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  1. South Sudan's Riek Machar sworn in as vice president
  2. Somalia charities call for action to avert famine
  3. South African inventor wins court battle over idea for call-back service
  4. Kenya's former first lady Lucy Kibaki dies
  5. Burundi president gives security forces week to find the killers of an army general
  6. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  7. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 26 April 2016

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.  

A reminder of today's wise words:

The sun may be hot but that does not mean that the fowl will lay a boiled egg."

A Pidgin proverb sent by Emmanuel Chukwuma Akpanta, Abia, Nigeria

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this photo of the pattern created by the post office boxes in Mozambique's capital, Maputo, from nohazayed's Instagram account:

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South Sudan's day in quotes

It's been a big day in South Sudan with the return of the now ex-rebel leader Riek Machar to the capital, Juba.

His long-awaited arrival was immediately followed by him being sworn in as First Vice President.

Here are some of the key quotes from the day:

I'm happy to be back... The war was vicious. We have lost a lot of people in it and we need to bring our people together so that they can unite... There will be challenges ahead, there will be obstacles but as long as there is political will we can overcome all these challenges, all these obstacles."

Riek Machar speaking to journalists at Juba airport

Peace is the only choice for us to relieve our people the undeserved suffering associated with armed conflict enforced upon them. I believe this is the only way to return South Sudan to the path of peace, stabliity and prosperity."

President Salva Kiir at the swearing-in ceremony for Riek Machar
Riek Machar and Salva Kiir

This is clearly an important step for South Sudan. After months of delay and obstructionism, both sides compromised to make this happen. It's the best hope that South Sudan has had in a very long time."

Samantha Power, US Ambassador to the UN

I hope the ex-rebel leader Riek Machar will work with the government to ensure the unity of South Sudanese not to repeat another deadly tragedy in the nation."

Mamer Akoon Bol, South Sudanese commenting on BBC Africa's Facebook page
Riek Machar

Ten men arrested in Malawi for killing a woman with albinism

Chakuchanya Harawa

BBC Africa

Police in Malawi have confirmed the arrest of 10 men, accused of killing a 21-year-old woman with albinism. 

It comes just weeks after a two-year-old girl with albinism was killed. Her father was among those arrested for her alleged murder. 

The Association of Persons with Albinism in Malawi has blamed witch doctors for creating the misconception that body parts of albinos are potent charms. 

Recently, a mob burnt to death seven alleged members of a gang hunting for albinos after they were found with human parts.

What books are you enjoying?

BBC Focus on Africa's Audrey Brown and South African writer Zukiswa Wanner have been discussing their love of reading. 

Audrey says she and her brothers used to lie around “like lizards” with their heads in a book.

Have a listen to their conversation:

Malta blocks controversial oil tanker from Libya

In our 15:59 post Rana Jawad reported on the controversy surrounding an oil tanker that had set sail from Libya to Malta.

The oil-tanker is now reportedly waiting at the edge of Malta’s territorial waters, according to Bloomberg News.

The report says that the Maltese government have barred its entry.

The tanker contains the first oil cargo shipped by the government in eastern Libya since Libya split into competing power centres. 

The National Oil Corporation in Tripoli in western Libya called the shipment “illegal”. 

Tension between South Sudan's President Kiir and his new deputy

James Copnall

BBC Africa editor, Juba, South Sudan

There were shouts of joy at the airport as his supporters greeted Riek Machar, back in the capital, Juba, for the first time in more than two years. 

His return is part of a peace agreement aimed at ending the civil war which broke out in December 2013.

The atmosphere during the ceremony to swear him in as first vice president was noticeably more tense. 

President Salva Kiir and his new deputy described each other as brothers, but there weren't many smiles. 

Both talked of the need for reconciliation, to rebuild a devastated nation. 

A government of national unity should be formed in the next few days. 

Among its first challenges will be to overcome the mistrust between the two sides.

Riek Machar at the airport
There were smiles at the airport when Riek Machar arrived

Tanzania's president suspends head of telecoms regulator

Tanzanian President John Magufuli has suspended the head of the telecoms regulator, reports Reuters news agency.

He said the watchdog failed to monitor the industry, resulting in the loss of potential tax revenues of 400 billion Tanzanian shillings ($182m; £124m) a year since 2013.

"I want the government to collect all outstanding [tax] revenues and I will not hesitate to take action against anyone who becomes an obstacle in this tax collection drive," a statement from the president's office quoted him as saying.  

Since coming to power last year Mr Magufuli  has already sacked several senior officials, including the head of the government's anti-corruption body, the head of the tax authority and the chief executive of the port authority.

