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  1. Tutu's daughter ends church role after same-sex marriage
  2. Ethiopia's foreign minister launches bid to run WHO
  3. Nine Kenyan youths charged over 'illegal demonstrations'
  4. Nigeria's Kaduna state declares state of emergency over tomato crop
  5. Eritrea marks 25 years of independence from Ethiopia
  6. South Africa row over retouched celebrity images
  7. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  8. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 24 May 2016

Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

One who is big is big. A guinea fowl does not perch on a sorghum plant."

A Shona proverb sent by Emmanuel Sithole, Chipinge, Zimbabwe

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture taken by Ley Uwera and posted on Instagram of a young woman preparing lunch in Goma, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

View more on instagram

Kenya police officers arrive in Nairobi for treatment

View more on twitter

Kenya's national police service has posted photos and video showing the arrival of officers in the capital, Nairobi, who it says were injured in opposition protests on Monday (see earlier post at 17:24).

Local media are reporting that 11 officers were flown to Nairobi this evening, 10 from Siaya, where two people were reported to have died, and one from the western city of Kisumu, which saw one death on Monday. 

Kenya's Star newspaper gave some extra detail on the injuries:

"The officers were hurt on their hands, head while some suffered broken Iimbs as protesters engaged them in running battles."

View more on twitter

Enganamouit misses out on BBC Women's Footballer of the Year award

Gaelle Enganamouit
Getty Images

Cameroon forward Gaelle Enganamouit (FC Rosengard, Sweden), 23, has lost out to Scotland midfielder Kim Little in the vote to be named BBC Women's Footballer of the Year 2016.

Little, who plays for Seattle Reign in the USA, topped a supporters' poll to become the second winner of the BBC World Service award.

Women's Footballer of the Year: Gaelle Enganamouit profile
Kim Little
Getty Images
"I'm surprised to win - I'm extremely humbled to win", Little said

She beat a five-woman shortlist of Gaelle Enganamouit (FC Rosengard, Sweden), Amandine Henry (Olympique Lyonnais), Carli Lloyd (Houston Dash) and Becky Sauerbrunn (FC Kansas City).

Ivory Coast's rainy season impacts on transport

Tamasin Ford

BBC Africa, Abidjan

Lorry with logs falling off

It's the start of the rainy season here in Ivory Coast and the rain is already playing havoc with some of the country's pot-holed roads. 

Vehicles are getting damaged and some of the transport lorries are getting into trouble.

I spotted this broken-down truck on the outskirts of San Pedro, in the west of the country.

The driver used a pile of bricks to precariously hold up the logs.

Lorry with logs falling off

Ethiopian launches bid to be first African head of WHO

Ethiopia's Foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom has formally launched his bid to become the first African head of the World Health Organization (WHO).

He hopes to replace Margaret Chan when she steps down in May next year.

Ethiopia's Foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom

Dr Tedros addressed the media at the WHO headquarters in Geneva, AFP news agency reports:   

The fresh view we can bring from our continent and the perspective of a developing country can help improve the global health situation... It's time for a director-general who has lived some of the most pressing challenges facing our world today, as I have lived in Africa."

His candidacy is backed by the African Union and he has appealed for the support of all African countries.

Kenya police watchdog: Investigation into 'police brutality' has started

Police have been accused of using excessive force to put down opposition protests

Kenya's police watchdog says it has launched an investigation into "police brutality" during Monday's opposition protests, in which three people are reported to have died (see earlier post at 10:22).  

The country's Independent Police Oversight Authority (IPOA), issued a statement offering its sympathies to both civilians and police injured in yesterday's violence. 

Here are some key quotes, with the full statement:

We assure the public that our investigations will be expeditious and if police are found culpable appropriate recommendations including for prosecution will be made."

Police in gas masks walk through the Kibera slum
Police in the capital, Nairobi, fired tear gas to stop people gathering

IPOA will not hesitate to recommend criminal charges against Police Commanders issuing unlawful orders to police officers that led to loss of lives, injuries and destruction of property.

