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Summary

  1. Attackers remove Nigerian man's eyes 'for ritual'
  2. South Africans warned against sex with fake healers
  3. Thousands of hawkers' stalls destroyed in Kenya
  4. Kenyan MP pushes for law to recognise intersex people
  5. Gabon's internet 'switched back on'
  6. 'Two billion at risk from Zika in Africa and Asia'
  7. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  8. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Friday 2 September 2016

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Lucy Fleming

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Friday's stories

We'll be back on Monday

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page this week. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

The antelope that likes life does not enter the mosque of the hunters."

A Somali proverb sent by Shariff Ahmed in Dadaab, Kenya

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.  

And we leave you with this picture from our top shots of the week of camels relaxing near the pyramids of Giza in Egypt to get you into the weekend mood:

Camels relaxing near the pyramids of Giza, Egypt
Getty

#IWearBlackThisFriday trends in Zimbabwe

The hashtag #IWearBlackThisFriday is trending in Zimbabwe as another way to protest after the authorities banned demonstrations in the capital, Harare, for the next two weeks.

Opposition parties had intended to have a protest today.

Some people have been posting photos of themselves dressed in black:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

The satirical Resident Presidents: Is the African passport useless?

Our satirical President Olushambles has got his African passport from the African Union.

But he says he would rather trade it in for a German passport, which gives you visa-free travel to hundreds of countries.

Listen to his latest rant:

Our Resident Presidents discuss the pros and cons of the African Union passport.

South Sudan 'must accept extra UN force'

Photos of South Sudan’s sacked Vice-President Riek Machar have been released showing him in apparent good health more than a month after he fled the capital, Juba, Reuters news agency reports.

One of their correspondents had tweeted one of them:

View more on twitter

Mr Machar went to Sudan’s capital, Khartoum, for treatment and has not been seen in public since July's clashes between his supporters and those of President Salva Kiir which killed some 300 people.  

Meanwhile, a delegation from the UN Security Council has arrived in Juba to discuss a UN resolution to send 4,000 extra peacekeepers to the country.

The African troops would have a more robust mandate than the 12,000 UN soldiers already there.

Mr Kiir’s government has described the decision as neo-colonialist and says it will not co-operate with the UN.

The US ambassador to the UN, Samantha Power, told journalists in Juba that extra force would be important to help the UN mission protect civilians in future - it struggled to protect some 35,000 people who sought refuge at the base in July.

The UN has launched an independent investigation into allegations that its peacekeepers also failed to respond when troops loyal to Mr Kiir attacked a residential compound popular with foreign aid workers.

Some of them recently shared their traumatic experiences with the BBC’s Newsnight programme. Actors read their testimony to protect their identities:

View more on youtube

What's Up Africa: Listening to sex show 'part of the job'

There have been protests about the economy in Zimbabwe and about hair in South Africa but satirist Ikenna Azuike starts his report on the week with an investigation into a sex talk show in Kenya. Watch his What's Up Africa round-up in 90 seconds:

Satirist Ikenna Azuike with his weekly round-up

South Africa made official candidate to host Rugby World Cup

South Africa rugby team in huddle
Getty Images
South Africa's national rugby team has faced criticism not having enough black players

South Africa features among the four candidates to host the 2023 Rugby World Cup, reports the game's regulator World Rugby.

That's despite government opposition, says the AFP news agency.

Rugby is among four sports banned by the South African government from hosting international tournaments for failing to create enough opportunities for black players.  

South Africa is up against Ireland, Italy and France and the winner will be named in November 2017.

Watch more: South African rugby's race struggle

Moving ministries in Tanzania – 43 years and counting

motorbike taxis
BBC
Bikers waiting for business in Dodoma which will get busier in years to come

Some 43 years ago Tanzania's president announced he was going to move the government from the coastal city of Dar es Salaam to the capital, Dodoma.

But things haven't quite gone to plan.

Besides parliament, there are only a few official buildings in the city, which was chosen as the capital because it is geographically in the centre of the country, reports the BBC's Aboubakar Famau.  

But President John Magufuli has promised the whole government - meaning all ministries and their civil servants - will move by the end of his first term in 2020.

