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  1. Four Zambians charged over ritual murders
  2. US suspends aid to Mozambique over undisclosed debts
  3. UK PM says Nigeria is 'fantastically corrupt'
  4. 'Special leave' proposed for South Africa judge in race row over Facebook comments
  5. New bus system for Tanzanian city of Dar es Salaam
  6. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  7. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 10 May 2016

Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

Hot water does not burn a house."

A Swahili proverb sent by Geoffrey Okoth Yoga, Tororo, Uganda

Click here and scroll to the bottom of the page to send your proverb.

And we leave you with a picture from our reporter in Uganda, Catherine Byaruhanga.

It's of the sunset over Nakivale refugee settlement in the west of the country. 

She says the settlement is home to more than 100,000 people from countries like Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia and Rwanda. 

People who come here get a small plot of land, a chance to build a home, own a business and get an education.

Sunset behind trees

Mozambique police find 13 bodies near alleged mass grave site

Mozambique's police say they have found the bodies of 13 people in Macossa in central Manica province, where security forces have clashed with Renamo rebels, the AFP news agency reports.

But this discovery is separate to the allegations of there being a mass grave containing 120 bodies.

Earlier, the independent Mozambican Human Rights League said there was a mass grave and called on the authorities to recognise that Mozambique is at war. 

It called for a UN investigation.

Read more about Mozambique and Renamo

Young Africans tackle migration with spoken word

With its special season Words First, BBC 1Xtra has been celebrating the growing art form of spoken word, performance poetry that can be delivered in a variety of styles. 

On Wednesday, Focus on Africa TV and radio are giving the season an African flavour.

They've asked three poets from the African diaspora in the UK to create pieces based around the theme of migration. 

Here's a quick taster:

View more on twitter

What is Spoken Word?

WHO says yellow fever 'under control' in Angola

The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that the outbreak of yellow fever in Angola is largely under control, the Reuters news agency reports.

It adds that the WHO has warned people to stay vigilant as it could emerge elsewhere.

The outbreak of the mosquito-borne viral disease has killed 277 people in Angola since December, according to WHO figures.

Earlier, scientists in the US warned that the shortage of yellow fever vaccines could spark a health security crisis.

Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit the yellow fever virus

Your views: Cameron calls Nigeria 'fantastically corrupt'

APC party billboard reads "We will not tolerate corruption"
Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has pledged to tackle corruption

There's been a huge reaction on the BBC Africa Facebook page to UK Prime Minister David Cameron's comments to the Queen about corruption in Nigeria and Afghanistan (see previous entries).

Agbeje Martin says:

"The rate of corruption in Nigeria is alarming and growing with the day. As truthful as that is, I believe the Western world is instruemental to the level of corruption in Nigeria."  

Kindama Kargbo in Freetown, Sierra Leone says: 

"The truth is offensive in the ears of the offender but the fact is that the truth is always the truth, go on Mr Cameron."

Brian Bonke says:

"So why is this news? he's not saying anything new, every corruption ranking shows these countries to be among the worst. that said."

Boiye Cotterell says

"Lets stop blaming Britain and take some responsibility, we still have a choice to make! Being corrupt or economic development."

Ngozi Ngozi says:

"Hahahaha!!! But it's true! He's right. As a Nigerian, I'll admit that because I want it to change! We have to acknowledge the problem in order to be able to fix it."

Followers of BBC Africa on Twitter have also been getting involved in the debate:

@BBCAfrica funny because his country is made of stolen African artifacts

@BBCAfrica Yet Britain wants to do business wit NGR.See how its universities raid d country for students yearly. Quit d hypocrisy

Can Nigeria's president defeat oil industry corruption?

US joins IMF, World Bank and UK in suspending Mozambique aid

The US government has suspended its $400m annual financial assistance programme to Mozambique. 

This follows similar moves by the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the UK. 

Problems arose after it was discovered that Mozambique had not declared debts of more than $1bn.

The government has admitted that it acted as guarantor for a $622m loan taken out by state-owned Pro-Indicus company, and another loan of $535m by Mozambique Asset Management. Both are involved in the maritime industry.  

President Nyusi

President Filipe Nyusi told the BBC that he is optimistic that Mozambique will rise above this scandal. 

Nairobi building collapse rescue mission ends

After 12 days, the operation to rescue survivors from the building that collapsed in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, has come to an end.

Pius Masai Mwachi, in charge of the operation, said a memorial should be set up in honour of those who died.