President Magufuli
Mr Magufuli promised to fight corruption in his election campaign

Plea for peace from the people of South Sudan

We've had a lot of comments on our Facebook page from people reacting to the return of Riek Machar to South Sudan's capital, Juba:

Mamer Akoon Bol from Kuajok, South Sudan says: 

I hope Riek Machar will work together with government to ensure the unity of South Sudan's people and not to repeat another deadly tragedy in the nation. Let elderly people and young dance with joy and forget the bad memory of two years of civil war. "

Malueth Agany in Bor, South Sudan says:

Let's plant the seed of peace, forgiveness and reconciliation and not plant the seed of suffering and conflict. Please, please, please enough is enough - from now on we are all for peace. We don't want another mess, I repeat we don't want another mess!"

Thonthaap de Leek a South Sudanese person in India says:

We South Sudanese need real peace from the bottom of everyone's heart and not plastic smiles."

Riek Machar at the airport

The only tar road in Wajir

It's three years since devolution came into being in Kenya this week. 

The idea behind it was to give more power and resources to local governments. 

And in Wajir county, north-eastern Kenya, there has been one tangible difference - the first tarmac road in the main town, also called Wajir.

The BBC's Bashkas Jugsodaay sent these pictures people using the road:


The road was built last year and is 27km (17 miles) long. 

One 70-year-old man was beside himself when the road was opened saying it was the first time he had seen a tarmac road in his whole life, our reporter says.

Mosquitoes 'develop resistance to insecticide in bed nets'

Bed Net
Getty Images

Mosquitoes may be developing resistance to the insecticide used in bed nets, reports Quartz

The world's largest producer of long-lasting bed nets, Vestergaard, told the news site that their research shows bed nets with the insecticide pyrethroid aren't as effective as they used to be.

In spite of the wide-scale distribution of nets, increases in malaria rates have been seen in South Sudan, Gambia, and Burkina Faso, adds Quartz.

The company has developed a new net with with piperonyl butoxide.

But it may take a while before it comes on to the market.

And the World Health Organization has asked for further trials before the nets replace the existing ones in net distribution programs across Africa, adds Quartz.

How to cool off in Nigeria's heatwave

We love getting your pictures. 

One reader, Chizea Philip Nwaeueze, has sent this picture of him cooling off in the heatwave in Benin City, Nigeria. 

Man with baby

He says he took his daughter to the back of the house to get some fresh air and a bit of a breeze as the "heatwave is too much".

He says it has been over 40C today.

If you want to share your picture where you are send us a whatsapp message on +44 7341070844.

South Sudan's Preisdent Kiir: Our people are tired of war

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir has apologised to the people of South Sudan for the conflict caused by the leaders of the country, according to a transcript of a speech from Radio Tamazuj.

He was speaking after the swearing in of Riek Machar as the country's First Vice President in a new unity government.

In a key passage he said:

Though the road ahead will still continue to have challenges... we are committed and determined to move our country forward.

Thank you for the long patience and I ask you to to continue to endure with us.

I also ask you to join me and my brother Riek Machar in the spirit of forgiveness and reconciliation.

Our people are tired of war and they need peace now."

Riek Machar's first moments in Juba

Reuters news agency has been filing photographs of the first few minutes after South Sudan's Riek Machar - now sworn in as the country's first vice-president - arrived back in the capital, Juba.

Riek Machar at airport

After being greeted by a host of dignitaries he briefly addressed the press:

Riek Machar at press conference

'Illegal' oil tanker leaves Libya

Rana Jawad

BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

The first shipment of crude oil by Libya’s parallel National Oil Corporation, which is not part of the UN-backed government, has set sail.

The spokesman of the oil corporation recognised by the UN-backed government in Tripoli described this latest shipment as illegal, and in violation of a UN Security Council resolution.

The parallel National Oil Corporation in East Libya was set up in May last year to counter the internationally recognised one in Tripoli.   

It has been accused of bias towards a rival government but maintains that it remained neutral in Libya’s divisive politics.

The tanker was loaded with more than half a million barrels of crude oil.

The vessel is reportedly heading to Malta from the eastern port in Hariega, but it’s believed to be for a buyer based in the United Arab Emirates.

African Union welcomes Machar's return

The African Union's commissioner for peace and security has tweeted his response to the return of Riek Machar to South Sudan's capital, Juba:

We welcome the return to #Juba today of First VP designate Dr Riek Machar; significant step for peace in #SouthSudan…

President Kiir apologises to South Sudanese

A peace activist is tweeting comments from the swearing-in ceremony of South Sudan's new Vice-President Riek Machar.

We've heard from Mr Machar and now President Salva Kiir has spoken and has apologised for the problems the "leaders have created":

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Riek Machar calls president his brother

South Sudan's former rebel leader and now vice-president has called President Salva Kiir his brother during the swearing-in ceremony according to a peace activist tweeting from Juba:

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It was the conflict between Mr Machar and President Kiir which escalated into the civil war in December 2013.

