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  1. At least '70 academics quit' University of Maiduguri
  2. Shoot-out in DR Congo's capital leaves '12 dead'
  3. South African involved in failed Seychelles coup plot dies
  4. South Sudan rebel stronghold 'falls'
  5. Mali attacks 'disrupt' food aid
  6. 'Shooting' near DR Congo prison
  7. Secret ballot for Zuma no-confidence vote
  8. South Africa's deputy education minister 'slapped a woman'
  9. Mauritania votes to adopt new flag 'to honour freedom fighters'

Live Reporting

By Natasha Booty and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Monday's stories

We’ll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

A king's son is a slave in another kingdom."

A Shona proverb sent by Enias Kadzviti in Zimbabwe

And we leave you with these photos of Masaai men who have created a roadside hair parlour called Engineer Maasai Salon on one of the busiest streets in Kenya's coastal city of Mombasa:

Roadside braiding salon
Ferdinand Omondi/BBC
Roadside braiding salon
Ferdinand Omondi/BBC

Kenya elections: Why a whole community will vote for the first time

Ferdinand Omondi

BBC Africa, Nairobi

Makonde Community Chairman Thomas Nguli is seen here with other community members outside a polling station
Ferdinand Omondi/BBC
The Makonde community has been in Kenya for more than 70 years

Kenya's Makonde community will be voting for the first time when they visit the polling booths in tomorrow's general election.

Originally from Mozambique and south-eastern Tanzania, the Makonde ethnic group are believed to have migrated to Kenya in the 1930s to work on sisal plantations.

Makongeni village, where they live in south-eastern Kenya, is in fact derived from the Swahili word makonge, which means sisal.

Their exact numbers are not known, but an estimated population of 20,000 Makonde live in Kenya.

They were only recognised as citizens earlier this year when, after countless petitions, President Uhuru Kenyatta finally ordered they be issued with identity cards.

ID card
Ferdinand Omondi/BBC
Thomas Nguli can now vote in Kenya, 41 years after he came of voting age

Some 2,000 received IDs, a must-have document before registering to vote.

Before that point the Kenyan government never considered them to be Kenyans, rather immigrants.

Congo violence blamed on political-religious sect

Police in the Democratic Republic of Congo have accused a political-religious sect of being behind the violence which has hit parts of the capital, Kinshasa, AFP news agency reports.

Members of the Bundu Dia Mayala carried out attacks while chanting "prayers and slogans hostile to legally established institutions", police spokesman Pierrot Rombaut Mwanamputu was quoted as saying.

Stray bullets killed 12 people and two police officers were in a critical condition after being "lynched", he added.

See earlier post for more details.

Supporters of Bundu Dia Mayala have previously clashed with the security forces
Supporters of Bundu Dia Mayala have previously clashed with the security forces

Will Van Niekerk make more history in London?

South Africa’s Wayde van Niekerk is the only man who has ever run the 100m in under 10 seconds, the 200m in less than 20 seconds, the 300m in under 31 seconds and the 400m in less than 44 seconds.

In fact no-one has ever run faster than him over the latter two distances.

Tomorrow evening he will defend his 400m title at the IAAF World Championships in London, but tonight he begins his bid for 200m glory, taking part in the heats to earn a place in Wednesday’s semi-finals.

What's his secret weapon?

Van Niekerk puts his success down to his 75-year-old coach Ans Botha - or Tanie (Afrikaans for Aunt) Ans as she is known - the disciplinarian who guides him:

View more on twitter

Deadly shoot-out in Kinshasa

Police in the Democratic Republic of Congo say 12 people have been killed during a gun battle with the security forces in the capital, Kinshasa.

Earlier, AFP news agency reported that shooting had broken out close to the central prison.

A wave of mass jailbreaks and attacks on police stations have swept Kinshasa in the past three months and several thousand inmates have managed to escape.

