its plans ahead of the trip. 

Media watchdog the Committee to Protect Journalists, said in a statement (see tweet below):

"The expulsion of a news crew after they had interviewed the foreign minister and an opposition figure is an act of censorship, and casts doubt on the fairness and transparency of this poll."

View more on twitter

Read more: All you need to know about the Djibouti election

Teargas fired at Chad protest for pro-democracy activists

Security forces have fired teargas and warning shots in the Chadian capital N'Djamena, to disperse groups protesting at the trial of a group of pro-democracy activists, AFP news agency reports. 

The state prosecutor is requesting six-month jail terms for the five defendants, who had called for President Idriss Deby not to stand for a fifth term in elections due on Sunday, local media report.

A crowd of about 200 people gathered outside the court, shouting: "Free our heroes, the defenders of social justice."

One Chadian human rights organisation has been tweeting photos which it says show the protests: 

View more on twitter

A Chadian news website has posted photos of the protesters holding up signs saying "Enough is Enough" and "Get lost Deby". 

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The case has been adjourned till 14 April. 

Read more about Chad

New Togo coach excited by 'challenge'

New Togo coach Claude LeRoy has told BBC Sport he is aware he faces a tough job but took it because he wants to revitalise football in the country.

LeRoy, 68, has replaced Tom Saintfiet, with Togo struggling in 2017 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and the country's domestic football in a poor state.

A BBC Africa Sport reporter has been tweeting about the story:

View more on twitter

LeRoy also spoke about Emmanuel Adebayor, who has had a troubled relationship with the national team and only just returned to the side from self-imposed exile:

"I don't like the term 'star player' because when you see a star in the sky it is completely dark around it. I prefer a player to be like the sun, shining light on all the people around them. Star players belong in individual sport, not in football. I will try to explain this to him.  

Read the full BBC story

'Severe lack' of medicine in South Sudan

The aid group Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) has criticised international donors for what it calls a severe lack of medicine in South Sudan.

Foreign donors often provide drugs and other basic services in the country. 

MSF said patients were having to travel long distances to get anti-malarial medicine, as many health centres and clinics were closed because of the lack of drugs. 

More than two million people have been displaced by the civil war in South Sudan, and many are living in temporary accommodation with poor hygiene.  

MSF has tweeted the full statement from its official account: 

View more on twitter

Nigeria army captures more than 800 Boko Haram fighters

Abdullahi Kaura Abubakar

BBC Africa, Abuja

The Nigerian Army says 800 Boko Haram fighters have given themselves up in the last few weeks as part of Operation Safe Corridor, which aims to rehabilitate Nigerians who took up arms against the state.

The defence spokesman says the armed forces are committed to helping citizens who show remorse.

The repentant militants are housed in camps, and after being de-radicalised they are set to be trained in various skills to help them get a job. 

As positive as this arrangement sounds, there are many here who doubt if society is ready and willing to accept the ex-fighters.

It’s likely that many victims of the cruelty of these former gunmen may find it difficult to forgive. 

The north-east of Nigeria has been torn apart bu the Boko Haram insurgency, which has killed more than 10,000 people and displaced more than a million others since it began seven years ago.  

Chibok girls protesters
AFP
Boko Haram fighters have been accused of a host of crimes including the kidnap of more than 200 girls from the town of Chibok

Kenya's chief justice publishes his earnings and assets

In an act that Kenya's Chief Justice Willy Mutunga says upholds "the values of transparency and accountability", he has published photographs of his wealth declaration on Twitter.

Some of the pictures detail expense claims, including a $3,300 (£2,300) living allowance for a 13-day trip to the US in 2012.

Justice Mutunga also gives salary details, which show that in 2015 he earned a gross salary of more than 16m Kenyan shillings ($160,000 , £113,000), and paid 4.8m shillings ($47,000, £33,000) in tax.

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

The documents also show that he has 33m shillings ($326,000, £230,000) worth of property.

Justice Mutunga says he will soon be subject to a forensic audit.  

Egypt to share student murder findings

Egyptian officials are briefing Italian counterparts in Rome on the progress of an investigation into the torture and murder of student Giulio Regeni.

The Cambridge student's murder outside Cairo earlier this year has shone a light on Egypt's human rights record.

Egyptian police and prosecutors are expected to share initial findings of their investigation, which has faced strong Italian criticism.

Regeni, 28, disappeared on his way to meet a friend on 25 January.

His body, mutilated and showing signs of torture, was found in a ditch on 3 February.  

