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Summary

  1. Nigeria's Senate leader Bukola Saraki hits back over wealth and tax row
  2. Tear gas and live bullets fired at anti-government protests in Cameroon
  3. Zimbabwean war veterans on trial for 'undermining' Mugabe's authority
  4. Malawi's "hyena" sex worker jailed for 24 months
  5. Kenya drops doping charges against Italian sports agent
  6. Ethiopia reopens Turkish factory burnt in Oromo protests
  7. South Africa declares rapper Mos Def "undesirable" in visa row
  8. Nigerians seek UK hearing for Shell oil spill case
  9. SA cricket captain Du Plessis guilty of ball-tampering
  10. Burundi's Catholic Church calls for refugee talks
  11. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Tuesday 22 November 2016

Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams, Lamine Konkobo and Lucy Fleming

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.  

A reminder of our African proverb of the day: 

The hen knows it is morning but lets the rooster do the crowing."

An Ashanti proverb from Ghana sent by George Enevoldsen in Kiel, the US

Click here to send your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture of a shipwreck off the coast of Angola, taken by photographer Pedro Rui: 

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Indomitable Lionesses into women's Nations Cup semi-final

Hosts Cameroon beat South Africa 1-0 in their second Group A match on Tuesday to book a place in the semi-finals of the women's Africa Cup of Nations.

The Indomitable Lionesses are assured of at least second place in the group with one match remaining, having amassed six points following two wins.

Ngo Mbeleck scored the only goal of the game in the 83rd minute of a scrappy encounter in Yaounde.

Later on Tuesday, Zimbabwe take on Egypt in the other Group A match.

Ngo Mbeleck
Getty Images
Ngo Mbeleck was Cameroon's match-winner with a late strike

Indefinite Nigeria lecturers' strike looms

Chris Ewokor

BBC Africa, Abuja

Students at the University of Lagos
AFP
Strikes by lecturers in Nigeria are common

Efforts by Nigeria’s Senate to mediate between striking university teachers and the government have failed after a second meeting ended without a deal.

Universities have been paralysed for the past week by industrial action from lecturers demanding an increase to overtime payments, a fair pension and guaranteed funding for public academic institutions.

Many in the public sector are fed up after many revelations about how government officials steal with impunity. 

If no government response is forthcoming in the new few weeks, an indefinite strike could be on the cards.

Is being childless a taboo in Africa?

Millions of women and couples around the world who want to have children are unable to do so. 

Infertility in either the man or woman, or even medical conditions or illness, can prevent women from getting pregnant. 

And then there are also those women and couples who decide not to have children. 

For many women across Africa not having a child, for whatever reason, is often frowned upon, and can carry something of a social stigma.

With that in mind, this month's Africa debate will be asking: What's life like for women without children in Africa?   

Market-goers in the Nigerian capital, Abuja, have been sharing their thoughts with the BBC's Bola Mosuro, ahead of the programme, which airs on Friday. 

Nigerian market-goers share their views on having children

Nina Steel is an Ivorian woman who runs an agony aunt website for childless couples. 

She's been telling Focus on Africa about how she dealt with her disappointment and heartache at not having children:   

Nina Steel's website helps Ivorians cope with childlessness

Nigeria's Senate leader 'pays tax'

Abdullahi Kaura Abubakar

BBC Africa, Abuja

Bukola Saraki,
AFP
Bukola Saraki served as governor of Kwara state from 2003 until 2011

Nigeria’s Senate president, Bukola Saraki, has told the BBC Hausa service that he acquired 95% of his wealth before he entered politics.

He is currently under investigation by the Nigerian authorities on allegations of falsely declaring assets when he was governor of Kwara state.

Mr Saraki acknowledged that there was corruption in the country, but said his wealth was a result of coming from a blessed family and hard work.

He said he was confident that he would be cleared of the charges against him and he would continue to serve in public office.  

The senator also said he had not evaded tax - an accusation highlighted in the Panama Papers.

His wife also appeared in those documents accused of registering a company offshore to buy a London property. 

