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  1. Nigeria's president resumes duties following illness
  2. Mombasa governor under "office arrest" in Kenya
  3. Senegal extradites Aboubakar Diakite over 2009 stadium killings
  4. Durban will no longer host the 2022 Commonwealth Games
  5. Mother appears in Durban court over 'false kidnap claim' relating to her baby
  6. Rescue efforts continue at site of rubbish dump landslide in Ethiopia
  7. Email stories and comments to - Monday 13 March 2017

Live Reporting

By Tom Spender and Hugo Williams

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Monday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the  BBC Africa Live  page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the  Africa Today podcast  or checking the  BBC News website .  

Here's a reminder of today's wise words:

He who swallows a pestle will sleep standing up."

Sent by Charles Onyedikachi Iroham, Banjul, The Gambia

Click here to send your African proverbs .  

And we leave you with this picture from South Africa of men skateboarding down a road in Cape Town's Table Mountain National Park.

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Niger opposition leader jailed for child trafficking

Leone Ouedraogo

BBC Africa

In Niger, opposition leader Hama Amadou has been sentenced to one year in prison in absentia. He was prosecuted in a child trafficking case. 

The sentence was issued without the defendant or his lawyer present. 

The former President of the National Assembly was accused of illegally buying new-borns in south-east Nigeria. 

He has always denied the allegations, saying they are politically motivated.

The verdict was delivered without Mr Amadou or defence lawyers. 

They boycotted proceedings, describing the case as a parody of justice.

The former prime minister was imprisoned in November 2015.

A candidate in the 2016 presidential election, he campaigned from behind bars. 

In March 2016, he was evacuated to France for medical reasons. 

Further explosions hit Somali capital Mogadishu

A BBC Somali reporter has tweeted about explosions this afternoon in the capital Mogadishu. 

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It follows two other deadly attacks this morning ( see previous entries ), as pointed out by this journalist for Voice of America: 

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Egypt's Mubarak 'to be released in next couple of days'

Hosni Mubarak on a stretcher
Hosni Mubarak was brought in on a stretcher for his court hearing this month

An Egyptian prosecutor has approved the release from detention of the country's former president, Hosni Mubarak. 

He's currently confined to a military hospital in Cairo.

The decision to allow him to leave follows a court ruling earlier this month. 

It ordered the dropping of charges that linked Mr Mubarak to the killing of dozens of protesters in the 2011 uprising that ended his rule. 

 A lawyer for the ex-president said he would return to his Cairo home in the next day or two.

During his period in detention, Mr Mubarak served a three-year sentence for embezzlement. 

Read more: Hosni Mubarak profile

Justice still elusive for many Africans - survey

Federal high court
Getty Images
Access to justice can be out of reach for many ordinary Africans

Corruption, high costs, long delays, the complexity of legal processes and a lack of legal counsel are some of the major obstacles that prevent many Africans from getting access to justice, a new study has found.

Liberia and Sierra Leone emerged as being among the worst countries for people seeking legal remedies, while Botswana, Cape Verde and Lesotho were shown to have relatively good access.   

The findings are the result of an Afrobarometer survey carried out in 36 African states. 

          Infographic showing access to justice in 36 African countries

The study shows that in general the quality and extent of access to justice are worse in less democratic and post-conflict countries. 

But it also adds that there is room for substantial improvements even in most of the best-performing countries. 

Government to blame for rubbish dump disaster - Amnesty

rubbish dump residents
Amnesty says people should not have been living at the rubbish dump

Rights group Amnesty International has blamed the Ethiopian authorities for what it described as the "totally preventable" loss of life in a rubbish dump landslide in the capital Addis Ababa, so far known to have killed 62 people.

Amnesty's Muthoni Wanyeki said:

The Ethiopian government is fully responsible for this totally preventable disaster. It was aware that the landfill was full to capacity but continued to use it regardless. It also let hundreds of people continue to live in close proximity to it.

These people, including many women and children, had no option but to live and work in such a hazardous environment because of the government’s failure to protect their right to adequate housing, and decent work.”

The Ethiopian government has said it tried to resettle people living at the dump to make way for a waste processing factory but some had refused to leave.

