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Summary

  1. Mugabe sacks his deputy for "disloyalty"
  2. President's wife tipped to become his deputy
  3. Mozambique arrests eight for allegedly spreading rumours about vampire
  4. British hostage killed in Nigeria
  5. Burundi's first family adopt a baby
  6. Liberia Supreme Court says it is "illegal" to proceed with run-off vote
  7. More than 800,000 firms never paid taxes in Nigeria
  8. Ugandan doctors go on strike
  9. Africans dominate World Athlete of the Year nomination list

Live Reporting

By Flora Drury and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Monday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

A child on its mother’s back doesn't know the road is long."

An Igbo proverb sent by Ezebube Chibuzo in Kaduna, Nigeria

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this photo by Barry Christianson of children watching the tide come in at Saunders' Rock Beach in South Africa's Cape Town:

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Senegal worshippers killed in crash

Twenty-five people have been killed in a collision between a packed minibus and a bus in northern Senegal, the emergency services have said, AFP news agency reports.

The passengers in the minibus were on their way to the annual pilgrimage of the Mourides, a Sufi Muslim brotherhood sect, in the central city of Tourba, it adds.

The vehicle was only meant to carry 14 people, the agency said, but 27 passengers were on board at the time of the collision, 24 of whom were killed.

The 25th death was the driver.

African Footballer of the Year 2017: The beautiful game in beautiful words

Leicester City's Riyad Mahrez stands with his hands on his hips
Reuters
Last year's winner was Riyad Mahrez, who plays for Algeria

With just a few days to go until the BBC unveils the shortlist for the BBC’s African Footballer of the Year 2017 we are asking fans if they can express their love of football in a short poem.

The shortlist will be announced on Saturday, 11 November, with special coverage on radio and television starting at 18:00 GMT. Voting opens at 19:00 GMT online at BBC.com/africanfootball

To kick us off (pun intended) here is a short poem from Leo Mwila in Lusaka, Zambia:

My Football

My football, my world

You are wonderful and priced

And no laughter, is any worth without you.

For in the fewness of joy

You uplift our hearts with pride

And mouthwatering goals and grabs we cheer,

At every kick and fight

You fill the world with fun,

Though your falls and misses we frown

Your motions we yearn to find

Up to the shaking of the white net

My football, my world

You are sweeter than sweet.

We would love to hear from you too. You can send an original short verse you are happy for us to publish toBBCafricanfootballpoems@gmail.com

Eight arrested for spreading vampire rumours

Jose Tembe

BBC Africa, Maputo

Eight people have been arrested in Mozambique for allegedly spreading rumours which almost led to two people accused of protecting vampires being lynched.

Police in Cuamba district, in the country’s northernmost province of Niassa, said it was only their swift actions which saved the two intended victims.

As a result of the violence, Niassa provincial governor, Arlindo Chilundo has been forced to deny there are any such things as vampires.

The vampires, he said, were no more than a fiction invented by people who want to use rumours to destabilise communities.

Similar rumours have led to the deaths of at least eight people in neighbouring Malawi, and the arrest of more than 140 people involved in lynch mobs.

The villagers in these areas believe human blood sucking is a ritual practised by some to become rich. They also believe they are failing to catch the blood suckers because they use magical powers.

Bid to annul Kenya election

A woman is watched by a young child as she casts her vote into a ballot box at a polling station at Mutomo Primary School in Kiambu on October 26, 2017, as polls opened for the Kenyan presidential elections
AFP
The main opposition boycotted last month's poll

Kenyan businessman and former MP Harun Mwau has filed a petition in the Supreme Court challenging last month's presidential election, won by President Uhuru Kenyatta with 98% of the vote.

The election commission violated the law by failing to call for fresh nominations, after the Supreme Court nullified the results of the first poll in August, Mr Mwau said in court papers, adding:

This renders the elections held on October 26 invalid as they were conducted in an unconstitutional, irregular, illegal manner and in flagrant disobedience of the courts directions."

The main opposition leader, Raila Odinga, boycotted the re-run, saying the vote was not free and fair.

He has launched a "national resistance" campaign, which has targeted three of Kenya's biggest firms, including mobile phone operator Safaricom, for a boycott.

On Monday, Mr Odinga switched from Safaricom to Airtel, the second largest service provider in Kenya.

He accuses Safaricom of colluding in efforts to rig the election, an allegation it strongly denies.

The Supreme Court has until 14 November to consider petitions challenging the election.

It annulled the August poll, saying it was marred by "irregularities and illegalities".

