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Summary

  1. Foreign-owned companies burnt down in continued Ethiopia protests
  2. Tanzania government to investigate 'school beating' video
  3. Nigeria's finance minister says west is blocking power development
  4. Report accuses UN of failing civilians in South Sudan
  5. Gabon opposition leader calls for stay away
  6. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  7. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Thursday 6 October 2016

Live Reporting

By Damian Zane, Hugo Williams and Lamine Konkobo

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Thursday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

The sky is so close for him who sits."

An Ethiopian proverb sent by Netsanet Mitiku, Ethiopia

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with a picture from the 1:54 Contemporary African Art Fair that's just opened in London. It aims to bring art from the continent and diaspora to a wider audience.

These paintings are the work of Congolese artist JP Milka:

Two pictures from the exhibition
BBC

Namibian political giant Hamutenya dies

Hidipo Hamutenya
RALLY FOR DEMOCRACY AND PROGRESS

Hidipo Hamutenya, a towering figure in Namibian politics who helped negotiate the country's independence from South Africa in 1990, later served as a foreign minister and also became leader of the opposition, has died at the age of 77. 

In 2007 Hamutenya broke away from the Swapo party, a former liberation movement which has won every election since independence, to lead the newly formed Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP).

Namibians have been paying tribute to him on Twitter: 

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

To bribe or not to bribe? A Senegalese dilemma

It is common for people in Senegal to pay bribes to policemen for minor traffic violations to avoid more serious punishments.

But a video of someone actually paying a bribe - and the subsequent fallout - has prompted a debate about the practice.

Video journalist: Maxime Le Hegarat

To bribe or not to bribe? A Senegalese dilemma

'I dedicate this award to all victims of abuse'

Josina Machel, the daughter of Mozambique's first President Samora Machel, who was the victim of domestic abuse last year, has won an award for her work combating violence against women.

The US charity organization Saving Orphans though Healthcare and Outreach has given her its Trailblazer Award.

Ms Machel has started an NGO which works across southern Africa to help improve the lives of those who have been victims of abuse.

She said she will dedicate the award to those women who had not made it through the abuse they suffered: 

I am talking about women who during the process of terror, horror and fear stopped breathing and died... That’s why I say the award is not mine."

Just over a year ago, she was brutally beaten up by her boyfriend, leaving her partially blind.

A few months later she spoke to the BBC about what happened:

Josina Machel discusses her experience of domestic violence

Blues inspired by Sudan and the Sahara

Bluesy singer-songwriter Asya Satti lives in London after a childhood spent in Sweden and Egypt.

She has been speaking to Focus on Africa's Mohanad Hashim about her Sudanese heritage, her love of Sahrawi music (from the regions of the western Sahara) and her distinctive fusion sound.

Singer-songwriter Asya Satti is inspired by many different genres

Zambia opposition leader released on bail

Zambia's opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema and his deputy have been released on bail after appearing in court on charges of seditious practices and unlawful assembly.

They both pleaded not guilty.

The BBC's Meluse Kapatamoyo says that they were asked to pay $2,500 (£2,000) each and they are expected back in court on 19 October.

Mr Hichilema posted pictures of himself in court on his Facebook page

Hakainde Hichilema in court
Hakainde Hichilema

The opposition leader and his deputy Geoffrey Bwalya Mwamba were picked up yesterday and spent the night in police custody.

The charges related to an impromptu speech he gave on 26 September in the central city of Mpongwe, Reuters reports quoting police.

Mr Hichilema lost August's presidential election to incumbent Edgar Lungu, but has since complained of fraud.

A legal effort to get the result overturned failed on a technicality.

He wrote on Facebook today: "This arrest does not any way stop us from pursuing other avenues to seek justice over our stolen elections."

African visions: Copter cars

An expo for young scientists is currently taking place in the South African city of Johannesburg.

More than 500 students from across Africa are attending and showing off their latest inventions, including a prototype of flying car. 