Our reporter took pictures of what the city looks like now.

Building sites are now a common sight:

Building site
BBC

As are newly finished buildings...

New building
BBC

And where it all began - the statue of man who originally planned the Dodoma move, Julius Nyerere - is a popular spot for students to take souvenir pictures:

Julius Nyerere statue
BBC

Fifty one South Africans murdered each day

South Africa's murder rate has increased by 4.9% over the last year, official statistics show.

A total of 18,673 people were killed in the 12 months to March - 51 people every day - up from 17,805 in the previous year.

Police Minister Nathi Nhleko was briefing parliament on the latest statistics. 

Afterwards, speaking to journalists, he put the sharp increase was largely down to domestic violence and alcohol abuse, the AFP news agency reports.

What it says about us South Africans is that we are violent, we have a prevalent culture of violence.

It's not about what the government can do, it's about what we can (all) do. It's a huge societal issue that we have to deal with."

But a BBC reporter says his briefing did not contain all bad news:

View more on twitter

The minister said sexual violence was also down by 3.2%, but could also be because of under reporting.  

Over a 10-year period, contact crime - when a person is harmed or injured - was down 14%,  Mr Nhleko said.

A gang member in South Africa holding a gun
AFP
Criminals are often armed in South Africa

Gabon's internet 'turned back on'

An Al Jazeera reporter in Gabon's capital, Libreville, has started tweeting this afternoon after a two-day absence:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

It has been confirmed that two opposition supporters died in overnight clashes with the security forces in Libreville, bringing the number of people killed in violence to five following the disputed presidential election.

There are also reports of trouble in northern Gabon between Muslim shopkeepers and supporters of the opposition leader Jean Ping, who was declared to have lost the election narrowly.

The traders are using knives and machetes to stop demonstrators from attacking their shops.

The opposition accuses President Ali Bongo of rigging his election victory.

Read the BBC News story for more.

Eyes removed in 'Nigeria ritual attack'

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Bauchi

Hussain Emmanuel
BBC
Hussain Emmanuel says he feels helpless and hopeless without his eyes

A 19-year-old man in the northern Nigerian state of Bauchi says his eyes were removed by people who wanted to use them for ritual purposes.

Human body parts for use in suspected witchcraft or for charms are mostly taken from children in Nigeria – it is not often that an adult falls victim.

Hussain Emmanuel, who is being treated in hospital in Bauchi city, says the attack happened two weeks ago in his village in the remote Tafawa Balewa area.

He said he was lured by two acquaintances in Marti village to a nearby river to go swimming.

Mr Emmanuel, a self-employed motorbike mechanic, said he was hanging out with the two men because one of them had promised him a job in southern Nigeria.

But when they got to the river they attacked him, attempted to strangle him with a chain and knocked him unconscious.

When he woke up, he couldn’t see and began screaming until he was rescued by some passers-by who found both his eyes were missing. 

Police say they are investigating the case, and have not commented on the motive of the two suspects who have yet to be apprehended.

Africa's most expensive footballer 'understands fans' frustrations'

Sadio Mane
Getty Images

When Senegalese footballer Sadio Mane's joined Premier League side Liverpool for £34m ($45m) over the summer, he became Africa's most expensive football player.

But his compatriots aren't so impressed with the national team's performance - as in recent tournaments they haven't made it out of the group stages.

Mane told the BBC's Babacar Diarra that he understood their frustration:

It’s not easy for them because they know our quality, they know what we can do for them."

But he was cool about his history-making signing:

It’s part of football. Personally I didn’t have a pressure, I've always believe in my quality and I know what I can do for my team.

The Senegal forward is on international duty with the Lions of Teranga for their last Africa Cup of Nations qualifier match against Namibia on Saturday.  

Watch the full interview on Focus on Africa TV at 17:30 GMT

Ethiopia protests: African Union calls for restraint

Mary Harper

Africa editor, BBC World Service

The African Union has called for restraint in Ethiopia where anti-government protests have continued for several months.

In a rare statement on the situation, the AU called for dialogue between all parties involved.

It said deaths had been reported and business disrupted.

A Dutch-owned flower company in Ethiopia said protesters burned down its entire farm earlier this week, causing more than $11m (£8m) worth of damage.

