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  1. Tens of thousands of Togolese protest against 'dynastic rule'
  2. Boat capsizes on River Niger, killing 16
  3. Six children and two women killed in South Africa
  4. Zulu monarch says corporal punishment makes children 'perform well'
  5. Paul Kagame's rival charged with mother and sister
  6. Zimbabwe's vice-presidents clash over poisoning claim
  7. Anger over UK foreign secretary's Libya 'bodies' comment

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

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Scroll down for Wednesday's stories

We’ll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

No matter how strong a termite’s stomach is, it still cannot digest green grass."

A Dinka proverb sent by Malueth Agany Kuot in South Sudan

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture of a fruit vendor's stall in Kenya's capital, Nairobi:

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Seven years back pay for fired Pick n Pay workers

Mary Harper

Africa editor, BBC World Service

An appeals court in South Africa has ordered the reinstatement of 61 supermarket staff seven years after they were fired.

The workers from the Pick n Pay chain were sacked for going on strike for one hour.

The court also ordered that they receive back pay for the entire period.

Pick n Pay says it is surprised by the ruling and that it is yet to decide its next move.

The staff, who worked in a Johannesburg branch of the supermarket, downed tools in a row over pay.

UK foreign secretary accused of 'insensitivity'

BBC World Service

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson looks on as Prime Minister Theresa May delivers her keynote speech to delegates and party members on the last day of the Conservative Party Conference at Manchester Central on October 4, 2017 in Manchester, England
Getty Images
Boris Johnson has faced calls to resign

UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has been accused by a prominent Libyan political activist and academic of extreme insensitivity after he suggested that a Libyan city could become the next Dubai once the dead bodies had been "cleared away".

Guma el-Gamaty told the BBC that some 750 young Libyan men died to liberate the city of Sirte from the Islamic State group to remove the threat of terrorism not just from Libya but the rest of the world, including the UK.

Mr Johnson has faced demands for his resignation from several members of his own Conservative Party, as well as the opposition.

See earlier post for more details

'I build fast and furious vintage cars'

The Shelby Cobra is such a rare vintage car that a South African factory builds replicas to meet demand.

Zandile Dlamini works there, welding the car chassis, one of the few women working on the factory floor in an industry dominated by men.

Watch her story:

Togo protesters in 'final warning' to president

Getty Images
More anti-Gnassingbe protests are planned for Thursday

Tens of thousands of opposition supporters in Togo have marched in the capital, Lome in what they call the next phase of their campaign to force out President Faure Gnassingbe.

There were also big numbers of protesters in the second largest city of Sokode and the northern town of Bafilo, where youths blockaded a major highway connecting the north and south of the country.

Organisers had billed today's march as a "final warning" to the regime.

More rallies are expected on Thursday, described by organisers as a "march of anger", AFP news agency reports.

The main opposition leader, Jean-Pierre Fabre, said that they were going to maintain pressure on the government.

Protesters carried placards demanding the restoration of the 1992 constitution, which limited the number of presidential terms to two. Mr Gnassingbe is serving his third term in office.

He succeeded his father, meaning the same family has ruled Togo for 50 years.

At least four people have been killed and hundreds injured during weeks of anti-government protests in Togo.

Abdou Razak (C) of Togo demonstrates with others against President Faure Gnassingbé in Dag Hammarskjold Plaza outside the UN in New York on September19, 2017
Togolese in the diaspora have also joined in the protests

Dive puts Ivorian footballer out for two months

Seydou Doumbia
Getty Images
Seydou Doumbia is set to miss Ivory Coast's final two 2018 World Cup qualifiers with an injury he picked up diving for a penalty

Ivory Coast's Seydou Doumbia is facing two months on the sidelines after injuring himself diving trying to win a penalty for his Portuguese club Sporting Lisbon.

He is set to miss the Elephants' final two 2018 World Cup qualifiers against Mali and Morocco.

Ivory Coast's Belgian coach Marc Wilmots confirmed Doumbia had torn a tendon.

Doumbia was shown a yellow card for diving and limped off the pitch during Sporting's European Champions League loss to Barcelona.

Read the full BBC story here

Huge anti-government protest in Guinea

Mary Harper

Africa editor, BBC World Service

Large demonstrations have taken place across Guinea against what opposition supporters describe as government impunity.

Schools and shops have remained closed in several towns.