Based on legal advice the company was set up because they were acquiring an asset and it was advised at that time and that’s how it was set up to the best of our knowledge. It was not a company that was set up by ourselves; it was set up by a legal firm and under a legal firm as far as to the best of our knowledge no law was being broken."

Bukola Saraki

Tear gas fired at anti-government protest in Cameroon

Security forces in Cameroon have fired tear gas and live bullets at anti-government protesters in the English-speaking north-west of the country, reports the BBC's Randy Joe Sa'ah in Bamenda.

At least one person is said to have been killed in Bamenda, the regional capital, and several others wounded. 

Anger has been building over the last few months and came to a head yesterday when people took to the streets in support of a teachers' strike against the imposition of French in schools in Anglophone parts of the country, our reporter says.

Lawyers have been on strike for two months after being ordered to use French in legal proceedings.

Most of Cameroon is Francophone.

People in English-speaking areas say they are marginalised.

UK denying Aurier entry for Arsenal game 'shows lack of respect'

Serge Aurier celebrates with PSG teammate
Getty Images
Aurier received a suspended prison sentence in September

Paris St-Germain full-back Serge Aurier will not be lining up against Arsenal for of tomorrow's Champions League match, after being denied entry to the UK because of his criminal record (see previous entry). 

PSG say UK authorities granted the Ivorian a visa in October but revoked it on 16 November, citing his conviction.

The French champions said the timing of the ruling showed "a lack of respect".

The 23-year-old Ivory Coast international was given a two-month suspended prison sentence in September for assaulting a police officer.  

But the Home Office said in a statement: "The immigration rules clearly state that non-EU nationals who have received a custodial sentence of less than 12 months within the last five years will be refused on criminality grounds."

Aurier is appealing against his conviction, leading PSG to believe he is entitled to be presumed innocent.

"Paris St-Germain strongly regrets the presumption of innocence has not influenced Britain's decision," said the club in a statement.

Read the full BBC Sport story

ICC 'to probe migrant-trafficking from Libya'

Men in survival blankets sit on deck of a boat after being rescued - Pozzollo Italy, 22 November 2016
AFP
This man is amongst 1,400 people rescued in dozens of operations in the Mediterranean in the last two days

Prosecutors at the International Criminal Court will probe the trafficking of migrants out of Libya to see if there is evidence of war crimes, the chief ICC prosecutor has told the AFP news agency.

My office is planning to make Libya a priority in investigations... One of the areas I intend to look into is the issue of the migrants, and the fact that we see hundreds of thousands of migrants being trafficked across from Libya, coming into Europe."

ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda

The rescue of some 1,400 people over the last two days takes the number of migrants to have arrived in Italy by sea this year to almost 170,000, just short of the previous record set in 2014, AFP reports.

Tanzania launches drive to prevent blindness

Doctor shines light into woman's eye to check for problems
BBC

Tanzanians are being encouraged to get their eyes checked out as part of a new drive from the country's health authorities.

Health officials say that nearly 20,000 people are at risk of blindness in Morogoro region, which lies west of the commercial capital Dar es Salaam. 

There is only one facility offering specialist eye care for the region of around two million people. 

But a campaign is now under way to increase services for eye health at hospitals in all of Morogoro's nine districts, reports the BBC's Aboubakar Famau. 

Queue of people sit outside doctor's surgery to have eyes checked
BBC
Patients wait for eye checkups at Morogoro Referral Hospital

Hygiene issues linked to a lack of running water in remote areas, nutritional deficiencies and tropical diseases all contribute to the problem of eye health. 

But lifestyle choices and the lack of easily available check-ups are also big factors, doctors at the hospital told the BBC. 

Women using fake eyelashes, as well as make-up and soap with harmful chemicals were also making matters worse, they added.

Woman receives eye drops from doctor
BBC

Indomitable Lionesses score against South Africa

A BBC reporter is tweeting from the women's Africa Cup of Nations match today in Yaounde where the Indomitable Lionesses are playing South Africa.

After a frustrating game, the home side is at last celebrating:

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Kenya school under heavy security after shooting

Abdinoor Aden

BBC Africa, Nairobi

The school in north-eastern Kenya attacked by gunmen earlier is currently under heavy security.  