Human rights groups say at least 500 people have been killed and thousands arrested since the protests began.

Read more: What is behind Ethiopia's protests?

Mourners in Ethiopia
AFP
The protests began last year in Oromia

'I was born with ambiguous genetalia'

We reported earlier that a Kenyan MP has asked parliament to pass a law to recognise a third gender.

The BBC's Idris Situma in Nairobi has been talking to the person who highlighted intersex people to the MP Isaac Mwaura.

James Karanja, who identifies as a male, said that when he was born he had "ambiguous genitalia" and his parents wrongly identified his as a girl:

"My official name is Mary Waithera - the name that I was given by my mother after my gender was confused at birth. They thought I was a girl but I'm a boy.

I’m from a poor background so they never had a chance to take me to hospital to check my gender."

Mr Karanja is currently undergoing a surgical realignment procedure, a costly medical expense beyond the reach of many.

You can catch the full interview on BBC Focus on Africa radio at 15:00 GMT.

Facebook's Zuckerberg returns to Nigeria

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has returned to Nigeria for a second visit in a week.

He was on his way back from Kenya.

Sahara Reporters caught Mr Zuckerberg and Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari posing for a selfie:

View more on twitter

Tola Agunbiade from technology news website Tech Cabal wonders what motivated the second trip:

Did he suddenly remember he hadn’t seen the Nigerian government? Did he suddenly learn about AVDD and change his mind mid-air? Is he back to cosy up to the government to further his cause (Free Basics, Express Wifi)?

AVDD is Aso Villa Demo Day  - three start-up companies have made it to the final to pitch their technology ideas to the president today. 

Mr Zukcerberg was pictured at the event:

View more on twitter

SA banks v the Guptas: SA judicial review call

Some members of the Gupta family in South Africa (left and middle
Gallo Images
The Guptas moved from India to South Africa in 1993 and have acquired interests in computers, mining and air travel

The South African cabinet has asked President Jacob Zuma to launch a judicial inquiry into why the country's top banks cut ties with companies owned by the wealthy Gupta family, a statement from the mines ministry says.

The Indian-born family has faced criticism for being too close to Mr Zuma – and last year both denied that the Guptas had influenced the appointment of key ministers.

In the wake of the allegations four major banks dropped Gupta-linked companies, whose businesses include media and mining interests. 

In April, the Guptas’ Oakbay Investments said the closure of its bank accounts had made it virtually impossible to continue business, which could affect 7,500 jobs. 

The government set up an inter-ministry committee - led by the mines minister - to investigate the banks' move and found they had failed to protect the rights of the Guptas, South Africa’s ENCA news site reports

A family spokesman said the inquiry would not change plans announced last Saturday to exit its South African businesses this year, the Reuters news agency reports. 

UPDATE: President Jacob Zuma’s office issued a statement on the evening of Friday 2 September denying that the cabinet had requested a judicial review. It said the call came from the mines minister alone.

Read more: Who are the Guptas?

Afcon 2017: Sierra Leone aim to end 20-year absence

BBC Sport

Sierra Leone will qualify for the Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon) for the first time in 20 years if they beat Ivory Coast on Saturday.

But a point for Ivory Coast from the final Group I match would secure their place in Gabon next year.

The Leone Stars, who sit 19 places below Ivory Coast in the African rankings, have been in Ghana to prepare for the game in order to avoid pressure from their fans at home.

"My squad includes many young footballers who have never competed at the Nations Cup and tackling Ivory Coast is a massive challenge for them," Sierra Leone coach Sellas Tettah said.

The teams drew 0-0 in their first Group I encounter last year in a match moved from Sierra Leone to Nigeria because of the Ebola virus.

Ivory Coast will be eager to avoid a shock defeat that would end their defence of the title they won in Equatorial Guinea.

The BBC Sport story has a full table of the this weekend's Afcon qualifying fixtures.

Ivory Coast and Sierra Leone football players
Getty Images
The Leone Stars, in blue, face Ivory Coast's mighty Elephants

Kenyan MP pushes for law to recognise intersex people

A Kenyan MP has asked the country's parliament to pass a law to recognise a third gender to end discrimination against those who identify as intersex.

