Some Siamese twin crocodiles are joined at the stomach, yet they fight over food."
And we leave you with this photo of a Somali fisherman casting his nets on a beach in Eyl, once a stronghold of pirates:
Some Siamese twin crocodiles are joined at the stomach, yet they fight over food."
And we leave you with this photo of a Somali fisherman casting his nets on a beach in Eyl, once a stronghold of pirates:
Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta has been speaking about the doctors' strike (see earlier posts). He said he was committed to a "fair resolution" to the dispute but there was "no fairness" in doctors continuing to work in private practice while striking in their public sector roles.
"Fairness to you as doctors cannot come at the expense of fairness to other Kenyans. Your duty is to serve all, to protect and to care for all."
He said doctors were being "offered... more money than even doctors in the private sector receive".
"This is blackmail and we are not going to entertain it," Mr Kenyatta said.
The BBC's John Nene says some communities in Lamu on Kenya's coast consider cats to be sacred.
And he recently spotted some of these lucky felines receiving some meaty treats:
A Kenyan MP has been arrested a day after the government warned that it would apprehend leaders alleged to be inciting violence in Laikipia county.
Matthew Lempurkel, the member of parliament of Laikipia North, the constituency where British rancher Tristan Voorspuy was killed by armed herders on Sunday, is expected to record a statement about the ongoing violence:
Media reports say that an ongoing drought has driven pastoralists to move into private farms to find pasture for their animals.
But analysts say local leaders are inciting armed herders to invade the farms.
A security operation is currently under way in the area.
BBC Africa, Maputo
A body to track illegal fishing vessels off the east and southern coasts of Africa is to be set up in Mozambique.
It is estimated that Mozambique alone loses about $67m (£55m) annually to illegal fishing.
Leonildo Chimarizene, a top official in Mozambique's fisheries ministry, said the centre would be based in the capital, Maputo, with the aim of improving co-operation among member states of the regional body, Sadc.
“Under the project, if a suspected fishing boat is spotted in a given territorial water, the centre will act to alert and communicate that an illegal fishing boat is in Mozambican, South African or Tanzanian territorial waters.
An inspection team will, then, be dispatched to the area in question to intercept the vessel.
This work will be done by experts on monitoring, controlling and inspecting.
The centre will also have a training component.”
Frenchman Sebastien Migne has replaced compatriot Pierre Lechantre as coach of Congo-Brazzaville.
Migne, 44, has previously worked as Claude LeRoy's assistant at both Congo-Brazzaville and Togo.
It is a swift return to the 1972 African champions for Migne, who worked as LeRoy's assistant with the Red Devils until November 2015.
Congo-Brazzaville had been without a permanent coach since Lechantre was sacked in November 2016.
Doctors' leaders in Kenya have urged medics to remain resolute in the face of a breakdown of the deal negotiated by religious leaders to end their three-month strike (see earlier posts).
Mwachonda Chibanzi, deputy secretary general of the Kenya Medical Practitioners, Pharmacists and Dentists Union, said:
Dear members we have just concluded our National Advisory Council deliberating on the current strike. We have noted the government's plan on our strike, and the threats thrown our way. We wish to advise all the membership to maintain their resolve and stay calm. LISTEN to the UNION only. Further communication will follow."
Umar Shehu Elleman
BBC Africa, Lagos
Nigeria’s government today launched a railway project to link the port of Lagos to the city of Ibadan by 2019.
A Chinese loan is funding the 100km (62-mile) rail link – and the track is being built by the China Railway Construction Corporation and China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation.
There is an existing rail link between Lagos and Ibadan, but it was built during the colonial era – and does not extend to the port.
The new track will enable high-speed trains to carry cargo and passengers between two of Nigeria’s important commercial centres.
It is hoped it will also ease congestion in Lagos where lorries have to queue for days to gain entry to the port to collect goods.
Nigeria’s Acting President Yemi Osinbajo was at the opening ceremony in Lagos along with other officials, including the transport minister and head of the Nigerian Ports Authority.
After its completion, the intention is to then continue the track from Ibadan to Kano in the north.
At the same time, the line will be extended south to Calabar, another important port.
South Sudan's parliament is reported to have approved an increase in the cost of work permits for professional foreign workers to $10,000 (£8,203) from $100.
