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  1. Somalia's president says al-Shabab will be beaten in two years
  2. Nigerian officials travel to Chibok with pictures of those freed on Saturday
  3. Gambia's new administration fires central bank governor appointed by Jammeh
  4. Row at South Africa university over Nazi-like posters
  5. Ugandan activist who called president "pair of buttocks" granted bail
  6. South Sudan army chief General Paul Malong sacked
  7. Email stories and comments to - Wednesday 10 May 2017

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

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Scroll down for Wednesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

The shoulder can never go above the head."

Sent by Sidoline Ngonwi in Bamenda, Cameroon

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture taken by one of the photographers behind the Everyday Africa series of one of his fellow contributors Ley Uwera. Tom Saater says: "A security woman gets startled by noise against the aluminium fence."

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SA university identifies people behind Nazi propaganda

BBC World Service

South Africa's Stellenbosch University says it has identified three people linked to posters based on Nazi propaganda that were put up on the campus on Tuesday (see earlier post).

The pictures were modified versions used by Nazi youth organisations and advertised a meeting of what was called Anglo-Afrikaner students. 

The university removed the posters and issued a statement condemning racism but critics say the posters highlighted how apartheid-era attitudes are still alive at the institution.

Stellenbosch was an elite Afrikaner university during apartheid.

Sierra Leone diamond to be auctioned tomorrow

An uncut diamond weighing 709 carats which was discovered in March by a local pastor in Kono district in the west African nation of Sierra Leone will be auctioned tomorrow. 

It is one of the 20 largest diamonds ever found.

Ahead of the event, the BBC's Umaru Fofana, who was once an artisanal diamond miner in his own right, got exclusive access to where the diamond is being kept and was allowed to hold it: 

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Africa's biggest diamonds: 

1. Cullinan Diamond, found in South Africa in 1905, weighed 3,107 carats

2. Lesedi La Rona, found in Botswana in 2015, weighed 1,111 carats

3. Excelsior Diamond, found in South Africa in 1893, weighed 995 carats

4. Star of Sierra Leone, found in Sierra Leone in 1972, weighed 969 carats

5. Incomparable Diamond, found in DR Congo in 1984, weighed 890 carats

Source: Mathew Nyaungwa, Rough and Polished

Read: Why have so many huge diamonds been found recently?

Zambia prosecutors end part of the case against opposition leader

Zambian opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema waves to supporters from a police van as he leaves a courtroom in Lusaka on April 18, 2017.
Hakainde Hichilema is accused of using insulting language

Zambian prosecutors have moved to end part of the case against opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema. But he is still facing a treason charge among others.

The trial of Mr Hichilema and several co-accused opened today at a magistrate's court in the capital, Lusaka. 

They were accused of disobeying lawful orders of a police officer over their alleged refusal to give way to the motorcade of President Edgar Lungu last month. 

The trial opened dramatically when the state decided to drop the case. 

But proceedings continued over another charge against Mr Hichilema concerning the alleged use of insulting language against police officers when they went to his residence to arrest him on 11 April.

The case concerning the treason charge against Mr Hichilema is due to start tomorrow.

Bail conditions for Ugandan activist Stella Nyanzi

Ugandan activist Stella Nyanzi was released today on bail after being detained for 30 days for charges of cyber harassment. This is over the description of President Yoweri Museveni as "a pair of buttocks". 

The court reportedly denied the state prosecutor's request to bar Ms Nyanzi from "engaging in adverse derogatory comments about the first family" as part of the bail conditions.

An activist shared a list of the bail conditions: 

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The bail of 10m Ugandan shillings to be paid by each of her guarantors is equivalent to $2,700.

Somali president promises to defeat al-Shabab in two years

Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed has told the BBC that he thinks the Islamist militant group al-Shabab can be defeated within the next two years.

Speaking on the eve of a London conference on Somalia, the president said that this goal can be met as long as there is international support and the country's soldiers are properly trained and equipped.

He said that the army and the AU force that supports the government are preparing themselves to take on al-Shabab.

Mr Mohamed has been in power for three months.