Burundi's 'First Family' brings newest addition to church

Burundi's First Lady Denise Nkurunziza feeds a baby in church
BBC
President Pierre Nkurunziza and his wife Denise with the baby they are believed to have adopted

As accessories go, it was one you couldn't miss.

Burundian First Lady Denise Nkurunziza's newest addition was clasped firmly in her arms as she arrived in church on Sunday.

The baby - understood to be about four to five months old - apparently sat through the service quietly, treated to a bottle by one of Burundi's most important women.

Presidential spokesman Alain Nzeyimana confirmed to the BBC that Mrs Nkurunziza, who has five biological children already, has adopted the baby.

The president's official website announced earlier this year she had also adopted a toddler.

Burundi's First Lady Denise Nkurunziza walks to church with the baby in her arms
BBC
Denise Nkurunziza stands in church with a baby strapped to her back
BBC

Analysis: Zimbabwe's 'crocodile' loses his position

Shingai Nyoka

BBC Africa, Harare

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe looks on as his deputy Emmerson Mnangagwa reads a card during Mugabe"s 93rd birthday celebrations in Harare, Zimbabwe, February 21, 2017.
Reuters
Emmerson Mnangagwa and Robert Mugabe on the president's 93rd birthday

Zimbabwe's sacked Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa had worked with President Robert Mugabe for more than 40 years, first serving as him as special assistant during the liberation war in 1977.

On Monday, the man nicknamed "the crocodile" by party colleagues for his shrewdness met with Mr Mugabe as usual.

Afterwards, another meeting was held with top government officials.

It was after that meeting that Information Minister Simon Khaya Moyo read out a statement explaining Mr Mnangagwa had been sacked from his position.

The statement was almost verbatim of the one used to dismiss Mr Mnangagwa’s predecessor, Joice Mujuru, three years ago.

It said the president was exercising his authority in accordance with the country's constitution. It also said Mr Mnangagwa demonstrated little probity in the execution of his duties.

The dismissal refers to his government position, and it's not clear whether the president will also dismiss him as vice-president of his party, Zanu PF, at a later stage.

Mr Mnangagwa is yet to comment on his dismissal.

Tanzania cafe staffed by deaf waiters

A cafe in southern Tanzania is aiming to improve the lives of its staff, and perhaps teach its customers a thing or two as well.

The staff here are deaf, and there is a chalk board teaching its patrons sign language.

The BBC has been to visit the cafe to find out from those who work there how it is changing their lives for the better.

Video producers: Esther Namuhisa and Mark Sedgwick

Tanzanian cafe where all the staff are deaf

Official statement on Mnangagwa's sacking

"Termination of employment" - that's the headline on the official statement announcing the sacking of Zimbabwe's once-powerful Emmerson Mnangagwa as Zimbabwe's vice-president.

Education Minister Jonathan Moyo, who had a poor relationship with Mr Mnangagwa, has tweeted the statement:

View more on twitter

BreakingMugabe sacks his vice-president

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe"s wife Grace talks to Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa at a gathering of the ZANU-PF party"s top decision making body, the Politburo, in the capital of Harare, Zimbabwe
Reuters
The removal of Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa (right) boosts Grace Mugabe's (left) hopes of succeeding her husband

Zimbabwe's Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa has been removed from his post, the country's information minister has announced.

Mr Mnangagwa displayed traits of disloyalty, disrespect and deceitfulness, Information Minister Simon Khaya Moyo said, according to Reuters.

His removal makes it more likely that President Robert Mugabe's wife Grace will follow in her husband's footsteps as leader of Zimbabwe.

She earlier called on her husband to remove his vice-president, denouncing him as a coup plotter and a coward.

British hostage killed in Nigeria

A British hostage kidnapped in Nigeria's southern Delta state has been killed and three others freed, the Foreign Office (FCO) has confirmed.

Ian Squire was one of four Britons reportedly taken at about 02:00 local time on 13 October.

The British High Commission and Nigerian authorities negotiated the release of Alanna Carson, David Donovan and Shirley Donovan.

The FCO said it had been a "traumatic time" for those involved.

Read the full BBC story here

Photographer charged after 'visiting Kenyatta farm'

The AFP news agency says its chief photographer in East Africa has appeared in court in Kenya on a charge of trespassing on a property belonging to President Uhuru Kenyatta's family.

Japanese photographer Yasuyoshi Chiba, 46, was arrested on Friday at a farm belonging to the Brookside dairy firm, which is owned by the president's family.