More than 150 people were at the site when the landslide happened, Amnesty said. Some were scavenging for items to sell while others lived there permanently in makeshift housing.

London's 'natural hair' billboard to counter beauty myths

'Natural hair' billboard to counter beauty myths

The London mother of an 11-year-old girl has produced a billboard to celebrate natural black hair because she says does not want her daughter to think she has to use extensions, wigs or chemical straighteners.

Lekia Lee said: 

Nowadays you see a lot of prominent black women with weaves, straight weaves and wigs and I didn't what her to think that there is anything wrong with her hair."

The double-sided billboard in west London was donated free of charge by UK Billboards after Lekia failed to raise enough money through crowd-funding.  

Joice Mujuru: Zimbabweans will judge me on my record

Joice Mujuru: Zimbabwean people will judge me on my record

President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe is 93 years old with no obvious successor to take over from him.

Joice Mujuru is his former vice-president and onetime heir apparent. She broke away from the ruling party two years ago and now leads her own opposition party.

She talks to Hardtalk's Stephen Sackur about the failures of the Mugabe regime, the atrocities of Gukurahundi, land seizures and her track record with the Zanu-PF party.

She says ultimately the Zimbabwean people will judge her on her record.

You can see the interview in full on Monday 13 March on BBC World News and the BBC News Channel and after on  BBCiPlayer  (UK only).

Buhari 'over ready' for work - VP

President Muhammadu Buhari and Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo have been sharing details of what appears to have been an extremely cordial meeting earlier.

Mr Buhari tweeted that it was a matter of "first things first" before he "settled down to work" while Mr Osinbajo shared that the two spoke for well over an hour and the president's readiness was not in doubt - indeed, he appeared "over ready".

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Burundi 'facing malaria epidemic'

Prime Ndikumagenge

BBC Africa, Bujumbura


The ministry of health says the disease has killed more than 700 people since the beginning of the year - an average of more than 10 deaths every day. 

Health Minister Josiane Nijimbere said regions in the north and north-east of Burundi were most affected. 

Climate change and the introduction of rice crops on higher land have been suggested as causes for the rise in malaria cases, which have been increasing since 2013.

Some 8m people from a total population of 11m suffered malaria last year.

The regions most affected by malaria are also the most food insecure. Earlier this year, the UN said 3m Burundians were in need of food assistance.

SA and Nigeria act to end 'xenophobia' attacks

Angry people attacking Nigerians in South Africa
Nigeria says its nationals have been killed in attacks in South Africa

The Nigerian and South African governments are to launch an "early warning" system to help track and deter xenophobic attacks against Nigerian migrants. 

The announcement was made at a news conference in Pretoria, after a meeting between the South African foreign minister and her Nigerian counterpart. 

The new system will comprise of a forum that will meet every three months, bringing together representatives from both countries including immigration officials, business associations and civil society groups. 

"The early warning centre would allow us to keep each other abreast of issues and help prevent violence," South Africa's foreign minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane said.

Nigeria's foreign minister Geoffrey Onyeama said he had received assurances Nigerians in South Africa would be able to live in peace and called for an end to "mass attacks".

He also said that groups in Nigeria calling for the retaliatory expulsion of South African residents and businesses "do not speak on behalf of the government".

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Attacks against foreigners and foreign-run businesses have erupted regularly in recent years in South Africa, fuelled by the country's high unemployment and poverty levels. 

Last month, foreign nationals including Nigerians were targeted in the capital Pretoria and several shops were looted.

Crowd of people march through a street
Thousands in South Africa marched against xenophobia last year

The Nigerian government responded by called for the African Union to step in to stop "xenophobic attacks" on its citizens and claiming 20 Nigerians had been killed in similar attacks last year. 

There are an estimated 800,000 Nigerians in the country, many living in Johannesburg.

'Severe lack of water' in Maiduguri refugee camp

          Large crowds gather to receive supplied at the camp for internally displaced persons in Muna
Two million people have fled their homes in northern Nigeria

Tens of thousands of people who fled Boko Haram in north-east Nigeria are now facing a severe lack of water, on top of already widespread food shortages and security threats, the AFP news agency reports, quoting aid workers. 

