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Summary

  1. Rival Boko Haram factions "involved in deadly fighting"
  2. 'Attempt to kill' Gabon's ex-justice minister
  3. SA library fire compared to Nazi book burning
  4. Ethiopian singers cancel New Year concerts
  5. Son of Equatorial Guinea’s president to face French trial
  6. Zimbabwe court backs protesters
  7. Nigeria reporter wanted over Boko Haram links "released"
  8. New South African mayor rejects luxury "ANC cars"
  9. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  10. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Wednesday 7 September 2016

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Lucy Fleming

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Wednesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Livepage today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

One day's rain cannot get deep into the soil "

An Ibibio proverb from Nigeria sent by Blessing Umoudit in London, UK

Click here to send your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this image from Everyday Africa's Instagram account of a fruit seller in a street in Mauritania's capital, Nouakchott:

View more on instagram

'Attempt to kill' Gabon's ex-justice minister

Seraphin Moundounga, who resigned as Gabon’s justice minister earlier this week, says he wants a recount of the contested presidential election.

President Ali Bongo won the election beating his main rival Jean Ping by less than 6,000 votes last month.

Mr Moundounga told BBC Afrique's Lilianne Nyatcha that he has faced threats since he announced his resignation:

Last night there was an attempt on my life, my house was attacked by five men, and my guard was tied up. They broke everything in my house, including the security camera, ignoring the fact that those security camera images are safe guarded.

By resigning from the government, I'm professing my commitment to the Gabonese people. This came after I had tried for days to convince the president of the importance of negotiations about the current political situation and to accept the recount of the ballots. He refused and that's when I decided to turn in my resignation as justice minister."

To hear the whole interview, listen to BBC Focus on Africa on World Service radio.

Boko Haram rivals 'clash in Nigeria'

Abdullahi Kaura Abubakar

BBC Africa, Abuja

Abubakar Shekau
AFP
Abubakar Shekau began leading Boko Haram in 2009

There have been deadly clashes between two factions of the Islamist militant group Boko Haram, security and local sources have told the BBC.

Details of the violent fighting in the Monguno area of Borno state near Lake Chad are sketchy because of a lack of mobile communications in the north-east.

It was sparked after so-called Islamic State (IS) announced last month that Abu Musab al-Barnawi was the leader of Boko Haram, replacing Abubakar Shekau.

However, Mr Shekau, who initially pledged the group’s allegiance to IS, said he was still in charge.

Some analysts believe the split could help the Nigerian military in its efforts to defeat the insurgents.

There has been no comment yet from the Nigerian authorities on the fighting.

Abu Musab al-Barnawi
Boko Haram video
IS declared Abu Musab al-Barnawi Boko Haram's leader last month

Malawi's flood story 'needs a sexy look'

Flooding hits Malawi almost every year because of its climate and location. The disaster in 2015 was the most costly to hit the country when more than 100 people died and tens of thousands lost their homes at a cost of $23m (£17m).

So is anyone planning to reduce the risks and prevent a repeat? Apparently floods could do with a makeover, a sexy look maybe?  

Satirist Ikenna Azuike from What's Up Africa reports: 

What's Up Africa: Do we need to make Malawi's floods sexy?

Desmond Tutu's surgery 'successful'

Desmond Tutu
AFP
Desmond Tutu retired from public life in 2011 but still travels

South Africa's retired archbishop Desmond Tutu has successfully undergone minor surgery, his wife, Leah Tutu, said. 

The 84-year-old Nobel Peace laureate had the operation to address a recurring infection that has kept him in hospital in Cape Town for two weeks.

The surgery was successful and "he was in good spirits", the family statement quoted Mrs Tutu as saying.

Archbishop Tutu, who retired from public life in 2011, has been admitted to hospital several times over the last two years.

He was previously treated for an infection resulting from his prostate cancer treatment.

"Mrs Tutu said the family was very grateful for the messages of love and support received‚ and for the Archbishop's superb medical team‚" South Africa's Times newspaper quotes the statement as saying.