He also gave the following details:

  • 51 deaths
  • 11 people still in hospital
  • 10 people missing
  • 140 people rescued
Rescue efforts
Rescuers found three people still alive in the rubble six days after the building collapsed

Dinamo Bucharest plans to honour Ekeng

Steve Vickers

BBC Africa, Harare

Dinamo Bucharest will honour the memory of footballer Patrick Ekeng, who died while playing for the team last Friday, by sending the Romanian Cup trophy to his family in Cameroon if they win the final next week.

The final was due to be played today but was postponed after the death of Ekeng.

Dinamo's sporting director says he would like the trophy to be placed on Ekeng's grave.

Ekeng memorial
Dinamo fans have been lighting candles in memory of Patrick Ekeng

Video: Cameron tells Queen Nigeria 'fantastically corrupt'

Here's the video footage of the comments made by UK Prime Minister David Cameron about Nigeria in a conversation with the Queen (see previous entries):

British PM Cameron on Nigeria corruption

Four charged in Zambia over alleged ritual murder

Meluse Kapatamoyo

BBC Africa, Lusaka, Zambia

Four people have appeared in court in Zambia's capital, Lusaka, over the alleged ritual killings which recently sparked attacks on foreign nationals. 

The four were jointly charged in connection with seven murders which took place between 16 March and 17 April. 

The accused include two soldiers, a Zambia Air Force civilian employee and a traditional doctor. 

Police Spokesperson Charity Munganga Chanda said "all the murders which the accused have been charged with were committed in a similar manner...In all the incidences, a stone was found near the deceased’s body."   

Man looting a shop
People looted Rwandan-owned shops in the wake of the murders believing that Rwandans were responsible

Archbishop of Canterbury tells Queen: Buhari not corrupt

The Archbishop of Canterbury can be heard defending Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari after UK Prime Minister David Cameron calls Nigeria one of "possibly the two most corrupt countries in the world", in footage recorded during a conversation with the Queen (see previous entry). 

This particular president is actually not corrupt...He's trying very hard"

Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby

Mr Cameron, who welcomed Mr Buhari to his official residence in May last year, interrupts halfway through Mr Welby's response to agree, saying Mr Buhari is "really trying".

UK PM david cameron outside 10 Downing street with Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari

UK PM to Queen: Nigeria 'one of most corrupt countries in world'

Queen Elizabeth II speaks with Prime Minister David Cameron

UK Prime Minister David Cameron has been recorded telling the Queen that leaders of some "fantastically corrupt" countries, including Nigeria and Afghanistan, were due to attend an anti-corruption summit he is hosting in London, Reuters news agency reports.

It is not clear whether Mr Cameron knew that he was being filmed and recorded at the event at Buckingham Palace in London.

Addressing the Queen, Mr Cameron said: "We had a very successful cabinet meeting this morning, talking about our anti-corruption summit." 

He continued: 

"We have got the Nigerians... actually we have got some leaders of some fantastically corrupt countries coming to Britain."

He then added:

"Nigeria and Afghanistan - possibly the two most corrupt countries in the world."

UK Prime Minister David Cameron

Egypt satirical group 'arrested over insulting video'

Five members of an Egyptian group whose satirical videos have mocked President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi have been arrested, their lawyer says.

Four of the six men in Atfal al-Shawarea (Street Children) were held on Monday on suspicion of insulting state institutions and inciting protests.

The fifth was detained on Saturday on similar charges.

Last week, they posted a video online that criticised the crackdown on anti-Sisi demonstrations and journalists.

More than 1,200 people were detained in April after people took to the streets to protest against the president's controversial decision to hand over control of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.

Read more from BBC News Online.

Screen grab showing Atfal al-Shawarea group
Atfal al-Shawarea
Atfal al-Shawarea recently posted a video entitled Sisi, My President, Made Things Worse

Kenya bootleg bottled water companies shut over contamination

Ferdinand Omondi

BBC Africa, Mombasa

The Kenya Bureau of Standards (KBS) has shut down at least six unlicensed water bottling companies in a campaign against counterfeit and contaminated water. 

The local government in the coastal city of Mombasa has also banned the distribution of some water brands after they were found to be contaminated by faecal bacteria. 

There are over 600 licensed water-bottling companies in Kenya, but there are fears that a similar number may be operating illegally. 

Kenyans living in urban areas generally do not trust tap water, which some experts have suggested can get mixed up with sewage in the distribution process.  

KBS now plans a stricter enforcement of its regulations, to lock out sub-standard goods from shelves.

Water tap
Many Kenyans choose bottled water over tap water

Homeless SA actor plays Shakespeare's Shylock with a twist

Watch Sipho Nyhila playing Shylock in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice in a production for the Johannesburg Awakening Minds (JAM) project, which works with homeless people in South Africa's largest city. 

