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Summary

  1. Uganda leader promotes son to army major-general
  2. Kenya police beat up opposition protesters
  3. South African university 'fire-bombed'
  4. Military assault against al-Shabab in Somalia
  5. Nigeria arrests over oil pipelines attacks
  6. World powers ready to arm new Libyan government
  7. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  8. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Monday 16 May 2016

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Monday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's it from us today. That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.  

 A reminder of today's African proverb:

The only grass a buffalo can boast about is that which is in its stomach as it may die with grass still in its mouth."

A Shona proverb sent by Peter Chongore, Gweru, Zimbabwe.

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this timely picture of roadside vendors in Senegal's capital Dakar:

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Ugandan president's son promoted

Catherine Byaruhanga

BBC Africa Uganda correspondent

his photo taken on August 27, 2012, shows Brigadier Muhoozi Kainerugaba (L), new commander of the Ugandan Special Forces Command, at the Sera Kasenyi training centre for Special Forces in Kampala on August 16, 2012
AFP
Kainerugaba Muhoozi, on the left, is seen as the most powerful person in the army

Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni has promoted his son Kainerugaba Muhoozi to the rank of major-general in the army. 

He is seen as the most powerful soldier in Uganda's army. He heads the Special Forces Command which is considered to be an army within the army. It has all units of the military such as an infantry and Air Force. Plus it's in charge of the president's protection and key government installations including the country's oil fields.

Some have questioned the speed with which Maj-Gen Muhoozi has been promoted. It was only four years ago when he was made brigadier. 

The head of Uganda's army is still General Katumba Wamala.

The mood in the country is still tense following disputed elections. 

Mr Museveni was sworn in for a fifth term on Thursday. Opposition leader Kizza Besigye has been arrested on a charge of treason, and has been moved to the main prison in the capital. Kampala. 

He rejected the election as a sham. 

Rwandan power plant uses methane to make electricity

Mary Harper

Africa editor, BBC World Service

Rwanda has inaugurated a plant which generates electricity from potentially lethal methane gas in Lake Kivu. 

The first phase of the project will add 26 megawatts to the grid, bringing power to many people who have none. 

Only a quarter of the country's population has electricity. 

Rwanda hopes to increase that substantially over the next two years, thanks to the power generated from Lake Kivu's methane. 

Anti-Uber protest in South Africa

In this photo illustration, the new smart phone app 'Uber' logo is displayed on a mobile phone next to a taxi on July 1, 2014 in Barcelona, Spain
AFP

Metered-taxi drivers have protested in South Africa's main city Johannesburg against their Uber rivals, as the provincial government launched a process to licence the car-hailing app service. 

The drivers had parked their cars outside the Gauteng government buildings and were seen chasing the province's transport minister, Ismail Vadi out the building, South Africa's Eyewitness News reports

Metered-taxi drivers around the world have been protesting against Uber, saying it will knock them out of business. 

Kenya police caught on video

A BBC reporter in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, has tweeted footage of police violently breaking up a protest against the opposition (see the previous post): 

View more on twitter

Kenyan opposition leader's car hit by 'bullet'

Kenya's main opposition party has said that its leader Raila Odinga's car was hit by a bullet during protests against the electoral commission today.  

The Orange Democratic Movement's spokesman Philip Etale says he took this picture of the car:

Windscreen broken
Philip Etale

He told the BBC's Odeo Sirari that party supporters are considering it as an assassination attempt.

Mr Etale said police are holding a journalist who was trying to collect the spent cartridges which hit the car.

There is no confirmation of this claim.

The Star is reporting that the car was shot at while another Kenyan newspaper, the Daily Nation, is reporting that it could have been a gunshot or a stone could have been thrown on the windscreen.  

Mugabe becomes grandfather

Robert Mugabe
AFP
Mr Mugabe is Africa's oldest head of state,

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe, 92, has confirmed that he became a grandfather for the first time last month when his only daughter Bona Chikore gave birth to a baby boy at a hospital abroad, the state-owned Herald newspaper reports.

Mr Mugabe said his wife Grace was with their daughter and grandson, and would return to Zimbabwe next month.  