Isaac Mwaura is also asking for funding for gender alignment surgery and a public awareness campaign to end stigma against intersex people.

"They see me as a curse," one person born female who later developed male physical characteristics told the BBC.

Intersex are people whose sex is neither completely male nor female.

Read the BBC News story.

Isaac Mwaura
BBC
Isaac Mwaura is also asking for funding for alignment surgeries and a public sensitisation campaign

Get Involved: Should lenders look at your Facebook profile?

People taking selfies
Thinkstock
What would lenders make of your Facebook profile?

A few readers have been commenting on Facebook on the money lenders that use your social media profile to decide if they will give you a loan.

Jackson Ter from Lokoja in Nigeria doesn't seem worried about the principle behind this, but worries lenders may be deceived:

A social media profile can be deceitful, I don't think it should be the criteria."

While McEden Wangang says he thinks it is a great idea:

If you're irresponsible it will hardly be hidden for long especially if you use the social media."

Tell us on Facebook or Twitter how you feel about handing over this information in exchange for a loan.

Is it an invasion of privacy or a smart way of working out credit worthiness?

You can also tell us what you think on Whatsapp: +44 7341070844

Guinea-Bissau's Zika cases 'not imported from Americas'

Mosquito
SPL
Zika is spread by mosquitos

The Zika cases found in Guineau-Bissau in July do not stem from the strain linked to a surge in birth defects in Latin America - the so-called Asian strain, the World Health Organization (WHO) says.

In Guinea-Bissau, the gene sequencing results of the four confirmed Zika cases sent in July have preliminarily confirmed that the cases are of the African lineage, ie, not the predominant global outbreak Asian lineage."

WHO

However, the WHO said an investigation was ongoing into five reported cases in Guinea-Bissau of microcephaly, when children are born with unusually small heads – which may be linked to Zika.

Earlier we reported, that researchers had warned that more than two billion people were in danger of Zika infection in Africa and Asia.

That study said that only country in Africa to have confirmed locally acquired infections with the Asian strain - behind the predominant global outbreak - was Cape Verde.

The virus was first discovered in 1947 in Uganda's Zika forest and has been widespread on the continent since then. 

Read more: Tracing Zika to its origins in Uganda

South Africa's 'noiseless condoms'

South Africa’s deputy president took advantage of the fact that his boss – President Jacob Zuma – was out of the country when he stood in for him in parliament on Thursday, presenting government-issue, noiseless fruit-flavoured condoms to MPs:

'Noiseless condoms' presented in South African parliament

The condoms, Cyril Ramaphosa explained, were developed after complaints that government condoms were smelly and noisy.

It caused quite a hubbub in parliament.

Daily Maverick columnist Ranjeni Munusamy wrote that the "unorthodox move" was "quite unconventional" for the "normally prim and proper" Mr Ramaphosa:

His animated performance drew blushes and grins from the ANC benches and howls from the opposition, including 'You must give them to Zuma!' from the Economic Freedom Fighters [EFF]."

The Daily Maverick columnist was not impressed by Mr Ramaphosa's performance, saying he played it "too safe" and did not reveal qualities of a true leader.  

The EFF comment refers to a case 10 years ago when Mr Zuma admitted during his trial on a rape charge that he had had sex without a condom with a woman with HIV. He was cleared but the admission caused shock in a country where some seven million people are HIV positive.

Read more: How do you make a man wear a condom?

Ugandan chess queen unfazed by Hollywood film

A Hollywood film about the young Ugandan chess champion Phiona Mutesi is due out this month with big name stars such as David Oyelowo, Lupita Nyong'o,

The Queen of Katwe is about how Phiona grew up in one of the Ugandan capital's poorest slums to become an international chess player.

It is based on a book of the same name written by Tim Crothers, who told the BBC’s Newsday programme about Phiona and her ambitions to go to Harvard University.

He said that in July he was surprised to hear that she hadn't seen any previews of the film and wasn't too bothered to do so, telling him: "Well, Tim, I know how the story goes."