Kenyan journalists to protest over threats

Wanyama wa Chebusiri

BBC Africa

Kenyan journalists protesting
AFP
Journalists are concerned as Kenya heads towards elections next year

Hundreds of journalists are to stage a demonstration in the capital, Nairobi, tomorrow because they say they face intimidation, harassment and death threats in the line of duty.

In a span of one year, five journalist have died mysteriously. 

The latest was political reporter Joseph Masha, from the Standard newspaper, who died last week in unexplained circumstances.

And as Kenya prepares for general elections next August, reporters are likely to be face more threats. 

The journalists say these do not just represent an attack on one of their profession, but on the freedoms guaranteed by the constitution.

Cartoonists' take on refugees

Amnesty International Kenya office has been sharing on Twitter some of the works on display at an ongoing cartoon exhibition in support of refugees. 

An event flyer says: "The exhibition is an invitation to the public to reflect on the refugee situation and encourage a welcoming attitude." 

Cartoonists from Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, South Africa, Nigeria and Somalia are participating. 

Here are a few examples.... 

Cartoon Exhibition #IWelcome #ArtistsforRefugees at @AFNairobi Cc @PopaToonz

Cartoon Exhibition #IWelcome #ArtistsforRefugees at @AFNairobi Cc @PopaToonz

The next one by Victor Ndula is a critical take on Kenya’s plan to build a wall along its border with Somalia – with the message that corruption is actually the country’s biggest security risk:  

View more on twitter

East Africa's best-known cartoonist, Gado, reflects South Sudan's fears about its neighbour after independence in 2011.

View more on twitter

And this considers the question of identity in South Africa, which as experienced xenophobic violence in recent years:

View more on twitter

Paralympian who lives in national stadium

Meet George Wyndham, the only Sierra Leonean competing at the 2016 Paralympic Games in Rio.

He uses a wheelchair after contracting polio as a child, and has won international medals in table tennis - but his only home is an office in the national stadium.

Click below to watch his story:

Sierra Leone's homeless Paralympian

Son of Equatorial Guinea’s president to face French trial

Teodorin Nguema Obiang Mangue pictured in 2014
AFP
Teodorin Nguema Obiang Mangue denies the charges

The son of Equatorial Guinea’s president, who also serves as his deputy, is face trial in France on money-laundering and corruption charges, French judges have decided.

Teodorin Nguema Obiang Mangue, 47, has denied charges.

He had argued that as a senior official he had diplomatic immunity.

His father, 74-year-old President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, seized power from his uncle in 1979 and was re-elected in April with 93.7% of the vote.

The French case is part of a broader investigation into allegations that several African leaders have bought assets in France with embezzled public funds.

Together they are suspected of owning 63 luxury properties in Paris and some two hundred bank accounts.

Since the mid-1990s Equatorial Guinea, a former Spanish colony, has become one of sub-Sahara's biggest oil producers but a large proportion of the population still lives in poverty.

Tanzania sends one Paralympian to Rio

Shadrack Mwansasu

BBC Swahili, Dar es Salaam

Only one Paralympian will represent Tanzania at the Paralympics games, which officially opens later today in the Brazilian city of Rio.

Ignas Madumla Mtweve will be competing in the men's shot put event. Here's a photo of him in the Paralympic village with his coach and another Paralympic official:

Tuma Dandi, head of Tanzania's Paralympic delegation (L), Zaharani Mwenemti the coach (C) and athlete Ignas Madumla Mtweve (R)
BBC
Ignas Madumla Mtweve (R) is be being accompanied his coach (C) and a Paralympic official

Their travel to Rio was partly facilitated by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), which supports at least one Paralympian of either gender from each country to attend the Games, Tanzanian's Paralympic president Gwakisa Mwakabeta told the BBC.  

Tanzania, which has a population of nearly 48 million, sent seven athletics to the Olympics last month.

Volkswagen 'to start assembling cars in Kenya'

Volkswagen logo
AFP
The German car giant used to operate in Kenya during the 1960s

Kenya has signed a deal with car manufacturer Volkswagen South Africa to begin assembling cars in the East African country, according to a Kenyan government statement. 

"Volkswagen has signed a deal to use the Kenya Vehicle Manufacturers (KVM) in Thika to assemble its popular models beginning with the Volkswagen Vivo," it says. 