Kenya 'arrests' over protest

An opposition supporter yells out as he is beaten with a wooden club by riot police while trying to flee, during a protest in downtown Nairobi, Kenya Monday, May 16, 2016.
AP

Kenya's police say at least 15 people were arrested during the protest organised by the Coalition for Reforms and Democracy (Cord) in Nairobi, AFP news agency reports. 

The 15 would be charged in court on Tuesday, police said, without specifying the charges, AFP adds.

Police fired tear gas and beat up protesters demanding that the electoral commission be dissolved and a new one one be set up ahead of general elections next year:

Opposition supporters flee from tear gas grenades fired by riot police, during a protest in downtown Nairobi, Kenya Monday, May 16, 2016.
AP

See 15:55 post for more details

Besigye's election rival offers to be his lawyer against Ugandan government

Former Ugandan presidential candidate Amama Mbabazi has offered to be the legal representative for detained presidential rival Kizza Besigye, reports the Daily Monitor.

The two were competing against each other in Uganda's presidential elections earlier this year which Yoweri Museveni won.

Mr Mbabazi challenged the result in court but lost.

Now Mr Besigye is in prison, accused of treason (see our 14:08 post).

The newspaper reports Mr Mbabazi as saying he would "be on Mr Besigye’s side in his legal battle with government".

Mr Mbabazi is a lawyer and a former attorney general in Mr Museveni's government.

Amama Mbabazi
Getty Images

What today's African proverb means

Everyday we start the live page with a proverb sent in by a reader. 

But some days we need people to explain what it means.

It's on days like these that we turn to the commentors on our Facebook page to explain.

And you didn't let us down.

Here is the proverb in question:

The only grass a buffalo can boast about is that which is in its stomach as it may die with grass still in its mouth.

A Shona proverb sent by Peter Chongore, Gweru, Zimbabwe.

Hardrock George from Uganda's capital Kampala interprets it as this:

The food you take inside your stomach its yours. What is left outside you are just security guard. Any time self-appointed owner will come for it.

Or, as Vic-Echikwa Henry puts it:

The things we already have are more valuable than the things we only hope to get.

And Maul Dauwa says it's the same meaning as this British proverb:

Don't count your chickens before they are hatch

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

Inspired by today's proverb, we advise you to take the wisdom of these wise words rather than wait for tomorrow's. 

Ekeng death prompts 'better care' calls

Patrick Ekeng died after collapsing on the pitch
AFP
Patrick Ekeng died after collapsing on the pitch

Fifa's Chief Medical Officer Jiri Dvorak is to ask football's world governing body to implement tougher rules on stadium medical care.

His comments come in the wake of the death of Cameroon's Patrick Ekeng.

The 26-year-old died of a suspected heart attack on 6 May playing for Dinamo Bucharest in Romania, with the ambulance that treated him having no defibrillator.

Read the full BBC Sport story here

Plan to give weapons and ammunition to Libya

.S. Secretary of State John Kerry adresses a news conference in Vienna, Austria, May 16, 2016.
Reuters

US Secretary of State, John Kerry, said Libyan authorities would be allowed to receive ammunition and weapons through specific exemptions from the current UN arms embargo. Mr Kerry also called for more humanitarian aid for Libya. 

The five permanent members of the UN Security Council reached the agreement after talks in Vienna. 

Libya's new UN-backed government is trying to establish its authority in a country that has been riven by factional violence since the downfall of Colonel Gaddafi in 2011.

There are currently two other governments in Libya, backed by rival militias. 

US ready to arm new Libyan government

The United States and other world powers say they are ready to arm the new UN-backed Libyan government, to help it fight the self-styled Islamic State group.

 According to a joint communique, the international coalition will push for exemptions to the current UN arms embargo imposed on Libya. 

Representatives of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council reached the agreement after talks in Vienna with Libya's new UN-backed unity government. 

Before the talks, Germany had voiced its doubts as to whether the negotiations could help unify Libya. 

