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  1. Whistleblowers still waiting for reward for $43m find
  2. Tanzanian actress Lulu jailed over boyfriend's death
  3. Parents sue over son drowning in pit latrine
  4. Davido and Wizkid win Africa music awards
  5. Former SA minister fined for assault
  6. Somaliland votes in presidential election
  7. Church-goers attack police over parked car
  8. South Africa 'can't afford free university places'
  9. Investigators visit site of Niger jihadist attack
  10. Cycling fans flock to Tour du Rwanda

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Dickens Olewe

All times stated are UK

Scroll down for Monday's stories

We’ll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

It is easier to protect your feet with slippers than to carpet the world."

Sent by Varney Dargoseh in St Paul Bridge, Liberia

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this video from Kenya's capital Nairobi.

It follows the final of the English-Language Scrabble Players Association Championship:

Big Words, big money at World Scrabble Championship

Buhari backs sacking 20,000 teachers

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Abuja

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has backed a plan to sack more than 20,000 teachers who failed competency tests in the northern Kaduna state.

Mr Buhari called the situation tragic:

''It is a very very serious situation when teachers cannot pass the exam they are supposed to teach the children to pass. Is a very tragic situation we are in.''

The state's governor last week shared the marked tests on Twitter saying that the teachers had failed examinations for class four - that's the class for 10 year olds.

View more on twitter

He said that the teachers will be sacked but they can re-apply in the fresh recruitment exercise if they believe in their skills.

The governor's spokesman Samuel Aruwan has told the BBC that the process will be completed by February 2018.

He added that at least 19,000 applications had been received to replace the teachers who did not get at least 75% in the competency test.

Labour unions have however opposed the plans to sack the teachers.

They have given the state a two-week ultimatum to rescind the decision saying the move was propaganda.

Nigeria has the highest number of out-of-school children in the world according to UN children's agency Unicef.

It says that about ten million children have no access to basic education in the country, and that the education system is beset by poorly trained teachers and a lack of proper facilities.

Observers say Somaliland election ran smoothly

Rage Hassan

BBC Africa, Nairobi

voting booth

Election officials and observers in the self-proclaimed state of Somaliland say voting in the presidential poll, which has ended, appears to have proceeded smoothly.

Some voters queued for hours before the polls opened.

Somaliland election

Somaliland’s constitution allows presidents to serve two terms but the current President Mohamed Silanyo, a British-educated economist, has decided to step down after just one, albeit extended.

Elections are meant to be held every five years. However the poll was delayed for two years due to drought and technical issues.

Three candidates are now vying to replace him in a close race.

The electoral commission says it may take several days before it announces the official result.

Zimbabwe military chief warns Mugabe

Zimbabwe Army General Constantino Chiwenga

Zimbabwe's army chief has warned those responsible for "purging" the country's ruling Zanu-PF party to stop, or the military will step in.

General Constantino Chiwenga, who appeared at a press conference with another 90 senior army officers, did not refer to anyone by name.

Speaking at the army's headquarters, General Chiwenga said:

The current purging which is clearly targeting members of the party with a liberation background must stop forthwith. We must remind those behind the current treacherous shenanigans that when it comes to matters of protecting our revolution, the military will not hesitate to step in."

The rare intervention comes just a week after President Robert Mugabe sacked his deputy Emmerson Mnangagwa.

Mr Mnangagwa, once seen as a successor to Mr Mugabe, has fled into exile.

Whistleblowers still waiting for reward for $43m find

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Abuja

The Nigerian whistleblowers who reported a stash of $43m have yet to receive their reward, their lawyer told BBC Hausa.

The stash came to light in April.

The $100 bills were piled up in wardrobes and filing cabinets in an apartment in Lagos, Nigeria:

Inside the Nigerian flat full of cash in Lagos

President Muhammadu Buhari sacked Nigeria's intelligence chief Ayo Oke after he was linked to the money.

In December the government promised to reward people who call out corruption with 5% of the money they give information about.

It was part of an effort to combat corruption.

But the whistleblowers' lawyer Yakubu Galadima told BBC Hausa that they even wrote to President Buhari to ask about the money, with no luck.

Nigerian Minister of Finance Kemi Adeosun has however denied that the government is withholding the money.

She said in a statement that the reward for whistleblowers is being processed for payment this month.

The government claims that so far more than 20 other whistle-blowers have been paid.