BBC Africa met some of them to find out why they think science matters.

Video journalist: Christian Parkinson

Warning after 13-year-old plays for Celtic U20

Scotland's children's commissioner has called for regulation to stop the exploitation of children by professional football clubs.

His comments follow the decision by Celtic to feature 13-year-old Karamoko Dembele in its under-20 side against Hearts on Monday.

Dembele, who was born in London in 2003 and whose parents come from Ivory Coast, joined Celtic in July 2013.  

He went viral with a series of tricks playing for Celtic's U13s at the St Kevin's Boys Academy Cup tournament in Dublin this summer.

13-year-old Karamoko Dembele on the pitch, visibly much younger than other players
JAMIE WILLIAMSON
Karamoko Dembele made his under 20s debut against Hearts on Monday

Read the full BBC Sport story 

Video of 'teachers beating Tanzania pupil' condemned

Leonard Mubali

BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

The Tanzanian authorities have ordered an investigation into video footage, which appears to show a group of teachers giving a savage beating to a pupil. 

The head teacher at the school has been suspended for "not taking action even after being aware of the incident", a government statement said. 

Tanzanians on social media expressed their anger and disgust, demanding that the government take action against the alleged attackers. 

The unverified video shows a young pupil being beaten by a group of men in what looks like a teachers’ staff room.

In the 38-second clip, at least five men can be seen wrestling the boy to the ground and landing kicks and blows.  

Corporal punishment is illegal in Tanzania, and this latest incident is likely to generate a heated debate on the implementation of the law in the country’s schools.  

Men standing over boy - a screengrab from the video
.

The Kenyan village acrobat turned artist

Kenyan artist Shine Tani has had his work shown around the world. 

But the self-taught painter once performed on the street and begged for money. 

Now, he's successful enough to build a large gallery in Banana Hill, just outside the capital Nairobi.

He's been speaking to the BBC's Outlook programme about his life and work:  

Shine Tani went from being an acrobat to an acclaimed painter.

AU forced to respond to satirical US travel advisory

Gado's cartoon in the Standard newspaper
The Standard
Gado's cartoon first appeared in the Standard newspaper

The African Union (AU) has had to issue a clarification to say that it is not behind a travel advisory telling Africans not to travel to the US because of "continued instability" linked to an increase in the murder of "unarmed black civilians". 

The source of the warning, as we reported on Monday's live page, was a satirical cartoon by Gado in the Standard newspaper, playing on the wave of recent protests in the US over police killings of unarmed black men. 

But closeups of the faux statement (as below), which were shared widely online, seem to have convinced enough people of its authenticity to push the AU into a response. 

Gado AU cartoon in Standard newspaper
The Standard

In its statement, the AU says:

There are individuals or groups that are misinforming the public by sending incorrect statements in the name of the AU and making use of the logo or other symbols of the African Union to give credibility to their statements."

Zimbabwe protesters introduce 'bond nots'

Activists in Zimbabwe have released a series of satirical "bond nots" in response to the central bank's plan to issue bond notes to help ease the currency shortage.

The bank says each note will be backed by a loan and will have the same value as US dollars - one of the currencies used in Zimbabwe.

Opposition to the bond note plan has been one of the main grievances of the #ThisFlag movement, which has organised a series of protests in recent months.

They argue it's a way of reintroducing the Zimbabwean dollar, which was dropped after the hyperinflation of 2008 to 2009.

View more on twitter

The #ThisFlag nots have portraits of some of the leading figures in the government including President Robert Mugabe.

They come in $1, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 denominations and each one says they are issued by "the collapsed Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe".

Madagascar hunger crisis 'changing children's hair colour'

Hunger is expected to reach emergency levels by the end of the year in drought-hit southern Madagascar, where many families have already been forced to sell their homes or land, or migrate, the World Food Programme (WFP) has warned, Reuters News agency reports.  