Kenyan police fire tear gas at protesters

An elderly woman caught up in the clashes holds her hands in the air as a riot policeman approach amidst clouds of tear gas, during a protest in downtown Nairobi, Kenya Monday, May 16, 2016.
AP

Kenyan police have fired tear gas to break up protests over electoral reforms ahead of general elections next year, reports AP news agency.

Opposition supporters, some carrying rocks, flee from clouds of tear gas fired by riot police, during a protest in downtown Nairobi, Kenya Monday, May 16, 2016.
AP

Its journalists saw police beating some protesters who had gathered outsides the offices of Kenya's electoral commission in the capital Nairobi.  

protestors running away
AP
Policemen beat a protester inside a building during clashes in Nairobi, Kenya May 16, 2016.
Reuters

The protests are led by opposition leader Raila Odinga,who says polls in 2017 cannot be free and fair if the current election commission remains in place . He has called for its commissioners to be removed from office.    

Opposition groups have vowed to hold protests every Monday at the offices of the electoral commission until it is dissolved, reports the BBC's Janet Onyango. 

These pictures, taken by the BBC's Peter Njoroge show scenes earlier on in the protest:

Policeman
BBC
Protester
BBC

SA university 'fire-bombed'

A leading university in South Africa says arsonists have fire-bombed a 1,000 seat auditorium at one of its campuses in the main city, Johannesburg, as part of an "organised set of attacks" on educational institutions, reports AFP news agency.

Damage worth $640,000 (£44,000) was caused in the overnight attack at the University of Johannesburg, with computer laboratories and equipment also destroyed.

"This is just the latest in a set of criminal acts directed at our country's basic and higher education institutions," Vice-Chancellor Ihron Rensburg is quoted by AFP as saying. 

"We are calling on the police, the intelligence services and the judiciary to re-double their efforts in getting to the bottom of this organised set of attacks," he added. 

It is unclear who carried out the attack. 

People have put up photos on Twitter of the damage caused: 

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

South Africa's universities have been hit by student and worker protests since last year over a wide range of issues - including the cost of tuition fees and alleged racism.   

Read: Why are South African students angry?

Rwanda accused of expelling Burundians

Rwanda has expelled at least 1,300 Burundians after they refused to move to refugee camps, Burundian government officials say.

Some say they have been working in Rwanda for many years.

Melchior Nankwahomba, governor of Kirundo province that neighbours Rwanda, told the Reuters news agency:

They were asked to go to refugee camps or return back to Burundi. Those who refused to go to refugee camps were chased... and stripped of their possessions."

Rwanda hosts 77,000 recent arrivals from Burundi and in February Rwanda said it had it plans to relocate them to other host countries.

The allegations are the latest manifestation of tension between Rwanda and Burundi, which worsened after Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza announced that he would run for a third term just over a year ago.

Burundi has accused Rwanda of supporting the armed opposition trying to unseat Mr Nkurunziza.

Rwanda denies the allegation.

Burundians celebrating announced coup in May 2015
AFP
A failed coup attempt followed President Nkurunziza's announcement that he would run for a third term

The struggle to unite a divided Libya

Foreign ministers from the United States, the Middle East and Europe are discussing the crisis in Libya at a meeting in the Austrian capital, Vienna. 

They are hoping to bring greater stability to the country and to support its new UN-backed unity government. 

US Secretary of State John Kerry (C), Italian Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni (L) and UN Special envoy for Libya Martin Kobler (R)
AFP

But expectations are low because of the refusal of Libyan politicians and militia leaders to unite behind any one of the three rival administrations in the country. 

Speaking ahead of the talks, German Foreign Minister Frank Walter Steinmeier said it was uncertain whether the talks could move Libya from a place where the so-called Islamic State group have found a foothold to a unified country. 

The UN envoy for Libya is trying to be more positive in his tweets from the meeting:

View more on twitter

The albino who confronted a witchdoctor

In some places witchdoctors believe that the body parts of people with albinism have special powers, which can lead to their murder.

So what happened when a Cameroonian with albinism confronted a witchdoctor?

Stephane Ebongue has been telling his story to the BBC.

Stephane Ebongue
Smart Factory

Mr Ebongue tries to get an answer to what puts him in danger.