Four men stormed the Abakore high school in Wajir county at 11:00 local time (08:00 GMT) and started firing, several students at the school told the BBC. 

Hundreds of students were sitting for their exams at the time. 

The attackers hit the administration blocks before the Kenyan police, who were guarding the main school building, responded. 

Congo-Brazzaville rejects would-be refugees

Refugees walk along a road in Kibumba, near Goma.
AFP
Many of Congo asylum seekers fled war in neighbouring DR Congo

Congo-Brazzaville has rejected the applications of 1,500 would-be refugees, BBC Afrique reports. 

The majority of the frustrated applicants fled violence in neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo, others are from the Central African Republic, Ivory Coast and Rwanda.

Congolese officials now say that the applicants must leave the country as staying on would be illegal. 

Asani Kimankutu, from DR Congo, told the BBC: 

My situation is very critical. I am left to my sad fate."

The BBC's Christian Tsoumou in the capital, Brazzaville, says more than 20,000 foreign nationals who have fled violence elsewhere are in country.

AFOTY: Aubameyang's road to success

We look at the path BBC African Footballer of the Year 2016 nominee Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang took to building his successful career starting at Dijon before ending up at Borussia Dortmund.

Aubameyang joins Andre Ayew, Riyad Mahrez, Sadio Mane and Yaya Toure in the five-man shortlist for the BBC award.

The winner will be decided by fans from across the world, who have until 18:00 GMT on 28 November to vote for their choice.

Make your vote here.

AFOTY 2016: Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang's road to success

'No injuries in Kenya school shooting'

There were no injuries after two gunmen stormed a school in north-eastern Kenya and opened fire on students this morning, reports the Daily Nation, which first broke the story, quoting local police. 

The local police chief in Wajir county told the newspaper that the attack on Abaqkorey High School started at 11:00 local time, while students were sitting a history exam. 

A manhunt was under way for the two gunmen, who fled into the bush after the attack, police said. 

The failed attack was apparently not enough to get the students out of sitting their exam. They were relocated to a primary school nearby to finish writing their papers, the Daily Nation adds. 

BreakingPSG's Aurier refused entry to UK before Arsenal game

Paris St-Germain and Ivory Coast defender Serge Aurier has been stopped from entering the United Kingdom by authorities before Wednesday's Champions League tie at Arsenal.  

Details to follow on BBC Sport website

Malawi's 'hyena' sex worker jailed for 24 months

Eric Aniva
AFP
Aniva was the subject of a BBC feature into sexual cleansing practices in Malawi in July

An HIV-positive Malawian man has been sentenced to 24 months in jail with hard labour, after being found guilty for having unprotected sex with newly bereaved widows, local journalist Alfred Guta has told the BBC. 

Malawi's President Peter Mutharika had ordered the arrest of Eric Aniva, a sex worker known locally as a "hyena", after he admitted in a BBC interview to having sex with more than 100 women and underage girls and not disclosing his HIV status.

His lawyer, Michael Goba Chipeta, said Aniva would appeal against the conviction and the sentence. 

The practice of "widow cleansing", when a widow must have sex after her husband dies, was outlawed a few years ago. 

Aniva was the subject of a BBC feature into various sexual cleansing practices in Malawi.

The president had wanted him tried for defiling young girls, but none came forward to testify against him.

Instead Aniva was tried for "harmful cultural practice" under section five of Malawi's Gender Equality Act for having sex with new widows.

In some remote southern regions of the country it is traditional for girls to be made to have sex with a man after their first menstruation. 

Last year Malawi banned child marriage, raising the legal age of marriage from 15 to 18 - something activists hoped would put an end to early sexual initiations. 

Read more: The man with HIV who says he had sex with 104 women and girls

Gunmen 'storm Kenya school, open fire on students'

Two gunmen have stormed a high school in Wajir County in north-eastern Kenya and opened fire on a school, the local Daily Nation reports

Students of Abaqure High School were sitting their final year history paper when gunmen began shooting, it reports. 

It adds that police says that there are no injuries reported. 