Zuma no-confidence vote: Poking fun on Twitter

South Africans have wasted no time in giving their take on the news that a secret ballot will be held in parliament tomorrow on the fate of President Jacob Zuma.

Here are just some of the thousands of reactions posted to Twitter using the hashtag #secretballot in the past couple of hours:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

See earlier post for more details

Kenya's election body assures voters

Abdinoor Aden

BBC Africa, Nairobi

Ezra Chiloba
Abdinoor Aden/BBC
Ezra Chiloba says steps have been taken to ensure the poll is peaceful

Extra security measures have been taken to minimise the possibility of violence disrupting tomorrow's general election, electoral commission CEO Ezra Chiloba has told the BBC.

Polling staff will be accompanied by security officials and polling stations will be heavily guarded to enable voters to exercise their democratic rights, he added.

Asked if voters will be relocated from areas where there are security fears, Mr Chiloba replied that "any changes will depend with the security situation".

Comission chairman Wafula Chebukati has asked his staff to be honest and professional to ensure that the elections are credible.

Security presence
Abdinoor Aden/BBC
Security officers are positioned at key points

South Africa on 'cusp of history'

South African President and African National Congress (ANC) President Jacob Zuma leads hundreds of supporters in singing a song during a campaign event at the Inter-fellowship Church in Wentworth township, outside of Durban, on April 9, 2014, ahead of elections on May 7
Mr Zuma has proved to be a great political survivor

South Africa's lawmakers are on the "cusp of history", the vice-chancellor of the prestigious University of Witwatersrand has said, as he urged them to vote out President Jacob Zuma tomorrow.

In an article, Adam Habib said:

It should be remembered that history is a harsh judge on those who fail in their fundamental responsibility when the moment arises.

Think of the German prison guards of the gas chambers who claimed that they were simply following orders or the priests in Rwanda who refused to protect those being hunted in the genocide, or even some of our fellow white citizens who claim that they were unaware of the atrocities of apartheid.

They all have been harshly condemned by the scribes of history, and all have to hide their complicity in these acts. It is a fate you want to avoid for yourself."

Paranoia about internet in Kenya

Dickens Olewe

BBC Africa, Nairobi

With Kenya due to hold a general election tomorrow, people have been using Twitter to raise some of the issues that they see as threatening to the credibility of the tightly contested poll.

They are most concerned about an alleged plan to shut the internet on election day.

People have been using the hashtag #hourstokeinternetshutdown to oppose it and to share ways to go around what they anticipate as a block of some websites and social platforms like Twitter and Facebook.

Some have been sharing their plans to download Virtual Private Network (VPN) applications to enable then to bypass limitations to some websites:

View more on twitter

Others have been allaying the these fears:

View more on twitter

Another hashtag being used is #Ikonetwork (there's network) to fact check a list put out by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC), which says that more than 11,000 (25%) of polling stations are in areas without the 3G and 4G network coverage needed to allow a quick transmission of results.

These areas are said to be covered by 2G network and can only facilitate the fast transmission of text data.

The commission has ordered its presiding officers in these areas to move, after results have been announced, to areas where they can get the necessary network coverage to send the official scanned copy of the results to the nominated tallying centre for aggregation.

IEBC chairman Wafula Chebukati explained the process to a local TV station:

View more on youtube

Zuma 'likely to survive' no-confidence vote

South Africans on Twitter are pessimistic about the chances of governing ANC lawmakers voting out the scandal-hit President Jacob Zuma in tomorrow's secret ballot:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

SA opposition welcomes secret ballot ruling

South Africa's main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) has urged MPs to do "the right thing" by voting out the scandal-hit President Jacob Zuma in tomorrow's secret ballot.

The no-confidence vote will succeed only if at least 50 lawmakers from the governing ANC break ranks with their party by backing the opposition's no-confidence motion.

The DA tweeted:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

The second-biggest opposition party, the Economic Freedom Fighters, said the decision to hold a secret ballot was a victory for South Africa and its constitution.