Opposition groups say the security forces have killed more than 80 of their supporters since President Alpha Conde was elected in 2010.

They say two were shot dead during demonstrations last month.

SA police vow to find killers

South African police would leave no stone unturned in their efforts to hunt down the killers of six children and two women from the same family during an attack on their homes in a village in KwaZulu-Natal province, spokeswoman Captain Nqobile Gwala has said.

The motive for the killings at the two homes close to each other is still unclear, she added.

See earlier post for more details

Bafana Bafana players to sign conduct code

Stuart Baxter
Getty Images
Stuart Baxter was re-appointed as coach of South Africa in May

South Africa's squad members have been made to sign a code of conduct upon arrival at their training camp for Saturday's World Cup qualifier.

The move is aimed at preventing any repetition of the excessive partying after their last match in Durban.

The incidents were widely reported in local media and happened despite Bafana Bafana losing to Cape Verde.

"When we are professional athletes representing our country we don't do that," coach Stuart Baxter said.

"It will be dealt with in-house. What does not help are people making up stories that are… hugely inflated and missing the mark completely."

The squad also watched a presentation on professionalism as Baxter also partly defended his players despite the antics being criticised by disappointed fans.

"I am pretty sure that over the last 50 years people have looked with admiration at boys taking a drink or 'boys being boys'," he said.

On arrival this week to prepare for the qualifier against Burkina Faso at Johannesburg's Soccer City on Saturday, the players had to watch a presentation called 'The 24-hour professional'.

Read full story

Nigeria deaths after boat hits tree stump

Chris Ewokor

BBC Africa, Abuja

At least 16 have died after their boat capsized on the River Niger in north-western Nigeria.

The vessel, carrying about 60 passengers, is believed to have hit a tree stump in the middle of the river.

So far, only three people are known to have survived.

Boat accidents are common on the River Niger, especially during the rainy season.

More than 100 people have died in the past three months alone.

Extreme poverty in Africa is 'decreasing'

We've just come across this data visualisation that shows a positive trend in the reduction of extreme poverty in Africa.

It uses data collected by a US-based independent research centre at the University of Washington.

It shows that there are only a few places on the continent where 20% of children are still dying before the age of five.

View more on twitter

Deadly suicide bombing in Libya

Rana Jawad

BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

A suicide bombing targeting a court complex in Libya’s western city of Misurata has killed six people, including the assailants, a security spokesman in Misrata has confirmed to the BBC.

The so-called Islamic State has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mohamed Al Ghasri, a spokesman of the Bunyan Al-Marsous armed group in Misurata, told the BBC that four people were killed in the bombing, as well as two IS militants.

A third assailant was arrested.

Mr Ghasri said a vehicle with three IS militants drove into the court building.

“One of them blew himself up, the second was killed in a confrontation with the police,” he added.

Mr Ghasri accused the UN-backed government in the capital, Tripoli, of being “weak” and failing to support them.

The attack would have taken security forces in Misurata by surprise, because the port city has largely been spared militant attacks of this kind in the past, unlike other cities in Libya.

The Al Bunyan Al Marsous is a coalition of armed groups, comprised of brigades mostly from Misurata, which fought IS and ousted them from their previous stronghold of Sirte last year.

It has since fallen out with the UN-backed government in Tripoli.

UN says Mali crisis worsening

Tomi Oladipo

BBC Monitoring's Africa security correspondent

The UN Security Council is to discuss the crisis in Mali today after an investigation found that the country's security situation had significantly worsened.

It noted that there had been a 100% increase in Islamist attacks in the past four months.

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres reported a surge in attacks against peacekeepers and local troops.

He said that since June extremist groups – mostly in northern Mali - have carried out a total of 75 attacks against Malian, French and UN forces.

Most of the attacks were claimed by JNIM – a jihadist coalition linked to al-Qaeda.

The UN chief called for funding and logistical support for the new regional force that is being set up to fight jihadists in the Sahel.

He also expressed his disappointment in the resumption of fighting between local armed groups despite a prior peace agreement between them.

Meanwhile, the defence minister and the top military commander in the Netherlands have both resigned over the deaths of two Dutch soldiers in Mali last year.

An investigation by the Dutch Safety Board into the training accident found that the military had been using stocks of old and defective shells without carrying out its own checks.

