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Summary

  1. Nigerian protesters demand end to SA xenophobic attacks
  2. Zimbabwean trampled to death for 'elephant selfie'
  3. Malawian Agriculture Minister George Chaponda sacked over 'maizegate' scandal
  4. Gambian police arrest ex-head of former President Jammeh's feared spy agency
  5. South African court orders government to reverse decision to leave ICC
  6. Zimbabwe deploys 'army medics amid doctors' strike'
  7. Kenyan woman attacked over childless marriage 'pregnant'
  8. Nigeria army accuses Amnesty of fabrication
  9. Body of 'Blind Sheikh returned to Egypt'
  10. Pope calls for urgent South Sudan famine aid
  11. Libyan women solo travel ban frozen
  12. South Africa budget targets the rich
  13. Somalia's president warns al-Shabab at inauguration
  14. Two more students die in Guinea protests
  15. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Wednesday 22 February 2017

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Lucy Fleming

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Wednesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's proverb:

When the farm owner is slow to catch the thief, the thief calls the farm owner ‘thief’."

A Yoruba proverb sent by Abubakar Mohammed Sani in Serdang, Malaysia

Click here to send us your African proverbs

We leave you with this photo of a group of men engrossed in a draughts board game in Ghana's capital, Accra:

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Zimbabwean trampled to death for 'elephant selfie'

Elephant in Zimbabwe
AFP
Inspector Ndebele reminded people that elephants were dangerous

A man in southern Zimbabwe has been trampled to death while he and his two friends were trying to take selfies with elephants, the country’s state-run Chronicle newspaper reports.

Moses Ndlovu, 31, from Bulilima district near Plumtree, and his friends reportedly spotted three elephants - two females and a bull - on Saturday morning.

Police spokesman Philani Ndebele told the Chronicle the men had tried to herd the animals to an area where they could more easily take photos.

He called his two friends and they attempted to drive the elephants into a clearing at Bhagani Business Centre where they could take pictures."

Inspector Philani Ndebele

But the elephants charged the trio and the bull trampled Mr Ndlovu to death, the inspector said.

His body was found the following day by a passerby, who reported the matter to the village head.

Jumbos are known to be dangerous animals and what these men did was risky. I would like to urge people to ensure that they take responsibility for their lives and desist from engaging in dangerous acts."

Inspector Philani Ndebele

Kenyan top lawyer to apologise for plagiarism

One of Kenya's top lawyers renowned for his eloquence has agreed to apologise within 14 days for plagiarising the work of a fellow colleague. 

Patrick Lumumba, known as PLO, agreed to write a letter of apology to lawyer Wachira Maina and another to the Law Society of Kenya and affiliated bodies to withdraw and delete the 10,000-word article - From Jurisprudence to Poliprudence: The Kenyan Presidential Election Petition 2013 - which was published in 2015.

Mr Wachira accused him of lifting close to 5,000 words verbatim from his own piece that had been published by the East African newspaper on 20 April 2013, Kenya's Star newspaper reports.

Mr Lumumba served as the the boss of  Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission from September 2010 to August 2011 and is currently the director of the Kenya School of Law. 

Read more:Other leaders caught up in plagiarism scandals

DR Congo to probe 'massacre video'

BBC World Service

The government of the Democratic Republic of Congo has announced that it has, after all, opened an inquiry into a video which appears to show troops carrying out a massacre on unarmed civilians.

It initially denounced the video as a fake made by an opposition group and resisted international and local calls for an investigation.

The footage, which emerged over the weekend, appears to have been filmed in Kasai Central province, where Congolese forces have been fighting a militia group.

The US has condemned what it called the heinous abuses shown in the video.

Nigerians demand end to South Africa xenophobic attacks

Habiba Adamu

BBC Africa, Abuja

Nigerians protesters
BBC

Dozens of Nigerians have staged an anti-xenophobia protest outside the South African embassy in the capital, Abuja. 

Members of the National Youth Council of Nigeria, which organised the demonstration, called on the South African authorities to stop attacks on other African nationals. 

The protesters carried placards such as “South Africa we say stop killing our people” and chanted slogans denouncing the attacks. 

