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Summary

  1. Big protests in Cameroon's English-speaking regions
  2. Ugandan suspended for wearing 'tight dress'
  3. Mugabe slams Trump at UN
  4. Mali's new deal to end fighting
  5. Migrant crisis: Dozens feared drowned off Libya coast
  6. Liberia's president looks back after 12 years in power
  7. Buhari to spend four days in London
  8. Odinga says Kenyatta putting Kenya on path of failed nations
  9. Three killed after clashes in Sudan over Bashir visit to south Darfur
  10. Tunisia to ban 'anal examination' to determine sexual orientation

Live Reporting

By Paul Bakibinga and Dickens Olewe

All times stated are UK

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Scroll down for Friday's stories

We'll be back next week

That's all from BBC Africa Live this week. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

You do not need to keep a cow to drink milk. "

Sent by Bright Sibale in Chitipa, Malawi

Click here to send us your African proverbs

And we leave you with this picture of opposition supporters in Togo. It's one of our favourite shots this week.

Togo protesters
AFP

Smart farming 'eye in the sky'

With global population set to top 10 billion by 2050, the UN says agricultural output needs to rise by 70%.

Africa will be key as it is home to two-thirds of the world's uncultivated arable land.

The BBC's Taurai Maduna has been to South Africa's Western Cape to see how drones and data analytics are set to change the game.

Three killed after clashes in Sudan over Bashir visit to south Darfur - UN

At least three internally displaced persons (IDPs) were killed and nearly 30 wounded when Sudanese troops clashed with people protesting against a visit by President Omar Al-Bashir, the United Nations mission (UNAMID) said in a press release today.

According to the Reuters news agency the clashes occurred at the Kalma camp in South Darfur as troops attempted to disperse protesters.

This was Mr Bashir's first visit to the area since the war in Darfur broke out in 2003.

The Sudanese leader is wanted by the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity and genocide committed in the region.

His visit to Darfur is meant to show that progress has been made in resolving conflict in the region, Reuters reports.

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir delivers a speech during a visit to the village of Shattaya in South Darfur on September 22, 2017.
AFP
President Bashir is touring the Darfur region this month

Could maggots save global food supplies?

As the world's population expands there is a greater demand for poultry, pigs and farmed fish. But the amount of high-protein fishmeal that farmers rely on to feed them is limited.

The BBC's Emily Thomas went to visit Agriprotein, a South African company which reckons fly larvae or maggots are the answer.

Thousands taking part in Cameroon protests

We reported earlier about massive protests in English-speaking regions in Cameroon.

Reuters news agency is reporting that thousands of people are taking part in the protests which are the largest and most widespread in months.

The protests appeared to go beyond previous demands for justice and education reform, the report says.

In Buea, capital of the Southwest region, a Reuters reporter saw protesters take down a national flag outside a police station, while officers looked on, and hoist the blue and white striped one of "Ambazonia", a name for the Anglophone territory.

A local journalist described a similar incident in the nearby town of Ekona.

Protesters with their faces painted blue and white blew whistles and shouted

"We want freedom!". "We need independence. We need to be free. We are Ambazonians," said Emmanuel Che, one of the protesters.

Ambazonia would be the name of the breakaway state.

Tunisia to ban 'anal examination' to determine sexual orientation

Tunisia has committed to ban forced anal examinations to determnine sexual orientation, the state minister for human rights has said, the AFP news agency is reporting.

Mehdi Ben Gharbia said that the test would no longer be carried out "without the consent of the person concerned".

Mr Gharbia did not however give a specific date for the change to be implemented.

Foreign and local rights groups have condemned the practice of forced anal exams as "cruel" and "inhuman".

Mr Gharbia said judges can still request that a suspect undergo the test "but that person has every right to refuse, without his refusal being held up as proof of homosexuality", under the change.

Tunisia's transition to democracy since a 2011 revolution against former leader Zine El Abidine Ben Ali has allowed for open debate on the situation of its gay and lesbian community.

Homosexuality is however still punishable by three years in jail.

Who's taking power in Angola?

This week satirist Ikenna Azuike considers presidential change in Angola, demonstrations in Uganda and a Kenyan ballet dancer offered a scholarship in the UK, in the latest episode of What's Up Africa for BBC Focus on Africa.

Watch below:

Bayimba festival opens in Uganda

The Bayimba International Festival of the Arts opens in Uganda's capital, Kampala tonight.

The festival which celebrates African culture through the arts is marking its 10th anniversary.