Parliamentary speaker Baleka Mbete agreed to hold a secret ballot, following pressure from the opposition.

Read: Zuma the great survivor

ANC confident of defeating bid to oust Zuma

South Africa's governing African National Congress (ANC) says it welcomes the decision to hold tomorrow's no-confidence vote in President Jacob Zuma by secret ballot.

It has no doubt that the "frivolous motion", brought by opposition parties, will fail, the party adds in a statement posted on its Twitter account:

View more on twitter

No surprise over SA speaker's decision

The decision by South Africa's parliamentary speaker Baleka Mbete to allow a secret ballot in tomorrow's no-confidence vote in President Jacob Zuma does not come as a surprise, reports the BBC's Nomsa Maseko from Cape Town.

Ms Mbete wants to be seen as impartial, and many were expecting the decision.

Mr Zuma has survived previous no-confidence votes, but this is the first time MPs will decide his fate in a secret ballot.

Governing African National Congress (ANC) chief whip Jackson Mthembu has warned that voting out Mr Zuma will be like "throwing a nuclear bomb" at the country, and will trigger political instability.

The opposition pushed for a secret ballot, arguing that ANC MPs will be scared of voting out Mr Zuma if the vote is transparent.

South African president and African National Congress (ANC)'s president Jacob Zuma sings and dances during the Party official launch of the Municipal Elections manifesto on April 16, 2016 in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
Mr Zuma has been dogged by corruption allegations throughout his presidency

Kenya elections: Why many young people aren't voting

BBC World Service

"I don't have a voting card," one young voter tells our reporter.

"I'm not interested," says another 18-year-old.

How can Kenya's political leaders convince young people that their vote matters?

Young Kenyans give their thoughts on politics on the eve of the election.

More highlights from BBC Newsday.

Ivorians salute sprint star on Independence Day

Ivory Coast's star sprinter Marie-Josee Ta Lou started celebrating when she, and countless others watching around the globe, thought she had won last night's 100m World Championship final.

Ta Lou

But a photo analysis showed that the US's Tori Bowie had in fact snatched the title by a millisecond, by lunging forward as she crossed the finish line.

photo finish

Ivorians have nonetheless been celebrating Ta Lou's achievements of a personal best time and a World Championship medal.

"Ta Lou has given us a silver medal for independence day how generous of her," says one fan in French:

View more on twitter

"It's not over... Keep it up Ta Lou," tweets another supporter looking ahead to the athlete's future events:

View more on twitter

But others, like this fan, still feel raw. "She was robbed[,] all the commentators shouted 'Ta Lou is the winner' but oh well," he tweets:

View more on twitter

Hundreds of anti-Zuma protesters in Cape Town

More protesters are streaming towards South Africa's parliament in the coastal city of Cape Town to demand the removal from office of the scandal-hit President Jacob Zuma, as a BBC reporter tweets from the scene:

View more on twitter

The vote, due to take place tomorrow, is being seen as a test of unity within the governing African National Congress (ANC) as senior party figures have been increasingly critical of their leader.

However, it is unlikely to succeed in toppling the president, reports the BBC World Service.

Mr Zuma has been implicated in multiple corruption scandals.

BreakingSecret ballot in Zuma no-confidence vote

South Africa's parliamentary speaker Baleka Mbete has announced that tomorrow's no-confidence vote in President Jacob Zuma will be by secret ballot - a key demand of the opposition.

A news site has tweeted about it:

View more on twitter

Anti-Zuma protest as SA awaits speaker's decision

A protest is taking place outside South Africa's parliament against President Jacob Zuma.

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Paliamentary speaker Baleka Mbete is addressing the media on whether she will agree to opposition demands to hold tomorrow's no-confidence vote in Mr Zuma in secret.

We'll bring you the details as soon as we get them.

Mali attacks 'disrupt' food aid

BBC World Service

Aid agencies say escalating violence in northern Mali is restricting the delivery of food and healthcare to millions of people.