At least a million people need food and cash aid, and some 200,000 pregnant women and children under five need treatment for acute hunger, it adds. 

The head of the World Food Programme, Ertharin Cousin, has been discussing the situation with the BBC's Newsday programme:

You have African children with blonde hair or red hair, showing that they are missing Vitamin A and Vitamin B."

Southern African drought devastates farmers in Madagascar.

Germany to build a military base in Niger

US-made drone Reaper in a French army base in Niger
AFP
Germany's base will add to already existing foreign bases in Niger

Germany is to build a military base in Niger to help reinforce security in the Sahel region, the German Ambassador in Niamey said. 

Part of its mission will be to support the efforts of the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali.

The announcement was made a week ahead of a visit to Niger of German Chancellor Angela Merkel. 

Speaking to reporters in Niamey, Ambassador Bernd von Munchow-Pohl said: 

Germany is willing to get more involved in the Sahel region and to assume more responsibility there.

In that respect, Niger is a crucial partner, a key country in the fight against terrorism and illegal migration from West Africa."

The US and France already operate bases in Niger as part of the battle against jihadists in the Sahel region, mainly in Libya and Mali, the AFP news agency reports.  

Ghana government planning to move Gandhi statue

Ghana's government has responded to calls for the removal of the statue of Mahatma Gandhi from the campus grounds of the University of Ghana in the capital, Accra, the AFP news agency reports.

Statue of Gandhi in Accra
Daniel Osei Tuffour

An online petition, which has been signed by more than 1,500 people, was started by academics at the university.

They argued that Gandhi, who has been praised by public figures for leading India's non-violent movement to freedom from British colonial rule during the mid 20th century, had a "racist identity" and had made racist comments about Africans.  

AFP says that the government now wants to relocate the statue.

It quotes a statement from the foreign affairs ministry saying it wants to "ensure its safety and to avoid the controversy".

Getting a workout at school

Our colleague in Uganda has been covering a story about the threatened closure of the private Bridge International Academies primary schools.

While at one its schools in the capital, Kampala, she spotted this class of youngsters having a PE lesson:

View more on twitter

Money problems delay Super Eagles' journey to Zambia

Oluwashina Okeleji

BBC Sport

Nigeria's football team will arrive just 22 hours before their 2018 World Cup qualifier against Zambia after being delayed because of financial problems.

The players were supposed to leave the country today.

They are now expected to land in Zambia on Saturday afternoon, and only train once before facing Zambia on Sunday.

Amaju Pinnick, the head of the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF), told the sports committee of Nigeria's senate that the NFF had difficulty paying for a charter flight and accommodation.

The NFF boss also confirmed that the country's Europe-based players were ordered to buy their own flight tickets and fly economy to join the training camp in Nigeria's capital, Abuja.

Nigeria fans
AFP
Sunday's match is the first game in the group stages for qualification for Russia 2018

In August, Nigeria's Olympic team only arrived hours before their first match because of transport difficulties.

Mugabe Rolls into town

There was no shortage of pomp and pageantry as Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe attended the official opening of parliament earlier in the capital Harare (see earlier post). 

The BBC's Brian Hungwe has sent through some more pictures of the event. Below, you can see the veteran leader walking down the road, wearing a green sash: 

Robert Mugabe proceeds past guards wearing bright yellow berets
BBC

Mr Mugabe arrived in a vintage Rolls Royce convertible, which is supposed to have also been used by Lord Soames, the last British governor of what was then Rhodesia, back in the late 170s. 

Rolls Royce flanked by guards on horseback
BBC

Brian took some more photos of the gleaming machine after the president had disembarked:

Rolls Royce closeup
BBC
Rolls Royce pictured from the back
BBC

Businesses continue to be targeted in Ethiopia violence

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC Africa, Addis Ababa

The Ethiopian government says the property of at least 10 companies, including foreign-owned businesses, have been burnt down and looted in the Oromia region as protests continue in the country. 