Information Minister Michael Makuei Lueth told CGTN Africa that South Sudan's work permit rates had been the lowest in the region and it was "normal" to levy such fees.
President Salva Kiir's spokesman Ateny Wek Ateny was quoted as saying : "Any country in the world has a right to impose work permits on foreigners. If you can't pay $10,000, then you hire a local person instead."
Most foreigners in South Sudan are thought to work in humanitarian aid or the oil industry. The new work permit rates were announced days after the UN declared a famine in parts of the country, and called for relief efforts to be stepped up.
Even before its latest move, the South Sudanese government had been accused of impeding access for humanitarian agencies.
Weather watchers Storm Report SA have put together a compilation of clips they've received from people in Madagascar experiencing Cyclone Enawo.
It says the Indian Ocean island has recorded wind gusts of up to 300km/h:
Kenya’s government and county governors have withdrawn a 50% pay rise and other allowances offered for doctors to end their three-month strike.
A government statement said its offer had been on condition that doctors reported back to work this morning.
"Consequently for failure to call off the strike, the government has now rescinded this offer and there will be no further negotiations on remuneration (salaries and allowances)."
For the last week, religious leaders have been negotiating a deal between doctors’ leaders and the government – which was presented to a court in the capital, Nairobi, this morning ( see earlier entry ).
The doctors said they would return to work as soon as the agreement had been signed.
But a BBC reporter tweets that instead they now face the sack:
BBC News, South Africa
A provincial health minister in South Africa has had to step in and perform post-mortems after staff at a busy morgue did not turn up for work as they said they were sick.
Sibongiseni Dhlomo, a trained forensic pathologist, cancelled his plans in order to help clear the backlog of bodies at the Park Rynie morgue, in KwaZulu Natal province.
In a statement ‚ KwaZulu Natal health spokesman Desmond Motha said the minister’s intervention would see that bodies due for burial would be examined by the weekend.
He assured the public that there would not be any delays.
The minister and his team will complete 17 examinations today and tomorrow.
US President Donald Trump has signed an executive order replacing his previous travel ban. How does the new travel ban differ from the last? Will refugees be affected? Will you? Rajini Vaidyanathan reports:
Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed - a dual US-Somali citizen - has criticised the new US travel ban on people from six mainly Muslim nations, including Somalia.
The Associated Press new agency quotes him as saying that the estimated 150,000 Somalis in the US had “ contributed to the US economy and the US society in different ways, and we have to talk about what the Somali people have contributed rather than a few people who may cause a problem .''
It was critical that Somalia continue to work to defeat the Islamist militant group al-Shabab, he said.
The new Somali president was speaking at an event in the capital, Mogadishu, with UN chief Antonio Guterres to address Somalia's drought that poses the risk of famine to five million people (see earlier posts).
On Monday, US President Donald Trump signed the new executive order presented as a means to strengthen US national security against terror threats.
The directive, which includes a 120-day ban on all refugees, takes effect on 16 March.
The Himba people of Namibia can see fine details and ignore distraction much better than most other human beings – a finding that may reflect the many ways that modern life is changing our minds and abilities, David Robson writes on BBC Future.
Here are his opening paragraphs:
Nestled in a grassy valley of north-eastern Namibia, Opuwo may seem like a crumbling relic of colonial history. With a population of just 12,000, the town is so small that it would take less than a minute to drive from the road sign on one side of town to the shanty villages on other. Along the way, you would see a hotchpotch collection of administrative offices, a couple of schools, a hospital and a handful of supermarkets and petrol stations.
For many of the people living in the surrounding valley, however, this small town is also the first taste of modern life. The capital of the Kunene region, Opuwo lies in the heartland of the Himba people, a semi-nomadic people who spend their days herding cattle. Long after many of the world’s other indigenous populations had begun to migrate to cities, the Himba had mostly avoided contact with modern culture, quietly continuing their traditional life. But that is slowly changing, with younger generations feeling the draw of Opuwo, where they will encounter cars, brick buildings, and writing for the first time.
How does the human mind cope with all those novelties and new sensations? By studying people like the Himba, at the start of their journey into modernity, scientists are now hoping to understand the ways that modern life may have altered all of our minds. The results so far are fascinating, documenting a striking change in our visual focus and attention. The Himba people, it seems, don’t see the world like the rest of us.