The United Nations said humanitarian operations have been disrupted about 70 times this year, with aid workers attacked and robbed.

The charity, Medecins Sans Frontieres, said it had been targeted four times in a month, with its offices looted and staff shot at.

The UN says nearly four million people are in need of aid in Mali, up from 2.5m last year.

'Shooting' near DR Congo prison

Sustained gunfire has broken out near the main prison in the Democratic republic of Congo's capital, Kinshasa, residents and activists have said, AFP news agency reports.

It quoted prisoners' rights activist Emmanuel Cole as saying:

For about an hour, there's been shooting around the Makala prison, there's no more traffic and the avenues are empty here in Selembao."

The prison is located in Selembao, a poor neighbourhood in Kinshasa.

A wave of attacks have taken place on prisons in DR Congo to free inmates.

In May, more than 3,000 prisoners were believed to have escaped from Makala prison.

Cars parked at the front of the prison
Cars parked at the front of the prison were burnt during the jail-break in May

How the UK army is tackling elephant poaching

Soldiers are sharing tactics from Iraq and Afghanistan to help gamekeepers in Gabon tackle poaching.

BBC defence correspondent Jonathan Beale accompanied the soldiers and gamekeepers into the forest.

How the British army is tackling elephant poaching

SA deputy minister sorry for 'shameful incident'

Mduduzi Manana
SA government

South Africa's Deputy Education Minister Mduduzi Manana has apologised to the woman he allegedly assaulted at a nightclub on Saturday night, saying he should have exercised restraint despite the "extreme provocation".

He added that "the shameful incident should not have happened", and he would subject himself "fully to the process of the law".

Police have opened a case of assault against Mr Manana.

The incident caused outrage in South Africa, with opposition politicians demanding his resignation.

The government has tweeted his comments on its official account:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter
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View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Uganda's president: Baptised 'three years after his birth'

President Museveni

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni's age has long been up for debate.

The Ugandan government has consistently said he was born in 1944, but before last year's general election the opposition accused Mr Museveni of lying, insisting he wasn't 71 but actually five years older and, therefore, too old to run for election as the country's age limit is 75.

Now the president's office has published what it says is a baptism document saying he was baptised on 3 August 1947 - three years after he was born.

That would make him 77 years old at the time of Uganda's next general election in 2021, and too old to run for a sixth term in office.

Uganda's constitution was amended back in 2006, enabling him to run for a third presidential term.

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According to Uganda's Daily Monitor newspaper, the president has said previously that he does not know the exact date of his birth.

"My parents were illiterate and so did not know the date," it quotes him as saying in his autobiography Sowing the Mustard Seed, published in 1997.

Nevertheless, he has insisted to the press that he is in excellent health, saying last week that he had never had a sick day in over three decades:

Have you ever heard that Museveni has fallen sick and my legs hanged in hospital, for the last 31 years? This is because I observe some of these health tips which have eventually helped me to prevent some of these diseases. Many of the diseases are preventable.”

* Correction: This entry has been amended to remove a suggestion that Mr Museveni's date of birth had been changed.

What the global press says about Kenya's election

President Kenyatta
President Kenyatta is hoping to win a second term

"A Murder and an Exodus - Another Election in Kenya" - that's the headline in a New York Times article on Kenya's tightly contested general election.

"Since the country’s near-death experience a decade ago, Kenyans live in fear of their society’s capacity for violence," author Michela Wrong writes.

"It’s a potential at odds with the nation’s often Disney-fied image as one of sub-Saharan Africa’s most popular tourist destinations and most vibrant economies," adds Wrong, the author “It’s Our Turn to Eat. The story of a Kenyan Whistleblower.”

The UK-based Guardian newspaper also strikes a pessimistic note about Tuesday's election - a close contest between Presdent Uhuru Kenyatta and veteran opposition leader Raila Odinga.