Earlier this week a top Nigerian government official called on the African Union to intervene but the proposal was reportedly dismissed by a South African official who said the attacks were isolated. 

There are about 120 South African companies in Nigeria including telecommunication giant MTN and chain of Supermarket Shoprite. 

A protester told the BBC:

We are doing this because of the killings taking place in South Africa, we want to express our displeasure over that and urge them to take measures to address the situation.

We presented a petition in which we want them to call their people to order. We have foreigners here and it will not be good if there is reprisal attacks that will not make world a peaceful place to live.”

The South African ambassador to Nigeria, Lulu Louis Mnguni, received the petition and told the protesters his government was going to deal with the situation. 

He said that the attacks were unfortunate and unwarranted despite "the frustration and anger should that people might be feeling".

Mr Mnguni added that the attacks were not unique to South Africa and blamed underdevelopment, poverty and unemployment on the continent. 

Army medics 'deployed to Zimbabwe hospitals'

A hand with pills in front of the Zimbabwe flag
Thinkstock
Non-critical patients were being turned away from major hospitals

Zimbabwe has deployed army medics to work at major public hospitals following a week-long strike by junior doctors, Reuters news agency quotes a senior government official as saying.

Gerald Gwinji, permanent secretary in the health ministry, said the strike had put pressure on public hospitals, which were already struggling with shortages of drugs and under-funding.

Edgar Munatsi, president of the Zimbabwe Hospital Doctors Association, told Reuters that doctors wanted their on-call allowances to be increased to $10 (£8) an hour from the current $1.20.

He said more than 400 doctors were staying away from work, warning that senior doctors could also join the strike.

Poachers kill two rhinos at South African orphanage

Baby rhino covered in mud in SA
PA
More than 700 rhinos were killed in South Africa in the first half of last year

Poachers have killed two rhinos during a vicious attack on an animal orphanage in South Africa.

Rhinos Impi and Gugu had their horns taken after a gang of poachers took staff hostage at the Fundimvelo Thula Thula Rhino Orphanage in KwaZulu-Natal on Monday night.

Gugu was killed instantly but Impi survived, only to have to be put down the next morning due to his injuries.

Staff members are understood to have been assaulted during the attack.

The rhinos had been due to have their horns removed next week to protect them from ivory traders, according to local media.  

Read the BBC News story for more

South Africa budget targets the rich

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

Pravin Gordhan
Reuters
Pravin Gordhan has a fractious relationship with the president

South African Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan has targeted the rich in his annual budget, announcing a new top tax rate of 45% in his 2017 budget.

It will apply to annual incomes of more than 1.5m rand ($114,000; £91,000) and will hit around 100,000 people.

Mr Gordhan is battling weak tax receipts which, during the current financial year have been 30bn rand ($2.3bn, £1.8bn) less than expected.

He pointed out that 95% of wealth is in the hands of 10% of the population – nearly 23 years after the end of apartheid.

And it is still very much skewed along racial lines.

The minister warned of "growing impatience and ferment" over post-apartheid inequality:

Economic growth is slow, unemployment is far too high and many businesses and families are under stress.

The relationships between labour and capital, rich and poor, black and white still reflect the entrenched legacy of colonialism and apartheid.

We do not seek to reproduce the racial domination that was the hallmark of apartheid nationalism."

He also spoke frankly to his own comrades:

That which we expect the public to do, we in government must also do…where fraud and corruption is identified, action must be taken."

This may well have been Mr Gordhan’s last budget speech given his fractious relationship with President Jacob Zuma.

Many see him as standing in the way of those wanting to loot government coffers.

Read the BBC Business story for more.

#Hireagraduate: SA's unemployed demand jobs

Pumza Fihlani

BBC News, Johannesburg

View more on twitter

A protest of a different kind is trending on Twitter in South Africa. 

#Hireagraduate offers a glimpse to the plight of university graduates in South Africa’s Eastern Cape province. 

They are calling for the government and the private sector to create jobs in the province. 