Pictures:Tour du Rwanda

Organisers of Rwanda's premier cycling event have shared a video of the winner of the first stage of the competition which opened yesterday.

Rwandan Joseph Areruya raced to the finish line as supporters cheered him on:

View more on twitter

The BBC's Yves Bucyana has snapped pictures of the cyclists and fans in the capital, Kigali:


There's more action tomorrow.

Call for Kenyan police to be prosecuted over children's deaths

Wanyama wa Chebusiri

BBC Africa

An independent oversight body that monitors the activities of the Kenyan police has called for the prosecution of police officers over the killing two children and 12 others.

The Independent Policing Oversight Authority (IPOA) says that it had completed investigations over police's role in the post-election related violence.

Police were accused of hitting six-month-old baby Samantha Pendo on the head with a baton after forcing their way into her parent's home in the western city of Kisumu on 15 August.

Kenya's Daily Nation newspaper tweeted a picture of her funeral:

View more on twitter

While nine-year-old Stephanie Moraa was allegedly fatally shot by police as she played on the balcony of their rental house in a slum in the capital, Nairobi.

Rights bodies estimate that at least 50 people were killed, mostly by security officers, after the 8 August election.

Wizkid beats Davido to Afrima African music awards

Getty Images

Nothing could better depict the ongoing supremacy battle in the continent's music scene as two awards given to Wizkid and Davido last night.

Wizkid beat Davido for the best artist prize at this year's African Music Awards (Afrima) held in Lagos.

He also won in Afrima's best song category for the hit song come closer.

However, his compatriot got the MTV Europe award for best African act, as we reported earlier.

Former SA minister fined for assault

BBC World Service

A South African court has ordered a former deputy government minister to pay a fine of around $7,000 ( £5,300) or face a year in jail after he was found guilty of assault.

Mduduzi Manana admitted assaulting three women at a Johannesburg nightclub, apparently after one of them said he was gay.

A video of the incident was widely shared on social media in South Africa.

Mr Manana admitted he had slapped one of the women in a phone call with her brother, which was recorded. He then resigned.

His supporters in court cheered when the sentence was read out, as it means he will probably not go to jail.

Is Aubameyang Africa's best footballer?

Voting for the BBC African Footballer of the Year 2017 is under way, with five nominees fighting for the ultimate prize.

We will be shortlisting all the nominees this week.

First up is Gabon's striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang.

The Borussia Dortmund striker has been nominated for the fifth consecutive year.

Aubameyang, 28, has had an outstanding 2017, scoring 35 goals for Dortmund, with whom he won the German Cup.

The Gabonese became the first African to top the Bundesliga scoring charts outright and only the fourth player in Bundesliga history to hit over 30 goals - a feat that helped him become the sole African on Fifa's Player of the Year shortlist.

Does he have your vote? Then vote for him here.

Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang and his goal-scoring form this season

Church-goers attack police over parked car

A South African police officer is recovering in hospital after being attacked by members of a church.

The incident happened when traffic officers tried to tow away a car belonging to a member of the Johannesburg congregation.

A video circulating on social media shows angry church-goers approaching the officer, who fired warning shots.The officer is then punched to the ground:

View more on youtube

The church has defended its members' actions, saying they were attacked.

View more on facebook

Read more on the BBC News website.

Welcome to the world of Ghana's 'street lawyers'

It is estimated more than half of the official legal market in Ghana is controlled by four major firms - and not everyone can afford the services of their smart air-conditioned offices.

So there is an alternative: the so-called street lawyers.

Charges run from as low as five Ghanaian cedis ($1; £0.50) to swear an affidavit to 1,000 cedis for "letters of administration".

When Kenyan journalist Joseph Warungu was in Ghana's capital, Accra, he came across hawkers of legal services.

A sign offering legal services

They sit in makeshift offices, moulded out of old shipping containers. For many of them an umbrella, a chair and a table are enough to form a "chamber".

Some operate under the blazing sun or in sweaty little cubicles.

The people who offer legal services are mainly commissioners for oaths, paralegals or letter writers.

A legal office out on the street

They come complete with old-school typewriters and photocopying machines a museum would happily buy for exhibition.

But they are unlikely to want to part with these relics of a slower age - the typewriters here are still useful because there is no electricity.

Read Warungu's full experience in our regular feature, Letter from Africa.

South Africa 'cannot afford to provide free higher education'

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

A South African commission has said it is not feasible to offer free higher education.