Read:Why Mali is the world's most dangerous peacekeeping mission

Political uncertainty slows Kenya's economy

Ferdinand Omondi

BBC Africa, Nairobi

Nairobi stock market
Kenya’s private sector has been deteriorating due to the political stalemate

Political uncertainty in Kenya has slowed down growth in Kenya’s private sector to its lowest point in three years, according to a bank survey.

It shows that businesses are holding off major investments as they await the outcome of Kenya’s election re-run, while the existing interest rate cap on commercial lending has made it even harder to access bank loans.

The research conducted by Stanbic Bank shows that a key indicator of Kenya’s economic health dropped for the 5th consecutive month to its lowest since 2014.

According to Jibran Qureishi, an economist at the Stanbic Bank, Kenya’s private sector has been deteriorating due to the political stalemate.

The country held general elections in August, but the Supreme Court annulled the results over irregularities.

A re-run will be held in three weeks time.

Many investors are said to have adopted a wait-and-see attitude pending the fresh election.

Mr Qureishi also said firms are finding it harder to access credit as banks hold back their money because of the current cap on interest rates which the government imposed two years ago.

Since then banks have largely shied away from high risk financing, slowing down economic growth.

SA police: 'Six children and two women killed'

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

I have just been on the phone to a spokeswoman of the South African Police Service (SAPS) about the mass shooting at a village in KwaZulu-Natal province.

Captain Nqobile Gwala confirmed that eight pople from one family were killed when gunmen entered two homes next to each other in Matimatolo village near Greytown.

At the first home, four children and a woman aged 60 were killed.

At the second home, a woman aged 58 died at the scene and two children died in hospital. A third child is in a critical condition in hospital.

“We are making an urgent appeal to local community members or anyone to come forward with information and contact the local police station or our crime stop number 08600 10111,” Captain Gwala said.

See previous post

'Eight killed' in South Africa mass shooting

Two South African news sites are reporting that eight people were killed in the shooting at two homes in KwaZulu-Natal province.

They include six children and two elderly women, News24 and IOL are reporting.

See previous post

'Seven women from one family' killed in South Africa

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

Gunmen have shot dead seven women from the same family in a village in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, local media reports.

The unknown gunmen stormed two family homes next to each other, before opening fire.

The governing African National Congress (ANC) in KwaZulu-Natal said it had learned of the killings with "great pain and sadness".

"Clearly something is not right in our province and needs all of us, beyond political affiliations, to join hands in an effort to defeat this new tendency,” its spokesman Mdumiseni Ntuli said.

It is not clear whether the killings are politically motivated.

KwaZulu-Natal has seen a spike in politicall killings, with 35 people murdered since last year.

Read: Could killings engulf South Africa?

First global pledge to end cholera by 2030

Washing hands
The charity Wateraid estimates it would cost $40 (£30) per person to provide water, sanitation and hygiene.

Health officials from around the world are meeting in France to commit to preventing 90% of cholera deaths by 2030.

The disease, which is spread through contaminated water, kills about 100,000 people every year.

It is the first time governments, the World Health Organization, aid agencies and donors have made such a pledge.

It comes as Yemen continues to fight one of the worst cholera outbreaks on record.

Cholera has been spreading in the war-torn country due to deteriorating hygiene and sanitation conditions and disruptions to the water supply.

More than 770,000 people have been infected with the disease, which is easily treatable with the right medical equipment, and 2,000 have died. Many of the victims are children.

Estimated global annual cholera cases:

  • India: 675,188 cases, 20,266 deaths
  • Ethiopia: 275.221 cases, 10,458 deaths
  • Nigeria: 220,397 cases, 8,375 deaths
  • Haiti: 210,589 cases, 2,584 deaths

Source: Johns Hopkins University

Read full story on the BBC website

Mugabe thanks South Africa for jobs

Jacob Zuma and Robert Mugabe
Mr Mugabe was hosted by his counterpart President Zuma

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe used his official visit to South Africa on Tuesday to thank the country for giving Zimbabwean nationals employment opportunities, South Africa's privately owned EWN news site reports.

“Here is where many of our people have found incomes through employment,” he said in his speech.

Zimbabwe has been facing an economic crisis for years, leading to the collapse of its currency in 2009.

Mr Mugabe admitted that some Zimbabweans were in South Africa illegally, and others did bad things.