The militants have controlled large parts of the country since it emerged over a decade ago, though it has been beaten back in some areas in recent years.

The BBC's Mary Harper, who spoke to the president, points out that previous Somali leaders have made similar pledges.

Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed was chosen by parliament in February

Museveni: 'Economic growth more important than human rights'

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Uganda's President has been sharing some thoughts on his Twitter account following his meeting with European Union diplomats in the country who were celebrating 60 years of the EU. 

He thanked the EU for supporting the construction of roads, but urged it to do more to support Uganda's general economic development.  

"If economy grows, costs go down, private investors are attracted and the future becomes easy to handle. The EU can help on this front," he said. 

He added that economic growth took priority over human rights: 

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Tunisia army to protect country's resources

Rana Jawad

BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

Tunisia's President Beji Caid Essebsi has said the the army will be deployed to protect the country’s natural resources.  

This announcement comes after weeks of protests and a general strike in parts of southern Tunisia, where people have been demanding jobs and an increased share in revenues for development projects in their areas.  

The government has been struggling to address rising anger over unemployment amongst its youth, and to impose austerity measures for its economic reform plans. 

The president described his action as a “serious decision" adding that the country’s “democratic path has been threatened and the law must be applied”.

President Beji Caid Essebsi
The president said that people's freedoms would be respected

South Sudan gets new army chief

A Reuters journalist in South Sudan's capital, Juba has tweeted a picture of the new army chief James Ajongo at state house where he sworn into office. 

Mr Ajongo replaces Gen Paul Malong who was sacked last night.

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Africans join #BowWowChallenge

Africans on Twitter have joined the #BowWowChallenge hashtag to share tongue-in-cheek pictures of exaggerated glitzy lifestyles as a way of mocking US rapper Bow Wow. 

Earlier this week, he put a photo of a private jet on Instagram claiming he was travelling in it.

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It later transpired that he used a stock photo and was flying on a commercial airliner.

Here's a selection of what some are tweeting: 

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Juba is calm says South Sudan army spokesman

Ibrahim Haithar

BBC Monitoring, Nairobi

General Paul Malong, who was last night sacked as the head of South Sudan’s army has withdrawn with his security guards to outside of the capital, Juba, but is not planning any fighting, a spokesman for the army, the SPLA, told Amsterdam based Radio Tamazuj

"Paul Malong has gone to Eastern Lakes to avoid further tensions, he is not planning to rebel... he is in contact with the army leadership," SPLA spokesman Santo Domic said, adding that the security situation in Juba is clam. 

“What we know is that he left Juba without any clashes in Juba.” 

Chibok girls' identification process starts

Habiba Adamu

BBC Africa, Abuja

The Nigerian authorities say they have started the long process of reuniting the recently released 82 Chibok girls with their families. 

Nearly 300 young students were kidnapped by Islamist militants Boko Haram in 2014 from a school in Chibok, north-east Nigeria. Their abduction provoked a global social media campaign.

The 82 were freed on Saturday in exchange for five Boko Haram prisoners, following negotiations brokered by the ICRC.

But their identity needs to be confirmed.

Representatives of parents from Chibok are now travelling to the area with pictures of those who have been released.

Presidential spokesperson Garba Shehu told the BBC that at the end of the careful identification process, the families will then be taken to the capital Abuja to be reunited with their daughters.

Buhari meets the Chibok girls
The 82 freed captives were taken to meet President Muhammadu Buhari on Saturday

Read more: Chibok girls, what fate awaits the ones set free?

Tension in Juba after South Sudan army chief sacked

Tomi Oladipo

BBC Monitoring's Africa security correspondent

As we've reported South’s Sudan’s president Salva Kiir has sacked his powerful army chief Paul Malong.  

No explanation has been given but the capital, Juba, is rife with speculation about what led to his sacking and what he will do next. 

Reports from the city say that people are leaving work early in case there is any trouble.

It has only been 10 months since fighting broke out in the city, involving rival military factions. 

UN experts have blamed Gen Malong and President Salva Kiir for the violence, in which hundreds died last July. 