The latest round of trouble has been sparked by the deaths of at least 55 people after a stampede at a religious festival that turned into an anti-government protest.

Ethiopian man mourning
Reuters
Three days of national mourning followed the deaths on Sunday

The opposition, which puts the death toll much higher, blames the action of security forces for causing panic.

Information Minister Getachew Reda told the BBC that the continued violence was the work of organised criminals rather than being part of anti-government protests.

He said that the people causing the damage have been arriving at the scene on motorbikes carrying petrol bombs.

Leaders from the Inter-religious Council of Ethiopia have appealed for calm and a national dialogue.

Cardinal Berhaneyesus and Ethiopia Orthodox Patriarch Abune Mathias
BBC
Catholic Cardinal Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel (left) and Ethiopia's Orthodox Patriarch Abune Mathias (right) issued a joint statement

Joyful homecoming for Ghana organ boy after UK op

Ethan smiles with a sack containing his organs hanging off his stomach
ETHAN'S LIFESAVING SURGERY
Ethan was born with a condition called exomphalos

A Ghanaian boy born with his stomach organs outside his abdomen has returned home after surgery in the UK. 

Back in July we reported that three-year-old Ethan Suglo had travelled to the UK after funds were raised to enable him to have the potentially life-saving operation: 

Ethan Suglo was born with organs outside body

After his successful operation, BBC Oxford was there to see Ethan's joyful reunion with his family on his return to Ghana: 

Ethan Suglo had life-saving surgery in Oxford

Read the full BBC story 

US Embassy recognises Ethopians' 'anger and frustration'

In recent days Ethiopians have calling for the US embassy in Addis Ababa to speak out against what they see as government repression, flooding its official Facebook page with comments. 

This follows a stampede at a religious festival on Sunday, which developed into a political protest. 

At least 55 people were killed, though the opposition says the figure is much higher. 

Many people have been calling for the US to be more vocal in its condemnation of the government.

The embassy released a statement expressing the government's "deepest condolences to the loved ones" of those who died on Sunday morning.

In a Facebook post today, which includes a picture of the US flag flying at half mast, it has called for constructive comments on the page:

Screengrab from US Embassy website
US Embassy Addis

The entry says:

We have been closely following your comments and reactions over the past few days and we recognise both your anger and frustration.

It means a lot to us that you see this page as a place where you can express yourselves freely and recognise that much of the frustration we see comes from the high expectations you hold for the United States.

We hope you will continue to share your views with us as constructively as possible."

But this has not stopped the criticism.

One commenter has written:

You are ignorant about our people's anger over the government and you... I look forward to hear some words of justice and lawful action from your government."

Tourism boost for Senegal's Casamance province

A beach in the Casamance
AFP
The Casamance in Senegal is famous for its beautiful beaches

French citizens can now travel to the Senegalese southern province of Casamance, the French authorities have said, citing improved security in the area.

The French embassy in Dakar has advised citizens to continue taking precautions, such as not going to the area alone and ideally travelling in a convoy of vehicles. 

For more than 25 years, Casamance, known for its beautiful beaches and coastline, was hit by violence linked to the activities of the separatist MFDC movement.

Regular fighting between rebels and forces loyal to the government of Senegal had plunged the province into many years of instability, with widespread landmines affecting much of the province at one time. 

A landmine signposting in the Casamance, Senegal
AFP

The BBC's Abdourahmane Dia in Dakar says the decision of the French authorities will be welcomed by the government of Senegal, which has long called for France to scrap the travel warning. 

Mugabe opens parliament in Harare

Robert Mugabe addresses parliament with huge elephant tusks in the background
TheHerald

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has opened parliament in the capital, Harare, according to the state-owned Herald newspaper

The 92-year-old leader arrived outside parliament in a Rolls Royce with an escort of 32 guards on horseback, the paper adds. 

