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  1. Nigeria 'deploys' warship to The Gambia
  2. President Jammeh declares state of emergency
  3. Kenya bans all chicken imports from Uganda
  4. Botched air strike in Nigeria 'kills 50' refugees and aid workers
  5. Outrage after Somalia 'gang rape posted on Facebook'
  6. Self-styled South African prophet 'cures people with engine fluid'
  7. Troops open fire in Ivory Coast
  8. Cleric who predicts Mugabe's death 'laughs off' charges
  9. 'Tortured' Libyan can sue UK
  10. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 17 January 2017

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer, Lamine Konkobo and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.

A reminder of our proverb of the day:

The antics of a market buffoon provide laughter, but nobody prays for their child to become a buffoon."

A Yoruba proverb sent by Paul Obafemi, Lagos, Nigeria

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture of Ghana fans cheering on their team following their 1-0 victory over Uganda in the Africa Cup of Nations:

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Ashanti royalty parade at queen mother's funeral

It is the second day of a four-day funeral for the queen mother of the Ashanti kingdom in Ghana. 

Nana Afia Kobi Serwaa Ampem II reigned for 39 years and died aged 109 in November.

Photographer Emmanuel Bobie is at the funeral in Ghana's second city Kumasi.   

He has captured these shots of Ashanti royalty paying their respects:

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Red Cross volunteers 'killed'

Twenty volunteers with the Red Cross were among the 50 people killed in a botched air strike by Nigeria's military, an unnamed aid worker has been quoted by the Associated Press news agency as saying. 

Medical charity Doctors Without Borders said its team based in Rann in the remote north-east had counted 50 bodies and had treated 120 wounded, the agency reports. 

In a statement, it said:

Our medical and surgical teams in [neighbouring] Cameroon and Chad are ready to treat wounded patients. We are in close contact with our teams, who are in shock following the event.''

Buhari 'regrets' civilian bombing

Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhadri deeply regrets the "accidental" killing of civilains in an air strike by the military in a remote part of north-eastern Nigeria, hs edia adviser Femi Adesina has said. 

The air force was engaged in the "final phase of mopping up insurgents" when "this regrettable operational mistake" happened, he added.

See previous post for more details.

Nigeria air strike 'kills 50'

A total of 50 people were killed and 120 wounded when Nigerian fighter jets "mistakenly" bombed people displaced by the Boko Haram insurgency and aid workers in north-eastern Borno state, Reuters news agency is quoting medical charity Doctors Without Borders as saying. 

The International Committee of the Red Cross said that six of its staff were killed in the air strike, AFP news agency is reporting. 

Afcon: Burkina Faso and the derby of the 'in-laws'

Burkina Faso's supporters attend the 2017 African Cup of Nations
For Burkina Faso fans, picking a side between Ivory Coast and Togo was not a straight call

For people from Burkina Faso picking a side was not so easy when Ivory Coast and Togo went head to head yesterday in their  Africa Cup of Nations match.

That's because they have affection for both.

For nearly 30 years Burkina Faso's first lady was Ivorian.

Burkina Faso's ex-First Lady Chantal Compaore (L) and her Ivory Coast counterpart Mrs Ouattara
Ex-First Lady of Burkina Faso Chantal Compaore (L) is Ivorian

People in Burkina Faso have taken to calling the Ivorians the in-laws.

But they later acquired other in-laws when Roch Marc Christian Kabore was elected as president last year. 

The Burkinabe is married to Sika Bella Kabore who is from Togo.

Burkina Faso's current First Lady, Sika Kabore
The current First Lady of Burkina Faso Sika Kabore is from Togo

So yesterday, as Ivory Coast and Togo battled it out in Gabon, fans in Burkina Faso saw more than just another Afcon match: It was the derby of the in-laws. 

So with the two teams drawing in their game, all sides came out of watching the match with no hard feelings.

Kenya bans Ugandan chickens amid bird flu fears

Michael Kaloki


Getty Images
There's a big difference in the price of eggs in Kenya and Uganda

Kenya is banning all imports of live chicken and chicken products from neighbouring Uganda.

It follows the recent announcement by Ugandan authorities that they had detected bird flu in the south of the country.

Officials on the border have been placed on high alert to ensure no chicken products get through.  