Listen to the whole interview:

The inspirational story of Phiona Mutesi is being turned into a Hollywood film

Top tyre company closing production in Kenya

A tyre workers in Kenya
BBC

Kenya’s only tyre manufacturer, Sameer Africa, is closing down its plant in the capital, Nairobi.

It intends to shift its production base to China and India because of “stiff competition from cheap and subsidised tyre imports entering its markets”.

Allan Walmsley, Sameer Africa’s managing director, said a reduction in custom duties for tyre imports and the high cost of electricity were other factors that led to the decision.

Hundreds of workers are likely to lose their jobs when the factory closes at the end of the September.

According the Kenya’s East African Standard newspaper, the company has 500 workers in Kenya.

Sameer Africa's website says the Yana tyres it produces aim “to be a pan-African tyre brand.

"This brand is backed by leading tyre technology, and the local development and production is engineered to meet the challenging driving conditions in Africa.”

Zimbabwe protest arrests: Most denied bail

A bail hearing in Zimbabwe’s capital, Harare, has just finished with most of the nearly 70 people arrested last Friday during an anti-government demonstration being denied bail.

A lawyers’ rights group tweets:

View more on twitter

According to al-Jazeera journalist Haru Matasa those who were given bail included a journalist, security guards, a pregnant woman, the elderly, and some university students.

She says relatives of those who were denied bail and face public violence charges could be seen crying outside the magistrates court in Harare.

A protest planned by opposition parties for today has been postponed until Friday 16 September after the police yesterday banned all public demonstrations for two weeks.

Protesters in Harare
AFP
Police fired tear gas and water canon at protesters last Friday despite the High Court granting permission for the demonstration organised by a coalition of opposition parties.

Ivory hunters search for woolly mammoths

Woolly mammoth
SPL

This week, the great elephant census revealed that over the last decade the African population had dropped by a third and is expected to be halved again over the next 10 years.

But the appetite for ivory products, especially in China, shows no sign of abating. 

As a result ivory hunters are now heading into the wilds of Siberia to search for woolly mammoth skeletons from more than 10,000 years ago. 

Photo journalist Amos Chapple went on one such expedition with prospectors and told BBC's Newsday programme how the woolly mammoth skeletons are found:

The area must have been a bog or swamp at some point and herds of mammoths must have died there. People on rafts navigating the rivers saw exposed bones and so the area became known as a place where mammoth skeletons could be found. To extract the skeletons the men use firefighting hoses and hammers to smash through the permafrost."

The hunters he was with received $32,000 (£23,000) per tusk. 

They found four within eight days and he saw one of these tusks on sale in Hong Kong for $1m.

Angry hawkers demonstrate in Kenya's 'Little Mogadishu'

Bashir Mohamed

BBC Somali Service, Nairobi

Demonstrating hawkers in Eastleigh, Nairobi, Kenya
BBC

Hundreds of furious hawkers have taken to the street of Eastleigh - the business district of Kenya's capital, Nairobi, known as "Little Mogadishu" - to peacefully protest against the smashing of their stalls.

Overnight, police destroyed all their desks that line the streets where they pile up all their goods (see earlier entry).

Demonstrating hawkers in Eastleigh, Nairobi, Kenya
BBC

They say they have paid their taxes and the authorities have acted illegally.

The police operation follows complaints by shopkeepers who say they block entrances to malls.

Their shops are again closed as part of their three-day protest demanding that Nairobi's city council do something about the hawkers.

Get Involved: Would you hand over your Facebook profile for a loan?

It is near impossible for money lenders to obtain adequate data about people across Africa, particularly in rural area, to help them decide whether to give loans. 

So new ways of getting information about people are cropping up.

Our colleagues at BBC Business have found a lender in Nigeria which uses your social media profile to decide whether they will give you a loan.

They found another company in South Africa which looks at your mobile phone data to see how much airtime you use and other spending habits recorded by your phone to decide whether to lend you money.

Tell us on Facebook or Twitter how you feel about handing over this information in exchange for a loan.

Is it an invasion of privacy or a smart way of working out credit worthiness?