A journalist has been tweeting some of the other comments the new vice-president made:

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BreakingMachar sworn in as South Sudan vice-president

South Sudan news Twitter feeds are reporting that Riek Machar has been sworn in as the country's first vice-president in a new unity government:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

South Sudan's Riek Machar to be sworn in as vice-president

A South Sudan newspaper is tweeting that Riek Machar is due to be sworn in as the first vice-president in a new unity government any minute now:

View more on twitter

Thoughts turn to South Sudan's humanitarian needs

South Sudan's Riek Machar is expected to be sworn in shortly as the country's first vice-president in a new unity government.

The Humanitarian agencies are using the opportunities to urge the country to remember the people who have suffered in the more than two years of civil war.

Oxfam has released a statement:

The country’s leaders must now demonstrate their commitment to the deal and work urgently to end needless suffering for millions of South Sudanese facing a dire humanitarian crisis.

Across the country, at least 2.8 million people are struggling to get enough food and 2.3 million have been forced from their homes.

The people of South Sudan deserve unimpeded access to humanitarian services."

South African police open investigation into opposition leader Malema

South African police say they are investigating opposition leader Julius Malema for "reckless and inflammatory" speech, reports the Reuters news agency.

He told Al Jazeera news that the opposition "will run out of patience very soon and we will remove this government through the barrel of a gun" if the ruling African National Congress continues to respond violently to peaceful protests.  

Julius Malema
Julius Malema is the leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters

Machar: We need to ensure humanitarian access

US Embassy in Juba has been relaying the comments on its Facebook page of South Sudan's vice-president designate Riek Machar just after he arrived in the capital.   

We've already mentioned that he talked about getting a permanent ceasefire and stabilizing the economy, but the US Embassy writes that he also said that "we need to reach out to displaced people to ensure humanitarian access".  

Meanwhile, journalists have been tweeting pictures of the arrival of Mr Machar:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Celebrations reported in South Sudan displaced persons' camp

A radio producer who's in a displaced persons' camp in South Sudan's capital, Juba, has put a photograph on her Instagram account showing celebrations

She says: "Huge celebrations in the Juba Protection of Civilians site with the news IO leader Riek Machar has returned."

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Machar surrounded by dignitaries at airport

South Sudan's rebel leader was surrounded by dozens of dignitaries and journalists as he got off the plane in the capital, Juba.

One photographer managed to grab a shot of him:

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Machar: 'I'm here for peace'

South Sudan's rebel leader Riek Machar has been speaking to journalists just after he got off the plane in the capital, Juba.

Journalists have been tweeting some of his comments:

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View more on twitter
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Dignitaries lining up to greet rebel leader

Dozens of dignitaries are waiting to greet South Sudan's rebel leader Riek Machar as he comes off the plane at Juba's airport.

A journalist there has captured the long receiving line:

View more on twitter

Analysis: This is just the beginning of the end for South Sudan

James Copnall

BBC News, Juba

Riek Machar's return is extremely significant and can be seen as a sizeable step forward in the peace process. 

The government is due to implement the peace deal signed last year, agree on a constitution, and prepare the country for elections within 30 months. 

When the government is formed donors will start stumping up money - crucial as the economy is at rock bottom.

However, it is not necessarily the end of the conflict. 

The army and Mr Machar's forces have continued to clash, despite the August ceasefire. 

And there are rebel groups not aligned to Mr Machar which have not signed the peace deal.

It is also a power-sharing deal that brings the country back to the way the government was set-up shortly before the civil war began. 

Riek Machar
Ricek Machar was sacked from President Kiir's government in July 2013

BreakingRiek Machar has arrived in Juba

South Sudan rebel leader Riek Machar has arrived in Juba:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Preparing for the arrival of South Sudan rebel leader Riek Machar

We have been here before... but all the signs are that South Sudan rebel leader Riek Machar is finally in his way to the capital, Juba, to take up his post as first vice-president in a new unity cabinet.

This is seen as a key move in bringing an end to the more than two-year-long civil war.

Two Juba radio stations are tweeting about what's being seen at the airport:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Why Riek Machar’s arrival is so highly anticipated?

If reports from South Sudan Tribune and the UN mission in South Sudan are true, South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar should be landing very soon in the capital, Juba.

Here's why this is so highly anticipated.

Firstly, his arrival had been promised then cancelled a few times.  

He had been due on Monday 18 April.

His team said the delay was caused by logistical and administrative issues and that he planned to return on Wednesday.

A statement from the government on Tuesday had said Mr Machar's return was delayed as "he wanted to come with an arsenal of arms... anti-tanks, laser guided missiles and heavy machine guns".

Secondly, people are waiting for him to take up the post of first vice-president in a new unity government.