We caution members of the public against violently engaging police.... we will take a dim view of persons who attack police officers."

statement by the IPOA on police investigation

Several police officers who were reportedly injured in Monday's riots in the Western city of Kisumu have been flown to the capital Nairobi to receive treatment.

Rescue operation under way after boat capsizes on Lake Nyasa

Tulanana Bohela

BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

Rescue teams in Tanzania are searching for 12 people who have gone missing after a Tanzanian boat sunk on Lake Nyasa on its way to Malawi on Saturday.

The whereabouts of the boat are unknown. 

Regional police commander Zuberi Mwombeji said:

The cause of the accident could have been strong winds on the lake. Most likely the boat was caught in a storm, but we can’t verify this as the cause of the accident just yet.”

Many passenger boats that sail across Lake Nyasa lack life jackets and are not considered seaworthy.  

Searching for the next ballet star in Soweto

The BBC's Nomsa Maseko has been filming a report on ballet classes being given to young children in the Soweto suburb of South Africa's main city, Johannesburg. 

It's part of a wider attempt to boost the number of black dancers on the global ballet scene by training teachers.

The children are being taught in the Cuban style of ballet

Nomsa sent through some lovely shots to share with you before the full piece arrives:

Children lean to the right mimicking their ballet teacher's movements in class
Children stand with legs apart but right arms across their chest in ballet class
Children stand with legs apart as one young boy is shown the correct ballet stance by a teacher
Kids strike a range of poses in ballet class. One girl in purple leotard grins broadly.

More on South African ballet

Tutu 'sad' that his daughter has had to step down as Anglican priest

The daughter of anti-apartheid figure Archbishop Desmond Tutu has had to give up being an Anglican priest after she married a woman.

In an email to the AFP news agency Mpho Tutu-van Furth said that as the church does not recognise gay marriage she was told her license would be revoked, so she decided to return it.

She wrote to AFP that her father was "sad but not surprised" at the news.

Archbishop Tutu has supported same-sex marriage and it was legalised in South Africa in 2006.

Desmond Tutu and Mpho Tutu
Archbishop Desmond Tutu ordained his daughter in 2004

SA government: 11 luxury cars purchased 'to protect Zuma's wives'

South Africa's government has spent more than $500,000 over the last three years on supplying vehicles to protect the four wives of President Jacob Zuma, it says. 

In a written response to a parliamentary question from an opposition MP,  Police Minister Nkosinathi Nhleko listed the 11 cars that were bought since 2013.

They include four Range Rovers and two Land Rovers.

South Africa's PoliticsWeb site estimates that the money could have funded, among other things:

  • 116 university students for a year 
  •  61 police officers for a year
  • 1,315 jobs for a year on the country's public works programme
President Zuma and three of his wives
President Jacob Zuma pictured with three of his wives in 2009

Uganda complains to DR Congo over police officer deaths

Uganda's government has made a formal complaint to the Democratic Republic of Congo after four Ugandan police officers were shot dead on Lake Albert, which straddles the border of the two countries, the AFP news agency reports.

The four men were killed as they were investigating illegal fishing activities on the lake.

AFP quotes foreign affairs minister Henry Okello Oryem saying that "the four police officers were on official duty...  within the territorial sphere of Uganda.

"They were killed in line of duty and their bodies were taken by the DR Congo authorities. 

"We have made it clear, in future these incidents may compel Uganda to take self-defence measures including hot pursuit of those responsible."

Where does shea butter come from?

Boiling the shea butter

After five days of picking, crushing, roasting, grinding and cooking, 65-year-old Ghanaian Rebecca Atornyege earns eight cedis ($2; £1.40) from selling her shea butter at the market.  

The fruits of her hard work could find its way into expensive cosmetics or as a cocoa substitute.

What she earns barely pays for food for her family.

Shea nuts

As the BBC's Akwasi Sarpong found when he visited Anateem in Ghana's far north the money from shea butter is a major source of income.

And it's considered women's work.

Read more about what Akwasi discovered.

'Deadly malaria outbreak' in north-east DR Congo

The aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) is reporting a "deadly outbreak of malaria" in Haut-Uele, north-east Democratic Republic of Congo.

