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Summary

  1. Liberia closes water bottling companies for health reasons
  2. South Africa's ex-finance minister tells the president to step down
  3. Winnie Madikizela-Mandela says the ANC has "messed up"
  4. South Sudan President Salva Kiir imposes state of emergency in parts of the north-west
  5. Ethiopia's Oromia region hit by tax protests
  6. Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai calls for boost to education in Nigeria
  7. African football bosses to discuss changing Cup of Nations date

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

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Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We’ll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

A goat is never pronounced innocent if the judge is a leopard."

Sent by Jaheim Tobie in Paynesville, Liberia

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture from Madagascar's capital city, Antananarivo:

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Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang: Borussia Dortmund rule out sale of striker

Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang
Getty

Borussia Dortmund striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang is "staying at the club" says director Michael Zorc.

Aubameyang, 28, had been linked with a summer move to the English Premier League as well as Paris St-Germain and AC Milan.

The Gabon international netted twice on Tuesday as Dortmund beat AC Milan 3-1 on their pre-season tour of China.

After the game Zorc said: "We have decided that 'Auba' will stay with Borussia Dortmund. The transfer window is closed as far as he is concerned."

The transfer window in Germany closes at midnight (22:00 BST) on 31 August.

Read more on this story.

Winnie Mandela: South Africa is in crisis

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela has said that South Africa "is in crisis" and that the governing ANC has "messed up".

The former wife of the country's first president, Nelson Mandela, was speaking to the BBC as the world marks Mandela Day, which commemorates his birthday.

She told Milton Nkosi that "something is very very wrong... with what we have done".

President Jacob Zuma has come under increasing pressure to step down from former allies within the ANC.

He has been criticised for his handling of the economy as well as the corruption allegations that he faces.

Mr Zuma will be replaced as ANC leader at the end of the year, but his presidential term comes to an end in 2019.

Ghana 'will not extend IMF bail out'

Thomas Naadi

BBC Africa, Accra

Nana Akufo-Addo
Getty Images

Ghana's President Nana Akufo-Addo says he will not extend the International Monetary Fund three-year bail out, despite civil society groups urging the government to carry on with the programme.

President Akufo-Addo came to power in January on a campaign promise of turning the country's fortunes around. Today he said he will be judged on this:

I am well aware that the success or otherwise of my administration will be judged largely on job creation."

He told journalists at an event marking his first six months in power that last Thursday he launched a $10m (£7.6m) entrepreneurship plan to help start ups.

He also noted that economic indicators are showing signs of improvement, including inflation which has reduced from 15.2% in December last year to 12.1% in June this year.

Nigeria visa battle transplant sister dies

May Brown
ACLT
May Brown received the donated stem cells from her sister at King's College Hospital in London

A woman with leukaemia at the centre of a campaign to allow her donor Nigerian sister to come to the UK has died.

Martha Williams, 26, travelled to the UK to donate stem cells to 24-year-old May Brown.

The Home Office reversed a decision not to issue Ms Williams a visa after more than 60,000 signed an online petition.

The transplant was deemed a success in March. But the African Caribbean Leukaemia Trust (ACLT) said Mrs Brown died on Friday following a relapse.

It added she passed away "surrounded by her loved ones".

Read more here.

Minister says 90% of Ugandan children 'recruited into homosexuality'

Uganda's Ethics Minister Simon Lokodo is well-known for his pronouncements on homosexual and heterosexual sex, as well as what he believes are appropriate ways to dress.

Today, Uganda's parliament has been debating the safety of children and, in a tweet that's been retweeted on the official Uganda parliament's Twitter account, the minister appears to have said that the large majority of children become homosexual in school:

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We were intrigued to learn more, but, at least according to the Twitter account, Minister Lukodo did not provide any evidence.

In 2015, the minister called for police to raid guesthouses used for "lunchtime sex".

BBC Somali announces female poet of the year

Deeqa Nouh Yonis
BBC

The BBC Somali Service has just announced the inaugural winner of its Young Female Poet of the Year Award, in celebrations to mark its 60th anniversary.

Twenty-three-year-old Deeqa Nouh Yonis, a second year university student, beat over 100 others to win the coveted award.