Thika is an industrial town, north-east of the Kenya's capital, Nairobi - and Kenya's government is a shareholder in KVM.

The first fully Kenyan-assembled VW Vivo is expected to roll off the assembly line by December.

The German car giant used to operate in Kenya during the 1960s and into the following decade until 1977, assembling Volkswagen vans, micro-buses and the famous VW Kombi, the statement says.

Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta welcomed the move.

Zimbabwe judge 'takes on President Mugabe'

Brian Hungwe

BBC Africa, Harare

Tendai Biti
BBC
Lawyer Tendai Biti (R) outside court today said the ruling was a victory for democracy

Zimbabwean High Court judge Priscilla Chigumba has ruled that a two-week ban by police on protests was illegal.

Police issued the ban last Thursday prohibiting demonstrations in the capital, Harare, ahead of a planned anti-government protest by opposition groups.

The challenge was brought by activist Stan Zvorwadza, who heads the National Vendors' Union of Zimbabwe.

He told the BBC he welcomed the ruling and he and his members wanted to protest peacefully about the mismanagement of the country.

He was represented in court by Tendai Biti, a lawyer and former finance minister, who told the BBC it proved Zimbabwe’s courts were independent:

My clients can now demonstrate today or tomorrow. This is a brave judgement

We as human rights defender are we are very proud of the decision that has been handed down this afternoon."

This ruling comes after a warning to judges over the weekend by 92-year-old President Robert Mugabe.

He criticised a court which gave permission for an anti-government protest at the end of August.

It turned violent when police ignored the court order and tear gassed demonstrators.

Mr Mugabe said the judges had showed a reckless disregard for peace, and warned that they should not dare to be negligent when making future decisions.

Today Judge Chigumba said the independence of the judiciary and the rule of law was important to democracy, which appears to be an indirect attack on President Mugabe.

She also told the police that if they felt they wanted to pursue plans to ban the protest, they had seven days to follow the correct procedures, which would mean approaching the minister of justice.

BreakingZimbabwe court backs protesters

Brian Hungwe

BBC Africa, Harare

Zimbabwe High Court declares the government ban on public demonstration "unprocedural and a violation of applicants rights to expression". 

Egypt furore over MP's FGM comments

An Egyptian MP has stirred controversy after rejecting tougher penalties for those who force women into genital mutilation (FGM), saying half of the country's men "are impotent".

Parliament last week approved longer jail terms for those carrying out FGM, following the death of a teenage girl.

MP Ilhami Agina responded by saying FGM was needed in order to reduce women's sexual appetite, to match Egypt's men.

The procedure is still widespread in Egypt despite being illegal since 2008.

It involves the partial or full removal of the external sex organs, ostensibly to control women's sexuality.

Read the full story.

This education video aims to change views of FGM in Egypt
Courtesy
This education video aims to change views of FGM in Egypt

Pretoria mayor gives away luxury cars - except his own

We reported earlier that Solly Msimanga, the new mayor of Tshwane, the South Africa metropolitan area which includes the capital, Pretoria, has given the luxury cars bought for politicians and senior officials by his predecessor to an anti-hijack unit of the police. 

"I will not allow public money to be spent on luxury cars‚ while our people struggle for services‚ houses and jobs," he said.

He is however keeping a BMW 5 Series model he inherited from his predecessor, Kgosientso Ramokgopa, but says he will replace it with a cheaper car when it retires, the IOL news website reports. 

“He inherited a car from the previous Mayor, which can’t be dispensed with because it’s been bought paid for already and treasury regulations prohibit that. But, as soon as he can replace it, he will, with a sensible, low-cost vehicle,” the mayor’s spokesperson Matthew Gerstner told the BBC    

His spokesman had told the BBC's Outside Source programme that the mayor prefers a sensible, low-cost vehicle like a Hyundai i20 or a Toyota Corolla.

Listen to his comments:

Solly Msimanga says local politicians don't need expensive cars.

Mr Msimanga is from the Democratic Alliance which took control of Tshwane after beating the African National Congress which had been in charge since the end of apartheid. 