It brings together Ugandan artists as well as some from the region and outside the continent.

The BBC's Patience Atuhaire, who is at the event, has snapped these pictures:

artefacts
BBC
artefacts
BBC
artefacts
BBC
artefacts
BBC

Odinga says Kenyatta putting Kenya on path of failed nations

BBC Monitoring

The leader of the opposition coalition The National Super Alliance (NASA) and its presidential candidate Raila Odinga speaks during a news conference in Nairobi, Kenya, 22 September 2017
EPA
Raila Odinga condemned President Uhuru Kenyatta for attacking the judiciary

Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga has accused President Uhuru Kenyatta of embarking on an “ill-informed and extremely unfortunate war path with Kenya” since the Supreme Court gave a detailed ruling on the nullification of the 8 August presidential poll.

Mr Odinga, who is the leader of opposition coalition National Super Alliance (Nasa), told a media briefing that they would not allow Mr Kenyatta to "drag Kenya down the path he is hell-bent on taking":

We have watched Uhuru perform these acts for some time now and remained silent in the hope that he will sober up, mature and see the need to stop. We realize he won’t and so today, we are here to tell Uhuru Kenyatta that we will not allow him drag Kenya down the path he is hell-bent on taking.

He said Mr Kenyatta should support a credible election:

The signs are clear. Uhuru is putting Kenya on the same path that Yaya Jammeh put the Gambia, Laurent Gbagbo put Ivory Coast and Blaise Compaore put Burkina Faso. He is seeking to cling to power by touting fake numbers obtained through fraud and forgeries and a non-existent people’s mandate.

If Uhuru will not stop, if he will not respect the constitution and particularly the independent Judiciary that Kenyans fought so hard to bring to fruition, Kenyans are prepared to stop him."

The opposition has been warning that it would boycott the election re-run slated for 26 October unless changes are made to the voting system.

Gambia's all-female oyster catchers

A good portion of Gambia's economy is based on oysters. And while men fish, this industry is completely dominated by women who, besides harvesting the oysters, are also involved in conservation efforts.

Africa Business Report travelled to the coastal village of Kartong to meet them:

Ugandan police explain Bobi Wine arrest

Uganda's state-owned New Vision newspaper reports that the police have been giving reasons for the arrest of Bobi Wine, the Afropop star-turned- politician.

They say that Bobi Wine, whose official name is Robert Kyagulanyi, had made comments critical of MPs who are backing the scrapping of the presidential age limit.

His comments, which were captured on a video that was widely shared on social media, was seen to be in breach of an order given by the communication's authority against "irresponsible use of social platforms".

The push to amend the presidential age limit, which currently stands at 75, is seen at part of a plan to remove obstacles that would block President Yoweri Museveni, 73, to run in the next election in 2021.

The New Vision reports that a private member's bill is expected to be tabled in parliament next week.

View more on twitter

Huge swathe of Zimbabwe cleared of mines

BBC World Service

A de-mining charity says it has cleared a 29km (18 miles) minefield in north-eastern Zimbabwe.

The Halo Trust said more than 14,500 mines had been cleared, allowing the local population to access water and fertile land in the area for the first time in nearly 50 years.

The mines were laid by Rhodesian forces to seal Zimbabwe's borders with Zambia during the country's war for independence.

The Halo Trust says Zimbabwe remains one of the most heavily mine-affected countries in the world, and that it hopes to clear all landmines there by 2025.

Halo area of operations map
Halo Trust

Zambia worried about refugee influx

Zambia says it fears a looming humanitarian crisis after more than 6,000 refugees fleeing neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) entered its territory in one month, the Reuters news agency is reporting, quoting President Edgar Lungu's spokesman.

Amos Chanda said that 500 people were entering the country daily:

Zambia is concerned that the refugee situation could escalate and lead to a serious humanitarian crisis ... in the last week 500 people have been entering every day, mainly in Luapula province. We have had in excess of 6,000 [ refugees] in just one month."

The refugees have been fleeing into northern Zambia to escape clashes between Congolese troops and different militias around the towns of Pweto and Moba, the UN refugee agency has said.

Thousands of people have been killed and more than one million forced to flee their homes in the DRC's eastern Kasai region since the start of an insurrection nearly a year ago by the Kamuina Nsapu militia, which is demanding the withdrawal of military forces from the area.

Zambia currently hosts some 59,195 refugees and other aslylum seekers, mostly from Angola, the DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, Somalia and Uganda, the United Nations refugee agency says.