Referees suspended by Caf for 'poor performance'

Red card being waived
Ander Gillenea
Caf has shown three of its officials the red card

Two referees and one assistant referee have been suspended for three months by the Confederation of African Football (Caf) after poor performances in 2018 World Cup qualifiers in November.

Ghanaian Joseph Lamptey incorrectly awarded South Africa a penalty in their 2-1 win over Senegal.

Kenyan referee Davies Omweno denied Libya what was a valid goal in their 1-0 defeat by Tunisia.

His assistant, Berhe O'Michael of Eritrea, had wrongly flagged offside.

Public shaming of the match officials is highly unusual in international football.  

Read the full BBC Sport story

Drug price protesters in court in Sudan

Mohanad Hashim

BBC Africa

Twenty-seven people arrested for demonstrating against the spike in the price of medicine in Sudan are appearing in court today in the capital, Khartoum, charged with disturbing the peace.

Some protesters took to the streets over the weekend about the rocketing prices of drugs.

Earlier in November, the government removed fuel, food and medicines subsidies and devalued the exchange rate of the Sudanese pound against the US dollar.  

Pharmaceutical companies used to get preferential rates of exchange (7.5 Sudanese pounds to the $1) - but now they must import drugs at 17 Sudanese pounds to the $1, so they have had to increase their prices.

On social media, the Arabic hashtag #BringBackOurMedicineSubsidies has been trending on Twitter and Facebook.  This sign reads: "It is our right to live":

View more on twitter

And this one reads: "No to raising medicine prices for renal patients".

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Many pharmacies have shut down in protest and in the diaspora some are co-ordinating efforts to send medicine home.  

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In a humanitarian initiative a pharmacy in Khartoum has put a up a sign saying: "Do not be shy to ask for your medicine if you don’t have money”:

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Senegal's president rejects death penalty call

Efrem Gebreab

BBC Africa, Dakar

The President of Senegal, Macky Sall
AFP
President Sall promised new security measures would be considered

Senegal's President Macky Sall has rejected a proposal to reinstate the death penalty after an appeal from civil society organisations and political coalitions for tougher legislation and better security.

In the last couple of weeks, the West African nation has seen a series of murder cases.

The president was speaking during a visit to the family of a member of his own party who was allegedly killed by her driver over a pay dispute last weekend.

Mr Sall promised that new security measures would be discussed during Thursday's cabinet meeting.

Senegal has abolished the death penalty in 2004.

Cameroonian soldiers 'killed by Boko Haram militants'

At least six Cameroonian soldiers, including their commander, were killed after suspected Boko Haram militants ransacked a village in the north of the country, residents say.

Bulama Ali, a Muslim traditional ruler in Darak village on the edge of Lake Chad, told the BBC Hausa service that he had seen the bodies after the night attack.

The Islamist group frequently carries out attacks in Cameroon.

Boko Haram has lost much of the territory it once controlled in Nigeria over the last 22 months - thanks to a regional crackdown - but it still has fighters based in the vast Sambisa forest, which borders Cameroon.

BBC Africa reporter back at work, with baby in tow

It's the first day back at work today for BBC Africa's Tamasin Ford, after taking three months' maternity leave.

But if you take a close look at the photo below you'll see that our reporter, who is standing in the corner setting up her shot, is not alone. 

On the red chair, bundled up in a white blanket, is her baby son Atticus, taking a quick nap: 

Tamasin setting up camera in corner with baby on swinging chair next to swimming pool
BBC

Tamasin has been sharing the experiences of being a working mum at her interview in Johannesburg with Delphine Maidou, CEO of Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty (AGCS) Africa. 

Atticus also managed to secure a photo opportunity with the prominent businesswoman, who will be featured soon as part of the BBC's ongoing Power Women series: 

Delphine pictured with her baby
BBC

She even got her uncle, who happens to be Burkina Faso's presidential adviser, to babysit young Atticus for a bit this morning, Tamasin says. 