But the witchdoctor isn't really listening. He's staring at the treasure sitting in front of him.

"You do not even know your value. How much you're worth," he says to Mr Ebongue.

"Albinos are in great demand - albinos just like you. From your hair to your bones, you are so sought-after."

Read more about Stephane Ebongue.

Ugandan opposition leader Besigye transferred to bigger prison

Patience Atuhaire

BBC Africa, Kampala

Ugandan opposition leader Kizza Besigye is being transferred from Moroto prison in the north-east to Luzira Prison in the capital, Kampala, the biggest facility in the country. 

Uganda Prisons Service spokesperson Frank Baine has confirmed that Mr Besigye is currently en-route to Kampala. 

Mr Besigye was charged with treason on Friday and remanded to Moroto, following his arrest in the capital on Wednesday.

A video has been circulating on social media showing Mr Besigye swearing himself in. 

Here is the paperwork from the case:

letter
BBC
letter
BBC

Who are the Niger Delta Avengers?

Chris Ewokor

BBC Africa, Abuja

Niger Delta
Getty Images
Most of Nigeria's oil wealth comes from the Niger Delta

We mentioned in our 09:13 post that the Nigerian army has arrested several suspected members of a militant group called the Niger Delta Avengers (NDA), thought to be behind recent attacks on oil pipelines in the south.

The group's first statement three months ago declared: "We are a group of educated and well-travelled individuals that are poised to take the Niger Delta struggle to new heights that has never been seen in this nation before."

The group has stated unambiguously what it was out to achieve: "Our goal is to cripple Nigeria’s economy.”   

It is difficult to identify who the members of the Niger Delta Avengers (NDA) are. 

But local people believe many are from previous groups like MEND led by Henry Okah or the Niger Delta People's Salvation Front led by Mujahideen Asari Dokubo; who were left out of the government's amnesty programme.

Many say they are followers of ex-Niger Delta warlords like Tom Polo. 

But others believe they are criminals who want to draw attention to themselves, now that their kinsman, former President Goodluck Jonathan, is out of power. 

Read more detail on the latest arrests on the BBC News website

Jolie warns of 'race to the bottom'

Watch as Angelina Jolie warns that the refugee crisis has created a "race to the bottom" with countries competing to be the toughest on immigration.

Angelina Jolie Pitt warns against a "race to the bottom" over migration.

CIA 'spied' on Mandela

Nelson Mandela's arrest in 1962 came as a result of a tip-off from an agent of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), a report says.

The revelations, made in the Sunday Times newspaper, are based on an interview with ex-CIA agent Donald Rickard shortly before he died.

There has been a long-running campaign to get the CIA to release classified documents that will help shed light on the issue

 Among those who have a pending suit against the CIA is Ryan Shapiro, a national security researcher at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

He spoke to BBC Newsday about the Mr Rickard's revelation: 

There have been long-held suspicions that Mandela was trailed by the CIA

'I was accused of being a witch when I was eight-years-old'

Mardoche Yembi was accused of eating human flesh and killing his own mother who died after a long illness.

He was eight years old.

His extended family made plans of sending him back to the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2005 for an exorcism.

But his headteacher instead contacted social services and he was taken into care.

Now an adult, he told the BBC's Noel Philips how it felt to be accused of being a witch:

'Accused of being a witch, aged eight'

Refugee spotlight 'wrongly' on Europe

Angelina Jolie-Pitt says that the spotlight of the refugee crisis is firmly on Europe, but the crisis in Europe is only "a fraction of the global refugee problem". 

In a speech at the BBC in London, she added: 

We in the West are neither at the centre of the refugee crisis, nor – for the most part - the ones making the greatest sacrifice.

The majority of the world’s refugees live in countries such as Turkey, Pakistan, Lebanon, Iran, Ethiopia, and Jordan."

Angelina: Africa refugee crisis 'getting worse'

Angelina Jolie-Pitt, the UN refugee agency's special envoy, says that the number of people left homeless by conflict in Africa is increasing. 