Dressed in graduation robes, some are carrying placards with the slogans:

  • Education is the key to which door?
  • We have what is takes
  • Do not limit us.

The Eastern Cape Province has some of the highest rates of inequality in the country with people often forced to migrate to other areas in search of jobs. 

The province’s administration often makes headlines for mismanagement of state funds set aside to provide services for the poor, including job creation.

View more on twitter

Coptic Christians 'killed in Egypt's Sinai'

BBC World Service

Reports from Egypt say suspected militants have killed two more Coptic Christians in northern Sinai. 

This brings to six the number of Christians who have been murdered in the region over the past two weeks.

The bodies of the latest victims - a father and son - were found dumped on a roadside in the el-Arish area.

Earlier this week Egyptian militants linked to so-called Islamic State released a video that said there would be more attacks on the country's Christian minority.     

Libyan women solo travel ban frozen

Rana Jawad

BBC North Africa correspondent

Women demonstrating in Libya
AFP
Libyan women who were at the forefront of the protests during the uprising

The military chief of staff of Libya’s eastern region has ordered a temporary freeze on a controversial ban on Libyan women under the age of 60 travelling on their own.

The directive, which came into force on the weekend, was widely condemned and ridiculed across the country.

The ban was said to be for "national security reasons" and not driven by religious ideology.

A source in the chief of staff’s office said it was being frozen for amendments because “it may have generalised the matter too much”.

Libya is not controlled by a single authority.

Eastern Libya is under the control of commander Khalifa Hafter who is leading the battle against Islamist militias.

Nigeria army accuses Amnesty of fabrication

Nigeria's army has dismissed Amnesty International allegations that its forces were involved in two incidences last year that resulted in the death hundreds of civilians as "fabrications". 

The rights group's annual report says more than 150 people were killed in pro-Biafra clashes in the south-east in November. 

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In the other incident 240 people who were held in military detention centers at a facility at Giwa barracks in Maiduguri in the north-east died because of overcrowding, starvation and disease, Amnesty says. 

The captives were fleeing Islamist  Boko Haram militants who operate in the area, it says.

The army said the report was "orchestrated to blackmail and ridicule the Nigerian army":

[It ]is yet another in its series of spurious fabrications aimed at tarnishing the good image of the Nigerian military.

The report is rather contrived lies orchestrated to blackmail and ridicule the Nigerian Armed Forces which they have unsuccessfully tried to do in the past.

The truth is that the Nigerian military has always been open in its operations and do not hide its activities from the probing eye of the public. Amnesty International chose to bandy fabricated reports and concocted stories instead of seeking clarifications from the relevant authorities."

Somalia president faces challenges

Tomi Oladipo

BBC Monitoring's Africa security correspondent

The inauguration of Somalia's new President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed was a colourful even though it was held in a hangar at Mogadishu’s international airport. 

Security was tight at the airport and commercial flights were suspended. 

Heads of states from Kenya, Djibouti and Ethiopia jetted in for the event. 

The threat from al-Shabab militants remains and the group has promised to continue attacking the new government. 

In his speech, President Mohamed appealed to the militants to lay down their weapons and help rebuild the country.

The president commended the African Union troops for their efforts in stabilising the country – however he also highlighted the importance of rebuilding Somalia’s military to take over security duties. 

Mr Mohamed also faces the huge task of leading the country’s economic recovery after decades of conflict. 

In addition he pledged action to fight rampant corruption and a drought crisis - which are immediate challenges for the new administration

Body of 'Blind Sheikh returned to Egypt'

Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman
AFP
Rahman was also accused of inspiring the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center

The body of the mastermind of numerous bomb plots in New York in the early 1990s has been brought back to Egypt, the Associated Press news agency reports. 

Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman, a blind cleric who preached at mosques in New York, was sentenced to life in 1996 for planning the attacks. 

His body was handed over to his family for burial on Wednesday, following his death in a US federal prison over the weekend. 

Rahman and nine others were convicted of planning a "war of urban terrorism" in the US which would have culminated in five bombings of prominent New York landmarks including the George Washington Bridge and the Lincoln and Holland Tunnels. 

He was also accused of inspiring the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center, but was not convicted over that attack. 