This is a key part of the peace agreement signed in August 2015 which ended nearly two years of conflict.

An estimated 2.2 million fled their homes during conflict.


Riek Machar's plane to Juba 'takes off'

These tweets suggest it is likely that the South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar may arrive in the capital Juba today:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

The rebel leader has been waiting to depart from the Ethiopian town of Gambella to Juba for more than a week. He is due to become vice-president in a unity government to end more than two years of civil war.

Waiting for Machar

South Sudanese and international journalists have been waiting for over a week for the rebel leader Riek Machar to arrive in the capital, Juba. 

But now there are some indications that he could be on his way.

Which means the tripods are out in anticipation:

View more on instagram

Let's wait and see if they will be put to use.

Dancing in the streets of Lagos

The presenter of BBC African Business Report is filming in Lagos and saw these dancers entertaining the people.

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They're from Span - the Society for the Performing Arts in Nigeria.

And Lerato has also been filming in their studio.

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You can see more of Span's work on YouTube:

View more on youtube

'I was a child bride'

A Tanzanian who was forced to marry a man once she had finished primary school has been recounting her experience live on Save the Children's Facebook page.

holding hands
Asha and Myleen
Asha recounted her experience to British celebrity Myleen Klass on a live Facebook video

Asha - not her real name - says she was forced to marry a man much older than her by her family who wanted the money he would give them.

She was told that if she didn't marry him she could not live in the family house.

She said he beat her and mistreated her:

He didn’t give me anything. He was not a kind man. He made me sleep outside the house in the rain."

She became pregnant and now lives in a hostel in Shinyanga in northern Tanzania, where 68 other child brides live.

Save the Children are calling on the Tanzanian government to set the minimum age of marriage at 18.

Could this really be the return of Riek Machar?

The sense of expectation is building that South Sudan rebel leader Riek Machar is about to return to the capital, Juba, to take up the post as first vice president in a new unity government.

We had this same feeling last week and he didn't show up but there are reports (see 11:47 entry) that he is on his way.

And Canada's ambassador to South Sudan has tweeted his excitement that this might really be it: 

View more on twitter

Kenyans remember Mama Lucy

Kenyans are mourning the death of the former first lady Lucy Kibaki using the hashtags #RIPMamaLucy and other variations to express their feelings.

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Mrs Kibaki, who was born in 1940, had withdrawn from public life during the latter part of her husband's rule, which ended in 2013.

She was last seen at a public function was in August 2010, when she seemed excited about the adoption of a new constitution, dancing to a famous gospel song, Kenya's Daily Nation newspaper reports.

Mrs Kibaki sparked controversy after slapping a journalist angry at the way a story about her was reported.

Read more about her from BBC News Online.

South Sudan's Riek Machar ' boarding plane to Juba'

This tweet suggests South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar has finally boarded his plane to the capital, Juba:

View more on twitter

Once he arrives he is meant to take up his position as first vice president, as agreed in a peace agreement.

But he has cancelled multiple plans previously to fly.

Nigerian politician sentenced to 154 years will serve two years

Nigeria's Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) has announced the fraud conviction of a former Kogi state assembly member Gabriel Daudu.

He was alleged to have stolen $7m (£4.8m).

In a statement, the EFCC says he was found guilty of "77 counts and sentenced him to 154 years imprisonment".

But each count carries a two-year sentence and the judge ruled that he will serve them concurrently, so will only spend a maximum of two years in prison. 

Tweeters celebrate South African inventor's win against Vodacom

We reported earlier that South African inventor Nkosana Makate has won his long running case against the Vodacom over who came up with the idea for a service, and developed the technical solution, to send a text for free asking to be called back.

Tweeters have been inspired by the outcome.

They are sharing their jokes with the hashtag #pleasecallme which is the name of the service:

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View more on twitter
View more on twitter
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View more on twitter

And here's one suggestion for the future:

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Aptly, today is already World Intellectual Property Day.

Row over SA cricketer saying he was 'embarrassed' to be South African

Pumza Fihlani

BBC News, Johannesburg

South African former cricketer Jaques Kallis is in the middle of a Twitter storm following his reaction to Sport Minister Fikile Mbalula's decision to ban some sporting codes from hosting international tournaments because of a lack of transformation. 

Some sports, including rugby and cricket, are often criticised for being "too white" more than 20 years since the end of white minority.   

On Monday Kallis tweeted:

@News24 So sad that i find myself embarrassed to call myself a South African so often these days #no place for politics in sport

 A South African writer responded:

View more on twitter

And a South African sports reporter has also hit out:

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Ex-cricketer Allan Donald also tweeted his criticism of the sports minister's decision - but that has since been deleted:

Allan Donald tweet: Rugby, Cricket and Netball banned says minister of sports! Fantastic lets sanction ourselves shall We!!
Allan Donald