You can also tell us what you think on Whatsapp: +44 7341070844

Man with broken motorbike on salt flat
Jumo
Jumo, a South African firm, looks at your phone habits to decide whether to give a small loan for things like bike repairs

Gabon violence: 'Avoid provocations'

Protesters in Libreville, Gabon
AFP
Opposition protesters in Gabon feel the election was rigged

The UN Security Council has called for calm in Gabon, where violence has erupted following a disputed presidential election.

It appealed to candidates and their supporters to avoid provocations and to resolve any disputes by legal means.

Three people are known to have been killed in clashes in the capital, Libreville.

The AFP news agency is reporting that two more people died overnight: A 27-year-old law student who died of his wounds in hospital after he was shot in the stomach and the body of a 30-year-old was seen being carried by a protesting crowd through the district of Nzeng Ayng.

The security forces have arrested more than 1,000 people as opposition protesters accused President Ali Bongo of rigging his victory in Saturday's poll.

His rival Jean Ping is now in hiding.

Read an election observer on: Vote rigging: Six tell-tale signs

'Do not have sex with traditional healers'

healer
Getty Images
Traditional healers are recognised as healthcare professionals under South African law

The president of the South African Traditional Healer's Association has warned people not to go to fake traditional healers - and there were telltale signs on how to spot them:

  1. If they used body parts claiming to be powerful "muti", the term used traditional medicine, would could make you rich.
  2. If they slept with their patients, claiming it would make them powerful.

Sylvester Hlathi, who qualified as a traditional heal in 1982 after four years of studying, told the BBC's Newsday programme that such charlatans had not completed their studies.

“People must not be fooled, people must not go to the fake traditional healers."

He also warned apprentices who were taken on by fake healers:

If you sleep with the person who is teaching you how to practice traditional healing… the ancestors they will just run away from you [and] then all of a sudden you cannot even practice because the medicine, the “muti”, will not work anymore."

'Two billion at risk from Zika in Africa and Asia'

The Aedes aegypti mosquito
Science Photo Library
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is known to transmit Zika virus

More than two billion people could be at risk from Zika virus outbreaks in parts of Africa and Asia, according to scientists writing in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Populations in Nigeria as well as India and Indonesia are some of the most vulnerable to transmission, the researchers said.

The infection, spread by mosquito bites, reached Africa recently.

In Brazil in 2015, Zika virus was linked to an unprecedented rise in the number of children being born with unusually small heads, called microcephaly.

But the researchers said there were still many unknowns about the virus and how it spreads, including which species of mosquito transmits the virus and whether some populations are immune to the virus because of previous outbreaks in the area.

Jonathan Ball, professor of molecular virology at the University of Nottingham, said it was evident that travel and trade would help spread the Zika virus around the world:

While this study reminds us that many parts of the world have ideal conditions for the virus to take hold it can't pinpoint exactly where this will happen.

This is a virus that has circulated for years in parts of Africa and Asia and so, many of these people may already have been exposed and have protective immunity."

Read the BBC News story for more

Thousands of hawkers stalls destroyed in Kenya

Ahmed Adan

BBC Africa, Nairobi

The stalls of thousands of hawkers in the busy district of Eastleigh in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, have been destroyed in a police operation overnight.

Debris on the streets of Eastleigh, Nairobi, Kenya, after hawkers desks destroyed
BBC

Shopkeepers in Eastleigh have been complaining that hawkers have affected their business by blocking entrances and undercutting them as they don't pay tax. 

Earlier this week, they shut up their shops in protest.

And it seems the authorities have taken their shutdown seriously.

All the desks where the hawkers laid out their wares along the streets have been destroyed by police.

A hawker picking up his produce in Eastleigh, Nairobi, Kenya
BBC

Nearly 20,000 hawkers have been doing businesses in Eastleigh, according to some anonymous police sources.

Eastleigh – known as “Little Mogadishu” because of its large Somali community – is one of the biggest trading centres in East Africa and has more than 50 shopping malls.

There are fears of violence demonstrations could kick off in the market area as the hawkers are very angry.

Police are patrolling the area.

Police on duty in Eastleigh, Nairobi, Kenya
BBC

Wise words

Today's African proverb:

The antelope that likes life does not enter the mosque of the hunters

A Somali proverb sent by Shariff Ahmed in Dadaab, Kenya
Antelope
Getty Images

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news and trends across the continent today.