Africa's largest contemporary art museum opens in South Africa

BBC World Service

Africa's largest gallery for contemporary art from the continent has opened in Cape Town, South Africa.

An abandoned grain silo on the waterfront has been converted by a British architect Thomas Heatherwick into a maze of rooms with gently protruding windows.

A giant flying dragon made from rubber greets visitors as they enter.

Much of the work on display comes from the collection of the museum's patron, Jochen Zeitz, who is German.

Entrance to the gallery will be free for African passport holders at certain times of the week.

This photograph shows a general view of the exterior of The Zeitz Museum of Contemporary African Art in Cape Town on September 15, 2017.
Getty Images
Free entrance to African passport holders to the Zeitz Museum

Ugandan MP Bobi Wine arrested

The state-owned New Vision paper has tweeted that the Afropop star-turned-politician Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu has been arrested by police.

Mr Ssentamu, better known as Bobi Wine, had just returned from New York where he took part in discussions at the UN General Assembly.

Yesterday, the mayor of Kampala Erias Lukwago was arrested from his home following reports that he was planning to take part in a demonstration against the removal of the age limit from the constitution.

In parliament, members of the governing NRM party are planning to remove a clause in the constitution that caps the upper presidential age limit at 75. A move that could allow President Museveni to run for a sixth term.

View more on twitter

Meanwhile the Uganda police has been explaining why they raided the offices of two NGOs in Kampala. In a statement the police says that they received intelligence that Action Aid Uganda and the Great Lakes Institute of Strategic Studies (Gliss) had allegedly received funding to destabilize the city of Kampala and other parts of the country in the light of the planned parliamentary debate on the removal of age limits.

The statement also says that the arrest of the Kampala city mayor, Mr Lukwago, was a preemptive action.

View more on twitter

Uber to lose licence to operate in London

BBC World Service

The London transport authority has said it will not renew the app-based taxi service, Uber's operating licence.

In a statement, Transport for London highlighted a number of alleged failings linked to passenger safety.

These include how the company reported serious criminal offences and obtained criminal background checks on drivers.

Uber rejects the accusations, and plans to appeal. It accused London's authorities of caving in to a small number of people who it said wanted to restrict consumer choice. It'll be able to continue operating until any appeal process is exhausted.

Uber operates in hundreds of cities around the world.

In Africa, its operations in Kenya and South Africa, have been opposed, sometimes violently, by taxi drivers who accuse the company of unfair competition.

For more on the story:

Uber
Reuters

Explosion reported in Cameroon's economic capital

BBC Monitoring

An explosion has been reported in Cameroon's economic capital, Douala, as demonstrations are held in the country's English-speaking regions.

"After Bamenda, Douala, the Cameroonian economic capital was this Friday the victim of an explosion while demonstrations are spreading in English-speaking regions," the Paris-based magazine Jeune Afrique website reports.

According to the report, the explosion took place near a fuel depot.

Security forces have cordoned off the area, the website says, adding that the authorities have not yet announced the death toll.

An explosion took place in Bamenda, capital of the north-west region, on Thursday, wounding three police officers.

No-one has claimed responsibility for the blasts, but the incidents may be linked to tensions in the region between the Francophone and Anglophone communities.

Video of Cameroon protesters

We reported earlier about ongoing protests in Cameroon's English-speaking regions.

Our correspondent has just sent us this video of protesters in the north-west's region capital, Bamenda.

Kenyan unsung hero speaks out

A Kenyan journalist who was praised for carrying a disabled man to safety when he was attacked by a swarm of bees has said he is not a hero, the privately-owned Standard reports.

Victor Muyakane was among a crowd who had gathered outside the Supreme Court compound on Wednesday as judges read their lengthy judgement on the annulled presidential election.

Instead of scuttling for safety when the bees attacked, Mr Muyakane went to the rescue of the disabled man, who had been begging in his wheelchair.

Watch Mr Muyakane's interview:

View more on youtube

Major protests in Cameroon's English-speaking regions

Randy Joe Sa'ah

BBC Africa, Bamenda

A protester
BBC
Protesters want arrested activists to be released

A big protest is under way in English-speaking regions of Cameroon to pressure the government to release community leaders who are being held in custody.

In the north-west's region capital, Bamenda, the protesters, estimated to be in their thousands, are blowing whistles, chanting freedom songs and flying flags they say represent an independent southern Cameroon.

Organisers planned the march to coincide with President Paul Biya's speech at the UN general assembly.