He had gone to photograph the company logo after the opposition National Super Alliance (Nasa) called for a boycott of Brookside following disputed presidential elections, AFP reports.

Security officers called the police after stopping the photographer, who refused to delete his pictures, the agency adds.

Prosecutors decided to charge him with " trespassing on a private property", punishable by a fine of around $52 (£45), AFP reports.

President Uhuru Kenyatta (front C) as he gestures and speak from a car roof with Deputy-President William Ruto (rear L), during a political rally in Nairobi, on October 23, 2017
AFP
Mr Kenyatta's victory in elections has been rejected by the main opposition

Zimbabwe opposition MP condemns 'dynastic capture'

Grace Mugabe waves as she arrives to address Zimbabwean worshippers and congregants from various indigenous church denominations at a religious gathering rally organised by Zimbabwean ruling party Zimbabwe African National Union- Patriotic Front (Zanu PF) Harare Youth Province on November 5, 2017 in Harare
AFP
Grace Mugabe is involved in a power struggle with the vice-president

A leading Zimbabwean opposition MP and former finance minister has condemned moves within the ruling party to appoint First Lady Grace Mugabe as her husband's deputy in government.

Tendai Biti has tweeted:

View more on twitter

His comments came after the youth league of the ruling Zanu-PF party called on President Robert Mugbabe to sack Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa, and to replace her with the first lady.

The youth league accused Mr Mnangagwa's supporters of heckling Mrs Mugabe at a rally in the second city, Bulawayo, and denounced them as "rebels" and an "increasingly irrelevant, criminally unethical and morally decadent minority", as this tweet shows:

View more on twitter

See earlier post for more details

'Nigerian' women drown in Mediterranean

A migrant cries on the Italian Coast Guard ship Diciotti as it arrives in the harbor of Reggio Calabria, Italy
EPA
A woman cries after reaching Italy

The bodies of 26 women, thought to be Nigerian, have been recovered from the sea off Italy.

The women, the youngest of whom is thought to have been just 14, were trying to reach Europe from Libya.

It is unclear why so many women died, as there were men on board the ship as well.

There are suspicions that they may have been sexually abused and murdered as they attempted the dangerous Mediterranean crossing.

Italian prosecutors are now investigating the exact circumstances, and are questioning five migrants in the southern port of Salerno.

Read more here.

Mali soldiers 'killed in French anti-terror raid'

The deaths of 11 Malian soldiers have been blamed on a French anti-terror raid - an allegation the French defence ministry has strongly denied.

The soldiers were being held captive by Al-Qaeda affiliate Jama'a Nusrat ul-Islam wa al-Muslimin (Group to Support Islam and Muslims - GSIM).

A proof of life video issued on 18 October showed the men alive, and calling for Malian President Ibrahim Boubakar Keita to secure their release.

Six days later, the French military announced it had destroyed a ''combatants' camp'' at Abeibara, in northern Mali, killing or arresting 15 "terrorists".

But GSIM say the soldiers were killed during the raid - an accusation dismissed by the French armed forces press office as ''propaganda coming from an armed terrorist group''.

A soldier of France's Barkhane mission holds a weapon as he patrols in central Mali
AFP
France has been providing military support to Mali' government in its fight against militant groups

However, two Malian military sources also told AFP news agency the soldiers had died during the raid.

It comes after the French foreign minister's spokeswoman was asked by a journalist whether she could confirm that the French ambassador in Bamako had visited Mali's defence minister to tell him that the 11 soldiers had died during the Barkhane raid.

In her answer, the spokeswoman did not mention the Malian soldiers saying only: ''The Malian authorities are pursuing their work to identify the neutralised terrorists. We are working closely with them.''

Mali's defence ministry confirmed that it had seen a photograph of six dead soldiers and that the men had been among those in the video, but did not link their deaths to the Abeibara raid.

Liberia court halts poll run-off

Jonathan Paye-Layleh

BBC Africa, Monrovia

A woman leaves a polling station after casting her vote in the village of Fefeh Town on November 8, 2011
AFP
The first round of voting was marred by allegations of rigging

Liberia's Supreme Court has indefinitely halted the presidential run-off election, which was due to take place tomorrow.

The poll cannot be held until the election commission “urgently and expeditiously” investigates allegations of “irregularities and fraud” made by the opposition Liberty Party, the court said.

Chief Justice Francis Saye Korkpor handed down the judgement to a packed courtroom in the capital, Monrovia.