President Jacob Zuma has finally released the much awaited commission report which was written as a response to the so-called #FeesMustFall protests.

The executive summary of the report says the state cannot afford to provide free higher education:

There is insufficient financial capacity in the state to provide totally free higher education and training to all who are unable to finance their own education, let alone to all students, whether in need or not.

The commission, led by retired judge Jonathan Heher, was established in 2016 to look into whether South Africa could afford to provide free education for students in higher education.

It followed nationwide protests by students using the hashtag #FessMustFall.

Demonstrations began in October 2015 at Johannesburg's University of the Witwatersrand when students blocked the entrance to the university campus, following signs that the institution would raise fees by 10.5% for 2016.

Fees must fall protestors

The protests led to the closure of some of the country's top universities and prompted President Zuma to freeze tuition fees for a year.

President Zuma’s office denied reports that he is planning to announce free education for all, ignoring the Heher commission report.

The reports had said that the president had been looking for funds amounting to around $2,7bn (£2bn) from the treasury to fund higher education.

This led to the resignation of a senior official in the treasury citing interference by the presidency.

The leader of the opposition Democratic Alliance Mmusi Maimane also reinforced the idea that a wholly free tuition plan is not possible.

He said “Why should rich people be absolved from paying for their children’s education. If you are rich you must pay.”

Parents sue over son drowning in pit latrine

Parents are suing the South African Minister of Basic Education Angie Motshekga after their young son fell through a toilet and drowned in a pit latrine, reports South African news site Times Live.

News 24 reports that in 2014 Michael Komape fell into a pit toilet at Mahlodumela Primary School, Limpopo, and drowned in human excrement.

His parents say the toilets were dilapidated so not fit for human use and are asking for three million rand ($207,000; £158,000).

The civil lawsuit got underway today at the High Court in Polokwane on Monday.

The department of Basic Education filed court papers denying any responsibility in the boy’s death, according to Times Live.

Getty Images
Access to toilets is an issue in schools across a lot of Africa

Gaydar founder dies in South Africa

The founder of groundbreaking dating site Gaydar has died in his native South Africa.

Henry Badenhorst, 51, died after falling from a tower block on Saturday, news website Buzzfeed reported.

He co-founded Gaydar, a dating site for gay and bisexual men, in 1999.

Mr Badenhorst was born in Johannesburg and was named in the top five of the Independent's Pink List of influential gay men and women at least twice in the mid-2000s.

The exact details surrounding Mr Badenhorst's death remain unclear.

View more on twitter

He died a decade after his co-founder and former partner Gary Frisch fell to his death in London.

At one time Gaydar boasted more than four million subscribers. The founders went on to launch an award-winning radio station.

Read the full story on the BBC website.

Bomb explosions in Cameroon's Anglophone region

At least four makeshift bombs exploded in the main city of Cameroon's English-speaking region overnight, the AFP news agency reports, quoting security sources.

"Four home-made bombs exploded in Bamenda, one at 21:00 and the three others at 3:00 am," the source said.

The AFP report says that there were no causalities and that the blasts caused minor damage.

The restive Anglophone region has experienced months of protests against what residents say is discrimination by the francophone majority.

Protesters have also been calling for secession, with some openly flying a blue and white flag of a would-be independent anglophone Cameroon.

Ambazonia would be the name of the breakaway state.

Watch: Cameroon's English-speaking protests explained.

Nigerian loses scrabble title

Nigerian Wellington Jighere has failed to successfully defend his title in the World English-Language Scrabble Players Association Championship (Wespac) held in Kenya.

Mr Jighere won the Wespac title in 2015, becoming the first African to do so.

This time, the Nigerian wordsmith finished fifth overall.

He told Nigerian Punch newspaper that he made mistakes that cost him the title.

“I wanted to defend the title but I only got close. I believe that a few mistakes in some games cost me a few points and that wasn’t enough for me to get to the final,” he said.

Akshay Bhandarkar, from Bahrain, was crowned the winner.

Mr Bhandarkar beat Nigerian Peter Moses in the final.

His his last word was bein which, the Oxford English dictionary tells us, means pleasant.

Here's what the Scrabble board looked like at the end of the game:

Scrabble board

The event held in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, brought together 100 competitors from over 30 countries.

The next competition will be held in 2019.

Crowds gather for Tour du Rwanda cycling competition

The ninth edition of Rwanda's premier cycling event, Tour du Rwanda, is on its second day.