It comes a day after an improvised bomb injured three policemen in Bamenda.

The authorities told Reuters that a secessionist group calling for the creation of a breakaway state called "Ambazonia", which has links in the Anglophone-region, was behind the attack.

The group has minority support, according to Reuters.

map
bb

English speakers have long complained of discrimination in Cameroon.

They say they are often excluded from top civil service jobs and that many government documents are published only in French, even though English is an official language.

Cameroon was colonised by Germany in the 19th Century and then split into British and French areas after World War One.

Later, areas controlled by Britain and France joined to form Cameroon after the colonial powers withdrew in the 1960s.

Liberia's president looks back after 12 years in power

Liberian elections are less than three weeks away and after 12 years in power, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is standing down and accepting that her time is up - unlike so many of her male counterparts.

She told BBC's Focus on Africa presenter Veronique Edwards how she feels about her own legacy:

Buhari to spend four days in London

Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari is back in London.

No explanation has been given regarding the reason for his visit, however his spokesman Femi Adesina, has told the BBC's Hausa service that the Nigerian leader will be in the UK "until Monday next week."

Mr Buhari spent more than 100 days in London receiving treatment for an undisclosed illness earlier this year.

Last week Mr Adesina said that President Buhari would pass through London on his way home from the UN general assembly.

Muhammadu Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, addresses the United Nations General Assembly September 19, 2017 at the United Nations in New York
AFP
President Muhammadu Buhari at the UN earlier this week

Nigerians most opposed to internet regulation -BBC survey

Internet users
Getty Images
Nigerians entrepreneurs have started several online-based businesses

A BBC survey has found that Nigeria ranks highly among countries opposed to internet regulation.

It found that 82% are opposed to the idea.

In August, the Nigerian army said that it had started monitoring social media for hate speech and anti-government information.

The West African nation however ranks higher among countries worried about the increasing hazy line between real news and fake news.

The survey of more than 16,000 adults in 15 countries was conducted by Globescan between January and April.

From this subset of respondents, 58% said the internet should never be regulated this is up from 51% when the same question was asked in a survey seven years ago.

Read full story.

New way to prevent HIV discovered

BBC World Service

Scientists in the United States have engineered an antibody that could offer a new way to treat or prevent HIV, following successful tests on monkeys.

Unlike the naturally occurring antibodies, it is built to attack three critical parts of the virus - making it harder for HIV to resist its effects.

The research by the US National Institutes of Health and the pharmaceutical company Sanofi suggests that the antibody attacks almost all of the HIV strains and can prevent infection.

Human trials will start next year. The International Aids Society said it was an "exciting breakthrough".

For more read: New antibody attacks 99% of HIV strains

HIV
SPL

Ghanaian striker banned for 'racism' reaction

Ghana's Bernard Tekpetey has been given a two-match ban after he was sent off for his reaction to alleged racist insults during an Austrian Cup tie.

The 20-year-old Altach striker gestured towards Union Gurten's fans after scoring his side's fourth goal from an extra-time free-kick in a 4-3 victory.

The Austrian league recognised Tekpetey "was exposed to provocation" but found "no wrong decision by the referee".

Altach are appealing against the decision after "unbelievable" insults.

For more on the story

Bernard Tekpetey of Altach
Rex Features
Bernard Tekpetey reacted to racist insults

Kenyan election to go ahead despite opposition boycott

Kenya's Attorney General Githu Muigai is holding a media briefing in the capital, Nairobi, to address growing concerns about an impending constitutional crisis should the re-run presidential elections not be held by the 1 November deadline.

The Supreme Court ordered on 1 September that repeat elections be held within 60 days.

Mr Muigai has told reporters that President Uhuru Kenyatta's administration remains in charge:

View more on twitter

He also addressed the warning by the opposition coalition Nasa that it would boycott the election if changes were not made to the voting system.

He said that "no election has ever been overturned on the basis of another candidate not showing up".

View more on twitter

Sierra Leone Football Association bans 19 officials for life

The Sierra Leone Football Association (SLFA) has issued immediate life-time bans for 19 officials.

The sanctions are for violating SLFA and Fifa statutes concerning taking football related cases to civil courts.

The group went to court last month to seek an injunction to stop the current executive running the SLFA.

In July football's world governing body, Fifa, indefinitely postponed the SLFA congress and elections while integrity checks were carried out.

Among those banned is Sanusi Bruski Kargbo, who had declared his intention to run against the current SLFA President Isha Johansen in the next elections.