Her winning poem is about the significance of pastoralism in the the Somali culture and its traditional food.

The contest was open to all those aged between 16 and 35 with no restrictions on their level of experience or location.

The winning poem will be read live on air later today.

Poetry is popular in Somali culture and BBC Somali, which was an audience of 3.6 million, hopes the award will boost the profile of a new generation of women poets as well as increasing the female audience for the service.

Zimbabwe's election 'to cost $270m'

Zimbabwe will need $274m to fund next year's presidential and parliamentary elections, the Reuters news agency reports.

It says the head of the electoral commission, Rita Makarau, gave the figure while addressing a parliamentary committee.

The country is currently suffering a cash shortage but Ms Makarau said that she was confident that the money would be found, Reuters adds.

Robert Mugabe
Reuters

President Robert Mugabe has been in power since 1980 and is set to run for another five-year term in 2018.

Fifa should train players to treat heart issues, says agent

The agent of a late Cameroonian footballer has asked Fifa to train all players and coaches in how to treat victims of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA).

Hasan Anil Eken, whose client Patrick Ekeng died in such circumstances last year, believes this could prove crucial in a battle to save a player's life.

"With this injury, every second is very important to save lives," Eken wrote.

Fifa says SCA victims have "a success rate of 90% for resuscitation" if correctly treated within two minutes.

This involves using an automatic external defibrillator, a device that sends a powerful electric shock to a heart to try to restore its natural rhythm.

Patrick Ekeng
Octavian Cocolos
Patrick Ekeng died of a suspected heart attack

Cameroonian Ekeng died in May 2016 playing for Dinamo Bucharest in Romania. The ambulance that treated him had no defibrillator.

Since early June, two Ivorian footballers have died of suspected heart issues - Cheick Tiote and Eugene Kouame.

"Football players are the ones who are closest to (each other) - timing is important," Eken said in his letter to football's world governing body.

Read more on this story.

Ugandans arrested after burning Museveni T-shirts

Uganda police have arrested two men after they allegedly set fire to T-shirts with the image of President Yoweri Museveni on a street in the capital, Kampala, the Daily Monitor newspaper reports.

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It adds that the two were part of a small group protesting against reported attempts to change the constitution which would allow the president to run for a sixth term in 2021 when he would be older than the current age limit of 75.

The Daily Monitor says the protesters shouted: “Museveni must go. His time is over and no one should tamper with the constitution.”

The two men were arrested for causing a disruption in the city, the paper adds.

Lion parts 'sold as fake tiger products' in Asia

Trade in bones and other parts of lions that are made to appear as tiger products is thriving in Chinese and South East Asian markets, a leading wildlife group says.

China's ban on the sale of tiger products has led to unscrupulous traders substituting them with lion parts, the UK-based Environment Investigation Agency (EIA) said.

South Africa is the largest exporter of lion parts to Asia, it added.

EIA is pushing for the trade to be banned, saying it encourages poaching.

It released its report as a meeting of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (Cites) begins in Switzerland.

Lion roaring
AFP

Cites allows limited trade on body parts of lions bred in captivity.

The South African government last month announced an export quota of 800 skeletons, causing concern among conservation organisations.

Read more here

Liberia shuts down bottled water companies

BBC World Service

The authorities in Liberia have closed down more than 50 companies selling drinking water in bottles and plastic sachets.

The public health authority said the water was not fit for human consumption.

It said some of the companies claimed to be producing mineral water when it was nothing of the sort.

Liberia's main water treatment plant was badly damaged during the country's civil wars.

It serves about a fifth of the population of the capital, Monrovia, leaving many residents dependent on bottled water.

Man drinking a sachet of water
AFP
Sachet water is now going to be harder to find in Liberia's capital

'Riot control vehicles arrive' ahead of Kenya's election

A member of the Kikuyu tribe living in the Kibera slum of Nairobi walks with his bloodied shirt away from Kenyan police during ethnic clashes in Nairobi 29 January 2008. The slaying of a Kenyan opposition lawmaker sparked riots 29 January 2008 across the east African nation already reeling from weeks of deadly clashes set off by disputed elections.
Getty Images
Post-election violence rocked Kenya in 2008

Over the past few weeks, crowd-control vehicles, guns and tear gas have been shipped into Kenya, reports Kenya's Standard newspaper.