BBC Africa, Nairobi
Doctors in Kenya have agreed to end their three-month strike over pay and conditions following mediation by religious leaders.
The doctors’ unions and the government are due to sign a deal after seven days of negotiations led by the Religious Council of Kenya.
The council intervened after doctors' leaders were jailed for refusing to comply with a court order to negotiate.
The court agreed to calls for an out-of-court settlement and they were freed on condition a deal was reached by today.
Medical staff began their strike in December after the government failed to implement a 2013 agreement signed with the Kenya Medical Practitioners' Union, which included a pay rise of around 180%.
Both parties presented the new deal to the court this morning.
Doctors have now agreed to accept a lower salary offer, but details have not been made public.
They have also dropped demands for improvements to medical facilities after a government assurance that this was a long-term goal.
The government has agreed to pay the striking doctors their salaries and allowances for the last three months.
Doctors see the deal as a victory – and say they will return to work as soon as the agreement is signed.
President Uhuru Kenyatta has said they should return to work immediately.
Read more: The cancer patient and the medic
Fighting between rival gangs of people smugglers in Libya has led to the deaths of 22 migrants, the International Organization for Migration has said .
The IOM said the incident happened in Subratah recently.
Reports about the fighting emerged after 110 migrants were brought ashore by the Libyan coastguard on 3 March when their boat started taking on water.
The migrants have since been transferred to two detention centres where they are receiving emergency assistance.
In its latest report on migration to Europe, the IOM said 19,384 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017 up until 5 March - more than 80% of whom arrived in Italy and the rest in Spain and Greece.
This compares with 138,524 through the first 65 days of 2016, when many Syrians were making the journey across the eastern Mediterranean to Greece.
The IOM says the number of Mediterranean fatalities this year stood at 521, as of 5 March, compared with 471 at the same date in 2016.
South African Football Association president Danny Jordaan has pulled out of the race to be a member of the Fifa Council.
The withdrawals were revealed in a letter sent by the Confederation of African Football (Caf) to the continent's member associations.
Caf confirmed the eligibility of 10 candidates for next week's elections.
This came after Fifa's Governance Committee approved their candidacy following eligibility checks, which Fifa introduced following the corruption scandal of 2015.
Yesterday Ghana marked 60 years of independence with celebrations in Accra.
The Guardian has a photo gallery today, with images from pre-independence Accra which it has obtained from Deo Gratias - the oldest photography studio still in operation in the Ghanaian capital.
You can see the pictures, from the 1920s and 1930s, via the link below.
Ahmed Mohamed Abdi
Sudan has condemned the decision by US President Donald Trump to impose a visa ban on its citizens.
A statement from the foreign ministry published by the state-owned Sudanese News Agency said :
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs expresses its disapproval and deep regret of the executive order issued by the US president yesterday, 6 March 2017, according to which travels by citizens of six countries, including Sudan, to the USA was restricted for a period of 90 days."
The previous order, signed when Mr Trump came into office in January, was blocked by a federal court and effectively remains on hold.
In the statement, Sudan also reiterated its call for the US to remove its name from the list of countries supporting terrorism.
Mr Trump's new order has also halted the country's refugee programme for 120 days.
Read more: 'We Sudanese still feel like pariahs'
BBC Africa, Johannesburg
The leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) party in South Africa, Julius Malema, has been barred by a court from inciting land grabs.
The High Court in Pretoria granted a request filed by the Afrikaner civil rights lobby group AfriForum to prevent Mr Malema from encouraging land invasions.
AfriForum complained that Mr Malema had continued his call for people to take land without compensation even after it had approached the court last November, with a request for him to stop.
After today’s court ruling, AfriForum said if Mr Malema made any more statements calling for land grabs he would be in contempt of court.
The EFF says its policy on land restitution is to correct the imbalance of ownership created by apartheid with “expropriation of land without compensation”.
The governing African National Congress (ANC) also supports land expropriation but with compensation.
Mr Malema has been calling for his supporters to occupy unused land wherever they find it.
Last year, soon after appearing at a court in the KwaZulu Natal town of Newcastle, Mr Malema told the crowd waiting outside: "When we leave here, you see any piece of beautiful land, you like it, occupy it!