Speaking in London as part of the BBC's World on the Move special coverage, she said:

In the past six years, 15 conflicts have erupted or re-ignited. The average time a person will be displaced is now nearly 20 years.

The number of refugees returning to their homes is the lowest it has been in three decades. Africa has more people displaced than ever before."

Senegal-Gambia border dispute

Abdourahmane Dia

BBC Afrique

Senegal's government says it will meet representatives of lorry drivers in a bid to persuade them to lift the blockade they have imposed at the border with The Gambia since February. 

The announcement follows a seven-hour meeting on Sunday between the Senegalese and Gambia governments to get the border open again. 

The Gambia, a popular tourist resort because of its beaches, has decided to scrap its decision to increase fees for Senegalese lorries transporting goods. The increase led to angry drivers enforcing the blockade, causing a shortage of essential items on both sides of the border. 

The drivers are also demanding the building of a bridge over the Gambia River, linking southern and northern Senegal. 

Map
BBC

The Gambia's Foreign Minister Neneh Macdouall Gaye says her country, which is surrounded by Senegal, is not opposed to it, but some technical issues have to be resolved first. 

Senegal's government wants the bridge to be built. 

'Three armies' raid al-Shabab stronghold

Ibrahim Mohamed Adan

BBC Africa, Mogadishu

A coalition of US, Somali and African Union (AU) forces have carried out an assault on al-Shabab bases in the southern Somali town of Barire, some 60km from the capital, Mogadishu.

Loud explosions and gunfire were heard during the operation against the al-Qaeda-linked militants. 

Residents told me that US forces were on the ground, giving cover to US-trained Somali commandos and accompanied by AU troops as they entered Barire. 

Shots were also fired from US helicopters which were flying overhead during the operation, but there were no air strikes, as earlier reported, the residents said.

They added that al-Shabab fighters fled Barire, and coalition forces entered - only to withdraw later, possibly after destroying al-Shabab bases in the town. 

The militant group said its fighters had repelled the attack. 

Al-Shabab fighters gather on February 13, 2012 in Elasha Biyaha, in the Afgoei Corridor,
AFP
Al-Shabab has carried out bombings in several East African states

The US has not yet commented on the operation, but Somali officials have confirmed the joint operation. 

It is the latest sign of US forces becoming increasingly involved in Somalia in the campaign to fight al-Shabab.

Last week, US officials confirmed that its special forces had opened "defensive fire" after al-Shabab posed an "imminent threat" to Somali and AU troops.   

Sweden sentences man for Rwanda genocide

 A court in Sweden has sentenced a 61-year-old man to life in prison for his role in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, Reuters news agency reports. 

The Stockholm District Court convicted Claver Berinkindi, a Swedish citizen originally from Rwanda, of murder, attempted murder and kidnapping in Rwanda, it reports. 

 "This relates to participation in a large number of massacres during the 1994 genocide where the defendant had an informal role as a leader," the court said in a statement. 

 Under Swedish law, courts can try people for crimes committed abroad.

Tanzania purges ghost workers

Mary Harper

Africa editor, BBC World Service

Tanzania has removed more than 10,000 ghost workers from its public sector payroll. 

The prime minister's office said payments to these non-existent employees cost more than $2m (£1.4m) a month. 

The authorities say they are continuing to audit the payroll and expect to find more phantom workers. 

Tanzania's President John Magufuli, who was elected last October, has been cracking down on corruption. 

He has sacked several senior officials. 

Last year he cancelled independence day celebrations and ordered a clean-up campaign instead.

Tanzanian President John Magufuli joins a clean-up event outside the State House in Dar es Salaam on December 9, 2015
AFP
Mr Magufuli picked up rubbish near his home on independence day

Manchester United fans rally around Sierra Leonean

Moses
MUST

A Manchester United fan from Sierra Leone whose dream trip to Old Trafford was ruined after Sunday's bomb alert will attend the FA Cup final thanks to a campaign by supporters. 

Moses said he "cried a lot" when the match was cancelled. 

"I was so disappointed and I cried right away and people come around me and hug me. I come far away from Sierra Leone. This is my first time in real life to watch Manchester live and it doesn't happen."