Ethiopian singers cancel New Year concerts

Children with the traditional new year flower adey abeba
BBC
The Ethiopian New Year is symbolised by the seasonal yellow flower adey abeba

Many Ethiopian singers have cancelled their concerts to welcome in Ethiopia’s New Year, which falls this year on 11 September.

Ethiopians will be ushering in 2009 on Sunday as their calendar is more than seven years out of sync with the one used in much of the rest of the world.

But some singers are planning to put a dampener on the celebrations that take place on New Year’s Eve.

They say it would not be good to celebrate when people are mourning those who have died in recent protests.

At least 17 singers have backed out of gigs to be held in various venues in the capital, Addis Ababa, and other cities.

Oromo singer Abush Zeleke was among those who announced their decision on their official Facebook page.

And on Twitter have reacted to the news:

View more on twitter

Some Ethiopian musicians who live abroad are following suit.

US-based singer, Abby Lakew, announced she had cancelled all her shows in Dallas, Atlanta, Chicago and Las Vegas:

I do not want to perform on any stage as of right now while my people are dying!!!

I will pray for peace and I believe in one love!!! All people should be treated equally, with the same rights, dignity and human rights."

There has been an unprecedented wave of protests in Ethiopia in recent months.

Demonstrations began in the Oromia region last November and have spread elsewhere.

And over the weekend at least 23 inmates died in a fire at a prison where anti-government protesters were reportedly being held.

Read more: What is behind Ethiopia's wave of protests

    Tanzanian tongue typist gets dictation device

    Tanzania's tongue typist dreams of screenwriting
    Kalagala Kapunda
    Sammy Awami (R) was asked to present Wakonta Kapunda (L) with the software

    A few weeks ago the BBC's Sammy Awami did a story about how a Tanzanian screenwriter taught herself to use her tongue to type film scripts on a computer tablet after becoming paralysed from the neck down.

    An employee at a technology company in South Africa saw his report and organised to give Wakonta Kapunda, who lives in Dar es Salaam, a device that translates voice commands into text.

    Sammy went along to present it to the 23-year-old, who was hit by a car on her high-school graduation day four years ago.

    Ms Kapunda told our reporter that she was very excited to get the dictation software from Whirlmarket Technologies.

    And she tried it out immediately.

    We can report that it did work – and with more practice, she should now be churning out those scripts.

    Wakonta Kapunda
    Kalagala Kapunda

    Watch Wakonta Kapunda's story

    Crocodile attack survivor 'held over unpaid medical bill'

    A Ugandan teenager, who lost an arm in a crocodile attack, is being detained at hospital for not paying for his treatment, Uganda's private Daily Monitor reports

    John Basalirwa, 17, was fishing at the Bulwa fishing grounds in the central district of Buikwe when he was attacked by a crocodile on 4 August, it says.

    He is currently being held at the St Francis Hospital in Nsambya in the capital, Kampala.

    The hospital is reportedly demanding that he pay a medical bill amounting to 4.3m Ugandan shillings ($1,200, £896) before being discharged.  

    The paper reports that the victim’s family is unable to raise the money because his parents are elderly and unemployed. 

    Crocodile
    AFP
    It is not uncommon for large crocodiles to attack humans in Uganda, especially on Lake Victoria

    ANC anger at ‘Nazi-style book burning’

    South Africa’s governing African National Congress (ANC) has strongly condemned student protesters who set fire to a library at the University of KwaZulu-Natal on Tuesday night, comparing their actions to the Nazis:

    The burning of books is a symbolic act of anti-intellectualism. In the 1930s the German Student Union, a Nazi structure, ran a book-burning campaign, targeting books written by Jews, liberals and communists. It was a prelude to fascism and the Holocaust.

    Attacking university property and harassing university leaders is illegal and a crime. Unlawful conduct cannot be justified by the mistaken belief that burning books is an attack on white monopoly capital."

    This morning, a journalist has been tweeting photos of the destruction at Howard College Law Library:

    The arson attack is the latest in a series of protests at South African universities, mostly caused by frustration at the high cost of education.