The fear is that the disease could spread to humans.

Despite the health risk, the move isn't going to be popular with everyone because Ugandan eggs are cheaper than Kenyan eggs.

Gambian state of emergency to be 90 days

Umaru Fofana

BBC Africa, Banjul

Gambian state radio and TV have announced the state of emergency will be for 90 days.

There are no more details.

BreakingGambia's Jammeh 'declares state of emergency'

Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh has declared a state of emergency. 

He made the announcement on state television. 

Ghana scores against Uganda

Andre Ayew of Ghana has converted a penalty with a left footed shot to the centre of the goal.  

It's now 1-0 to Ghana in their Africa Cup of Nations match against Uganda.

Follow the latest on BBC Sport.

Nigeria's military 'grieves' after bombing civilians

A photo shows a campaign signboad displayed by the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) to show its readiness to defeat Boko Haram Islamists on assumption office at Ogijo, Ogun State in southwest Nigeria, on July 3, 2015
Nigeria's military has been battling the insurgents since 2009

Nigeria's defence spokesman has said the military is grieving after mistakenly bombing aid workers and civilians in north-eastern Borno state, the epicentre of the insurgency by militant Islamist group Boko Haram.

The spokesman, Rabe Abubaker, said:  

These kind of mistakes do happen in an operational zone, like the one we are conducting. It is a mistake, an operational mistake.

There was information that there were terrorist groups around that area and Nigerian aircraft dropped a bomb, but this was wrong information.

Even in the most developed nations these kinds of mistakes do happen. We are all in grief.

This was not actually an IDP (internally displaced people's] camp. It’s a settlement called Raan in Kala-balge local government in Borno state.

For now we cannot be certain of the numbers killed, we continue our investigation.”

Nigeria 'mistakenly' bombs refugees

Getty Images
The Nigerian army is in a long term battle against Islamist militants Boko Haram

A fighter jet of Nigeria's military has mistakenly bombed refugees and aid workers linked to Doctors Without Borders and the International Committee of the Red Cross during an operation against militant Islamist group Boko Haram in north-eastern Borno state, the army has said.

There were deaths and injuries, but the exact number was still unclear, Maj-Gen Lucky Irabor has been quoted by the local Vanguard newspaper as saying.

Soldiers were among the wounded, he added. 

Uganda compete in Afcon for first time since 1978

The Africa Cup of Nations match between Ghana and Uganda is about to kick off. 

And the two have a significant relationship - the Cranes are at the tournament for the first time since 1978, when they lost to Ghana in the final.

Here's the Uganda line up from all that time ago:

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Get the latest on today's line up and the match on BBC Sport and listen to BBC live commentary online.

Nigeria 'deploys warship' to The Gambia

Tomi Oladipo

BBC Monitoring's Africa security correspondent

Nigeria’s newest warship, the NNS Unity, is sailing towards The Gambia ahead of possible military intervention over President Yahya Jammeh's refusal to accept election defeat and step down when his term expires on Thursday. 

A Nigerian military source told the BBC the patrol vessel was currently sailing off the coast of Ghana after leaving from the commercial capital, Lagos. 

The initial aim is to put on a show of force rather than to launch an attack. 

Senegal is preparing ground troops ahead of Thursday’s deadline. 

The Gambia’s tiny army is no match for the regional powers. In recent years, President Jammeh has been promoting his loyalists, including army chief Ousman Badjie,  to ranks beyond their competence. 

This has further downgraded its military capabilities.

The regional body, Ecowas, has said that military intervention will be a last resort to bring an end to the political deadlock in The Gambia.

Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has been leading mediation efforts to persuade Mr Jammeh to hand power to former estate agent Adama Barrow, who won the 1 December election. 

A photograph made available on 14 JAnuary 2017 shows President of Gambia Yahya Jammeh (L) welcoming President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari (R) at the State House in Banjul, Gambia, 13 January 2017
Mr Jhammeh (L) has rejected appeals from Mr Buhari (R) to quit

Ghana v Uganda line up

Here's the line up for the Ghana v Uganda Africa Cup of Nations match kicking off in the next 10 minutes:

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Tanzania 'leads' in online shopping

Online sales are bigger in Tanzania than six other African countries - including Kenya, East Africa's biggest economy -  which feature in a report by the World Bank, as this tweet shows:  

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Ghana footballers accept unknown bonus

Ghana players
Justin Tallis
Ghana's players are looking relaxed in Gabon

In just under an hour Ghana will be playing Uganda in the Africa Cup of Nations in Gabon.