For the past week supplies have been low at the Muna camp for internally displaced people (IDPs) in the city of Maiduguri after one of its five solar-powered water pumps broke down, AFP adds.

"We are facing a serious water shortage in the camp," said camp coordinator Tijjani Lumani, adding that the four other pumps on the sprawling site were "inadequate". 

Muna camp, on the edge of the city, is currently home to some 41,000 people, Mr Lumani said.

The water drawn up from boreholes is used for cooking and, crucially, washing to prevent the spread of disease through the densely populated camp of makeshift tents.

Borno state governor Kashim Shettima confirmed on Sunday that there had been a "breakdown of water supply" at the camp but engineers were trying to fix the problem. 

"The State Emergency Management Agency has so far supplied 105,000 litres of water using trucks," he said in a statement on his Facebook page .  

          Map shows Nigeria, with Abuja in the centre and Maiduguri in the north-east

The World Food Programme has said that 120,000 people in north-east Nigeria are expected to face famine this year.

Read more: 'We survived Boko Haram but face starvation'

'Growing conflict' over land in Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa skyline

The Guardian newspaper's Jason Burke has written a long piece looking at land use conflicts in and around the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa , where 62 people are now known to have been killed in a landslide at a rubbish dump over the weekend.

Communications Minister Negeri Lencho has said the government had been trying to persuade people living at the dump to leave to make way for a new waste processing factory.

Massive resettlement programmes are at the heart of ambitious development programmes for the city, Burke writes. The government owns all the land and tells residents to pack up their belongings before the bulldozers move in and and homes are demolished.

In some cases this has led to demonstrations. Burke says some of the wave of recent deadly unrest in Ethiopia can be traced back to residents protesting against what they believed were plans to build on a popular local football pitch. 

That sparked a violent security crackdown, leading to more demonstrations and more repression, he writes.

Burke asks if the accelerating expansion of cities – from Algiers to Dar es Salaam, from Cairo to Kinshasa – will inevitably bring with it violence: 

Will urban development heal existing tensions between communities in fragile nations or aggravate them? Could it be economic success, rather than failure, that brings revolution?"

UN officials kidnapped in Congo


Two UN officials have been kidnapped in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Kasai Central province, the government says. 

They have been named as Michael Sharp, a US citizen, and Zaida Catalan who is Swedish. 

They were taken along with four Congolese nationals near the village of Ngombe in Kasai Central province.

The government statement said the kidnappers had not yet been identified. It also did not state when the kidnapping took place.

'No money' for SA Commonwealth Games

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

There were celebrations when Durban was awarded the Games

Gideon Sam, president of the South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee, has told the BBC why Durban will not be hosting the Commonwealth Games in 2022:

We could not sign the guarantees because there’s no money.”

The Commonwealth Games Confederation is yet to make an official announcement.

Some South Africans have reacted with disappointment at the news.

Durban was awarded the Games in 2015 as the only city to make a confirmed bid. 

But South Africa’s Sports Minister Fikile Mbalula hinted last month that the coastal city may not be able to host the games because of financial constraints. 

Event organisers had already missed various submission deadlines with the Commonwealth Games Federation.   

Durban 2022 would have been the very first staging of the games on the African continent since they first took place in 1930.  

'Wind of change blowing in African football'

Piers Edwards

BBC Africa Sport

          Ahmad (left) and Hayatou go head-to-head this week for the Caf presidency
Getty Images
Ahmad (left) and Hayatou go head-to-head this week for the Caf presidency

"It's time we introduce a new regime," says Liberian Football Association president Musa Bility ahead of what has been described as the most important Confederation of African Football elections for almost three decades.

African football goes to the polls on Thursday to choose a new Caf president and for the first time since he came to power in 1988, incumbent Issa Hayatou faces a serious challenge.

Only twice before has the Cameroonian run against another candidate and he swept aside both with ease: Angola's Armando Machado in 2000 (by 47 votes to 4) and Ismail Bhamjee of Botswana in 2004 (46-6).

This time many believe Hayatou's opponent, Ahmad of Madagascar, could change the status quo.