And just in case you don't mind pictures of adorable babies, here's another one, proving that the mystery white bundle on the red chair really was Atticus: 

Baby Atticus
BBC

Kenya drops doping charges against Italian sports agent

Wanyama wa Chebusiri

BBC Africa, Nairobi

Federico Rosa
AFP
Federico Rosa is now a free man

State prosecutors in Kenya have withdrawn doping charges against Italian sports agent Federico Rosa.

The athletics agent had been facing charges of administering banned substances to Kenyan athletes, among them disgraced former marathon star Rita Jeptoo, who is serving a four-year ban.

Mr Rosa denied six counts of doping athletes when charged in court in the capital, Nairobi, in July, and was given bail. 

Today prosecutors said further investigations could lead to a revival of the charges against the agent.

Jeptoo, one of most successful runners in Kenyan history, was due to be crowned World Marathon Major Champion for 2014 but the ceremony was called off soon after news of her failed test. 

South Africa's sporting nightmares satirised

South African cartoonist Zapiro deals with two national sporting humiliations in today's strip. 

South Africa's cricket captain Faf du Plessis has been fined for ball-tampering after footage appeared to show him licking his finger and shining the ball while eating a sweet. 

Zapiro has the cricketer advising Adriaan Strauss, captain of the Springbok rugby team, that he might want to do the same, following their first-ever loss to Italy on Saturday: 

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AU contenders to go head-to-head in debate

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC Africa, Addis Ababa

Dlamini Zuma, chairwoman of the AU comission
AFP
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma is stepping down at the end of her term in January

The African Union Commission, the executive branch of the AU, says it will hold the first-ever debate for the five candidates seeking to head the continental body.

Elections are due in January 2017 to pick a successor to South Africa's Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, who is not seeking a second term in office.

An invitation from the commission says all the candidates who have expressed interest in contesting will take part in the "town hall-style" debate on 9 December at the AU's headquarters in Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa:

It is our sincere belief that this debate will help in the transformation of our union and Africa, as often elections of the union leadership occur behind closed doors thus denying the broad African public an opportunity to be informed and participate in the work of the commission."

The five contenders are: 

  1. Botswana's Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi - currently foreign minister
  2. Chad's Moussa Faki Mahamat - currently foreign minister
  3. Equatorial Guinea's Agapito Mba Mokuy -  currently foreign minister 
  4. Kenya's Amina Mohamed - currently foreign minister
  5. Senegal's Bathily Abdoulaye - currently special UN envoy for Central Africa. 

Joy for Nigerian graduates after 200,000 named in job scheme

Nigerian President Mohammed Buhari promised to provide half a million jobs for unemployed Nigerian graduates as part of his election campaign.  

To the surprise of the many doubters of the scheme, 18 months after the president took office, the government yesterday published the names of the first 200,000 graduates to be selected.

Most of the graduates will be given two-year teaching jobs across the country, starting in December. 

Others will work in the agriculture and health sectors, earning around $100 (£80) per month.

About one in four young people in Nigeria are unemployed, a major problem for a country with a population of some 170 million. 

Newsday's David Whitty spoke to two delighted candidates among the 200,000 people to receive SMS messages telling them they had been successful: 

Buhari graduate scheme: 200,000 Nigerian offered jobs

US warns DR Congo to 'tone down rhetoric'

Riot police moving on protesters in DR Congo
AFP
The US is worried that the opposition is stoking tensions in DR Congo

The US has urged opposition leaders in the Democratic Republic of Congo to avoid the use of "inflammatory rhetoric" which could undermine a peaceful resolution of the country's political crisis, AFP reports.

Voters were due to go to the polls on 27 November to elect a successor to President Joseph Kabila, whose second and last term comes to an end next month.

However, the election has been postponed to April 2018 under a deal brokered by the government with one faction of the opposition.

The main opposition parties, united in a coalition called "Rassemblement", do not back the deal and have vowed to press ahead with their demand that President Kabila should step down.

The US, which recently blacklisted two top Kabila aides for their alleged role in the crack-down on opposition leaders, has so far been supportive of the opposition's call for the election to be held on time.