And in the nick of time the Ghanaian players have agreed to accept whatever bonus the government decides to pay.

The Ghana Football Association say the players want to show they are ready to play for their nation and are not motivated only by money.  

The players have been accused of being greedy in the past.

At the 2014 Brazil World Cup Ghana's government sent more than $3m (£1.8m) in cash by plane to pay the players.  

Mutinous soldier 'killed' in Ivory Coast

Ivory coast soldier
Getty Images
Ivory coast soldiers took part in a two-day mutiny over pay earlier this month

Elite loyalist troops from Ivory Coast have killed a mutinous soldier in the capital, Yamoussoukro, a military source has told AFP news agency. 

"The mutinous soldier was killed by the Republican Guard in front of their camp," the source told AFP on condition of anonymity. 

The soldier had been taking part in a protest that erupted earlier which involved firing shots in the air.

Will more African footballers move to China?

John Mikel Obi
Getty Images
Mikel moved from Chelsea to China earlier this month

Burkina Faso forward Bertrand Traore has told BBC Sport that he expects more African footballers to move to the Chinese Super League. 

"The important thing is to find a club where the football project is big, interesting and you really feel wanted," Traore, who is on loan at Ajax from Chelsea, said.

The transfer season is open right through to the semi-finals of the African Cup of Nations - so the BBC's Barney Cullum says some African players may be able to use the exposure to engineer big-money moves to China.

They would be following what is becoming a familiar path. Former Ivory Coast captain Didier Drogba became one of the first high-profile players to head east five years ago. 

And midfielder John Mikel Obi left Chelsea to join Chinese Super League side Tianjin TEDA earlier this month.   

Why South Africans are pretending to be dead

One of the latest trends in South Africa is to photograph yourself pretending to be dead. But not everyone approves of the #DeadPoseChallenge, reports Christian Parkinson:

#DeadPoseChallenge Why South Africans are pretending to be dead

Drownings in Mediterranean 'increase'

Migrants wait to be rescued as they drift in the Mediterranean Sea some 20 nautical miles north off the coast of Libya on October 3, 2016.
Many people make the treacherous journey because of conflict, persecution or poverty

The International Organisation for Migration says the number of migrants feared to have drowned in the Mediterranean so far this year is more than double the figure for the same period last year. 

IOM spokesman Joel Millman said the migrants came mainly from Libya:

This year, we are up to 219 deaths that we are aware of, or at least that we have reports of.

We haven't necessarily confirmed that number, but actually we are hearing reports of as many as 30 more on some other parts of the Mediterranean, principally Morocco and Spain.

Last year at this time we recorded 91, so we are up more than double last year's total already and possibly triple."

A visit to State House in The Gambia

Umaru Fofana

BBC Africa, Banjul

While apprehension grips The Gambia as the Thursday deadline for President Yahya Jammeh to step down looms, it's all calm at State House, which he has occupied for the last 22 years. 

Soldiers and police officers are neatly dressed in their well-ironed uniforms; their berets are well positioned. They even joked, slapping my hand fondly as they greeted me. There was no sign of any tension or panic. 

 The gates are well manned, with armed soldiers on duty. Even security personnel must go through metal detectors to enter the building. So it seems that despite the calmness nothing is being taken for granted. 

Incumbent Gambian President Yahya Jammeh looks on in Banjul on November 29, 2016,
Mr Jammeh' has refused to accept defeat in December's election

Shooting in Ivorian city of Abidjan

Gunshots have been heard at the army headquarters in Ivory Coast's commercial capital, Abidjan, reports the BBC's Valery Bony from the city. 

She adds that soldiers are firing in the air.

See previous post for details of trouble in other cities.

Troops 'fire into the air' in Ivory Coast

Getty Images

Paramilitary troops have fired their guns into the air at camps in Ivory Coast's capital, Yamoussoukro, and the cities of Daloa and Man for reasons that are still unclear, witnesses have told Reuters news agency. 