Organisers have been sharing videos on Twitter of the cyclists making their way through the streets, with crowds cheering them on:

View more on twitter

The competition runs until 19 November.

Organisers say there's only one man to beat, Rwandan Jean Bosco Nsengimana aka Boy Wonder, whose record - set in 2015 - remains the one to beat:

View more on twitter

Read more about five cyclists from Burundi who cycled hundreds of miles to compete previously.

Kenya's serial witness 'has nine identities'

Kenyan police say a man, who was arrested last week after he appeared on local TV as a witness to two fatal accidents in different parts of the country, has nine different names.

He has not commented.

A forensic report by the police has found that his reported name, Denis Muigai Ngengi, is also an alias.

It also found that his names are linked to various offenses including stealing, assault and impersonation.

It adds that there's no evidence of a trial for the alleged offences.

The police say in a statement that investigations are still ongoing.

A Kenyan journalist has shared the police statement and listed all the names:

View more on twitter

Mr Ngengi came to public attention last week after a fatal road accident in the central region of Murang'a.

Observers noticed that he was the same man who gave a witness account after a helicopter crash on 21 October in Nakuru county.

View more on twitter

Tweeters have been using the hashtag #WitnessChallenge on Twitter to copy his look.

Tanzania actress jailed for killing her boyfriend

Aboubakar Famau

BBC Africa, Arusha

The actress appeared in court today

A popular Tanzanian actress Elizabeth Michael Kimemeta, commonly known as Lulu, has been sentenced to two years imprisonment for unintentional killing of her boyfriend.

The former movie star Steven Kanumba, popularly known as The Great, died in April 2012 after he allegedly fell in his bedroom in the early hours of the morning.

She confessed to have quarreled with Kanumba but she denied causing his death.

The high-profile manslaughter case has been keenly followed in Tanzania.

Lulu won the 2013 Zanzibar International Film Festival Award for Best Actress, and the 2016 Africa Magic Viewers’ Choice Award for Best Movie Eastern Africa.

Investigators visit site of Niger jihadist attack

BBC World Service

Investigators from the US and Niger have visited the site of a jihadist attack last month in which four soldiers from each country were killed.

The US military said the team spoke to people in the village of Tongo Tongo, in the west of Niger, and examined the local area to try to determine exactly what happened.

The attack has become a major issue in US domestic politics because of the deaths of the American troops.

La David funeral
Getty Images
Soldiers grieved at the funeral Sgt La David Johnson was one the soldiers killed

The US says the visit is just one part of an investigation spanning three continents and multiple US agencies.

Read more on the BBC News website: How did US soldiers die in Niger?

Somaliland votes in presidential election

voting finger

Polls have opened in the self-declared republic of Somaliland in the presidential election.

The election will use an iris-based biometric voting system - a world first, according to the election spokesman.

Just over 700,000 voters are eligible to take part in the election which is being contested by three candidates.

inky finger
Ink is being put on people's fingers to show they have voted

At least 60 observers are in the country to monitor the poll.

One of the observers, Susan Mwape from Zambia, told the BBC that they will be monitoring all aspects of the election including the "technical competence of electoral commission staff."

Rashid Abdi, from the International Crisis Group, told the BBC's Newsday programme if Somaliland "pulls off another credible election" it will improve its push for independence.

He defended the government for blocking social media sites to prevent the spread of "fake news and misinformation" during the election period.

Somaliland declared independence after the overthrow of Somali military dictator Siad Barre in 1991.

Here are five things you need to know about the Somaliland elections.

Davido beats Wizkid to award for best African act

The Nigerian superstar Davido beat compatriot Wizkid to grab the MTV Europe award for best African act yesterday.

They have both been nominated for the award at least two times each.

Davido was performing in Angola's capital Luanda this weekend so didn't make it to the ceremony. But he thanked everyone, including his mother, in an Instragram post:

View more on instagram

The post said "I'M ON FiAAAAAAA!!!" making a reference to his new song FIA:

View more on youtube

The other contenders included South Africans Nasty C and Babes Wodumo, Kenyan Nyashinski and Angolan C4 Pedro.

The latter had told Focus on Africa radio before the ceremony, that it was about time a Portuguese speaker won.

View more on Soundcloud

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day:

It is easier to protect your feet with slippers than to carpet the world."

Sent by Varney Dargoseh in St Paul Bridge, Liberia

Click here to send us your African proverbs

Good morning

Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news from around the continent.