Here's a short video clip of his performance: 

The original speech about how Shylock feels he is seen differently by others has been personalised to use "homeless man" instead of "Jew":

I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions?

Fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer as a Christian is?"

Shylock, Act Three, Scene One, The Merchant of Venice

To hear more about Sipho's story, listen to Shakespeare in the World on the BBC's Compass programme (available from 12 May), part of a special season commemorating the 400th anniversary of the playwright's death.

Sierra Leone president 'disturbed' over water shortage

Umaru Fofana

BBC Africa, Freetown

Sierra Leone's President Ernest Bai Koroma is disturbed by the acute water shortage in the country which has not been attributed to any usual weather phenomenon, according to Information Minister Mohamed Bangura.

It comes just days after the country's human rights commission expressed concern over "the current shortage in the supply of and access to clean, safe and affordable water for drinking and other purposes".

The commission said “children, particularly girls, are out in the street very late at night or as early as 04:00 in search of water…[which] heightens their vulnerability and contributes to an increase in teenage pregnancy, child labour, high rates of school drop outs, and poor school performance”.

Man washes hands under tap
Lack of access to clean water exacerbated the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone

'Special leave' proposed for SA race row judge

South Africa's Judicial Service Commission (JSC) has issued a statement about the ongoing row about a judge's comments on black men and rape (see earlier entry at 11:23), as tweeted by a BBC reporter in the country. 

A petition has been launched to demand Judge Mabel Jansen be removed from her position following the comments, which she insists have been taken out of context.  

While urging the public to allow proper procedures to be followed now that an official complaint had been lodged against Judge Jansen, the JSC suggested pressure was being put on the judge to step aside, saying "a proposal for her to go on special leave has been forwarded to the Minister of Justice". 

View more on twitter

Nigeria's Dangote donates $10m to help Boko Haram victims

Aliko Dangote
Getty Images
Aliko Dangote made his money in the cement and sugar sectors

Africa's richest man, Nigerian business tycoon Aliko Dangote, has pledged $10m (£7m) to help families affected by Boko Haram's seven-year insurgency.

It is the biggest donation by a businessman towards easing the humanitarian crisis in the north-east.

The conflict has forced more than two million people to flee their homes, with most of them living in camps.

Nigeria's government is urging people to return to areas recaptured from the militant Islamist group.

Read the full BBC News story

People in a camp for those displaced by Boko Haram
Two million people have been left homeless following Boko Haram attacks

Nigeria oil output 'falls to 22-year low'

Oil output is at a 22-year low in Nigeria, the Bloomberg news agency reports.

It's data show that the country's output has dropped below 1.7 million barrels per day for the first time since 1994.

AFP is reporting that the drop relates to pipeline sabotage and a growing security threat, which has led to some companies to get their staff out of the affected areas.

Last week, Chevron Nigeria shut down operations at one offshore facility after it was attacked by a little-known militant group called the Niger Delta Avengers.

Ten years ago the oil industry was hit by a wave of militant activity which the government addressed by introducing an amnesty programme and providing job training.

There are some fears that insecurity could be returning to Nigeria's oil-producing area.

Militants in the Niger Delta
Militants have in the past been persuaded to drop their campaigns in exchange for an amnesty and job training

All aboard Dar es Salaam's new buses

The BBC's reporter in Tanzania's main city of Dar es Salaam, Sammy Awami, has joined hundreds of other excited commuters as a new bus system, jointly run by the government and private bus owners, starts.

Sammy Awami on the bus

The buses are expected to address the terrible traffic problems in the city as they have their own lanes and so can avoid the jams.

Bus in Dar es Salaam

The vehicles are also bigger compared to the previous buses, commonly known as daladalas. 

There are two routes to start with and 140 buses will be providing the service.

The key question, of course, is the price of a ticket.

The most you'll have to pay is 800 Tanzania shillings ($0.37, £0.25), which our reporter says is not an increase and is affordable for many people.

Electronic gates

Electronic gates have been installed at bus stops where people will be paying with a special card, but that system is not yet in place.

Peace returning to Nigeria's central city of Jos

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Jos, Nigeria

I am visiting my hometown of Jos, in central Nigeria, which in recent times has been the scene of frequent deadly ethnic, religious and political violence.

But the city seems to be enjoying peace at the moment with commercial activities picking up again. 

Jos market
Jos market

The streets are also busy with traffic - and Muslims and Christians seem to be interacting more closely than they did before. 

So-called "no-go" areas seem to have disappeared. 

The current peace in the Plateau state capital and its surrounding areas is attributed to the efforts of community and religious leaders as well as the government and non-governmental organisations. 