"It belongs to you! It is your land! It is the land of your forefathers! It is the land that was taken from us by white people by force."
Cyclone Enawo made landfall in Madagascar this morning bringing winds in excess of 90mph and huge waves.
Further life-threatening impacts are expected as it moves further inland, primarily from heavy rain and landslides.
BBC Weather's John Hammond reports on the powerful storm:
Residents in Enawo's path have been advised in recent days to evacuate low-lying areas and stock up on food and water.
Storm Report SA is sharing videos from those caught up in the cyclone, including this footage from Antalaha, on the north-eastern coast where it first made landfall:
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, who is in Somalia, is now visiting Baidoa, 243km (151 miles) inland from Mogadishu, which is an area badly hit by the severe drought.
In a tweet earlier, Mr Guterres warned of famine in Somalia and said "the world must act now".
Before travelling to Baidoa, he held talks in Mogadishu with new Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed.
Reports from Lesotho say King Letsie has agreed to dissolve parliament, with elections due to follow within 90 days.
It comes six days after Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili lost a confidence vote in parliament.
A number of defections by ruling-coalition lawmakers to the opposition had badly weakened support for Mr Mosisili.
His Democratic Congress came to power two years ago by uniting with smaller parties against Thomas Thabane's All Basotho Congress.
The small landlocked country of 2 million people, which has been hit by several coups since independence from the UK in 1966, appears set for a period of political instability, analysts have said.
BBC Africa, Kampala
Ugandan academic Stella Nyanzi has left the police CID headquarters after four hours of questioning:
She was summoned by police for "cyber harassment" after criticising First Lady Janet Museveni for failing poor girls in need of sanitary pads, in a Facebook post ( see earlier entry ).
She said police officers treated her with respect and allowed her to respond to their questions.
They told her that her language on social media had offended President Yoweri Museveni and his wife.
But Ms Nyanzi told the small crowd of supporters outside:
What do they mean ‘offended?’ It's us Ugandans who are offended about the neglect of this country by our leaders and the rot in government."
Ms Nyanzi said nothing would stop her expressing her views and speaking out unless they “shoot me dead”.
Athletics administrator and former Namibian sprinter Frankie Fredericks has quit as head of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) commission evaluating candidates to stage the 2024 Games.
It follows allegations in French newspaper Le Monde that he accepted money from a sports marketing executive accused of corruption.
Mr Fredericks has strongly denied any wrongdoing in accepting money around the time that Rio de Janeiro was awarded the 2016 Olympics.
But he said: "Nonetheless I have personally decided that it is in the best interests of a good functioning of the International Olympic Committee Candidature process that I step aside as chairperson of the 2024 Evaluation Commission, because it is essential that the important work my colleagues are doing is seen as being carried out in a truthful and fair manner.
"I do not wish to become a distraction from this great contest."
Mr Fredericks, who is an IOC member, earlier stepped down from an IAAF taskforce helping Russia as it tries to gain readmission to international competition.
Justice Walter Onnoghen has been sworn in as Nigeria's new chief justice by Acting President Yemi Osinbajo at a ceremony in Abuja.
The BBC's Abuja bureau editor Naziru Mikailu says his confirmation in the post comes at a time when senior judges and other judiciary officials are facing various charges relating to corruption and money laundering.
Mr Onnoghen has previously promised to fight corruption, including in the judiciary, and to uphold the rule of law.
Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has spent more than six weeks on "medical vacation" in the UK - here a Nigerian cartoonist has tweeted his take on the president's absence from office:
While in his letter from Africa for the BBC, Nigerian Sola Odunfa examines the attitude of Nigerians to holidaying - and it is less about relaxing and more about shopping:
For the average Nigerian, the business of living is too serious to afford such a luxury
And for those who can splash out, soaking up culture is not often on the agenda....
Read more: Do Nigerians go on holiday?
BBC Monitoring's Africa security correspondent
Human rights group Amnesty International has said it will be shameful if the UN fails to carry out a proper investigation into alleged attacks by Sudanese government forces on civilians.
Last September, Amnesty said it had credible evidence of the repeated use of chemical weapons, which killed more than 200 people in the Darfur region earlier in the year.