Often referred to in the US as the Blind Sheikh, Rahman was also suspected of roles in numerous other violent attacks in Egypt in addition to developing close links with al-Qaeda.  

Kenyan inmates register to vote

A BBC team has been at Kenya’s Kamiti Maximum Security Prison this morning… not for breaking the law, but to witness prisoners registering to vote.

A prisoner registering to vote
BBC/Peter Njoroge

In August, the inmates will be able to vote in a general election for the first time – though they will only be able to cast their ballot for president, not for local or parliamentary posts.

Prisoners have only ever been allowed to vote once before, in the 2010 referendum on changing the constitution.

According to the electoral commission, Kenya has 118 prisons with an estimated 49,000 prisoners, but only about 10,000 have national identification cards – which one needs in order to register.

But many were eager to register today: 

Kamiti Maximum Security Prison inmates
BBC/Peter Njoroge

Ronald Mwachie, who has served 20 years into a life sentence, says he will be voting for the first time in his life:

Ronald Mwachie
BBC/David Wafula

Why is UAE building a base in Somaliland?

The United Arab Emirates is building a military base in Berbera in Somalia's self-declared republic of Somaliland. 

It has proved controversial among neighbouring countries in the Horn of Africa. Tomi Oladipo explains the reasons behind the deal.

Why is UAE building a military base in Somaliland?

Kismayo holds historic book fair

Somalia’s southern city of Kismayo is hosting an international book fair - the first such event there in more than two decades. 

The venue is bustling with authors, playwrights, poets, artists and musicians - many of them from the diaspora who have travelled to the city for the three-day event.

Tweets about the fair are shared using the hashtag #KBF2017

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Kismayo was once an important base for the Islamist al-Shabab militants.

The group occupied Kismayo for six years until September 2012, and the loss of the port city hit its finances, as it used to earn money by taking a cut of the city's lucrative charcoal trade.

Kenya's giant clam shell collector

Volker Bassen lives in Kenya and is an avid collector of shells from giant clams, which died out 180,000 years ago.

The shells are often found by workers in quarries in Kenya.

Mr Bassen, who is originally from Sweden and works as a scuba-diving instructor in Kenya, often auctions off the finds to support a variety of charitable projects.

His latest success was selling one for $32,000 (£25,700) at the world's largest gem and mineral show in the US city of Tucson.

He told the BBC's Newsday programme about the shells and how the money would be used to fund a factory to make menstrual cups:

Money from the sale of a giant clam is being used to provide menstrual cups for poor girls

Only one in four Nigerians 'get into university'

More than seven million Nigerian high school graduates missed out on a place in the country's universities between 2010 and 2015, according to a report by Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) and the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB), Quartz reports. 

It says that of the 10 million applications only 26% gained university admission. 

Quartz reported last year that an estimated 1.5 million Nigerian high school graduates annually miss out on a place at university. 

The problem, it says, is the country has a shortage of tertiary institutions: 150 public and private institutions with a capacity of 600,000. 

For a country with 180 million people, 62% of them 24 or younger, Quartz says that is nowhere near enough. 

In comparison, the US has more than 5,000 higher education institutions, and a population of 319 million, Quartz reports. 

Some students opt for a foreign university degree but the cost has locked out many. 

Education authorities have also outlawed online degrees from foreign universities locking out an option that would help alleviate the problem. 

NBS also found lower enrollment of female students in north-east of the country which it blames on cultural beliefs which see education of girls as a luxury.  

Students protest during a strike
AFP
Nigerian students regularly protest about the poor state of education

South Africans 'not xenophobic, no need for AU intervention'

A Nigerian man gathers his belongings after his house was burned out by a vigilante mob in Pretoria, South Africa, 18 February 2017
reuters
This Nigerian man's house was set alight in a township in Pretoria over the weekend

The South African government has dismissed Nigeria’s call for the African Union (AU) to intervene to end xenophobic attacks on Nigerians living in South Africa.

Over the weekend 30 shops belonging to foreigners were looted and burnt down in a Pretoria township.