The president’s spokesman said the decision to replace Mr Malong was normal and that army chiefs could serve anywhere between two and four years. 

Salva Kiir
President Salva Kiir did not give a reason for Gen Malong's sacking

Trevor Noah's take on Trump sacking his FBI chief

We have posted a couple of times already about African perspectives on US President Donald Trump sacking the head of the FBI, the man leading an investigation into alleged ties between Russia and the Trump campaign (see here and here).

South African comedian Trevor Noah, who hosts the Daily Show, a late-night satirical programme, in the US, has also added his take.

He said:

I know we said that Trump was an African dictator, but right now even Africans are watching this going 'yo, yo, yo, yo, yo'"

Screen grab from Daily Show
Comedy Central

Ghana's president expresses sympathy with gas explosion victims

Ghana's President Nana Akufo-Addo has sent best wishes to victims and families affected by Tuesday's gas explosion near Takoradi, the oil hub of Ghana. 

Over 100 people including six firefighters were injured following an explosion that occurred when a gas tanker was dispensing gas into containers. 

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  Those injured included students from a nearby school and employees of a bus depot.   

Picture of injured in Takoradi

Mr Akufo-Addo also tweeted that an investigation into what happened is on its way:

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Kenya calls for removal of online game

The body that regulates broadcast content in Kenya, KFCB, has said that it has written to Facebook and Twitter and other social media platforms to remove a game which is reportedly behind the suicide of a 16-year-old boy in the capital, Nairobi. 

The boy, who has been named as James Njenga, had reportedly been playing a game called the Blue Whale challenge, which according to some reports, goads players to commit suicide. 

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KFCB boss Ezekiel Mutua said that he had also asked internet service providers in the country to block access to the game. 

“We have also ordered for the withdrawal of the game from all social media sites in Kenya and asked all Internet Service Providers to ensure it is not accessible in Kenya,” he said.

Mr Mutua said that KFCB had received lots of complaints from parents and schools about the dangers video games were posing to children. 

Read:Blue Whale: Should you be worried about online pressure groups?

Tanzania hospital sacks workers for having fake certificates

Lizzy Masinga

BBC Africa

John Magufuli
In April, President John Magufuli sacked nearly 10,000 civil servants for having fake certificates

An audit by Tanzania's main referral hospital, Muhimbili, and the national examination council has found that 134 workers at the medical institution hold fake secondary school certificates. 

A list released by the hospital shows 70 nurses have been found with fake school certificates. Other departments affected are surgery, IT and human resource.

The hospital has given the workers an ultimatum of five days to leave their jobs voluntarily or risk facing legal actions.

According to the education ministry, the investigation team came to its conclusion after realising that the national council of examination did not have records of the workers' secondary school qualifications. 

It also determined that some of the civil servants had used their relatives’ certificates. 

In April, President John Magufuli sacked nearly 10,000 civil servants after a taskforce he commissioned found that the officials held dubious secondary school qualifications.

'Don't think of me as Zuma's ex-wife'

Nkosozana Dlamini-Zuma has tweeted a link to an article quoting her as saying that people should stop thinking about her one-time marriage with President Jacob Zuma.

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"We must not allow people to say uwumuntu kasibanibani (you're so and so's lover). A comrade is a comrade," News24 quotes her as saying.

The website suggests that her comments are to do with her ambitions to become the next leader of the ANC after party elections at the end of the year.

But Ms Dlamini-Zuma has not said she was campaigning.

Some factions within the ANC think that she could be unsuitable for leader because of her connection with the president.

The couple divorced in 1998.

Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma is seen as one of the front runners to become the ANC's next leader

Angola strained by DR Congo refugees

The governor of Angola's northern province of Lunda Norte says the continuous stream of refugees from neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo is straining resources in villages in the region, Reuters news agency reports. 

Ernesto Muangala said officials had counted 20,000 refugees in the province, double the number recorded a month ago. 

They are reportedly fleeing clashes between Congolese government soldiers and militia forces that erupted in Congo's Kasai-Central province last July, then spread to four other provinces.   