Bility, who has long been a thorn in Caf's side after speaking out on several issues, told BBC Sport. "The reality is that football has come to be more active, more democratic, more involving - and we have to do that.

"We have to follow the path of the rest of the world, as Africa cannot afford to be left behind. I believe that Africa is ready for change. This is the first time in the history of (Hayatou's) Caf that there is a real and possible challenge to the leadership."

Read the full story here

Rubbish dump death toll rises to 62

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC Africa, Addis Ababa

accident site
The government had been trying to get people to leave the site

The death toll from the landslide at a vast rubbish dump in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa has risen to 62 after more bodies were pulled out of the debris. 

Rescue workers are searching for survivors but officials say hope is fading fast of finding anyone alive at the Koshe landfill. 

Rescuers are using bulldozers and even bare hands to move tonnes of debris as the search for survivors and dead bodies continues. 

Fresh details have also emerged that people who had been living in the landfill had resisted government attempts to relocate them to a safer area. 

Communications Minister Negeri Lencho told the BBC the government wanted them to move to make way for a waste energy factory that would use material from the landfill site.

The cause of the landslide is yet to be established but Mr Lencho said investigations would begin as soon as rescue operations are competed.     

'Prime suspect' arrested in Kenya over British rancher's murder

Kenyan police say they have arrested the prime suspect over the murder of a British rancher and ex-army officer, local Capital FM news reports. 

Tristan Voorspuy was killed by pastoral herders in Laikipia while inspecting some of his lodges earlier this month. 

A detective involved in the investigations said that the suspect was arrested on Sunday and would appear in court on Monday, Capital FM adds.

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Kenya governor 'under office arrest'

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The Governor of Kenya's Mombasa County, Hassan Joho, has been confined to his office after a political row erupted with President Uhuru Kenyatta. 

The governor posted a video on Twitter of police stopping him on his way to work earlier today. 

Police arrested him, escorted him to his office and have been standing guard outside, reports said.   

President Kenyatta has accused Governor Joho of failing to develop Mombasa and has asked him to account for 40bn shillings ($397m; £325m) given to the county of the last four years. 

The president vowed to teach the governor a lesson, accusing the county boss of pestering him and interfering with his work.

While attending the relaunch of a ferry at Mtongwe Channel, Mr Kenyatta said:

He should not play with us or else we will teach him a lesson.

Will Liverpool step in as Commonwealth hosts after Durban loss?

Crowd of children surrounds mascot in rhino outfit
Getty Images
The services of Chukuru the rhino will no longer be required

The 2022 Commonwealth Games will no longer take place in Durban, South Africa, the BBC understands.

Durban was awarded the Games in 2015 as the only city to make a confirmed bid but an official announcement about it pulling out is expected later.

Last month, the South African sports minister Fikile Mbalula said the city may not be able to host the event because of financial constraints.

Liverpool has expressed an interest  in staging the event.

Durban 2022 would have been the first staging of the Commonwealth Games in Africa.

The Games first took place in 1930 and are held every four years, featuring athletes from more than 50 countries, mostly former British colonies.

Mbalula said of South Africa's concerns over hosting the event: "We gave it our best shot but we can't go beyond. If the country says we don't have this money, we can't."

A spokesperson for Liverpool city council said: "We had heard rumours that Durban might be unable to deliver the Commonwealth Games in 2022 and have already indicated to the government that we are very willing to host them instead."

Ivory Coast remembers victims of beach attack

BBC World Service

          Man writes "I say no to terrorism" in French in the sand at scene of the attack, in 2016.
Man writes "I say no to terrorism" in French at scene of the attack, in 2016.

The town of Grand Bassam in Ivory Coast is commemorating the first anniversary of a jihadist attack in which 19 people were killed.

 Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb said it carried out the attack, the first of its kind in the country. 

The authorities say they subsequently arrested 38 people. 

The attack has had a devastating impact on Grand Bassam, which is one of Ivory Coast's main holiday destinations. 

Hotel owners say they are struggling to stay in business, and people who make arts and crafts say they have hardly any clients any more. 

Read more: How I survived the Ivory Coast beach attack

BreakingDurban will not host 2022 Commonwealth Games

The 2022 Commonwealth Games will no longer take place in Durban, South Africa, the BBC understands. 