President Kabila of DR Congo
AFP
Under a political deal signed last month, Mr Kabila will rule beyond his term

But now, the US ambassador in the capital, Kinshasa, says:

We urge the Rassemblement under the leadership of Etienne Tshisekedi [veteran opposition leader] to put forward constructive and practical proposals and to stay away from inflammatory rhetoric or any course of action that is incompatible with democratic standards."

This apparent softening of the US' stance on the DR Congo government comes less than a week after President Kabila appointed an opposition MP, Samy Badibanga, to the post of prime minister to lead a transitional government which will mainly be tasked with preparing the election.

Nigerians seek UK hearing for Shell oil spill case

Martin Patience

BBC News, Nigeria correspondent

A man tries to separate with a stick the crude oil from water in a boat in the Niger Delta, Nigeria - 2011
AFP
Oil spills in the Niger Delta have caused widespread environmental damage

Three days of legal arguments begin at the High Court in London today to decide whether British courts can hear claims brought against the oil giant Royal Dutch Shell by two Nigerian communities.

The Ogale and Bille kingdoms are seeking compensation for spills from oil pipelines in the Niger Delta, which they say were caused by a local subsidiary of Shell.

The oil giant and its Nigerian subsidiary have long faced criticism over their record in the Niger Delta – where oil spills have caused widespread environmental damage.

Royal Dutch Shell blames sabotage and oil theft for much of the damage.

In the High Court, the multinational will argue that the case should be heard in Nigeria and not in the UK.

But lawyers representing the affected communities argue that the Nigerian legal system is too fraught with difficulties to deliver justice.

Analysts say that if the case is allowed to proceed it could open the floodgates to more multinationals being sued in London courts.

CAR peacekeepers 'stop rival Muslim rebel clashes'

UN peacekeepers in CAR have trouble restoring stability
AFP
UN peacekeepers in CAR have had trouble restoring stability

Rival factions of mainly Muslim rebels in the Central African Republic (CAR) clashed on Monday in Bria, a town 400km (248 miles) north-east of Bangui, the capital, the AFP news agency reports.

UN peacekeepers had to intervene to break up the fighting. There have been no report of casualties.

The CAR has been wracked by conflict along religious and ethnic lines since 2013 when the mainly Muslim Seleka rebel group seized power.

After nearly three years of civil war, the country elected a new president earlier this year but his government has so far failed to stabilise the country.

The BBC Africa's Lamine Konkobo says Monday clashes in Bria show that violence is not a thing of the past. 

SA cricket captain Du Plessis guilty of ball-tampering

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

South African cricket captain Flaf Du Plessis
AP
Flaf Du Plessis had pleaded not guilty to ball-tampering

South African cricket captain Flaf Du Plessis has been found guilty of ball-tampering during the second Test match in the Australian city of Hobart by the International Cricket Council (ICC).

However, he has been cleared to play in the third Test match on Thursday.

Following South Africa’s historic victory against Australia, video footage emerged last week showing Mr Du Plessis appearing to apply saliva, with what looked like a mint in his month, to the ball’s surface.

The 32-year-old, who was fined 100% of his match fee during the ICC hearing in Adelaide, had pleaded not guilty to the charge.

Many South Africans I have spoken to have been showing support for the local star.

Read the full BBC Sport story 

Rapper Mos Def to leave South Africa, declared 'undesirable'

Mos Def in shades
AFP
Mos Def, also known as Yasiin Bey, had reportedly been living in Cape Town since 2013

The US rapper Mos Def will be allowed to leave South Africa tonight, after authorities blocked his departure in January in a row over his visa, according to the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Mos Def, now known as Yasiin Bey, was arrested for breaking immigration laws, with authorities saying that he had overstayed his tourist visa, obtained in 2013.

In a series of tweets, the ministry said it had accepted the rapper's apology and had agreed in principle for him to leave the country today:

View more on twitter

It said that he would now be classed as an "undesirable" in immigration terms, but appeared to leave open the possibility of him returning under a visa waiver programme:

View more on twitter
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Ethiopia reopens factory damaged in Oromo protests

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC Africa, Oromia region

Two Ethiopian and one Turkish worker inspect equipment on the factory floor
BBC

Turkish electrical cable factory BMET is now fully operational after being burnt down by protesters in Ethiopia's Oromia region last month.