“The good and the bad... we have given you the trouble to sort out," Mr Mugabe said, adding: "Others don’t mean well and need to be punished or sent back.”

Mr Mugabe's praise for South Africa came after he annoyed the secretary-general of the governing African National Congress (ANC), Gwede Mantashe, for criticising the legacy of anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela.

Mr Mugabe was quoted as saying that the late Mr Mandela cherished his personal freedom more than anything else and left "whites with everything".

Mr Mantashe hit back, saying Mr Mugabe had destroyed Zimbabwe's economy, and should be grateful that South Africa had given jobs to millions of Zimbabweans.

On Tuesday, Mr Mugabe urged the ANC not to render itself into "nothingness" - a reference to the divisions which have hit the party ahead of its conference in December, when it will elect a sucessor to Mr Zuma.

"I don't know what we would be if all that future is rendered into nothingness, torn apart," Mr Mugabe said.

"We wish [the] ANC every success at the congress, so that it can continue into the future renewed and strengthened," he added.

Zimbabwe vice-presidents fall-out

Shingai Nyoka

BBC Africa, Harare

In Zimbabwe, there has been extraordinary criticism of one vice-president by another.

In a lengthy press statement Phelekelezela Mphoko accused Emmerson Mnangagwa of lying about being poisoned in August.

Mr Mnangagwa, 75, is a frontrunner to succeed President Robert Mugabe, 93.

Mr Mnangagwa fell ill at a political rally attended by Mr Mugabe and had to be airlifted to South Africa.

Over the weekend he said someone had tried to poison his food. His supporters suggest a rival group within the ruling Zanu-PF party was involved.

Emmerson Mnangagwa (L) and his wife Auxilia (R) attend the funeral ceremony of Peter Chanetsa at the National Heroes Acre in Harare, on January 7, 2017.
Mr Mnangagwa is said to be politically cunning

Mr Mnangagwa and First Lady Grace Mugabe, 52, are reported to lead rival groups within the party - a claim both deny.

The latest statement by Mr Mphoko, who has a lower profile than Mr Mnangagwa and Mrs Mugabe, is a sign that tensions are becoming more difficult to hide.

Mr Mphoko, 73, says doctors had confirmed to the president that stale food - not poison - caused Mr Mnangagwa to fall ill.

He said Mr Mnangagwa's claim shows an agenda to undermine the president and fuel tensions within the party.

Mr Mnangagwa has not yet responded.

See earlier post for more details

Some Nigerian embassies in 'dilapidated state'

Nigeria's senators have raised concern about the financial crisis facing some of the country's embassies abroad, the local Vanguard publication reports.

The lawmakers said the dilapidated state of some embassy buildings and the government's inability to pay staff was hurting the "collective image of Nigeria".

Senator Tijjani Yahaya Kaura said that some host countries had threatened to revoke the building permits of embassies because of "poor structural conditions", which posed a hazard to communities in the area, the Vanguard reported.

Zimbabwe vice-presidents in poisoning row

Emmerson Mnangagwa speaks during the funeral ceremony of Peter Chanetsa at the National Heroes Acre in Harare, on January 7, 201
Mr Mnangagwa is thought to harbour presidential ambitions

Zimbabwe’s Vice-President Phelekezela Mphoko has launched an unprecedented attack on the country’s other Vice-President, Emmerson Mnangagwa, accusing him of undermining President Robert Mugabe by alleging he was poisoned at a political rally in August.

Mr Mnangagwa's claim was a "calculated" challenge to Mr Mugabe's "public account that Mnangagwa’s medical doctor ruled out poisoning" as the cause of his "traumatising vomiting and diarrhoea" experience at the 12 August rally, Mr Mphoko said.

"There’s now little doubt, if there ever was any, that there appears to be an agenda to undermine the authority of President Mugabe and to destabilise the country by using lies to fan ethnic tensions for political purposes," Mr Mphoko said.

"This must stop and do so sooner rather than later," he added.

Mr Mnangagwa fell ill at the rally addressed by Mr Mugabe in the southern town of Gwanda.

He was flown to South Africa for emergency medical treatment, and returned home about a week later.

At a rally last weekend, Mr Mnangagwa said he had been poisoned, like the late national heroine, Shuvai Mahofa, had been poisoned at a conferenbce of the ruling Zanu-PF party in Victoria Falls in 2015.

Mr Mnangagwa is seen as a potential successor to President Robert Mugabe, 93.