Moses said he cried a lot when the match was cancelled

Shortly after the bomb scare, the vice-chair of the Manchester United Supports Trust tweeted how sad Moses was:    

View more on twitter

Just six minutes later... and Ian announced that fans had decided to make sure Moses won't go back to Sierra Leone without seeing Manchester United play:

View more on twitter

He had been invited by friends at the Manchester United Supporters Trust to watch the Premier League match. Now they are arranging a ticket for Moses to watch the team's FA Cup final against Crystal Palace at Wembley on Saturday

Players walk off pitch
Getty Images
The bomb alert meant the stadium was evacuated just before Sunday's match

A security alert meant Manchester United's stadium at Old Trafford was evacuated shortly before kick-off on Sunday, leading to the game against Bournemouth being called off. 

The alert was triggered by a fake bomb left behind at a sports stadium after a training exercise.

Read more on the BBC News website

Kenya rubella vaccinations campaign starts

A week long vaccination campaign against measles and rubella starts in Kenya today, the BBC Nairobi reports. 

It follows a steady increase in the number of people infected with the two highly infectious viral diseases, especially rubella. Health officials say at least 400 Kenyans are diagnosed with rubella every year.  

The campaign will target millions of children aged between 9 months and 14 years.

Brian Mwangi, a two-year old Kenyan boy, plays inside a tent in a camp for internally displaced people set up in Nairobi's Mathare slum, Kenya, on February 8, 2008
afp

Nigeria 'oil militants arrested'

Nigeria's army says it has arrested several suspects involved in a wave of attacks on pipelines in the Niger Delta region. 

Some of those arrested are suspected members of a militant group known as the Niger Delta Avengers, said defence spokesman Colonel Rabe Abubakar.  

Foreign powers to discuss Libya crisis

BBC World Service

US Secretary of State John Kerry will today meet foreign ministers from the UK, France, Italy and Germany to discuss the crisis in Libya. 

The meeting, in the Austrian capital Vienna, will focus on efforts to bring greater stability to the country and support its new United Nations-backed unity government. 

This could include lifting the arms embargo on Libya to bolster the new government's ability to fight the militant Islamic State (IS) group. 

IS has flourished in the political chaos that followed the overthrow of Colonel Gaddafi in 2011. 

A building damaged during clashes between military forces loyal to Libya"s eastern government and the Shura Council of Libyan Revolutionaries, an alliance of former anti-Gaddafi rebels who have joined forces with the Islamist group Ansar al-Sharia, is seen in Benghaz
Reuters
The conflict has left many areas devastated

Military assault launched on Somalia militants

Somalia's intelligence and security agency has tweeted that an offensive is being carried out against militant Islamist group al-Shabab:

Somalia especial forces #DANAB launched joint air and ground offensive against #AlShabaab in Lower Shabelle.

A journalist has tweeted that US forces are involved in the operation, although there is no independent confirmation of this: 

BREAKING: US, Somalia especial forces launched joint air and ground offensive against #AlShabaab in Lower Shabelle. Heavy weaponry heard.

Nigeria fuel crisis talks

Nigeria's government is due to hold talks with the powerful trade union movement today, the BBC Abuja bureau reports.

It's a bid to avert a strike over last week's 67% rise in the petrol price, as fuel subsidies are removed.

The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) and the Trade Union Congress (TUC) have called for people to stock up on food items before the strike starts on Wednesday. 

Filling car with fuel in Lagos, Nigeria. 10 April 2016
AFP

The unions have denounced the price increase in the oil-rich state as "criminal".

They have also appealed to businesses and schools to be shut during the strike.

Petroleum Minister Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu has said that the price rise would help end the fuel scarcity, and Nigeria "would remain one of the cheapest fuel markets in Africa".

Read: Why is Africa's main oil producer short of fuel? 

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day:

The only grass a buffalo can boast about is that which is in its stomach as it may die with grass still in its mouth."

A Shona proverb sent by Peter Chongore, Gweru, Zimbabwe.

Click here to send us your African proverbs

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we will bring you up-to-date news from around the continent.