The shooting came as the government began paying soldiers who mutinied last month, paralysing many cities. 

 Negotiators for the soldiers say they should each receive an initial payment of around $8,000 (£6,500), out of a total of around $20,000. 

SA pastor 'makes people drink engine cleaning fluid'

Man drinking fluid
Breath of Christ Ministeries Facebook page

A self-styled prophet in South Africa - who makes his followers drink engine cleaning fluid - says it tastes like honey and has healing powers, the local eNCA news site reports.

Theo Bongani Maseko of the Breath of Christ Ministries said the chemical attacks viruses in a person’s body and detects demons, it reports.

The self-styled prophet is the latest in a string of men who have caused uproar by spraying people with pesticides and making them eat rodents. 

Mr Maseko was quoted as saying that the fluid posed no health risks:

“It tastes like honey. I drank it twice."

 He added that five people had been "cured" by drinking the fluid:

They were all healed. They came with a testimony."

Read: Clamp-down on bogus preachers

Congo government 'values crocodiles over humans'

Byobe Malenga

Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo

Crocodile on Bike in DR Congo 2006
Getty Images
In the past crocodiles have been used for meat in DR Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo's government has warned residents around Lake Tanganika to stop killing crocodiles, reminding them it is against the law. 

But residents told me the government has failed to protect them from crocodile attacks and argue the government seem to value the lives of the crocodiles more than that of human beings. 

But another resident told me that people are unnecessarily putting their lives at risk:

People know there are certain areas where crocodiles are but ignore this. They should be careful when they bathe and fetch water."

Eating catapillars in between matches

The BBC's Steve Vickers is currently in Gabon for the Africa Cup of Nations but in between matches he has been checking out Franceville's market. 

And he found an unusual snack - a cup full of caterpillars:

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Pastor laughs off charges over Mugabe death prophesy

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe raises his fist on May 29, 2008 at a rally in Mvurwi some 100km from Harare
Mr Mugabe will celebrate his 93rd birthday next month

A detained Zimbabwean pastor has laughed off charges of "insulting people of a certain race or religion" by prophesying that President Robert Mugabe 92, will die on 17 October, his lawyer has told BBC Africa Live.

Gift Mtisi said that Pastor Patrick Mugadza of the Remnant Church was in good spirits when he met him in jail following his arrest in the capital, Harare, yesterday. 

He added that the pastor was likely to appear in court tomorrow, and will plead not guilty if the charges are put to him: 

I'm still at pains to find the criminal part of it."

Mr Mtisi said the pastor had no regrets "at all" for making the prophesy:  

He's admitting to the facts. He says he didn't lie - that's a message from God. Police will have to prove God didn't say it."

Mr Mtisi said police had changed the charges "like chameleons". 

Pastor Mugadza was initially charged with undermining the authority of the president, then "criminal nuisance" and finally "insulting people of a certain race or religion".

Mr Mtisi said he discussed the charges with the pastor: 

He was laughing and saying: 'These people are desperate.' I'm sure he'll come out [of jail]."

The pastor made the prophecy public last week, alleging that God told him, while he was praying on 26 December, that Mr Mugabe would die on 17 October, media reports say.

Mr Mugabe, who has ruled Zimbabwe since independence in 1980, will turn 93 next month.

Read: Spending nights outside banks in crisis-hit Zimbabwe 

Outrage after Somalia 'gang rape posted on Facebook'

Somali Faces
Somali Faces

A campaign to fund a Somali girl whose gang rape was posted on Facebook has almost reached its target this morning. 

The Go Fund Me campaign says social media has been “ablaze with fury” after horrifying pictures, and video fragments emerged of the 16-year-old being brutally gang raped in Somalia. 

The page to raise money for the girl was set up by a group called Somali Faces who say they have visited the girl in hospital.

They found her "with substantial injuries and severely traumatised, albeit the episode happened more than a month ago," the group said on the campaign page. 

"This shows the serious extent of her injuries and the trauma that they inflicted on her," they added. 

In less than a day it has raised more than $4,800 (£4,000).

The commissioner of Galdogob in Somalia's semi-autonomous region of Puntland, Hassan Mohamed Ayax, told Radio Dalsan that suspects have been arrested after the attack which reportedly took place near the Ethiopian border.