An official announcement is expected to made at 15:00 GMT in London. 

Buhari: 'I'm back'

Nigerian president tweets:

Extradition of Guinea massacre suspect was 'kidnapping'

Aboubakar Diakite was arrested in Dakar in December

Senegal's extradition of Aboubakar Diakite - wanted over a 2009 stadium massacre in Guinea - has been criticised by his lawyer.

Baba Diop said it amounted to a "kidnapping" and said he had not been notified in advance.

I can't say this an extradition. For me, it is a kidnapping, a deportation. I am a little bit frustrated with the behaviour of the Senegalese authorities. What is even more frustrating in this case is that the president issued the extradition order on the 10 February. The decree hasn't been notified to Mr Diakite or his lawyer. It is by sheer chance, 72 hours ago, that we found out that the decree was issued on 10 February."

However the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), an NGO, welcomed the move, describing it as "powerful signal in favour of the fight against impunity in West Africa".

The organisation representing victims of the massacre said it hoped Mr Diakite - also known as Toumba - would go on trial before the next anniversary of the killings in September.

Read more: Unearthing the truth of Guinea 'bloodbath'

Death toll from Madagascar cyclone rises

Cyclone Enawo
Enawo winds reached up to 300km/h (185mph).

The death toll from a cyclone that has hit Madagascar has risen to at least 50, according to government authorities. 

Among the victims was a family who died in a landslide, while an estimated 153,000 people were displaced by storm waters. 

The country's National Bureau for Risk Management and Natural Disasters (BNGRC) also says that more than 100 people have been injured and 20 others are still missing.

Thierry Venty, executive secretary of the National Bureau of Risk and Disaster Management, said:

The damage is enormous wherever the cyclone has gone.

Cyclone Enawo made landfall in the north-east of the island last week. 

Nearly 200,000 people are badly affected and more than half of them have had to leave their homes and move into shelters. 

Food and water are in short supply and some areas have no electricity. 

The government is counting on the international community to provide assistance but has not yet made any international calls for assistance.

Buhari pictured back at his desk, pen in hand

President Buhari's aide has tweeted a photo of him back at work in the presidential office in Abuja: 

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Mother in court over SA baby 'abduction'

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

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The mother of one-month-old baby Siwaphiwe Mbabo has appeared at the Durban Magistrates court and her case has been postponed to Wednesday. 

The 34-year-old sparked a national manhunt and widespread concern when she reported that her daughter was in the backseat of her car when it was hijacked by two gunmen outside a shopping centre in Durban on Friday. 

But she was later accused of making the crime up, after the baby was found with her boyfriend. A senior police official condemned what he called a false claim of a crime.  

General Khomotso Phahlane said he was disappointed by the abuse of state resources in this case. 

Magistrates pushed the case back to Wednesday to allow police more time to compile a full charge sheet. They also plan to take DNA samples to determine the child's paternity. 

The postponement was also partly made because the mother's lawyer was not present in court. 

Police found the baby safe in a car with two adults in the early hours of Sunday morning at a checkpoint following intense investigation involving around 100 policemen. 

Three people were subsequently arrested including the mother of the child and they will remain in custody.

Reporters at the court have been posting images of the mother - her face concealed by a scarf - to Twitter. 

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Has hashtag ruined Chibok girls' freedom?

The kidnap of the Chibok girls sparked a global campaign
The kidnap of the Chibok girls sparked a global campaign

Nigerian writer Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani has suggested in an article in the New York Times that the #BringBackOurGirls social media and publicity campaign to free the hundreds of schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram may have backfired.

Twenty-one of the girls have been freed - but, she says, they have exchanged one form of captivity for another.

She writes:

The next time international do-gooders decide to lend their hashtag support to a cause in Africa, it would be wise to remember the fallout of the Bring Back Our Girls campaign.

The girls now seem to have exchanged one form of captivity for another. The campaign made them famous and, as a result, precious to the jihadists. The military says it can’t guarantee their safety if they go home, so they remain essentially prisoners of the state."