His main rival for the post is said to be Mr Mugabe's wife, Grace.

Read: Zimbabwe's 'crocodile' - Emmerson Mnangagwa

DR Congo delays introduction of new passports

Polly Muzalia

BBC Africa

The government of the Democratic Republic of Congo has pushed back a controversial plan to withdraw passports without electronic security chips by mid-October.

The move had sparked demonstrations, leading to dozens of arrests.

Holders of the so-called semi-biometric passports now have until January 2018 to replace them with new ones.

Authorities say that the new passport has better security features.

They have also backtracked on the fee, with holders now expected to pay $100 (£75) instead of $185 for the new one.

Despite the concessions, there is still opposition to the plan.

Boris Johnson Libya 'dead bodies' comment provokes anger

Boris Johnson
Getty Images
Mr Johnson has made comments deemed insensitive in the past

UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has been criticised for saying that the Libyan city of Sirte could be the new Dubai, and "all they have to do is clear the dead bodies away".

Mr Johnson made the comments at a fringe meeting at the governing Conservative party's annual conference in Mancester city

The main opposition party, Labour, called the comments "crass, callous and cruel".

Conservative MP Heidi Allen said the foreign secretary should be sacked, as did officials of the Liberal Democrats party.

Mr Johnson was making a point about the need for optimism in Libya, after a recent visit to the country.

"I look at Libya, it's an incredible country," he told the meeting.

"Bone-white sands, beautiful sea, Caesar's Palace, obviously, you know, the real one.

"Incredible place. It's got a real potential and brilliant young people who want to do all sorts of tech.

"There's a group of UK business people, actually, some wonderful guys who want to invest in Sirte on the coast, near where Gaddafi was captured and executed as some of you may have seen.

"They have got a brilliant vision to turn Sirte into the next Dubai.

"The only thing they have got to do is clear the dead bodies away," Mr Johnson said, before laughing.

Read: Viewpoint: Boris Johnson and his 'colonial views' on Africa

Zulu king backs corporal punishment

Jacob Zuma (L) joins Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini ka Bhekuzulu (R) together with thousands of people to honour the birth of Zulu warrior and founder of the Zulu nation King Shaka at Kwadukuzu, north of Durban, in September 2008
President Jacob Zuma (L) is a subject of the monarch(R)

Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini has said that the banning of corporal punishment in school has led to an increase in indiscipline in learning institutions, the local Times Live news site reports.

He made the comments on Tuesday at a meeting with school principals and administrators in northern KwaZulu-Natal, his seat of power.

King Zwelithini, who is the patron of education in the region, said that caning made "learners perform well".

He added: "This thing of not disciplining our children is letting us down because children are not disciplined".

Caning in schools in South Africa was banned in 1997. However, it continues in some schools in defiance of the law.

Last month, a video of a teacher caning a student was widely shared on social media.

Authorities promised to take "harsh action" against the teacher.

The king also condemned the recent shooting to death of a teacher in Gauteng province, the ecenomic heartland of South Africa.

"The death of one teacher is one too many. Teachers are also human beings," he said.

"It's important that if we set up commissions of inquiry because politicians are being killed, there must also be commissions for teachers as well," he added.

Kagame critic charged with insurrection

Diane Rwigara speaks to the media in Kigali (archive)
Dinae Rwigara has said she is the victim of political persecution

A prominent critic of Rwanda's President Paul Kagame, Diane Rwigara, has been charged with inciting insurrection against the state, prosecutors say.

She has been charged along with her mother, Adeline Rwigara, and sister Anne Rwigara.

The provisional detention of all three had been requested, AFP news agency reported.

Diane Rwigara was barred from running in August's presidential election.

Incumbent Paul Kagame won the election with 99% of the vote, leading to allegations of rigging which were denied by the authorities.

Diane Rwigara had also been charged with forging documents.

She has previously said she is a victim of political persecution "for standing against oppression and speaking my mind".

Investigators allege that Ms Rwigara committed an electoral offence by collecting forged signatures to endorse her candidacy.

It is unclear what prompted the insurrection charge.

Read: Kagame - visionary or tyrant?

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day:

No matter how strong a termite’s stomach is, it still cannot digest green grass."

A Dinka proverb sent by Malueth Agany Kuot in South Sudan

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

Good morning

Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news and views from around the continent.