He said the election commission had “wrongly and illegally” proceeded to organise a run-off between former football star George Weah and Vice-President Joseph Boakai without dealing with the complaint of the Liberty Party.

Its candidate, Charles Brumskine, was eliminated from the run-off after he came third in last month's election.

The run-off was called after Mr Weah, who secured the highest number of votes, failed to secure an outright majority.

Liberty Party officials - including its chairman Benjamin Sanvee and its vice-presidential candidate Harrison Karnwea - left the courtroom elated.

A lawyer for the commission, Musa Dean, said “the highest court of the land has spoken and we have to abide by the ruling".

Africans dominate list of World Athlete of the Year 2017 finalists

Mo Farah of Great Britain makes a heart sign and Mutaz Essa Barshim of Qatar makes a wings sign during the Diamond League Athletics meeting in August 2017
Getty Images
Mo Farah and Mutaz Essa Barshim are both being considered for the prestigious IAAF Athlete of the Year award

Africans dominate the list of finalists competing to be named the IAAF World Athlete of the Year.

Five out of six nominees have African heritage, including all three of the men's finalists.

Somali-born long distance runner Sir Mo Farah, who competed for Great Britain, is battling Mutaz Essa Barshim, a Qatari high jumper born to parents of Sudanese origin.

South African sprinter Wayde van Niekerk is the third athlete competing for the prestigious title.

In the women's category, Ethiopian long distance runner Almaz Ayana is hoping to beat Greece's Ekaterini Stefanidi, a pole vaulter, and Belgium's Nafissatou Thiam, a heptathlete whose father is Senegalese, to be named athlete of the year.

The winners will be announced at in Monaco on 24 November.

Zanu-PF youth push Mugabe to appoint his wife as VP

The youth wing of Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF party has called on President Robert Mugabe to sack his deputy, Emmerson Mnangagwa, and to give the post to his wife, the state-owned Herald newspaper reports.

Zimbabwe acting President Emmerson Mnangagwa speaks during the funeral ceremony of Peter Chanetsa at the National Heroes Acre in Harare, on January 7, 2017
AFP
Emmerson Mnangagwa is accused of plotting against President Mugabe

Grace Mugabe was the only leader with "unquestionable loyalty" to Mr Mugabe and Zanu-PF, the Zanu-PF Youth League said.

They went on to call for the "urgent removal" of Mr Mnangagwa as the vice-president of the party and government.

See earlier post for more details

Hunger worsens in South Sudan

Newly arrived refugees from South Sudan receive a portion of sorghum at the Ngomoromo border post, in Ugandan side, on April 10, 2017.
AFP
Many South Sudanese have become refugees in neighbouring states

Civil war in South Sudan has made the hunger crisis much worse, despite this being the harvest season, according to a report by the government, the United Nations and a humanitarian group.

Almost five million people - close to half the population - are classified as severely food insecure. That's an increase of more than a million people on the same period last year.

Hyperinflation has caused food prices to soar as fighting across South Sudan has brought instability and economic crisis.

More than a million children are expected to be malnourished next year, and the UN says that in the worst case scenario there could be famine in several areas.

In a statement, Serge Tissot, the South Sudan representative of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisaton, said:

The harvest season has not brought much relief to the millions of people in South Sudan who don't have enough food.

The country's greenbelt has been ravaged by fighting, and finding a peaceful solution to this man-made tragedy should be the top priority or the situation will get even worse next year."

Uganda doctors begin strike

Catherine Byaruhanga

BBC Africa, Kampala

Ugandan doctors have began an indefinite strike at all government facilities, despite a reported threat to jail striking medics.

The country's doctors are protesting poor pay, a lack of medical equipment and what they say are the arbitrary arrests of their colleagues accused of corruption.

Uganda's Prime Minister Ruhakana Rugunda met with organisers to urge them to call off the walk out while the government looked into their demands.

However, his request was shot down with boos.

Last week, President Yoweri Museveni said he would call a state of emergency should the strike go ahead.

The Uganda Medical Association said he also threatened to arrest striking doctors - although the president's press secretary denied this.

At least '800,000 firms in Nigeria have never paid taxes'

This picture taken on January 29, 2016 in Lagos shows 1000 naira banknotes, Nigeria's currency
AFP
Nigeria's government hopes to boost its income through better tax collection

More than 800,000 companies in Nigeria, including government contractors, have never paid any taxes, Finance Minister Kemi Adeosun has revealed.

In a statement, she also said that only 14 million Nigerians, out of an economically active base of 70 million, paid taxes.