One local journalist has been tweeting photos of the pageantry:

View more on twitter

An Al Jazeera reporter at the scene says disruption predicted for the event did not materialise: 

View more on twitter

Diplomats condemn Machar's call for fighting in South Sudan

South Sudan's neighbours and several Western countries have condemned an appeal by the main rebel leader in South Sudan for a renewal of armed conflict. 

Last month Riek Machar, the former vice-president, called for popular armed resistance against President Salva Kiir. 

Mr Machar was forced out of the capital Juba in July, and is now in exile. 

The joint statement, by the regional body Igad, the EU, the US, Britain and Norway, expressed concern about heavy fighting in South Sudan in recent weeks. 

The statement blamed both the government and armed opposition groups.  

Riek Machar (left) sitting with Salva Kiir (right)
AFP
Riek Machar (left) was part of the unity government led by President Salva Kiir (right) between April and July, when he was ousted

Libyan-American Muslim defends Playboy appearance

Playboy, which stopped publishing fully nude photos last year, has for the first time featured a Muslim woman wearing a hijab.

Libyan-American journalist Noor Tagouri says she wanted to pose for the magazine to challenge perceptions of Muslim women:

If my message is to combat the objectification of women in our society then what better way to share that message than on the front line of where people are known to do that."

Watch more from Ms Tagouri here:

Several killed in CAR in wake of top officer's death

A UN peacekeeper in the CAR running for cover
AFP
The situation in the CAR is volatile and UN peacekeepers are facing a tough mission

Eleven people were killed in violence which broke out in Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic, after unidentified gunmen opened fire and killed Marcel Mombeka, the head of the country's armed forces, the UN mission in the CAR (Minusca) says. 

Minusca said it sent men to the scene of the incident in the volatile Bangui district of PK5, where eye-witnesses recounted the exchange of fire which followed the killing of Mombeka on Tuesday. 

BBC Afrique quotes a Minusca spokesman, Herve Verhoosel, as saying: 

At this stage, we are sad to report 11 dead, 14 missing and 14 wounded."

Calm has now returned to Bangui as the UN and government officials continued to urge residents to avoid answering "violence by violence." 

The Central African Republic is recovering from several years of civil war and despite the presence of UN troops in the country, deadly attacks against civilians are regular. 

African art on show in London

The 1:54 Contemporary African Art Fair, which has just opened in London, aims to bring African and diaspora art to a wider audience.

People on Instagram have been sharing images of what's on show.

As visitors walk into the courtyard of the exhibition venue they're greeted by a huge installation by Zak Ove, The invisible Man and the Masque of Blackness:

View more on instagram
View more on instagram

Work by Congolese artist Eddy Kamuanga Ilunga is also on display:

View more on instagram

And this installation - the cockrel - is by Romauld Hazoume from Benin:

View more on instagram

A BBC Africa reporter has also been down to the exhibition, tweeting this photo of a piece of furniture made from decommissioned weapons: 

View more on twitter

Nigeria tomato paste manufacturers feeling the squeeze

Patrick Kihara

BBC Monitoring, Nairobi

About 1,500 employees of a Lagos-based tomato paste manufacturer, Erisco Foods Limited, could lose their jobs after the firm decided to suspend operations at its $150m (£117m) facility in Lagos, the local Punch newspaper reports

It quotes chief executive Eric Umeofia as saying that the shutdown is due to difficulties in dealing with imports.

"We cannot continue this business because we are running at a loss while importers continue to flood our markets with banned tomato paste and prevent our products from selling,” he said.

The country's ThisDay Live news website adds the firm "has also given the federal government a 30-day ultimatum to support indigenous manufacturers or else it would relocate its business outside Nigeria".

Bowls of tomatoes
AFP
Tomatoes are big business in Nigeria, but the industry has struggled to compete with imports

DR Congo under spotlight of UN rights council

Flares are launched by DRCongo Police forces during a demonstration in Goma on September 19, 2016.
AFP
The UN is concerned that basic human rights are not being respected in DR Congo amid social and politcal tension

The UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) has placed the Democratic Republic of Congo under monitoring in response to the ongoing tension in the country over delayed presidential elections. 