But the spokesperson for the foreign affairs department, Clayson Monyela, told South Africa's New Age paper that the attacks were isolated incidents:

It was just sporadic criminal incidents, the residents were clear that they were unhappy about drugs and prostitution.

You can deduce from that there are no nationalities targeted. South Africans are not xenophobic."

Earlier this week an adviser to Nigeria's president said that 116 Nigerians had been killed in attacks in South Africa over the last two years.   

Read more: South Africa's identity crisis

UK to give £200m to tackle Africa hunger crisis

Women carrying food aid in South Sudan
Reuters
UN agencies say 100,000 people are facing starvation in South Sudan

The UK is to give £100m ($124.3m) each in overseas aid to South Sudan and Somalia to help alleviate famine conditions. 

International Development Secretary Priti Patel has called on the global community to step up their support for the two nations as she announced the cash injections for 2017-8. 

The Department for International Development said parts of South Sudan were now in famine, adding that in 2017 there was a credible risk of another three famines in Yemen, north-east Nigeria and Somalia. 

The extra funding will help provide food, water and emergency healthcare which is hoped will save more than a million lives. 

The world faces a series of unprecedented humanitarian crises and the real threat of famine in four countries. These crises are being driven by conflict and drought and we must respond accordingly. Our commitment to UK aid means that when people are at risk of dying from drought and disaster, we have the tools and expertise to avoid catastrophe. In times of crisis, the world looks to Britain not just for our work on the ground, but also for our leadership internationally."

UK International Development Secretary Priti Patel

The BBC's diplomatic correspondent James Landale says the problem is that these crises have been caused as much by conflict as by drought.

And no amount of aid will end the violence that has brought so much suffering to these countries, he says.

'Al-Shabab cannot defeat 12 million Somalis'

Somalia's new President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed has warned Islamist militants al-Shabab that they cannot defeat 12 million Somalis.

He made the declaration during in his speech at his inauguration ceremony, which is being held in an airport hangar in the capital, Mogadishu. Some journalists have been live tweeting his remarks:

View more on twitter

The militant group, which controls large swathes of land, has launched several deadly attacks to destabilise the UN-backed government. 

Mr Mohamed said his administration would accept al-Shabab recruits if they wanted to leave the group:

View more on twitter

He also endorsed the presence of African Union troops, saying that they had done a good job. 

The president talked about restoring trust to state institutions and tackling the ongoing drought. 

He also promised to deal with unemployment, which he said led to hopelessness and caused many young people to flee the country.  

SA xenophobia: 'Social media inflaming tensions'

Pumza Fihlani

BBC News, Johannesburg

A vigilante mob attacks a Nigerian man outside a church in Pretoria, South Africa -18 February 2017
Reuters
The attacks on foreigners started over the weekend

South Africa’s state security authorities have condemned “inflammatory remarks” on social media after recent attacks on homes and property occupied by foreigners in Johannesburg and Tshwane.

In a statement the government said:

We would like to assure all people in our country, including citizens and foreign nationals, that the security agencies are aware of the threats that are being circulated on social media. Security measures have been put in place to mitigate against any potential threat.”

Meanwhile a night vigil will be held tomorrow for the victims of the xenophobic attacks.

It is aimed at countering a march planned for Friday in the capital, Pretoria, by South Africans accusing foreigners of drug peddling and prostitution.

They also claim that they are losing jobs to foreign nationals.

Somalia new president 'a charismatic and humble man'

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A profile of the new Somalia's president Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed by the Buffalo Times newspaper in the US says that he was active in his community when living in New York state.

Mr Mohamed has joint American and Somali nationality, and returned from the US only last year to stand for president.

The paper interviewed people who knew him who said he was a charismatic and humble man who befriended fellow immigrants, political figures and sports celebrities. 

A former ice hockey player Rick Martin liked to call him "Mohamed Squared" as his first name and surname were Mohamed.