People searching for Giulio Regeni posted this image online
AP
People searching for Giulio Regeni posted this image online

Read the full BBC News story

President Kiir's war rival 'to return to South Sudan'

South Sudan's opposition leader Riek Machar has confirmed that he will be returning to the capital, Juba, on 18 April.

Mr Machar is due to take up the position of vice president in a a new unity government created by a peace deal aimed at ending the civil war, which began in December 2013.

Fighting between Mr Machar's rebels and President Salva Kiir's government troops has displaced more than two million people in the world's youngest nation. 

In a letter to the head of the body monitoring the peace process Mr Machar said he will "form with President [Salva] Kiir the Transitional Government of National Unity and hold the Transitional National Council of Ministers".

There had been some concerns about the delays in the implementation of the deal, which was signed last August.

The Focus on Africa radio editor has tweeted a photo of the letter:

View more on twitter

The price of being gay in South Africa

South Africa's constitution was the first in the world to protect people from discrimination because of their sexual orientation. 

The country was also the first in Africa to legalise same-sex marriage. 

But after a spate of murders, gay people say more needs to be done to stop hate crimes.  

James Fletcher has been investigating for BBC Radio 4's Crossing Continents programme. 

Read his online piece here and listen to the full documentary "Born Free, Killed by Hate in South Africa" below:

Betty Melamu with a picture of her daughter Pasca, who was murdered

Mugabe arrives for 'crunch' meeting with war veterans

The BBC's Brian Hungwe in Zimbabwe's capital, Harare, reports that President Robert Mugabe has arrived for a meeting with the country's war veterans to discuss tensions within the governing Zanu-PF party.

Robert Mugabe arrives at meeting
BBC

He adds that liberation war songs were sung as the president arrived, but he did not come with his wife, Grace Mugabe, who some accuse of trying to lobby to become the next head of state.

Some of the veterans want to discuss her influence.

Many are displaying their loyalty to Mr Mugabe, holding up placards with the slogan "Tokudai Hatikurasai" - or "We love you, we won't abandon you".

Veterans holding up placards
BBC

Uganda President deploys army to troubled western region

Ugandan Preisdent Yoweri Museveni has ordered the army to begin a two-month military operation in the country's mountainous western Rwenzori region, which straddles the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. 

It follows local attacks on civilians and security forces in the region by criminal groups and bandits, which have killed more than 45 people in the past month, the privately-owned Daily Monitor newspaper reports.

"We can’t entertain banditry and we can’t negotiate with bandits. They either come out or we shall get them out of their hide outs,” a government statement quoted Mr Museveni as saying. 

The president has been tweeting about the operation:

View more on twitter

Life-size Mugabe photo on display at veterans' meeting

As Zimbabwe's war veterans were waiting for President Robert Mugabe to turn up for a meeting to discuss problems within the ruling Zanu-PF party (see 09:02 entry) they had to make do with a life-size photo of him.

The BBC's Brian Hungwe, who's at the meeting in Harare, snapped this picture showing the large cut-out which is of a much younger-looking Mr Mugabe.

Cut out of Robert Mugabe in sports hall
BBC

Winnie's bid to inherit Mandela rural home fails

Pumza Fihlani

BBC News, Johannesburg

Nelson Mandela's ex-wife has lost a legal bid for ownership of the former president's rural home in South Africa.

The Mthatha High Court dismissed Winnie Madikizela-Mandela's application and ordered her to pay all legal costs.

She argued that the house in Qunu village belonged to her under customary law.

Mr Mandela, who was South Africa's first black president in 1994, had bequeathed the home to his family.

He divorced Ms Madikizela-Mandela in 1996 after a 38-year marriage.

The government opposed Ms Madikizela-Mandela's bid to inherit the home. 

Nelson Mandela leaving prison in 1990
AFP
Winnie Mandela (right) was at Nelson Mandela's side when he left prison in 1990

Kenya central bank governor: Banking system is stable

Kenya's Central Bank Governor Patrick Ngugi Njoroge has moved to reassure people that the country's banking system is stable despite Chase Bank being put into receivership, the BBC's Ferdinand Omondi reports from the capital, Nairobi.

Chase is the third bank to be put into receivership in the last year.

Mr Njoroge blamed rumours spread on social media for triggering the bank's problems, as customers then went to the bank's branches on Wednesday, and Chase could not cope with the withdrawals. 

He said all 62 of Chase's branches would be closed until new management is put in place.