Of the 14 million, more than 95% were salary earners in the formal sector, but only 241 people paid personal income taxes amounting to about $65,500 (£50,000) in 2016, Ms Adeosun said.

There was "systematic tax evasion at all levels", and the government planned to step up efforts to increase tax collection, she added.

This would help reduce government reliance on oil revenue, Ms Adeosun said.

Cameroon president marks 35 years in power

Paul Biya speaks at the UN
Reuters
Paul Biya studied law at the Sorbonne in Paris

Cameroon's President Paul Biya is marking 35 years in office today - making him one of Africa's longest-serving leaders.

Mr Biya first took office in 1982, when the country had a one party system.

However, even though the country now has a multi-party system, he has managed to cling on to power.

In 2011, after a controversial rule change which allowed him to run again, he won another seven years in office, with 78% of the vote.

The landslide victory raised eyebrows among his opponents.

Mr Biya is part of a select group of African leaders who have ruled their countries for more than 30 years, with only Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe and Obiang Nguema in Equatorial Guinea in power longer.

The 84-year-old, who critics accuse of being authoritarian, is expected to stand again next year.

You can find out more about Mr Biya here.

Grace Mugabe calls for husband to sack his deputy

Zimbabwe First Lady Grace Mugabe gestures as she addresses Zimbabwean worshippers and congregants from various indigenous church denominations at a religious gathering rally organised by Zimbabwean ruling party Zimbabwe African National Union- Patriotic Front
AFP
Grace Mugabe is said to be extremely ambitious

Zimbabwe's First Lady Grace Mugabe has called for the expulsion of the powerful Vice-President, Emmerson Mnangagwa, from the ruling Zanu-PF party ahead of its elective congress next month, the state-run Herald newspaper reports.

Her comments came a day after a visibly angry President Robert Mugabe, 93, threatened to fire Mr Mnangagwa, fuelling speculation he favours his wife to succeed him.

Addressing members of indigenous church groups at a rally in the capital, Harare, on Sunday, Mrs Mugabe said:

The snake must be hit on the head. We must deal with the real snake behind the factions and discord in the party. We are going for the congress as a united party."

Mrs Mugabe, the head of the Zanu-PF women's league, and Mr Mnangagwa are seen as the front-runners in the battle to succeed Mr Mugabe when he dies or steps down.

AFP news agency quoted her as saying her husband should anoint her as his successor:

I say to Mr Mugabe you should... leave me to take over your post. Have no fear. If you want to give me the job give it to me freely."

Her comments came a day after Mr Mnangagwa's supporters heckled her at a rally in the second city, Bulawayo.

Mr Mugabe reacted angrily, pounding the podium with his fists and saying he would no longer tolerate constant insults from the vice president’s supporters.

He warned Mr Mnangagwa and his followers to show loyalty to him or risk being sacked.

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe delivers a speech during the Zimbabwe ruling party youth interface Rally on November 4, 2017 in Bulawayo
AFP
Mr Mugabe is the world's oldest ruler

In a further sign that Mr Mnangagwa's political career is in deep trouble, two influential Zanu-PF regions, Mashonaland Central and Bulawayo, resolved on Sunday to ask Mr Mugabe to immediately dismiss he vice-president for allegedly undermining him, the Herald reports.

Zanu-PF is expected to amend its constitution at its congress, setting aside one of the two posts of vice-president for a woman.

The post is expected to be filled by Mrs Mugabe, increasing her chances of eventually succeeding her husband.

Nigeria oil spills 'double neo-natal mortality'

Creeks devastated as a result of spills from oil theives at Nembe Creek in Niger Delta on March 22, 2013.
AFP

Babies born to mothers who lived within 10km (six miles) of an oil spill before they were conceived in Nigeria are twice as likely to die, a new report claims.

The Swiss study described the findings as an "alarming human tragedy".

Researchers at the University of St Gallen discovered the infant mortality increased by around 38 per 100,000 births if the mother lived near an oil spill before conception.

This, the report estimates, means oil spills could be responsible for the deaths of as many as 16,000 babies within their first month of life.

Babies are particularly vulnerable to oil-related pollution, due to being in a critical development period and having not developed certain defences, the report says.

Report co-author Roland Hodler told The Guardian the results were "absolutely shocking".

This is a tragedy. Even four to five years prior to conception, an oil spill still matters. I think this should be seen as a first-world problem for something to be done."

The report calls for a further investigation into the issue.

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Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news and views from around the continent.