The Anglican Archbishop of Jos, Bishop Benjamin Kwashi, and the secretary-general of the Muslim umbrella organisation in Nigeria, Sheikh Khalid Abubakar Aliyu, told me that people must work hard to maintain the peace and pass it on to the next generation.

UN condemns civilian deaths in Darfur

The top UN official in Sudan has condemned the shooting and killing of six civilians, including two children, near a camp in North Darfur, housing people who have fled renewed fighting in the Jebel Mara area.

In a statement, Marta Ruedas says there has been a reported rise in tension between the displaced people and "armed tribesmen over cattle raiding".

She adds that the UN has been providing emergency relief to the tens of thousands who have been displaced from Jebel Mara.

Sudanese displaced man carries humanitarian aid supplies
The UN has been helping the thousands displaced by the conflict in Sudan's Darfur region

Kenya 'arrests 36 al-Shabab suspects' hiding in a forest

Kenyan security forces say they have arrested 36 suspected members of the Somali-based militant group al-Shabab since September last year, the Star newspaper reports.

They were all picked up in the Boni forest in the east of the country.

Nine months ago, the army launched Operation Linda Boni to flush out militants who were believed to be hiding in the forest.

Kenya has experienced several large-scale al-Shabab attacks, including an assault in April 2015 on Garissa University College that killed 148 people.

South African activist denounces judge's comments about black men and rape

The activist who published messages from a private online exchange, in which a judge appeared to say that rape was part of black culture, has been speaking to the BBC about why she went public. 

In a conversation about rape cases within the black community in South Africa, Judge Mabel Jansen said the gang-rape of babies, girls and women was seen as a "pleasurable" pastime.  

The judge insists her comments, which sparked a row about racism in the post-apartheid state, have been taken out of context.  

The journalist and activist Gillian Schutte told the BBC's Shaun Ley why the judge's position is now "untenable".  

South African activist denounces judge's comments about black men and rape

Read more about the story

Flooding hits South Africa

Pumza Fihlani

BBC News, Johannesburg

There have been at least least six deaths, 400 people displaced and more than 150 homes damaged in flooding in KwaZulu-Natal, authorities say. 

eThekwini Metro Municipality says it is providing relief for the hundreds who have lost their homes since the heavy rainfall at the weekend in the coastal city of Durban. 

Meanwhile, authorities are also searching for four people who have been reported missing. 

Weather forecaster Wisani Maluleke said he believed that the 206ml of rain that had fallen in May in Durban so far was a record, reports the IOLnews website.

Cars driving through flooded streets
Radio Jacaranda
The rainfall has flooded streets in Durban

Hunting for belongings in demolished buildings in Nairobi

It's four days since the authorities in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, started demolishing buildings considered to be too unsafe for people to live in.

The demolitions started in the city's Huruma district, where a building collapsed 10 days ago, killing more than 40 people.

People have been complaining that they did not have enough time to gather their belongings and get out.

The Al-Jazeera reporter in Nairobi has tweeted this picture of people trying to reclaim some of their possessions:

View more on twitter

Nineteen kidnapped Ethiopian children back home

At least 19 Ethiopian children held captive by an armed South Sudanese group for nearly a month have been freed, Ethiopia's state news agency reports.

The 19 were freed following mediation by South Sudan's government, it adds.

This is the first group to be released since about 125 children were abducted in the cross-border raid.

Members of the Murle community carried out the attack. They have previously been accused of stealing livestock and children to raise as their own.

Screengrab with headline Kidnapped Children Return Home Safely

Nigerians panic buy fuel over rumours of a price rise

Isa Sanusi

BBC Africa, Abuja

Fuel queues are building up again in what seems to be panic buying based on a widespread belief that the petrol price may rise, based on unconfirmed media reports. 

A source at the petroleum ministry did not confirm whether prices are about to go up - and the government has not issued a statement.

Some months ago, the government said the fuel price would not go up, but the rising and fuel subsidy bill has been described as unsustainable by economists. 

Cars queuing for fuel
In recent weeks there have been long fuel queues in Nigeria as there has been a shortage of petrol in the country

Inherit the Dust: Photographing 'the ghosts' of animals

British photographer Nick Brandt has been making intimate portraits of East African animals for close to two decades.

Now, in a new book and a series of international exhibitions called Inherit the Dust, Brandt is attempting to show what habitat destruction looks like by placing giant portraits of animals in landscapes where they used to roam.

I never imagined that the speed of environmental devastation and development would accelerate to the degree it has over the past few years

Nick Brandt, wildlife photographer
Inherit the Dust: Photographing 'the ghosts' of animals

Giant Gabon tree among new species discoveries

Canavalia reflexiflora
The researchers warn that one in five species is at threat of extinction

Scientists say that there are now 390,900 plants known to science.