Mr Muangala said the refugees would be moved from overcrowded villages to a refugee camp in Lovua, about 1,000 km (600 miles) east of Angola's capital, Luanda. 

"Angola is supporting the refugees to ensure safety until the situation is at normal and go back to their family in the country," he told national radio station RNA.   

DR Congo unrest: What is behind the fighting in Kasai?

Tanzania conjoined twins share their dreams

Consolata and Maria are conjoined twins from Tanzania.

The sisters are about to leave secondary school and go to university. 

They reveal their ambitions in this short film:

Trump's America like an African country?

President Donald Trump's sacking of the head of the FBI has again led people to ask about whether this could happen in an African country.

Mr Trump's administration has said that James Comey's dismissal had to do with his handling of the Hillary Clinton email investigation, but there is speculation that it is also connected to the FBI's investigation into the Trump campaign's alleged links with Russia.

We reported earlier that South Africa's former anti-corruption chief Thuli Madonsela said that she would not have been sacked.

A Kenyan commentator and IT guru has said that Americans should now look at themselves for the questions she often gets about Africa:

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A former top English footballer, who has a big social media following, has made a joke connecting the continent to what has happened in the US:

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Africa's nine football World Cup places confirmed

The Fifa Council has ratified the decision to give Africa nine automatic places when the World Cup expands to 48 teams in 2026.

The move was confirmed on Wednesday in Bahrain - the continent currently has five spots at the tournament.

A tenth African country will take part in a six-nation play-off tournament to decide the last two spots.

The Bureau of the Fifa Council made the original proposal of how it planned to allocate the 48 places on 30 March.

World Cup trophy
Getty Images

Kenya president's campaign hires controversial data-mining company

The campaign team backing Kenya's president Uhuru Kenyatta's re-election has hired controversial data-mining company Cambridge Analytica (CA) which supported the election of US President Donald Trump and the UK campaign to leave the EU, the Star newspaper reports.  

It says a small CA team had already arrived in the country to prepare for the August elections and will be using its software to target undecided voters on Facebook. 

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CA says its software collects social media data which can be used to target specific sets of voters, the Star reports.

A story in the Guardian UK on Sunday says the firm uses "psychological warfare", to change "hearts and minds" through its highly targeted work. 

The article also alleges that its strategies may have compromised the UK Brexit vote. 

A former CA intern featured in the story said that the company had already worked on elections in Kenya and Ghana. 

Guardian journalist Carole Cadwalladr says in the story that CA's operation involves intentionally obfuscating news reports from mainstream media by providing "alternative facts": 

I found evidence suggesting they were on a strategic mission to smash the mainstream media and replace it with one comprising alternative facts, fake history and right-wing propaganda."

CA was founded by US mogul Robert Mercer who also funds the alt-right website Breitbart which was run by President Donald Trump's chief strategist Steve Bannon.

Nazi-like posters appear at South Africa university campus

Pumza Fihlani

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

Stellenbosch University in South Africa says it is investigating who is behind "racist" Nazi-inspired posters that appeared on campus notice boards on Monday sparking outrage on social media.

They were put up by a group which identified itself as The New Right and read: "The Anglo-Afrikaner Student" and "Fight for Stellenbosch". 

The posters looked similar to Hitler Youth propaganda used in Nazi Germany

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Stellenbosch University says it views the meeting advertised on the posters as an attempt to polarise that institution adding that it strongly condemns any organisation that preached racial superiority.

Some people, claiming to be students, have used social media to voice their unhappiness at what they say is inequality and racism on campus saying these posters were indicative of a bigger problem in the prestigious institution.

BreakingUgandan activist granted bail

Ugandan Stella Nyanzi, who has been held on remand after being charged with cyber harassment for referring to President Yoweri Museveni as "a pair of buttocks" has been released on bail.

Ugandan activist Nyanzi collapses during bail hearing

The bail hearing for the Ugandan activist who is charged in connection with calling President Yoweri a "pair of buttocks" has been adjourned for 20 minutes because Ms Nyanzi collapsed as she tried to get up, the BBC's Patience Atuhaire reports.