UNHRC says it is concerned by what it describes as the use of disproportionate force against protesters who are demanding that President Joseph Kabila steps down at the end of his current term in December, BBC Afrique reports.

At least 17 people died in violence in the capital, Kinshasa, in anti-government street protests last month. 

Under the constitution, the president is barred from running for a third term.

The electoral commission has said that elections, due in November, could be pushed back to 2018. 

Sixteen firms 'sue Kenya over poll chaos losses'

Sixteen firms from Uganda and Rwanda have separately sued the Kenyan government, seeking $46m (£36m) for losses they suffered during the violence that engulfed the country after the disputed 2007 election, Kenya's Daily Nation newspaper reports.

The companies say the government did not provide protection for their goods and property as they travelled in areas mostly affected by the violent clashes. 

They say their trucks were attacked and destroyed along on the main highway passing through Nakuru and Eldoret towns in the Rift Valley region and the border towns of Malaba and Busia in the western part of the country, which experienced some of the worst violence. 

The cases got a boost after a court in Kenya's coastal city of Mombasa set a precedent by awarding $8m to a Tanzanian firm, Modern Holdings East Africa, that suffered losses during the same period, the report says. 

The company had accused Kenya's Port Authority for mishandling 21 containers of fruit juice and mineral water leading to it suffering losses. 

Violence broke out in Kenya after a disputed election
AFP
Violence broke out in Kenya after a disputed election

Zambia opposition leader 'endures night in the cells'

Hichilema at the police station
HakaindeHichilema/Facebook
Mr Hichilema (C) has been sharing photos from the police station

Zambian opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema and his deputy Geoffrey Mwamba are due to be charged with sedition by a court on Thursday, according to police in the capital Lusaka, Reuters News agency reports. 

Mr Hichilema has said that President Edgar Lungu's victory in August's presidential election was fraudulent, but failed in his legal bid to have the result overturned.

The 54-year-old economist, who is a five-time presidential candidate, shared an update on his Facebook page this morning:

[We] endured our night in cells while maintaining that we need a better Zambia that everyone can call home without fear.

We are in high spirit and not discouraged at all with this arrest instead our fighting spirit for true democratic and well governed Zambia has been re-energized."

Read more about Zambia's elections

Replacement for South Africa's tough corruption tsar announced

Pumza Fihlani

BBC News, Johannesburg

Thuli Madonsela
AFP
Thuli Madonsela has been a thorn in Mr Zuma's side

South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma has appointed Advocate Busisiwe Joyce Mkhwebane as the next public protector - the country's corruption watchdog.

Her appointment has been backed by opposition parties as well as the governing ANC.

Ms Mkhwebane will be replacing Thuli Mandonsela, who hit the headlines after her office found that President Jacob Zuma had “unduly benefitted” from a lavish upgrade at his private rural home in Nkandla, KwaZulu-Natal. 

He has subsequently repaid some of the money after much legal wrangling. 

In one of her last acts as public protector, Ms Madonsela will be questioning the president on the issue of what people here refer to as "state capture".

She is investigating claims that the Gupta family, with whom Mr Zuma has close ties, has undue influence over government dealings because of this relationship.

It has been alleged that they have been unfairly awarded millions of dollars in business contracts by the government. 

The Guptas and the president have denied any wrongdoing. 

Gabon on edge as opposition leader Jean Ping calls for 'day of mourning'

The government in Gabon has warned of consequences over calls by opposition leader Jean Ping for today to be observed as a national day of mourning in honour of the protesters killed in the post-electoral violence in August. 

Jean Ping, who vows to maintain his rejection of President Ali Bongo's victory, has asked civil servants across the country to stay away from the workplace. 