This comes ahead of the general election on 8 August.

The newspaper reports at least a dozen new South Korean-made riot control vehicles arrived in Nairobi at the weekend.

It also says anti-riot gear including teargas canisters, batons, anti-riot wear and guns came through Mombasa port.

The newspaper adds that this "points to an assessment by the security forces that there could be violence after the announcement of the results".

Every week until the election the BBC's Dickens Olewe is taking an in-depth look at an aspect of the vote.

Listen to his latest programme.

Could this telescope discover extra-terrestrial life?

South Africa has started to set up a series of radio telescopes far more powerful than any current ones in use around the world.

With their combined power they will look deeper into space than we have been able to see before and it will also search for extra-terrestrial activity.

Watch here for more:

BBC Somali service celebrates 60 years

The BBC Somali service is celebrating 60 years since its first broadcast.

Today, it reaches an audience of four million people across radio, TV and online.

As part of the anniversary, the service has launched its inaugural poetry award for young women.

Gordhan calls for Zuma to go

South Africa's former Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan - who was sacked in March - has called for President Jacob Zuma to step down.

It is believed that Mr Gordhan, who was widely respected in his role, was removed from his post because he was not seen as loyal to the embattled president.

And he has now used a speech on Mandela Day - marking the former president's birthday - to demand, for the first time in public, for Mr Zuma to go.

I think the president should move aside and let somebody take over this country and reset the course‚ so that we can fulfil the kind of aspirations that Mandela and his generation had for South Africa."

Times Live reports that Mr Gordhan's comments are "part of a growing chorus of anti-Zuma sentiment".

The South African president has faced corruption allegations and has been accused of breaching the constitution over his handling of a critical report on the state paying for upgrades to his private home.

Pravin Gordhan
AFP
Mr Gordhan has been a critic of the president's since he was sacked in March

African football's club v country row

Piers Edwards

BBC Africa Sport

Cameroon winners
Getty Images
Cameroon won this year's Afcon

The format and timing of the Africa Cup of Nations is up for discussion as a two-day symposium on the future of the continental game has got under way in the Moroccan capital, Rabat.

“That is the first thing to talk about - we can’t get away from it,” said Confederation of African Football (Caf) president Ahmad in his opening address.

The Nations Cup’s timing in January and February has long been a source of conflict for clubs in Europe, where many Africans play.

European clubs have long been angered by losing players during a crucial stage of the season to the Nations Cup, which sparks a club v country row every two years.

Compounding the clubs’ concerns is the fact that their players often come back fatigued from Africa’s flagship sporting event.

Ahead of this year's Nations Cup in Gabon, an unprecedented number of players turned down call-ups to stay with their clubs. This included seven Cameroonians who refused to turn out for the team that eventually won the title.

The finals could also be boosted from 16 teams to 24 - while a less likely switch is for the tournament to take place every four, rather than two, years.

Read more on the BBC Sport website.

Nearly one in ten infants don't get vaccines

Anne Soy

BBC Africa, Nairobi

Polio vaccine Nigeria
Getty Images

Nearly one in 10 infants worldwide did not receive any vaccination last year, putting them at a serious risk of contracting potentially fatal but preventable diseases.

A new report published by the World Health Organization and the UN children's agency, Unicef, says the rate of full immunization has stalled since 2010.

The report analyses immunization coverage in 194 countries across the world.

Eight countries, most of them in Africa, had less than half of their infants vaccinated last year. They include Nigeria, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Somalia and South Sudan.

This means that while some diseases such as measles and polio can now be prevented and potentially eliminated, there is still the possibility of outbreaks, leading to disability or death.

The uptake of recently introduced vaccines against leading childhood killers like pneumonia and diarrhoea is also low in many countries.

Unicef's Chief of Immunizations - Dr Robin Nandy - said bringing life-saving vaccines to the poorest communities must be considered a top priority.

Congo's Assombalonga signs for Middlesbrough for £15m

Stanley Kwenda

BBC Africa

Britt Assombalonga, left, and Feder Assombalonga, right
BBC
Britt Assombalonga's dad, Feder, right, played for Zaire

Democratic Republic of Congo’s young striker Britt Assombalonga has signed for championship side Middlesbrough from Nottingham Forest for a club record £15m ($20m) fee.