          Vice President Yemi Osinbajo (right) welcomed the released girls
Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo (R) welcomed some of the released girls

The girls have been unable to go home since their release, Ms Nwaubani says. They are in a safe house studying English and their families are allowed to speak with them twice a week. 

They have returned to Chibok once, at Christmas, but were not allowed to stay with their families - instead they stayed at the heavily guarded home of a local politician.

Ms Nwaubani writes:

After waiting for hours in the blazing heat and going through security checks, family members were finally allowed inside the politician’s crowded house, where they sat, like visitors to a prison."

A government official told Ms Nwaubani that the girls were being so tightly guarded because if Boko Haram managed to re-kidnap one of them, it would be like "winning the World Cup".

The mother of one of the Chibok girls who is still in militant captivity told Ms Nwaubani that she was grateful for the publicity campaign because the girls might otherwise have been forgotten.

bring back our girls march
In January marchers marked 1,000 days of captivity for most of the girls

But Ms Nwaubani says she wonders if other kidnapping victims who have not received ths same attention are better off because they can resume something like a normal life if and when they are freed.

If more Chibok girls are freed however, she says they will present the Nigerian government with yet more problems:

What can it do with girls who are too famous to be free?"

What is it like on top of Ethiopia's deadly rubbish mountain?

          Excavators work after a landslide at a garbage dump on the outskirts of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in this still image taken from a video from March 12, 2017
Bulldozers have been trying to clear the debris

Rescue workers are searching for survivors of a landslide that has killed 50 people at a vast dump in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa. 

But what is it like to live on what is reportedly one of Africa's largest rubbish dumps? 

BBC World Service presenter Ed Butler visited the site back in 2015. 

Standing at the top of the man-made rubbish mountain, this is how he described the scene: 

It's an incredibly smelly, fetid place. A gathering of maybe 30 or 40 locals, dressed in rags, are raking through the bags of rubbish... They're pulling out anything that they can, bits of cloth, food waste, things that they think they can still eat. And there are plastics as well... perhaps the highest value items. Each individual item will have some tiny resale value".

          In this Sunday, March 12, 2017 photo, residents look on as rescue efforts take place at the scene of a garbage landslide, on the outskirts of the capital Addis Ababa, in Ethiopia

Speaking to the BBC this morning, Ed said he was not entirely surprised to hear about the collapse:

[It's] this towering thing, very unstable, crawling with people and there are an awful lot of diggers pushing stuff around on top, moving rubbish around."

Read the full BBC News story 

Buhari 'to be briefed by Osinbajo'

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has signed a letter telling parliament he is resuming his duties as leader, his media advisor Femi Adesina says, and is due to be briefed by Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo.

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Buhari urged to focus on economy

BBC Monitoring

News from around the globe

Some predict a clash between Mr Buhari's people and vice-president Osinbajo

Nigeria's Punch newspaper has been asking organisations what they think President Buhari should be focusing on as he resumes his duties.

Nigeria Labour Congress General Secretary Dr Peter Ozo-Eson said the government should move forward with plans for a new minimum wage.

He said:

The challenges facing the country remain the same. The economy is at the top of it. The government needs to tackle the economy and see how to get it out of recession. Within that framework, we believe that with the suffering of Nigerians, policies need to be deployed quickly to ensure that it is reduced, that inflation is controlled."

The president of the Nigerian Voters Assembly organisation, Masud Erubami, said the president should redouble anti-corruption efforts:

The president should show in his speeches and body languages that he had healthily returned as the true Buhari that we knew by displaying his distaste for corruption and from the way it is being currently handled."

However a former House of Representatives member, Dr Junaid Mohammed, told the newspaper that he thought there would be a clash between Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo and people close to Mr Buhari over the exercise of presidential powers.

Dr Mohammed said that although Mr Buhari had returned to Nigeria he was not likely to be exercising the "full, awesome powers of the president" and Mr Osinbajo would continue to carry out some of his functions.

He said:

“The whole idea of this indecent haste to rush back Mr President to Nigeria and make sure that he assumes his full executive powers in this situation is nothing but the intrigue of the cabal, especially those who are his personal relations and cronies.

“If they realise they are not happy with the new arrangement, whereby the president is there physically but the powers are being exercised by somebody else, there is likely going to be a lot of trouble for sure.”