Ms Johansen has however been indicted by the country's Anti-Corruption Commission on six charges of abuse of office and public funds.

Read full story

The Sierra Leone Football Association president Isha Johansen
BBC
The Sierra Leone Football Association president Isha Johansen

Uganda court worker suspended for wearing 'short and tight dress'

A court clerk in Uganda has been suspended for wearing " a very short and tight dress" to work, breaching the country's strict dress code for public sector workers.

A journalist has shared a letter addressed to Ms Namuwanga Rosemary informing her of her two-week suspension.

View more on twitter

The letter says in part that Ms Namuwanga had gone to the office on Thursday, to follow up on her delayed pay, when she was deemed to have dressed inappropriately.

Earlier this year Uganda's ministry of public service issued dress guidelines to apply to all non-uniformed civil servants.

Female staff were told not to show any cleavage, wear brightly coloured nails, braids or hair extensions, sleeveless or transparent blouses.

And the men had to wear long-sleeved shirts, jackets and ties, while trousers could not be tight-fitting. Anybody failing to abide by these guidelines was to be disciplined.

Migrant crisis: Dozens feared drowned off Libya coast

At least 50 migrants are feared drowned after their boat ran out of fuel and capsized off the Libyan coast.

The dinghy, which had been carrying at least 100 people, had set off from Libya's western city of Sabratha last Friday, local officials told the BBC.

The vessel was adrift for days before it capsized and was washed onshore near the city of Zuwara in the early hours of Wednesday.

Thirty-five survivors were found, along with eight bodies, officials said.

A spokesman for the Libyan navy said the survivors were all from sub-Saharan Africa.

Libya is a popular transit route for migrants trying to reach southern Europe by sea. Many are packed into unseaworthy vessels by traffickers who then abandon them to their fate in the Mediterranean Sea.

Read full story

Abandoned lifejackets
AFP
Lifejackets believed to be from the capsized boat were washed up on the coast

New deal for Mali ceasefire

Former rebels and pro-government fighters have signed a new ceasefire to end fighting in northern Mali, the AFP news agency is reporting.

This comes after months of intense fighting in the region in violation of a 2015 peace deal.

The ceasefire lays out an "immediate halt to hostilities" according to a document signed on Wednesday.

Pro-government armed groups known as the Platform have lost significant ground to the ex-rebels of the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA) in the Kidal region, a traditional stronghold of the CMA.

The deal will see the introduction of joint patrols between regular troops and members of two armed groups.

Several such ceasefires have been signed before, and Mali observers were sceptical that the new agreement would hold.

"It's not the first time we have seen a ceasefire signed.Those involved don't act in good faith. Nothing suggests they will respect their commitments this time," a foreign diplomat is reported to have told AFP.

Mali's vast, desolate north fell under the control of the Tuareg-led rebels who allied with jihadist groups linked to Al-Qaeda in 2012.

The Islamists were largely ousted by an ongoing French-led military operation launched in January 2013, although they have since launched sporadic attacks on security forces from desert hideouts.

Malian police patrol with German UN mission in Mali (MINUSMA) peacekeping forces on May 18, 2016 in Gao, northern mali.
AFP
The UN peacekeeping force has been in Mali since 2013

Mugabe calls Trump "Giant Gold Goliath"

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe appeared to mock US President Donald Trump during his speech on Thursday night at the ongoing UN general assembly.

He called Mr Trump, the "Giant Gold Goliath", following the US president's threat to "totally destroy" North Korea.

Mr Mugabe said:

Some of us ... [are] embarrassed, if not frightened, by what appeared to be the return of the biblical Giant Gold Goliath... Are we having a return of Goliath to our midst, who threatens the extinction of other countries?"

He went on to ask Mr Trump to promote peace:

And may I say to the United States president, Mr Trump, please blow your trumpet -- blow your trumpet in a musical way towards the values of unity, peace, cooperation, togetherness, dialogue, which we have always stood for and which are well-writ in our very sacred document, the Charter of the United Nations."

He also criticised Mr Trump for withdrawing the US from the Paris accord on climate change.

Mr Mugabe said that there was need to cooperate to save the world from effects of climate change "in order to halt the inexorable march towards destruction."

Watch his full speech here:

View more on youtube

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day:

You do not need to keep a cow to drink milk. "

Sent by Bright Sibale in Chitipa, Malawi

Click here to send us your African proverbs

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Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news from around the continent.