Amnesty says Sudan’s military carried out co-ordinated ground and air strikes, targeting civilians, between January and August last year.
The rights group says it used satellite imagery and eyewitness and victim accounts to gather its evidence.
Amnesty adds that some civilians, including children, had injuries that showed they had been exposed to toxic chemicals, as the government carried out operations against rebel forces.
Sudan denied the allegations and saying it did not own chemical weapons and so it had never used them.
Sudan is a signatory to the Chemical Weapons Convention – a treaty prohibiting the production, trade and use of toxic arms.
The body’s executive council meets this week in The Hague, coinciding with Amnesty’s renewed call for action – including an inspection in the area where the alleged attacks happened.
BBC Africa, Kampala
Controversial Ugandan academic Stella Nyanzi has been summoned to police CID on charges of "cyber harassment and computer misuse".
It follows a couple of Facebook posts in which she said First Lady Janet Museveni was “no mother to the nation” if she cared nothing for poor Ugandan girls who missed school or dropped out for lack of sanitary pads.
Mrs Museveni, who is also the education minister, is commonly referred to as “Mama” in the governing party and government circles.
Ms Nyanzi, who uses very strong and graphic language in her posts, wrote on Facebook on Monday :
Women's month compels me to speak again against the shamelessness with which Janet Kataaha Museveni declared in the house of parliament that Uganda government lacks money to provide poor girls with sanitary pads so that they don't miss school during their menstruation."
In the same post she referred to President Yoweri Museveni as a dictator, saying he “lied [to] poor Ugandans during his presidential campaigns about giving sanitary pads to their daughters”.
Ms Nyanzi was a researcher and lecturer at Makerere University, and was suspended last year following her semi-nude protest over her treatment by the university management in a contractual dispute.
She was readmitted to the university last month.
A small crowd gathered outside the CID headquarters in the capital, Kampala, to show solidarity with the academic, including MP Betty Nambooze.
She said she admired Ms Nyanzi for speaking up for poor Ugandan girls using the platform available to her and she should be rewarded and not interrogated:
A notorious wildlife smuggler who has been on the run for four years has been arrested in Guinea.
Abdoul Salam Sidibe is accused of selling thousands of live animals, including endangered chimpanzees for more than 30 years.
A non-governmental organisation, Eco Activists for Governance and Law Enforcement (Eagle), first began tracking him in 2013 when it learned he was seeking to sell a live manatee for about $50,000 (£40,000), Reuters news agency reports.
According the French-language Africa news site Alwihda Info , his network includes his father, who was arrested last week.
They operated with the alleged help of Guinea’s former wildlife director, who enabled them to illegally export chimpanzees and gorillas to China and other countries.
He was sent to prison in 2015 - and the Sidibes were both sentenced in absentia to five years.
Guinea, a former French colony, is a major wildlife trafficking hub in West Africa with ivory, skins and shark fins, as well as live mammals regularly sold internationally by criminal groups, Reuters says.
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has arrived in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, for talks with new Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed expected to focus on efforts to prevent famine and improve security.
During his flight to Somalia, Mr Guterres told reporters:
The combination of conflict, drought, climate change, diseases and cholera is a nightmare.
It's essentially a visit of solidarity with Somalia. We are trying to put in place a response mechanism... for trying to prevent the worst."
Mr Guterres is meeting Mr Mohamed in the highly secured airport zone, which is protected by African Union peacekeepers and where the UN has its offices.
It is the third time a UN chief has visited Somalia since 1993 - two years after then President Siad Barre was ousted, plunging the country into civil war.
The UN humanitarian co-ordinator for Somalia tweeted:
Mr Guterres said "the world must act now" to fight famine in Somalia.
Four-time Olympic silver medallist Frankie Fredericks of Namibia has stepped down from a key role at athletics' world governing body after corruption claims.
IAAF council member Fredericks, also a member of the International Olympic Committee, has left a taskforce helping Russia as it tries to gain readmission to international competition.
His decision comes after French paper Le Monde claimed the former sprinter received a payment days before voting on the 2016 Olympics host city - allegations he denies.
The IOC says it is investigating the allegations.
I have decided to step aside from the taskforce so that the integrity of its work is not questioned due to the allegations made against me in Le Monde
It is important that the taskforce's mission is seen as free and fair with no outside influence."