In a statement, the Gabonese Minister of Work Eloi Nzondo said:

With all due respect to the dead, Thursday 6 October 2016 should be business as usual. All workers and heads of public services must ensure that their duties at work are attended to as usual."

According to officials, three people were killed in the post-electoral violence, but opposition and civil society activists say the death toll is much higher. 

President Bongo, who was sworn in last week, won the election by less than 6,000 votes, but Jean Ping, the opposition runner-up, says the polls were rigged.

Supporters of Jean Ping with their hands painted in white as a sign of peace.
AFP
Jean Ping's call to observe a "day of mourning" is a major test of the loyalty of his supporters

Doctors in Khartoum call for nationwide strike

Mohanad Hashim

BBC Africa

Doctors across several public hospitals in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, have called for a nationwide strike to pressure the government to improve their working conditions, invest in basic hospital infrastructure and equipment and boost security in accident and emergency departments.

In Khartoum, junior doctors and GPs started their strike on 27 September following an assault on one of their colleagues in Omdurman General Hospital. 

The doctor was attacked when a patient died while waiting to be attended to by medical staff. 

A video of the aftermath of the rioting in the accident and emergency unit was uploaded online.  There has been an upsurge in attacks and beatings against doctors, where frustrated patients and their families have vented their anger at the doctors.

Supporters of the strike, as depicted in the tweet below, believe that doctors in Sudan are carrying too heavy a burden without enough support: 

View more on twitter

UN accused of letting down civilians in South Sudan

UN peacekeepers in South Sudan failed to protect civilians in the capital, Juba, during the July crisis, a report from the US-based NGO Center for Civilians in Conflict (Civic) says.

Fighting broke out between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and those loyal to then Vice-President Riek Machar.

The four days of clashes led to dozens of civilian deaths - with some estimates putting the figure at more than 300.

A group of aid workers were also targeted in what Civic calls a brutal attack.

The sites where the UN mission, Unmiss, was protecting civilians were also attacked and Civic says: "The mission’s defense of the 37,000 displaced persons sheltered on its bases was inconsistent, with some peacekeepers abandoning their posts during heavy fighting while other peacekeepers assisted civilians trying to enter the base perimeter".

Civic acknowledges that Unmiss is working in a "challenging environment" but says it "under-performed" in protecting civilians.

It calls for a transparent investigation into what went wrong.

UN peacekeepers in South Sudan
CCTV

Six dead in Kenya al-Shabab raid

Ferdinand Omondi

BBC Africa, Mombasa

Al-Shabab fighters pose with grenade launchers and automatic weapons
AP
Somali-based al-Shabab frequently launches attacks over the border in Kenya

At least six people have been killed in the north-eastern Kenyan town of Mandera, following an attack by armed individuals. 

Reports say the early-morning raid was in a residential area of the town, which borders Somalia. 

Police say the attackers threw a grenade before firing at the residents.   

A pro al-Shabab radio station has said the group were behind the attack. 

The militant group based in Somalia has previously crossed the border and conducted mass killings in Mandera, often targeting non-Muslims. 

In 2014 al-Shabab killed 38 people in a quarry. 

In the same year the group held up a bus heading out of town, separated passengers by their faith and killed 28.

Nigeria's finance minister says West blocking power development

Nigeria's Finance Minister Kemi Adeosun has accused the West of blocking the development of power infrastructure in her country because of environmental concerns.

She was speaking on the sidelines of the annual meeting of the International Monetary Fund.

She said that boosting Nigeria's power supply was a priority of her government, but its efforts were being hindered.

Nigeria's Premium Times quotes her as saying:

We want to build a coal power plant because we are a country blessed with coal, yet we have a power problem. So it doesn’t take a genius to work out that it will make sense to build a coal power plant.

However, we are being blocked from doing so, because it is not green. This is not fair because they have an entire western industrialisation that was built on coal-fired energy."

People using their own lamp
AFP
Nigeria has a chronic power problem with electricity outages common and many people have to rely on their own generators

Good morning

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