Assombalonga was highly sought after in both the Championship and Premier League because of his prolific goal scoring record.

He had a very successful spell at Forest where he scored 30 goals in 47 starts despite suffering from a spate of injuries.

He’s quoted as saying on the Middlesbrough club website that "the minute I walked in it felt right".

Assombalonga who recently pledged his international career to DRC even though he’s eligible to play for England, suffered a career threatening injury during the 2015-2016 season but bounced back last term scoring 14 goals in 20 starts for Forest.

He comes from a football family: his dad Fedor played for Zaire (now DR Congo) and his brother Christian turned out for Billericay Town.

Boko Haram video 'shows abducted women'

Chris Ewokor

BBC Africa, Abuja

Nigerian Islamist militant group Boko Haram has released a new video featuring 10 women thought to have been abducted last month when a convoy under police escort was ambushed.

The authorities had earlier denied that the women, some of whom are believed to be police officers, had been kidnapped.

And until the new video surfaced nothing was heard from the women.

One of the abductees who spoke in the video said she was a lecturer and five of the other women were public servants who she described as the breadwinners in their families.

The authorities in Nigeria are yet to react to the new video.

Congo president’s brother's business dealings come under spotlight

Joseph Kabila
Getty Images
Are business interests stopping Joseph Kabila stepping down?

Last year an in-depth investigation by Bloomberg business news revealed that Congolese President Joseph Kabila’s family have a network of business interests in the country including stakes in Congo’s biggest mobile-phone company and one of its largest banks.

“The sprawling network may help explain why the president is ignoring pleas” to hand over power, the site said at the time.

Seven months on and Mr Kabila has still not relinquished power even though his constitutionally-limited time in office has come to an end.

This time Bloomberg has turned its attention to the president's brother, Zoe, who is a member of parliament.

It has found that over the past seven years, the Canadian company Ivanhoe Mines has sold five mining licenses to Zoe’s companies.

Bloomberg points out that none of the companies have been accused of wrongdoing and it is not illegal to do business with a sitting member of parliament.

Still, it says, the Kabilas’ commercial interests extend across the economy making it difficult for corporations to operate without coming into contact with a company that has ties to a member of the ruling family.

Major prize for African malaria researcher

Alassane Dicko
Royal Society

Malian research scientist Alassane Dicko has won this year's Royal Society Africa prize for his work on malaria control.

The prize comes with $14,000 (£11,000) grant towards his research project, plus a $1,300 (£1,000) gift.

The Royal Society is one of the world's leading scientific institutes and brings together many of the world's most eminent scientists.

South Sudan declares state of emergency

Tomi Oladipo

BBC Monitoring's Africa security correspondent

Salva Kiir
Reuters

South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir has declared a state of emergency in part of the country’s north-west.

The statement, broadcast on state television, did not give a reason for the decree.

The state of emergency is expected to last for three months.

The conflict in South Sudan has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced more than two million since 2013.

The last state of emergency was in 2014 in Unity State in the north and Jonglei in the east – as rebels fought government forces.

Tensions continue between both sides as heavy fighting has also escalated in the east of the country.

The United Nations says thousands of civilians have fled the town of Pagak and its surrounding areas, crossing the border into Ethiopia. Aid workers have also been forced to relocate.

Tanzania fines phone companies over unregistered Sims

registering
Getty Images
Phone operators in Tanzania are obliged to register all new users

Tanzania's communication regulator has fined six phone companies for giving out Sim cards without demanding users register their details.

Among them is Vodacom who were fined 945,000,000 Tanzanian shillings (£324,000; $422,00). Airtel, Smart, Tigo, Zantel and Halotel were also fined.

The Tanzania Regulations Communications Authority said in a press release that the phone companies had given out Sim cards without necessary documents like their ID and without taking photos of the subscribers.

In 2015, the Nigerian authorities fined the South African mobile phone company MTN $5.2bn after it failed to disconnect all non-registered Sim card.

That fine was later reduced after discussions between MTN and the Nigerian authorities.

South Africans embrace #MandelaDay

#MandelaDay is trending on Twitter in South Africa as people share quotes and stories about what they're doing today, which marks the birthday of the country's former President Nelson Mandela.