    The ANC said was “confident that a solution will be found to ensure that no young person from a poor family is denied higher education”.

    Separatist oil rebels 'kill 12 Angolan soldiers'

    Separatist rebels in Angola's oil-rich region of Cabinda say they have killed 12 government soldiers, the Reuters news agency reports.

    Flec said it ambushed the troops in the northern Buco-Zau region, near the border with Congo-Brazzaville on Sunday, the agency says.

    The rebels have now reported more than 50 deaths since fighting broke out in August and the government has not responded to requests for comment, it says.

    Flec - in one form or another - has been fighting a low-level insurgency since the 1960s.

    It first took up arms against the colonial power Portugal. 

    Then when Angola gained independence in 1975 and Cabinda was absorbed into Angola, Flec rebels continued to fight against the Luanda government.

    Map of Angola
    BBC

    Ugandan rebel leader 'charged with treason'

    Jamil Mukulu
    AFP
    Jamil Mukulu was arrested in Tanzania last year

    The leader of a Muslim rebel group in Uganda will be held for 14 months at the Luzira high security prison in the country's capital, Kampala, after being formally charged with treason and murder, Uganda's private Daily Monitor newspaper reports.  

    Jamil Mukulu was arrested in Tanzania last year after eluding capture for more than a decade.

    Mr Mukulu is alleged to be the head of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), a rebel group operating between eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda since the 1990s. 

    The Ugandan government has accused his group of being behind the killings of Muslim clerics in 2014.

    It also accuses the ADF of planning to topple the government.

    Mr Mukulu is alleged to be affiliated to international terror groups and was put on the UN's sanction list in 2011 for destabilisng DR Congo. 

    Did fewer than 47 people not vote in Gabon president's heartland?

    A ballot being counted in Gabon
    AFP

    The European Union observer team in Gabon has been giving more details about the "anomalies" they have come across in their assessment of the contested presidential vote. 

    Mr Bongo won more than 95% of the vote in his home province of Haut-Ogooue and official figures put the turnout at more than 99%.

    Sarah Crozier, from the EU team, told the BBC’s NewsDay programme, said that the observers had noted a much lower turnout nationally than was recorded in Mr Bongo's political base and that tabulations from his province showed anomalies for those who had not voted as well as the number of void votes:

    With a turnout of 99.93% and 71,000 voters [in Haut-Ogooue] you would have only 47 people not voting, and we found there were polling stations declaring results [of those who did not vote] that were totalling to a figure above that 47."

    Mr Bongo has told a French radio that he will respect the wishes of the Constitutional Court if it ordered a recount. 

    Ms Crozier suggested a way forward:

    It's not exactly a recount but rather what we've been calling for, the publication of the polling station result at the different level.

    A recount of course could also be called for in the sense the authorities could make calls for those protocol results to be added up. It's not a question of counting actual ballot papers because the ballot papers have now been destroyed."

    Wanted Nigerian journalist 'released'

    Muhammad Kabir Muhammad

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    A Nigerian journalist wanted by the authorities for his alleged links to the Islamist Boko Haram group has told the BBC he has been released from custody.

    Ahmad Salkida was allegedly arrested on Monday after his arrival from Dubai, where he is based.

    He was declared wanted in August by the Nigerian army, along with two people, after a new video showing the abducted Chibok girls was issued by the militants.

    He had published details of the video before it was released:

    I'm studying the video of the #Chibokgirls that was sent exclusively to me before their abductors upload on it YouTube later. @BBOG_Nigeria

    Mr Salkida has sent the following text to the BBC Hausa service:  

    I was released in less than 24 hours without any conditions. And I wasn't arrested at the airport, I was given a pre-arranged lift, it was obvious that declaring me wanted was a misunderstanding on the part of the authorities that don't fully appreciate the role of journalists."

    Mr Salkida, who moved to Dubai a few years ago, has written extensively about the inside operations of the militant group.

    Boko Haram is said to be holding more than 200 girls it seized from a school in Chibok in April 2014.

    Gabon elections observers 'over-stepped their mission'

    Omar Bongo
    AFP
    Ali Bongo has won a second five-year term

    Gabon’s President Ali Bongo Ondimba has accused some election observers of “overstepping their mission” in their criticism of the recent election, the AFP news agency reports.