MSF's Charlotte Morris told the BBC in an email that the agency's medics are seeing five times the normal number of people at the Pawa general hospital.

The numbers of people arriving with malaria have doubled every week for the last three weeks, she added.

Last Monday 141 children were admitted overnight to the hospital, which has capacity for 22 children. 

This means that people are sleeping on the floor and in corridors. 

MSF said that a big problem is "lack of access to medicine in the area, largely because it’s too expensive".

Analysis: Impact of Nigeria's tomato price rise

Naziru Mikailu

BBC News, Kano, Nigeria

The tomato pest that has ravaged most farms in north-western and central Nigeria is severely affecting people's lives in every part of the country (see 10.32 entry). 

It is an essential ingredient in many meals, but the tomato scarcity has led to the price increasing by nearly 400% in the last three months, taking them out of the reach of many people. 

This comes at a difficult time, with the price of several imported food items having already gone up significantly because of Nigeria's weak currency.

It is also a severe blow to President Muhammadu Buhari’s efforts of encouraging more people to return to commercial farming as part of the government's plans to diversify Africa's largest economy away from oil. 

Bowl of tomatoes

Social media row over photoshopped images of South Africa celebrity

We posted about the row over the retouching of images of South African celebrity Lerato Kganyago (see 11.48 entry) used on the cover and inside True Love magazine.

She has been complaining that they changed the way she looked.

And on Twitter she's launched a broadside at the magazine:

View more on twitter

And she's been retweeting messages of support:

@leratokganyago as a black woman, u rock. N those cellulite i like it wen u say u own it its part of u as a woman. U r loved n supported.

I think that photoshop is actually a form of bullying, they trying to say that your original look is not good enough @leratokganyago #TMF

EgyptAir crash: Explosion is 'only an assumption'

The chief forensic officer in Egypt says that reports that an EgyptAir plane was brought down by an explosion last week are mere assumptions. 

Hesham Abdelhamid is quoted by the state news agency as denying that the initial examination of human remains pointed towards an explosion. 

One of his team had earlier told journalists that body parts retrieved so far were in such small pieces it was logical to conclude there had been a blast, though he had added that no traces of explosives had yet been found. 

All 66 people on board the airliner were killed when the plane crashed early on Thursday.

Map showing the plane's route

Police injured in Kenya protests 'due to arrive in Nairobi'

Odeo Sirari

BBC Africa, Nairobi

Twenty-eight Kenyan police officers injured during opposition protests in the western city of Kisumu on Monday are expected to arrive at Wilson Airport in the capital, Nairobi, later this afternoon, government spokesman Eric Kiraithe had told a media briefing.

The officers are being flown in for treatment, he added.

Kenyan police run past a group of children during protests in Kisumu

Read more: Kenya opposition protests turn deadly

How biros, bras and trick shoes won a war for Eritrea

Eritreans are celebrating 25 years of independence from the far larger Ethiopia. The BBC's Mary Harper has gained rare access to Eritrea, and visited an exhibition about how it took on a much better-equipped army. Watch the video below:

How Eritreans survived the independence war

Kenyans urged to avoid bottled water bootleggers

Ferdinand Omondi

BBC Africa, Mombasa

Jamil Hussein says people need to check what they're buying

On a visit to a certified clean water depot in Mombasa, salesman Jamil Hussein tells me it is vital for customers to check sure they're getting the real deal when they buy bottled water. 

He says people should not be swayed by cheap prices and that they should check which company bottles the water they drink, and whether it is licensed or not. 

It follows a scandal earlier this month over water being sold by unlicensed companies, which was found to be contaminated by faecal bacteria.   

Kenyan authorities shut down six of the unlicensed companies.

A local investigation showed that several of the companies were bottling untreated tap water and borehole water. 

The local government in this coastal city has banned the distribution of some water brands and officers patrol areas where bottled water is commonly sold, especially bus stations and stops.

Kenya has more than 600 licensed water-bottling companies, but there are fears that hundreds more may be operating illegally. 