US clears way for Libyan man to sue

BBC World Service

The Supreme Court in London has cleared the way for a Libyan man to take legal action after he claimed Britain was involved in his kidnap and covert transportation to Tripoli in 2004. 

 Abdul Hakim Belhaj alleges that the British Secret Service MI6 provided information that led to him being detained with his wife in Thailand and then flown to Tripoli where they were both tortured. 

Among the people Mr Belhaj wants to sue is the former British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw who was responsible for MI6 at the time. 

Mr Straw rejects claims that he had been aware of the rendition. 

Abdul Hakim Belhaj was an opponent of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi but was once regarded by Western intelligence services as a terrorism suspect.

Four Gambian ministers quit

Four government ministers have resigned in The Gambia, amid a growing political crisis over long-serving ruler Yahya Jammeh's refusal to step down when his mandate ends on Thursday, Reuters news agency reports. 

The environment minister has quit, along with the ministers of foreign affairs, finance and trade, it quotes ministry sources and state media as saying.

See earlier post or more details

Afcon: DR Congo won, but Morocco dominated

DR Congo celebrations
DR Congo fans celebrated when the match finished

BBC Sport have analysed the DR Congo's 1-0 victory in yesterday's Africa Cup of Nations match.

And what's interesting is that it seems like Morocco dominated, in all but goals:

match stats

BBC Sport point out that another factor makes it seem incredible: The Leopards were down to nine men for several minutes.

In the closing stages they lost defender Gabriel Zakuani to injury having made all of their substitutions.  

Despite this, they were the only team to score yesterday as the only other match, between Ivory Coast and Togo, ended 0-0.

Keep up to date with the Africa Cup of Nations on BBC Sport.

Shekau: 'Boko Haram behind university blasts'

Nigeria's militant Islamist Abubakar Shekau has released an audio message, saying his Boko Haram group was behind yesterday's attack on a university in the main north-eastern city of Maidguri. 

Four people - a professor, a child and two suicide bombers - were killed in the twin blasts, while 17 others sustained injuries.  

Broken glasses and other materials are scattered on the floor of a room in a building where a bomb exploded at Nigeria"s northeastern University of Maiduguri in Maiduguri, Nigeria, Monday, Jan. 16, 2016.
One of the bombers targeted a mosque at the university

Kenyan MP: 'Deny sex to men who don't register'

A female MP in Kenya has called on women in opposition strongholds to deny men sex if they fail to register as voters for what are expected to be fiercely contested general elections in August, the private Standard newspaper reports

Speaking in the coastal region of Mombasa where she handed out cheques to women and youth self-help groups, Mishi Mboko said sex was a powerful weapon that women should use to get their husbands to register.  

"Women, this is the strategy you should adopt. It is the best. Deny them sex until they show you their voter's card."

She added that voter registration, which started yesterday, needed to be taken seriously if the opposition hoped to defeat President Uhuru Kenyatta and the governing Jubilee coalition in the 8 August elections.

Gambian government hit by 'resignations'

Yahya Jammeh
Mr Jammeh first took power in a coup in 1994

Three senior government ministers in The Gambia have resigned, as President Yahya Jammeh defies calls to step down when his term expires on Thursday, the opposition Fatu network news site reports

The ministers of foreign affairs, finance and trade - Neneh Macdouall-Gaye, Abdou Kolley and Abdou Jobe respectively - had handed in their resignations, it reports. 

The BBC's Umaru Fofana has given his perspective of the latest developments, in a tweet:  

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Last week, information minister Sheriff Bojang and sports minister Alieu Jammeh quit, the news site reports. 

Thousands of people have been fleeing to neighbouring Senegal and further away to Guinea-Bissau amid fears that violence could erupt over Mr Jammeh's refusal to accept defeat in the 1 December election. 

Property developer Adama Barrow, who is currently in Senegal, has vowed to take office on Friday. 

He caused a major upset by defeating Mr Jammeh, who first seized power in a coup in 1994.

Read: How Gambians have lost their fear

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day: 

The antics of a market buffoon provide laughter, but nobody prays for their child to become a buffoon."

A Yoruba proverb sent by Paul Obafemi, Lagos, Nigeria

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

Good morning

Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news and views from around the continent.