    This comes after the European Union observer team said there was a "clear anomaly" in voting in Haut-Ogooue province, Mr Bongo's heartland.

    Mr Bongo reacted to the criticism on an interview with France's RTL radio, AFP reports.

    He also accused opposition leader Jean Ping of a "massive fraud".

    I would also have liked them to have noted some anomalies in the fiefdom of Mr Ping.

    If we're raising anomalies, we have to be clear, balanced and raise all the anomalies that have been noted."

    Mr Bongo also ruled out a recount unless the Constitutional Court ordered one. 

    Read the BBC News story for more

    Somalia blames 'Kenyan politician for khat ban'

    According to Kenya’s Daily Nationsnewspaper, the real reason behind Somalia’s banning this week of Kenyan flights carrying the herbal stimulant khat is that it is upset about a visit made by a Kenyan politician to the self-declared republic of Somaliland.

    The UN-backed Somali government does not officially recognise Somaliland and would like the breakaway state to rejoin Somalia.

    The governor of Meru county, which grows a lot of khat, went to Somaliland in July to see if he could get a khat trade deal.

    Peter Munya lobbied buyers in Somaliland who generally buy the leafy stimulant from Ethiopia.

    Somaliland also levies heavy tariffs on Kenyan imports.

    But the Somali government saw his visit as interference in the country's internal affairs, the Daily Nation reports.

    Man chewing khat
    Getty Images
    Khat makes people happy and talkative but can cause insomnia and temporary confusion

    The Somali Ambassador to Kenya,Gamal Hassan, told the paper that Mr Munya's visit had caused political pressure back in Somalia.

    Somalia implemented the khat ban on Tuesday with no explanation as to why or how long it will be in place.

    Mr Hassan said his government was discussing the issue with the relevant Kenyan authorities to find an amicable solution.

    According to the paper, Kenya sends about 540 planeloads of khat, known as miraa in Kenya, to Somalia every month.

    The ban could cause millions of dollars in losses, especially since Somalia was the last standing market for Kenya following bans in Europe, the US and Canada.

    According to Somali anti-khat campaigners, cargo planes landing in Mogadishu each day bring in about 12,000 bags of khat with a total retail value of $400,000 (£298,000).

    South African mayor rejects luxury cars

    A BMW Series 3
    AFP
    Ten BMWs will be given to a new anti-hijack unit

    The new mayor of Tshwane, the South Africa metropolitan area which includes the capital, Pretoria, has rejected the fleet of luxury cars bought by his predecessors for politicians and senior officials.

    Solly Msimanga, from South Africa’s main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA), said the vehicles would be given to the police department instead, as part of a new anti-hijack unit.

    The DA took control of the municipality in local elections last month - and is the first time that the governing African National Congress (ANC) has lost control of the capital since the end of apartheid in 1994.

    South Africa’s Business Day newspaper quotes Mr Msimanga as saying that no more luxury cars would be bought under his leadership:

    No new luxury cars will be bought or leased for politicians‚ and if vehicles currently owned by Tshwane require replacement‚ sensible and low-cost vehicles will be procured. I will not allow public money to be spent on luxury cars‚ while our people struggle for services‚ houses and jobs.

    A Hyundai i20 or Toyota Corolla can do the same job for a politician as an expensive sedan."

    Solly Msimanga
    EPA
    Solly Msimanga was sworn in as Tshwane mayor last month

    According to South Africa’s EyeWitness News, the ANC administration in Tswane had bought 10 new BMW 3 series vehicles for members of the mayoral council, with an estimated value of more than 5m rand ($358,000, £266,000).

    Read more: SA local elections - four things we've learnt

    Wise words

    Today’s African proverb: 

    One day's rain cannot get deep into the soil

    An Ibibio proverb from Nigeria sent by Blessing Umoudit in London, UK
    A homestead in Kenya with rain clouds overhead
    AFP

    Click here to send your Africa proverbs.

    Good morning

    Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we’ll be keeping you up-to-date with news and trends across the continent.