The Guardian's Kenya headline
The Guardian

Jason Burke, irs corresponent in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, writes:

"The country is braced for widespread unrest whoever wins, after a campaign marred by hundreds of violent incidents - including the murder of a high-profile election official – issues with new voting technology and widespread concerns about fraud."

As for Quartz Africa, it focuses on the technological challenges facing election officials.

Image of Quartz Africa
Quartz Africa

"There is some irony that Kenya’s elections may be delayed due to the limitations of its mobile communications technology," Lily Kuo writes.

"Over the last decade East Africa’s largest economy has positioned itself as a global leader in mobile technology thanks to the leadership of Safaricom’s M-Pesa mobile money platform and Nairobi has become one of Africa’s leading tech hubs," she adds.

And under the headline "Calm before the Kenyan election", the BBC's Alastair Leithead writes from Nairobi:

"The success of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) computerised voting system is key to the process being considered free and fair.

"If it fails - as it did in 2013 - the votes will be counted manually, and in a country where vote-rigging has been alleged in the past, the loser will no doubt challenge the result," Leithead writes.

"In 2013, Raila Odinga turned to the courts claiming electoral fraud, and lost. This time - his fourth and probably last attempt to become president - he may turn to the streets if he considers the election to have been stolen," he adds.

You can read his full article here.

South Sudan rebel stronghold 'falls'

Mary Harper

Africa editor, BBC World Service

Rebels in South Sudan say government troops have captured their main stronghold of Pagak, near the Ethiopian border.

Thousands of civilians have fled the area and aid workers have evacuated.

The loss of Pagak represents a major blow to the rebels, whose leader Riek Machar says he is under house arrest in South Africa.

A quarter of South Sudan's population has been displaced by the conflict which began in 2013, just two years after the country became independent.

Big exodus from Nigerian university

Nasidi Adamu Yahya

BBC Hausa Service, Abuja

At least 70 lecturers from the University of Maiduguri have resigned since 2009 when militant Islamist group Boko Haram began terrorising residents in the north-eastern Nigeria city.

The number of students enrolling has dropped significantly since the insurgency started in Maiduguri, the former headquarters of Boko Haram, says Dani Mamman, union chairman for the university’s academic staff.

He also told the BBC that the university has employed lecturers to replace those who left.

The university has recently been targeted by suicide bombers, most of whom are young women.

In July, authorities in Borno state began digging a 27km (17 miles) trench around the university to prevent attacks by militants.

They took action a day after three suicide bombers attacked the university, killing themselves and a security guard.

Trenches at the University of Maiduguri
Borno State
The trenches are designed to make it impossible for the militants to drive into the university

SA journalist saw deputy minister 'hit woman'

South Africa's public broadcaster, SABC, is reporting that one of its journalists saw Deputy Education Minister Mduduzi Manana assault a woman at a nightclub on Saturday.

“This lady looked like she was walking towards the entrance of the place when the deputy minister, who I saw with my own eyes, struck her and she fell and he continued to trample her with his foot,” journalst Lumko Jimlongo is quoted as saying.

Mr Manana has not yet commented on the allegation.

In a tweet posted on its account, the South African government said it welcomed the fact Ms Jimlongo had given a witness statement to police.

View more on twitter

South Africa's Minister of Women, Susan Shabangu, urged the police to investigate the case against the deputy minister as a matter of urgency, the government tweeted:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter
View more on twitter

See earlier post for more details

Kenyan elections: 'All systems are ready'

As Kenyans prepare to go to the polls in tomorrow's general election, the country's voting processes are under scrutiny.

Can developments in tech, specialised training as well as testing prevent a repeat of the events of 2013, when there were a large number of rejected ballot papers?

That's the hope of Ezra Chiloba, the chief election officer for Kenya's electoral commission, who spoke to BBC Newsday's Alan Kasujja.

Alan Kasujja speaks to Ezra Chiloba, from Kenya's electoral commission.

More highlights from BBC Newsday.