The new tally is part of a report carried out by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It is its first global assessment of the world's flora.

The study also found that 2,034 new plant species were discovered in 2015.

Last year's discoveries include a tree called Gilbertiodendron maximum, which grows up to 45m-high, and is found in the forests of Gabon in West Africa.

Read the full BBC News story

The trunk of Gilbertiodendron maximum in the forests of Gabon, possibly the largest and heaviest organism new to science in 2015.
J.van Veldhuizen

The largest and heaviest of all new species described on planet Earth in 2015 was probably Gilbertiodendron maximum, one of eight threatened Cameroon-Congolian African rainforest canopy trees described by Xander van der Burgt and colleagues.

Growing to 45m tall, with a massive trunk up to 1.4m in diameter, this critically endangered leguminous giant is endemic to Gabon. Its mass has been calculated as about 105 tonnes..."

Read more about African plant species discovered in 2015

Ethiopia criticised over 'politically motivated' court cases

In hard-hitting criticism of Ethiopia, Human Rights Watch (HRW) says that "the government is inexorably closing off ways for Ethiopians to peacefully express their grievances, not just with bullets but also through the courts". 

HRW Horn of Africa researcher Felix Horne describes what he calls "politically motivated charges" against some top opposition politicians.

They are accused of violating Ethiopia's anti-terror laws. 

Last week, a leading member of the Semayawi Party Yonatan Tesfaye was charged with the “planning, preparation, conspiracy, incitement and attempt” of a terrorist act, in connection with some comments he made on Facebook.  

Mourners in Ethiopia
A lot of the recent cases are connected to the protests in Ethiopia's Oromia region

Two ex-Rwandan mayors to go on trial in France over genocide

The trial of two former Rwandan mayors in connection with the 1994 genocide is due to start in the French capital, Paris.

Tite Barahirwa and Octavien Ngenzi are accused of inciting and having a major role in the killing of ethnic Tutsis.

The charges specifically refer to the killing of 2,000 people who were in a church in the eastern town of Kabarondo.

The AP news agency says that more than 100 witnesses are expected to testify in the eight-week trial.

The two men have denied the charges.

This is the second trial to take place in a special court that France set up to try Rwandan genocide cases. 

Genocide memorial
Getty Images
An estimated 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the 1994 genocide

Learn more about the Rwandan genocide

Warning over yellow fever vaccine shortage

People wait in line to receive a yellow fever vaccine in Luanda, Angola
People in Angola's capital, Luanda, have been queuing up to get the vaccine

US scientists are warning that a shortage of the yellow fever vaccine could spark a health security crisis, and are urging the World Health Organization (WHO) to take emergency steps to prevent it. 

Two professors from Georgetown University say an outbreak of yellow fever in Angola, which has killed more than 250 people and infected more than 2,000, could spread to other countries. 

Earlier this year, the WHO reported a global yellow fever vaccine shortage, saying the emergency stockpile was completely depleted. 

The yellow fever virus is spread by the same Aedes aegypti mosquito which carries the zika and dengue viruses.

Map of Africa with Angola and DR Congo highlighted
Some cases of yellow fever in DR Congo have been linked to the outbreak in Angola

Read more about Yellow fever on the WHO website

UN criticises Kenya over refugee camp closure decision

The UN's refugee agency, UNHCR, has called on the Kenyan government to reconsider its decision to close two large refugee camps in the country at Dadaab and Kakuma.

The government said last Friday that the camps would close citing security concerns and financial pressures.

It has made the announcement before, but this time the government said it was closing its refugee department in what looked like a first step to ending the hosting of up to 600,000 refugees.

Most of them are from Somalia and South Sudan.

"It is with profound concern that UNHCR takes note of this announcement," the agency said in a statement.

It adds: "Tragically, the situations in Somalia and South Sudan that cause people to flee are still unresolved today."

Refugee in Dadab
The network of camps in Dadab hosts more than 300,000 refugees, most of who are from Somalia.

Nigeria ex-minister Femi Fani-Kayode questioned over graft

Former Nigerian Aviation Minister Femi Fani-Kayode has been questioned by the anti-corruption body the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), the Premium Times newspaper reports.

An anonymous source is quoted as saying that he appeared at the EFCC offices on Monday morning and was scheduled to stay there overnight to be questioned by investigators. 

The Premium Times says he is being investigated over an allegedly fraudulent arms deal, which involves several other former government officials.

Femi Fani-Kayode
Mr Fani-Kayode was at one time the spokesman for former President Goodluck Jonathan

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