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People are also being asked to spend 67 minutes doing some form of charity work, representing the 67 years that Mr Mandela dedicated to the struggle against apartheid:

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The former president was born on 18 July, 1918.

DR Congo's police chief replaced

Democratic Republic of Congo President Joseph Kabila has sacked the country's police chief Charles Bisengimana. He has been replaced by a former army general Amuli Bahigwa.

The president has also replaced the head of the police in the capital Kinshasa, Célestin Kanyama.

Mr Kanyama is one of those Congolese officials who has been sanctioned by the US and the European Union. He is accused of human rights abuses in cracking down on political demonstrations, among other things.

Joseph Kabila
Reuters
President Joseph Kabila was supposed to step down at the end of last year, but his time in office has been extended for 12 months.

Egypt 'to end visas on arrival for Qataris'

Egypt bag
Getty Images

Egypt said it will end visas on arrival for Qatari citizens from Thursday, reports AFP news agency.

It will not include spouses of Egyptians or university students who will be granted tourist visas on arrival, foreign ministry spokesman Ahmed Abu Zeid told AFP.

The change comes after Egypt, along with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain have demanded that Qatar stop supporting the Muslim Brotherhood movement.

Read more: What you need to know about the Qatar crisis

BBC Somali celebrates 60th anniversary

The BBC Somali service celebrates 60 years of broadcasting today.

The service's Bashkash Jugsodaay told us no other station matches the Somali service's reach.

He explained that due to the civil war in the 1990s Somalis have spread all over the world.

"Go to a village in China and you will find a Somali," he said. And, he adds, "they will stop everything they are doing to find out what is going on at home".

Listen to him on BBC Newsday:

Malala calls for state of emergency on Nigerian schools

Education rights campaigner Malala Yousafzai has said that there should be a "state of emergency on education" in Nigeria, the Reuters news agency reports.

Nearly half of primary-aged children, some 10 million children, are not enrolled in school in Nigeria, Reuters quotes state figures as saying.

Addressing journalists in the capital Abuja after a meeting with the acting president, Malala said spending on education at a federal and state level should be made public.

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Malala, who is also a Nobel laureate who became well known after the Taliban shot her in the head in 2012, is visiting Nigeria.

She met some of the women who were kidnapped by the Islamist militants Boko Haram in Chibok in 2014:

Reuters adds that she appealed for the release of 100 girls who are still believed to be in captivity.

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Could we now have Afcon in June?

BBC World Service

The African football authorities will begin a two-day meeting in Morocco today to discuss the future of the game on the continent.

Among the issues they will consider is the timing of the Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon), which is played every two years and currently clashes with the European football season.

This presents a problem for many of Africa's star players who also represent European club sides.

Liverpool's Joel Matip was one of seven Cameroon players who said they did not want to go to Afcon earlier this year. The team did, however go on to win the cup.

Joel Matip (right)
Getty Images
German-born Joel Matip (right) has not featured for Cameroon since the 2014 World Cup

Calls to move the Cup of Nations to June or July have previously been rejected, but Caf's new president has signalled that he is open to considering it.

Ethiopia hit by anti-tax protests

There are reports that military and police have been deployed to parts of Ethiopia's Oromia state following protests over a new business tax that has been introduced recently.

The Addis Standard newspaper says that last week residents in one city, Ambo, damaged two state-owned vehicles, and this week businneses in other cities have shut in protest.

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The new tax is being levied on small businesses with an annual turnover of up to 100,000 birr ($4,300; £3,300) in an effort to boost the tax base and raise much needed government revenue.

But the Addis Standard reports that business owners say tax assessors have over-estimated their revenue and are demanding too much.

It quotes one hairdresser who has been asked to pay $400, which is not much less than she earns a year.

The government says that there has been a misunderstanding about the tax rates and has tried to address the problems.

Last year, Oromia was hit by a wave of anti-government protests which led to the establishment of a state of emergency.

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news stories on the continent.

Today's African proverb:

A goat is never pronounced innocent if the judge is a leopard."

Sent by Jaheim Tobie in Paynesville, Liberia
A leopard shows its teeth while sitting on a tree
Freder

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.