Here are some highlights from the profile: 

  • Mr Mohammed arrived in the US in 1985
  • In 1993, Mohamed earned a bachelor's degree in history from University at Buffalo
  • In 2009 he received his master's degree in American studies. His thesis was entitled US Strategic Interest in Somalia: From the Cold War Era to the War on Terror
  • He identifies as a member of the Republican party and participated in political campaigns 
  • He has four children.
  • Mr Mohamed's 24-year-old daughter says her father inherited the nickname "Farmajo", a reference to Italian for cheese, from his father as they both loved Italian food
  • He ran the Somalia Turnaround Project that trained local Somali immigrants in construction trade skills. 

Kenyan woman attacked over childless marriage 'pregnant'

Jackline Mwende
EVANS HABIL/NATION MEDIA GROUP
Jackline Mwende was attacked when at her parents' home in a village in southern Machakos County

A Kenyan woman whose husband attacked her and chopped off her hands after relations allegedly broke down over their childless marriage is reportedly pregnant. 

Shortly after the attack, Jackline Mwende said that doctors had told the couple that she was fertile and her husband, Stephen Ngila, was impotent.

In an interview in today’s private Daily Nation newspaper she said this drove her into another relationship.

She says she was desperate to have children and decided to have the affair “to save my marriage”, but her husband - who is now facing attempted murder charges - found out.

It was after the attack that I found out that my husband had asked my neighbours to spy on me. They were the ones who told him of my trip to Machakos with the man on the Saturday I conceived.

I wanted a child. I was desperate and it is that yearning... and probably the devil too... that made me stray out of my marriage.

It was wrong to do it and I know people will judge me harshly for it, but I am remorseful because I was desperate.

"Knowing that am alive today, and that I will be a mother soon, is the silver lining in the middle of all the heartache and gloom.”

Pope calls for urgent South Sudan famine aid

Pope Francis head of the Catholic Church
AFP
Pope Francis said many children were being "condemned to death by hunger"

Pope Francis has called for aid to be sent to millions of people facing famine in South Sudan.

Addressing tens of thousands of people in St Peter's Square at the Vatican for his weekly audience, the pontif said:

Now more than ever there should be a commitment by everyone to not just talk but contribute food aid and allow it to reach suffering populations."

Pope Francis said millions of people, including many children, were being "condemned to death by hunger", suggesting that rhetoric alone was not enough. 

The basic cause of the famine in South Sudan is conflict, which the pope called "fratricidal".

The country has now been at war since 2013 and more than 3 million people have been forced to flee their homes. 

'A peaceful Somalia benefits the region'

Heads of states from neighbouring countries are in Somalia's capital Mogadishu for the inauguration of Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed. 

Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta is currently speaking at the event and has commended the country for conducting peaceful elections: 

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Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said in his speech that Somalia's stability was key to peace in the region: 

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Djibouti President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh is currently speaking and has also hailed the peaceful elections:

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Malawi minister fired over 'maizegate' scandal

Malawi's Agriculture Minister George Chaponda has been fired over a scandal that has been dubbed "maizegate".

Last month, President Peter Mutharika ordered an investigation into a $34.5m (£27.7m) maize order from Zambia.

Part of the consignment is alleged to have disappeared as did some of the money that was budgeted for the importation.

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Mr Chaponda told the BBC's Focus on Africa radio programme last week that he would not leave office until proven guilty of any wrongdoing, which he denied.

Information Minister Nicolaus Dausi told the Reuters news agency this morning:

The president has removed from cabinet Hon George Chaponda as agriculture minister with immediate effect following after he was found with millions of money at his residence yesterday."

US blames South Sudan famine on leaders

South Sudanese queuing for food aid
AFP
Queuing for food aid - civil war and economic collapse are being blamed

The US says the famine declared in parts of South Sudan is a man-made humanitarian crisis which it blames on South Sudanese leaders. 

An estimated 5.5 million people in the country are said to face life-threatening hunger this year. 

A spokesperson for the State Department said in a statement: 

[This] is the direct consequence of a conflict prolonged by South Sudanese leaders who are unwilling to put aside political ambitions for the good of their people."

We call on President Kiir to expeditiously make good on his promise that humanitarian and developmental organisations will have unimpeded access to populations in need across the country."

Read more: Why are there still famines?