She was helped up and led away by prisons officers  

One of her lawyers told Patience that Ms Naynzi has been diagnosed with malaria.

The case has been seen as a test for the boundaries of freedom of speech in the country.

People are sharing pictures of some of her supporters outside the court.

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How do you play a musical note for 46 minutes?

Femi Kuti, son of late Afrobeat legend Fela Kuti, has vowed to repeat his attempt to set a new world record after falling short.

The official Guinness World Record for "the longest continuous note on a saxophone using the circular breathing method" is held by Vann Burchfield, who managed 47 minutes five seconds in 2000. 

Kuti clocked in at 46 minutes 38secs last Sunday.

He shares his tips here with the BBC's Focus on Africa radio programme:

South Africa drawn with New Zealand for next rugby World Cup

South Africa's Springboks have been drawn in a group with New Zealand and Italy for the rugby World Cup in 2019

A second African team will also be part of the group to be decided in a qualifying competition.

Among those countries vying for this place are Namibia, Kenya and Zimbabwe.

Uganda prosecutor wants activist Nyanzi to have mental health examination

The bail hearing for Ugandan activist Stella Nyanzi, charged over calling President Yoweri Museveni a "pair of buttocks", is still going on.

Her lawyers are arguing that she needs to be released on bail to get medical help.

The state prosecutor has said that if she meets the bail requirements then she should be released, but has urged the court to ask for Ms Nyanzi to have a mental health assessment, the BBC's Patience Atuhaire reports from the court.

The lawyer told the court that "only God and perhaps the doctors can tell this court what kind of sickness she is suffering from at the moment."

People in court

Stella Nyanzi, the Ugandan accused of insulting the president - BBC News

Ugandan Stella Nyanzi who called president 'pair of buttocks' back in court

Stella Nyanzi, who has been held on remand after being charged with cyber harassment for referring to Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni as "a pair of buttocks", is back in court for a bail hearing, the BBC's Patience Atuhaire reports from Kampala.

She came to court supported by two prison officers.

Stella Nyanzi supported by two police officers

Her lawyers are arguing that she needs to be released on bail to get medical attention.

Lawyer in court

Gambia's Jammeh-era central bank governor sacked

The head of Gambia's central bank Amadou Colley, appointed by the previous President Yahya Jammeh, has been sacked. 

No official reason has been given for the sacking and Mr Colley told the Reuters news agency that he did not know why he had been fired: 

"We received our letters today without giving us any reason for our sacking, only stating 'Your services have been terminated with immediate effect'," he said. 

Mr Colley served under President Jammeh who has been accused by some in the new administration of having looted millions of dollars during his 22-year rule.

Adama Barrow

Since taking office in January President Adama Barrow has replaced officials in key positions to exert his authority. 

Mr Barrow defeated the former president in elections in December, but Mr Jammeh only stepped down after weeks of diplomatic pressure.

He is now living in exile in Equatorial Guinea.

Listen: The Gambia's President Adama Barrow on his first 100 days

South Africa's ex-corruption buster critical of Trump

South African lawyer Thuli Madonsela, who once headed the country's anti-corruption body, has been reflecting on President Donald Trump sacking the head of the FBI, James Comey.

Mr Comey was leading an investigation into alleged ties between the Trump campaign last year and the Russian administration. 

Ms Madonsela, who is now teaching in the US, led two investigations into alleged corruption involving President Jacob Zuma.

She was able to release two highly critical reports, and in a tweet she says that in South Africa the president would never have got away with sacking her.

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South Sudan army chief sacked

South Sudan President Salva Kiir has sacked army chief General Paul Malong. 

No reason was given on state media but there have been several recent resignations of high ranking officers and other officials in the South Sudanese administration. 

The BBC's James Copnall says Mr Malong is seen by many South Sudanese as a very powerful figure and they will be waiting to see how he responds to his dismissal. 

Many people have raised concerns about ethnic bias and war crimes in the civil war which has mired South Sudan in conflict for the last four years. 

General Malong will be replaced by General James Ajong.

South Sudan's president Salva Kiir

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news stories on the continent.