UN calls on Kenya to respect right to peaceful protest

The UN's human rights body (UNHCHR) has said it is "concerned by the increasing violence surrounding the weekly protests" in Kenya.

Kenya police quoted by the AFP news agency say three people died as protesters and police clashed in different parts of the country on Monday.

In a statement, the UNHCHR called on authorities to "respect the right to assemble peacefully", and also on the demonstrators to remain peaceful. 

It was the fourth week of demonstrations called by the opposition over the make-up of the electoral commission.

Kenya's deputy president has also got involved in the discussion in a response to a tweet from the US ambassador to Kenya.

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

South Africa celebrity in row over photoshopped images

A debate has been raging in South Africa over the photos used of celebrity Lerato Kganyago on the cover of the popular True Love magazine.

View more on instagram

In her Instagram post on Monday she complained that "it must be disheartening for [the photographer] to have his work continuously retouched (PhotoShopped) to a point of no recognition".

As people discussed the image on social media Kganyago then took to Snapchat to complain further.

She said: "My own mother was like: 'Did you have your nose done? Did you have your mouth done? What is happening?' It looks weird.'"

The Times Live website has edited her posts together:

View more on youtube

True Love magazine defended the retouching and posted some before and after pictures.

It said it altered images to "highlight the best features".

Before and after pictures
True Love

But the celebrity was not bothered that her cellulite was showing:

"Truth be told, I'm not mad at True Love for publishing the untouched pictures. I've always been really open about my cellulite and my rolls and my body."

She said the pictures show women how to love their bodies.

UK urged to relax Tunisia travel alert

White sandy beach with deckchairs and the Mediterranean in the background
Beaches in Sousse have been all but deserted since last year's terror attack

Tunisian officials have urged the UK government to relax its advice warning against all but essential travel to the country, after a 90% drop in British visitors in the first part of 2016.

The guidance has been in place since 31 British holidaymakers were killed in two terror attacks in Tunisia in 2015.

The Tunisian ambassador to the UK said the government should take into account security improvements since last year.

The foreign ministry said the safety of British nationals was its main concern.

Thirty Britons were among 39 killed when a gunman opened fire on tourists in a beach resort near Sousse on Tunisia's Mediterranean coast last June.

Read the full BBC News story

Girlfriend who killed SA music star Flabba fails to get conviction quashed

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

Sindisiwe Manqele has failed in her bid to overturn her 12-year sentence for the murder of her rapper musician boyfriend, Nkululeko Habedi, better known as Flabba.

Manqele pleaded not guilty to the charge, saying she stabbed the popular rapper in self-defence.

Flabba, 38, died at his home in the Johannesburg township of Alexandra on 9 March 2015.

He was a member of the famous music group Skwatta Kamp, founded in 1996, which was seen as one of the pioneers of South African hip-hop, featuring local street slang and rhythms.

Musical Artists Skwatta Kamp and Ludacris
Flabba (front left) pictured in 2005 with his group Skwatta Kamp

DR Congo club AS Vita disqualified from African Champions League

Nick Cavell

BBC Africa Sport

Some breaking news from the Confederation of African Football (Caf).

AS Vita, from the Democratic Republic of Congo, have been disqualified from the African Champions League and replaced by South Africa's Mamelodi Sundowns.

Caf are yet to say why.

The draw for the group stages of the tournament is due to be held at 12:30 GMT.

View more on twitter

EgyptAir flight 'not seen to swerve'

Egyptian officials did not observe the doomed EgyptAir flight swerve and change direction before it disappeared, an Egyptian aviation official has said.

The Airbus A320 was en route from Paris to Cairo with 66 people aboard when it vanished from radar early on Thursday.

Greece's defence minister said the plane turned 90 degrees then 360 degrees before plummeting into the sea.

The reason for the discrepancy between the Greek and the Egyptian aviation official's accounts of the crash is not clear.  

Read the full BBC News story

Footage of items found by the Egyptian military and the search (no sound on this video)

EgyptAir flight MS804: What we know

Row over 'Would you vote for Zuma?' cartoon in SA school exam

Pumza Fihlani

BBC News, Johannesburg

A school in South Africa's Gauteng province is in hot water over a cartoon of President Jacob Zuma that was used in a test.