'Africa can close energy gap more quickly than people think'

More than 600m Africans, nearly two-thirds of the continent's population, don't have access to electricity. 

But today, the Africa Progress Panel - led by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan - releases a report on ways to redress this situation. 

Rachel Kyte, the UN Secretary-General's Special Representative on Sustainable Energy told the BBC's Newsday programme that if countries focus on building up capacity for both on-grid and off-grid power solutions, including solar and pay-as-you-go energy, then there was cause for real optimism:

Africa can close its energy access gap more quickly than people think."

"East Africa is becoming a petri dish for solar solutions"

Read more: Five African inventions to look out for in 2017

Bodies pulled from Addis Ababa dump

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC Africa, Addis Ababa

people at site of landslide
Rescue efforts are continuing

More bodies have been pulled from a vast rubbish dump in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa where nearly 50 people were killed in a landslide over the weekend. 

A massive rescue operation is on going at a rubbish dump with authorities fearing the death toll could rise even further. Dozens of people are still unaccounted for following the disaster.

Rescuers are using bulldozers and their bare hands to move tonnes of debris as the search for survivors and dead bodies continues.

At the site, I saw dozens of families that lived in makeshift houses near the area, seeking information about missing relatives, as hopes fade of finding anyone alive.

Many of them were huddled in small groups talking in low tones, others were crying and sobbing loudly.

The country’s communication minister Dr Negeri Lencho has said all survivors will be resettled elsewhere. So far, about 200 families have been relocated.

Dozens of people who were injured during the Saturday night accident, have been treated and discharged from hospital.

It is still not yet clear what caused the landslide but the Ethiopian Prime Minister has offered his condolences to the families assuring them of a full investigation of the matter once rescue operations are completed. 

Deadly car bomb hits Somali capital

          Rescuers carry away a man who was wounded in a car bomb attack in Mogadishu, Somalia Monday, March 13, 2017
A rescue operation is under way following the attack

Police in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, say a car bomb has exploded on a busy street near a hotel. 

At least 10 people were killed in the attack and a number of others wounded, according to the website of local Radio Shabelle. 

No group has said it carried out the attack, but the Islamist militant group al-Shabab has often targeted hotels in Mogadishu.

It is the second explosion reported today. 

Earlier, police shot at a speeding minibus when it failed to stop at a checkpoint. The vehicle exploded, killing the driver.

Hundreds of Somali soldiers protested in Mogadishu on the weekend over unpaid salaries, blocking roads and forcing businesses to close.

Guinean extradited over stadium massacre

Senegal has extradited a former presidential aide in Guinea, accused of involvement in the massacre of opposition supporters at a stadium in the Guinean capital, Conakry, eight years ago. 

More than 150 people were killed when security forces opened fire on thousands of anti-government protesters at the capital's main stadium.

Women there were raped and dozens of people were never seen again.

Aboubakar Diakite, known as Toumba, was arrested in Senegal in December. 

He had been on the run since 2009 when he tried to kill his own chief - Guinea's former military leader, Moussa Dadis Camara - who was also implicated in the stadium massacre.

          More than 150 people were killed during the September 2009 protest against the military government
Getty Images
More than 150 people were killed during the September 2009 protest against the military government

Buhari due to resume official duties

Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari - who returned to Nigeria on Friday after seven weeks of medical leave in London - is due to return to to work today. 

Mr Buhari's assistant Bashir Ahmad tweeted that the president would send a letter to the National Assembly to "formally notify the legislature of his return to the country".

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On Friday the Nigerian leader said he had never before been "so sick" but did not reveal details about his condition, although he did say further medical checks would be necessary.

Critics have questioned whether Mr Buhari is well enough to hold office and his public appearances are set to be scrutinised for any signs of physical weakness.

Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo was left in charge while he was away and the BBC's Martin Patience in Lagos says Mr Osinbajo showed an energy as acting leader that was strikingly different to President Buhari's own style.

Wise words

Today's Africa proverb:  

He who swallows a pestle will sleep standing up."

Sent by Charles Onyedikachi Iroham, Banjul, The Gambia

Click here to send us your African proverbs

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