The region has been hit by an unprecedented wave of anti-government protests in recent months. 

The company says it suffered $6m (£4.8m) in damages, with other losses from the period of closure still being assessed. 

Man paints stairwell in factory
BBC

Several foreign-owned businesses were attacked in Oromia in October, following a stampede at a religious festival in which 55 people died. 

Protesters said violence by the security forces led to the stampede, an accusation denied by the government. 

The Ethiopian investments Commission says it's in talks with factories and flower farms that were affected in the unrest to help in the restarting of business.

It is considering compensation, year-long tax breaks and other incentives to help the businesses, which were mainly foreign owned.

Signs of the damage caused are still visible outside the factory:

Burnt out truck
BBC
Burnt out truck outside factory
BBC

Read more: Are Ethiopian protests a game changer?

Burundi's Catholic Church calls for refugee talks

BBC Afrique

President Pierre Nkurunziza of Burundi
AFP
President Nkurunziza has ruled Burundi for 11 years now

The Catholic Church in Burundi has called the government to open talks with the opposition as a way for facilitating the return home of thousands of Burundian refugees.

Burundi has been on the brink of chaos since Pierre Pierre Nkurunziza announced a controversial bid for a third term in April 2015 – and subsequently going on to win elections.

A crackdown by security forces on anti-government protesters has threatened to return the country to civil war – and thousands have fled fearing violence.

In a reference to the ongoing tension, the chairman of the country’s Conference of Catholic Bishops, Gervais Banhsimiyubusa, said inclusive talks were necessary to end the crisis:

For as long as political actors consider those who are not on their side as enemies, dialogue will be impossible; because people wouldn't sit down with their enemies, they rather run away from them."

The authorities are playing down the notion that Burundi is still in crisis.

The speaker of the National Assembly, Pascal Nyabenda, told the conference that refugees only need to be convinced that the situation back home has improved. 

According to the UN refugee agency, more than 200,000 Burundians have fled their country in the last 19 months.  

Protesters torch tires in Bujumbura, Burundi
AFP
Violent street protests in opposition to Mr Nkurunziza's third term caused many to flee

Egypt court quashes Morsi life sentence

Mohammed Morsi
AP
Mohammed Morsi's supporters say the trials are attempts to give legal cover to a coup

Egypt's highest appeal court has overturned a life sentence handed down to ousted President Mohammed Morsi.

The Court of Cassation ordered that the 65-year-old be retried on the charge of conspiring to commit terrorist acts with foreign organisations.

Last week, the court quashed a death sentence handed to Morsi in a separate case revolving around a mass prison break during the 2011 revolution.

But he is still serving lengthy sentences related to two other cases.

Morsi was elected president in 2012 but was removed by the military a year later after protests against his rule.

Read the BBC News story for more

Anti-Mugabe war veterans on trial

Douglas Mahiya
AFP
Douglas Mahiya former spokesman of the war veterans' association is one of those on trial

Five war veterans accused of undermining President Robert Mugabe's authority have gone on trial in Zimbabwe's capital, Harare.

It comes after the war veterans' association said in a statement in July that it was withdrawing its backing for him, accusing him of dictatorial tendencies, egocentrism and misrule.

The statement said the veterans would not support the 92-year-old president's re-election campaign, accusing him of abandoning them for the Zanu-PF's youth league.  

Among those on trial are Victor Matemadanda, former Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association's secretary-general, and Douglas Mahiya, its former spokesman.

All five have been expelled from the ruling Zanu-PF party.

The BBC’s Shingai Nyoka in Harare says if convicted they could face up to 10 years.  

Robert Mugabe supporters in Zimbabwe
AP
War veterans have supported Robert Mugabe for the last three decades

The case reflects the divisions within Zanu-PF over who should lead the party, our correspondent says.

Some think Mr Mugabe should retire and pave the way for Vice-President Emerson Mnangagwa to take over.

The war veterans spearheaded the invasion of white-owned farms starting in 2000 and have been accused of using election violence to keep Mr Mugabe in power.