Cartoon as it appeared in the Sowetan newspaper

The original cartoon, by Zapiro, has been reproduced in the Sowetan newspaper, which reports that it has angered the provincial education minister Panyaza Lesufi.

It was used as part of a primary school test.

The first question asks who the caricature is of and the second question asks the student if they would vote for this man. 

The test paper was photographed and tweeted by a university law student:

View more on twitter

The test paper also mentions the money spent on upgrading President Jacob Zuma's private rural residence in Nkandla. 

“Just by looking at this cartoon‚ would you vote for this individual to be president‚” it asks.

Nigerian state declares 'tomato state of emergency'

A state of emergency has been declared in the tomato sector in Kaduna state, north of the capital, Abuja, local media are reporting.

Kaduna's Governor Mallam Nasir El-Rufai declared the emergency, saying that 80% of tomato farms have been ravaged by a pest called Tuta Absoluta, Nigeria's Guardian newspaper reports.

Total losses in the past month alone among a group of 200 farmers are estimated at 1bn naira ($5.1m), he added.

The price of a basket of tomatoes has increased from $1.20 less than three months ago to more than $40 today.

Baskets of tomatoes in a market in Lagos

The word "tomato" has been trending on Twitter in Nigeria this morning.

Nine charged over Kenya opposition protests

Nine people have been charged in a court in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, for taking part in an illegal demonstration, the BBC's Odeo Sirari reports.

City's across the country were hit by opposition protests yesterday over the make-up of the electoral commission. They are accusing it of bias.

At least three people died after police clashed with protesters.

Kenya police firing tear gas

A group of protesters who were charged last week over similar demonstrations have been released on bail.

'Be courteous', Ugandan MPs told

Uganda's MPs, elected in February, are getting ready for the new session.

And it looks like they're being instructed on some basic rules of respect this morning:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Three die in Kenya demonstrations

The AFP news agency is quoting the Kenya police as saying that three people died during countrywide demonstrations yesterday.

Two people died after being shot in the western town of Siaya and the third died in the nearby city of Kisumu after falling over as he was running from tear gas, the police say.

There have been conflicting reports about the circumstances surrounding his death.

Police add that the shooting in Siaya was in self-defence after they were attacked by a mob.

Kenya's Standard newspaper leads with a headline saying that all three fatalities were a result of gunshots.

Sweden's ambassador to Kenya tweeted the front page with his own message to Kenya:

View more on twitter

Opposition supporters called the demonstrations to protest against the make-up of the electoral commission, which they accuse of bias ahead of next year's elections.

Celebrations mark 25 years of independence in Eritrea

Mary Harper

BBC News, Asmara

Girls in blue butterfly costumes take part in a parade

Eritrea is celebrating the 25th anniversary of its independence from Ethiopia.

The milestone is being marked with street parades in the capital, Asmara, complete with marching bands, costumed dancers, and actors dressed as rebel soldiers from the 30-year independence war. 

See the full picture gallery of Eritrea's independence celebrations

Women dressed as fighters in military fatigues

More people apply for asylum in the EU from Eritrea than any other African country, which is widely criticised for human rights abuses. 

But thousands of the diaspora have returned to join the party. 

Read more about Eritrea

Mozambique 'at risk of debt default'

Mozambique's financial woes may be growing as it now risks defaulting on one of its debts, the Reuters news agency reports.

It quotes a finance ministry source as saying that a repayment on a $535m (£370m) loan to a state-controlled company, which is guaranteed by the government, has been missed.

Reuters says that this could start a "reappraisal" of lending to the country.

Last month, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and some governments halted lending to Mozambique after it was discovered that the country had not been clear about all its debts.

Monday also saw the ratings agency Fitch downgrade its assessment of Mozambique suggesting that a "default of some kind appears probable".

Dollar cash

Wise words

Today’s African proverb: 

One who is big is big. A guinea fowl does not perch on a sorghum plant."

A Shona proverb sent by Emmanuel Sithole, Chipinge, Zimbabwe
Guinea fowl
Getty Images

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

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