'Up to 300' migrants storm border into Spain

BBC World Service

Large numbers of sub-Saharan migrants have stormed the border crossing between Morocco and the Spanish enclave of Ceuta, running past guards.

It's not clear how many people managed to cross, although some estimates put it as high as 300.

The Red Cross says it has attended to more than 180 people who have been taken to a reception centre.

It follows a similar event on Tuesday when 200 migrants crossed a high fence from Morocco into the Spanish territory of Ceuta.

Migrants regularly try to climb the high fences that surround the territory, but the authorities say mass attempts to pass the border crossing are rare.

Ceuta and another Spanish enclave, Melilla, are the only parts of the European Union in Africa.

A map showing Ceuta's position

Mauritania votes to adopt new flag

Mauritanians have voted to adopt a new national flag and abolish the upper house of their parliament, the Senate, in a controversial referendum that was boycotted by the opposition.

The result is seen as a victory for President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, who is accused by his rivals of trying to extend his mandate, which he denies.

The country's green flag with a yellow Islamic crescent and a star will now feature red band, to honour the blood spilt by those who fought for freedom from France.

Mr Abdel Aziz called the referendum after the Senate rejected his proposals to change the constitution.

Turnout was 53.73%, with 85% of voters supporting the change, officials said.

But members of the opposition denounced an "electoral farce which has given way to open-air fraud".

Mr Abdel Aziz, who described the Senate as "useless and too costly", said the move to abolish it would improve governance by introducing more local forms of lawmaking.

He is barred by the constitution from running a third term - he came to power in a coup in 2008, was elected president the following year and won a second term in 2014.

Mauritanian women vote in the referendum
The opposition boycotted the vote and called it a "farce"

Seychelles coup mercenary dies

A South African mercenary who was involved in a failed coup plot in Seychelles in 1981 has died of a suspected heart attack while sitting on a bench outside a shopping centre in the coastal city of Durban, South Africa's News24 site reports.

Peter Duffy - who later worked as a photographer for a prominent South African newspaper - had become a recluse before his death last week, it added.

Duffy was sentenced to five years in prison in the Seychelles for his role in the failed attempt to overthrow France-Albert René's government.

South Africa's then-apartheid regime was behind the coup plot, and later brokered a deal to secure the release of Duffy and other plotters.

Peter Duffy (L)
Peter Duffy (L) worked as a photographer in South Africa

SA deputy minister 'slapped woman'

In a taped phone conversation, a person, who is reportedly South Africa's Deputy Education Minister Mduduzi Manana, admits to slapping a woman at a club after she called him gay, local media say.

Reports add that the two were involved in a row over who should should succeed President Jacob Zuma as leader of the governing African National Congress (ANC) at the party's elective conference in December.

The confession was part of a recording of a subsequent conversation between a person believed to be Mr Manana and Phesheya Duma, the brother of Mandisa Duma, the alleged victim, TimesLive reports.

Mr Manana has not yet commented.

But on the tape, the voice can be heard denying that he followed the victims out to the car park to continue the violence. He said that other people did that.

A post on Twitter shows the injuries that Ms Duma allegedly sustained during Saturday night's altercation at the club in Fourways, near the main city Johannesburg:

View more on twitter

A police ministry spokesman said a case of assault has been opened at a local police station, the local IOL news site reports.

The site also quoted the ANC Women's League (ANCWL) as saying it had noted the reports of the alleged incident.

"The ANCWL condemns violence against women and perpetrators must face the might of the law," a statement said, IOL reports.

Mr Manana is a supporter of Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa in the battle to succeed Mr Zuma, local media report.

Other contenders include former African Union commission chief Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, who is the ex-wife of Presdent Jacob Zuma, and housing minister Lindiwe Sisulu, both of whom hope to become South Africa's first female president.

Read: Will I be the next victim of abuse?

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day:

A king's son is a slave in another kingdom."

A Shona proverb sent by Enias Kadzviti in Zimbabwe
An Egyptian crown

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

Good morning

Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news from around the continent.