Police outside Chase Bank branch
BBC
All 62 of Chase Bank's branches have been closed

Congo-Brazzaville opposition tells supporters 'accept election result'

Guy-Brice Parfait Kolelas, who came second in last month's presidential election in Congo-Brazzaville, has told his supporters to accept the result, the AFP news agency reports.

President Denis Sassou Nguessou won a third term in office with more than 60% of the vote.

The opposition said that the vote was "marred by all sorts of irregularities".

AFP quotes Mr Kolelas as saying: "I accept the Constitutional Court's verdict, however questionable." 

He called on the president to help heal the divisions in the country.

On Monday there was unrest in the capital Brazzaville, with heavy exchanges of gunfire and government buildings were attacked and burned.

The government blamed the Ninja militia, which was active during the civil war that ended more than 10 years ago. 

Guy-Brice Parfait Kolelas
AFP
Guy-Brice Parfait Kolelas got 15% of the vote in last month's presidential election

ICC chief prosecutor blames 'witness interference' in Kenya case

Fatou Bensouda, the prosecutor at the International Criminal Court, has spoken out for the first time since the dismissal of the case against Kenya's Deputy President William Ruto and broadcaster Joahua arap Sang.

She said that victims of the violence, which broke out after elections in 2007, have been denied justice. 

But she emphasised that charges could be brought again in the future if new evidence emerged.

She reiterated her anger over the issue of witness interference, in a case where 17 people changed their mind about testifying having initially decided to take the stand:

This case was ultimately eroded by a 'perfect storm' of witness interference and intense politicisation of the Court's legal mandate and work.

Fatou Bensouda, ICC chief prosecutor

You can watch a video of the full statement below:  

View more on youtube

Read more: Dismissal of Ruto case huge blow to ICC

Concern over banks connected to Kenya's Chase Bank

Customers of Kenya's Rafiki Bank - created by Chase Bank, which has just gone into receivership - are concerned about what could happen to their money.

The BBC's Abdinoor Aden has sent in these photos from a branch of the bank in the capital Nairobi, where there are long queues of customers trying to access their accounts.

Customers in Rafiki bank
BBC

But a BBC reporter at a press conference given by Central Bank Governor Patrick Ngugi Njoroge, says Rafiki will not be affected:

View more on twitter

Kenya's Chase Bank goes into receivership

Kenya's central bank has put Chase Bank - described by the Reuters news agency as a mid-sized bank - into receivership because "it was not able to meet its financial obligations".

Outside administrators will now come in to see what can be done with the bank's assets.

Reuters reports that it's the third Kenyan bank to be put into receivership in the past year.   

In the meantime, the branches of Chase Bank have not opened for business and account holders are wondering what's going to happen to their money.

Outside Chase Bank
BBC

The BBC's Abdinoor Aden in Nairobi says customers have been shocked at the development.

The press release from the Central Bank has been posted on bank branch windows as well as online.  

Bank notice of receivership
BBC

One part of the statement reads:

Chase Bank Limited experienced liquidity difficulties, following inaccurate social media reports and the stepping aside of two of its directors. Consequently, it was not able to meet its financial obligations."

Sudan's al-Bashir 'to step down in 2020'

President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan, who has been indicted by the International Criminal Court on counts of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, says he will step down in 2020, when his current mandate ends.

In an interview with the BBC, Mr Bashir has denied allegations of abuses perpetrated by the Sudanese forces in renewed violence in Darfur this year.

Mr Bashir spoke to the BBC's Thomas Fessy, who began by asking him to respond to the allegations.

Read the full BBC News story

Mugabe to face war veterans

Brian Hungwe

BBC Africa, Harare

Thousands of Zimbabwean war veterans from the liberation stuggle war are gathering at the main sports centre in the capital, Harare, for a crucial meeting with their patron President Robert Mugabe. 

The war veterans have raised concerns about instability within the governing Zanu-PF and the growing influence of First Lady Grace Mugabe, who some accuse of harbouring leadership ambitions and causing divisions within the party.

Mr Mugabe threatened to deal with what he said were "rogue" war veterans last weekend, setting the stage for a potentially explosive meeting. 

While the meeting has been described as an attempt to deal with unfulfilled welfare issues for the veterans, they equally want to voice concerns about growing factionalism within the party.

War Veterans
BBC

Wise words

Today’s African proverb:

You won't live forever so leave a legacy."

A Somali proverb sent by Fatima-Rasmi Ahmed Ainte, Mogadishu, Somalia

Click here to contribute your proverb.

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news developments on the continent.