Airport ceremony for Somalia president

The inauguration of the new Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed is taking place at a hangar at Aden Adde International Airport in the capital, Mogadishu. 

Lawmakers gathered at the heavily guarded location two weeks ago to elect the president. 

Our reporter Ibrahim Aden has snapped these photos from inside the hangar: 

People gather for inauguration
BBC
People gather for inauguration
BBC

A local TV station is streaming the event and captured the arrival of Mr Mohamed:

Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed
MUQDISHO
Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed
MUQDISHO

Fresh casualties in Guinea student protests

Protesters burning tires during a demonstration in Guinea
AFP
A total of seven people have been killed in the violent protests

Two more people were killed in student demonstrations on Tuesday in Guinea, bringing the number of casualties to seven since protests broke out on Monday. 

Students have been protesting in support of striking teachers, who are demanding better pay. 

As a result of the teachers' action, schools across the country have not opened for several weeks. 

The government has announced it has reached an agreement with the main teachers' unions which have been leading the strike. 

It renewed condemnation of the violent incidents, saying the demonstrations are illegal.

Souleymane Sy Savane, a union official, is quoted by AFP as saying that schools would re-open on Wednesday as negotiations continue.

Gambian ex-spy chief arrested

Yahya Jammeh
Reuters
Yahya Jammeh's NIA operatives were feared throughout his rule

Police in The Gambia have arrested the country’s ex- spy chief, who headed an agency rights groups allege tortured and killed opponents of former President Yahya Jammeh.

Yankuba Badgie was arrested along with another former employee of the National Intelligence Agency (NIA) on Monday, a police spokesman said.

Mr Jammeh set up the body the year after he seized power in a coup in 1994 and it gained a reputation as the state's most feared institution, the Reuters news agency reports. 

The arrests are the first of senior Gambian officials since Mr Jammeh went into exile in Equatorial Guinea after regional leaders deployed troops to The Gambia to urge him to step down.

He lost elections in December to Adama Barrow – after initially accepting the results he tried to get them annulled.

Lockdown for Somali inauguration

Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo.
Reuters
The new president is popularly known as "Farmajo", from the Italian for cheese

Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, is in lock down today as Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed is being inaugurated as the new president.

BBC Monitoring's Security Correspondent Tomi Oladipo says major roads in the city have been sealed off and there are increased military patrols. 

Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta has arrived in Mogadishu and is expected to be is among heads of state from the region at the event.

The ceremony is being held in a hangar at the city's airport, the most heavily guarded place in the whole country.

Mr Mohamed defeated 21 candidates including the incumbent president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud in the election held on 8 February.

He takes office as the country faces an increased threat from Islamist militants al-Shabab, who frequently attack Mogadishu, and a severe drought. 

The event is being live streamed on YouTube 

South African court blocks withdrawal from war crimes court

ICC in Ivory Coast - 2013
AFP
The African Union is pushing for members to leave the ICC

A South African court has ruled that the government had no right to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC) without first consulting parliament. 

Judge Phineas Mojapelo at the North Gauteng High Court is quoted by the AFP news agency as saying:

The cabinet decision to deliver the notice of withdrawal to the United Nations secretary general without prior parliamentary approval is unconstitutional and invalid."

The country began the formal process of leaving the global court last October.

At the time a cabinet minister said South Africa did not want to execute ICC arrest warrants which would lead to "regime change”.

In 2015, another South African court criticised the government for refusing to arrest Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir.

He is wanted by the ICC on charges of genocide and war crimes. 

Mr Bashir was attending an African Union summit in Johannesburg, when the government ignored an ICC request to arrest him.

He denies allegations that he committed atrocities in Sudan's troubled western Darfur region.   

The BBC's Andrew Harding in Johannesburg says today’s court ruling is another victory for the political opposition in South Africa, which has increasingly, turned to the courts to challenge the governing African National Congress (ANC).

Wise words

Today’s African proverb:

When the farm owner is slow to catch the thief, the thief calls the farm owner ‘thief’."

A Yoruba proverb sent by Abubakar Mohammed Sani in Serdang, Malaysia

Click here to send in your African proverbs.

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