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  1. 'Machete men' gang lynched in Mozambique
  2. Largest solar plant in West Africa launched in Burkina Faso
  3. #ThisFlag pastor acquitted of anti-Mugabe plot
  4. Buhari anger over 'Nigerians sold like goats' in Libya
  5. Egypt army given 90 days to secure Sinai
  6. 'Mass protest' against Togo's Eyadema dynasty
  7. WHO fears over battle against malaria
  8. 'Four solders killed' in Cameroon
  9. Migrant crisis to top African and Europe summit

Live Reporting

By Lucy Fleming and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Wednesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

Two pieces of meat confuse the fly’s mind."

A Hausa proverb sent by Adam A Adam in Gashua, Nigeria

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this photo of a man taking a photo earlier today at the launch of West Africa's largest solar power farm in Burkina Faso:

A man takes a picture during the inauguration ceremony of the solar energy power plant in Zaktubi, Burkina Faso - 29 November 2017

Mozambique to capture 'invading' buffaloes

Jose Tembe

BBC Africa, Maputo

Buffalo graze on July 20, 2010 in the Edeni Game Reserve, South Africa.
Buffaloes are among the "big five" animals in Africa

Conservationists have launched an operation to capture nearly 100 buffaloes which crossed into Mozambique from South Africa.

This will be a huge relief to Mozambicans along the border as the buffaloes have devastated their crops.

The buffaloes left a South African game park because of a drought, and entered southern Mozambique's Matutuine district in search of food and water.

The captured buffaloes are not going to be sent back to South Africa.

Instead, they are to be relocated to the Maputo Special Reserve in the hope that they will attract tourists.

The head of the reserve, Natercio Ngovene, said:

The Maputo Special Reserve had few buffalos – only five. So, this operation to bring invading buffaloes from South Africa will increase the number of the species. In addition, it will increase the tourism potential of the Maputo Special Reserve.”

Buffaloes - along with lions, leopards, rhinos and elephants - are referred to as the "big five" beasts of Africa.

Libya 'mass execution must be probed'

Rana Jawad

BBC North Africa correspondent

Khalifa Haftar
Khalifa Haftar's forces are battling Islamist militias in the east

US-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) has called for an investigation into “the extrajudicial killings” of 36 men in eastern Libya.

Their bodies were discovered in an open field in Al-Abyar town in late October.

Forces loyal to military strongman Khalifa Haftar, who commands most forces in the east, control the town.

This is not the first case of its kind implicating forces loyal to Libya’s self-styled army.

Relatives of victims interviewed by HRW say forces loyal to Field Marshal Hafter took the men from their homes.

Pictures that circulated online back in October showed most of the victims with their hands bound behind their backs lying in pools of blood with what appears to be gunshot wounds to the head.

It’s not clear if any of them were fighters opposed to Field Marshal Hafter. Some of the relatives said they were civilians.

Libya’s eastern-based forces have been locked in a protracted battle against various Islamist militias for the last three years.

Read more: Libya's strongman Khalifa Haftar

'My son was shot dead - I want justice'

David Wafula

BBC Africa, Nairobi

An opposition supporter is beaten by police in Nairobi, Kenya, 28 November 2017
There were running battles between the police and opposition supporters in Nairobi

The father of a seven-year-old boy shot dead in Kenya during clashes between the police and opposition protesters is demanding justice for his only son.

Geoffrey Mutinda was killed on Tuesday while he was playing on the balcony of an apartment block in the capital, Nairobi.

His father, Peter Mutuku, told me that he last saw Geoffrey when he said he was going to a neighbour’s flat to watch television as their own TV set was broken.

He went to check the inauguration of the president."

People in the street below were demonstrating against President Uhuru Kenyatta's swearing-in as the opposition had boycotted last month’s election.

Mr Kenyatta was officially re-elected with 98% of the vote but just under 39% of voters turned out last month. The original election on 8 August was annulled because of irregularities.

Mr Mutuku said he was out when the shooting happened:

I was called that my kid has been shot. When I came to the scene… it was chaos. I found my child lying down. I took some blankets, I covered the body and I went to the police."

Witnesses told him that the shooter was not wearing a police uniform but he was believed to be in the security forces.

Mr Mutuku added:

The shooter was not even hiding [a] gun."

The civilian police watchdog agency, Ipoa, is now investigating the case.

The distraught father added:

I hope justice will be got."

The police have denied using live rounds when breaking up such protests.

Tomorrow, the families of at least five people killed when opposition supporters had gathered to welcome home their leader Raila Odinga from an overseas trip earlier this month are to collect bodies from the city mortuary.

'Mass protest' against Togo's Eyadema dynasty

This file photo taken on April 25, 2016 shows Togolese President Faure Gnassingbe waving as he arrives to inaugurate the new Gnassinge Eyadema International airport terminal in Lome.
The president has rejected calls to step down

Thousands of people have protested in Togo's capital, Lome, to demand an end to the Eyadema dynasty's 50-year rule, AFP news agency reports.

The march was the first of three planned for this week to step up pressure on President Faure Gnassingbe to resign.

He became president in 2005, following the death of his father, Gnassingbe Eyadema, who ruled Togo for 38 years.

Unfazed by the protests, Mr Gnassingbe flew to Ivory Coast to attend the summit between African and European leaders.

Last week, he said talks were being planned with the opposition.

The leader of the opposition National Alliance for Change party, Jean-Pierre Fabre, led today's protest in Lome.

He told AFP:

Mobilisation will continue, even during talks. We are not going to give up the fight."

At least 16 people have been killed in three months of protests.

Opposition parties believe the government wants to amend the constitution so that the president can run for another two terms - in 2020 and 2025.

They say the amendment should impose a two-term limit, and it should be applied retrospectively, so that Mr Gnassingbe is ruled out as a candidate at the end of his two terms.

Read more: African dynasties in power

West Africa’s biggest solar farm launched

Solar panels are seen during the inauguration ceremony of the solar energy power plant in Zaktubi, near Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso - 29 November 2017

West Africa’s biggest solar farm has been launched in Burkina Faso.

It is a 33-megawatt plant designed to power tens of thousands of households, AFP news agency reports.

French President Emmanuel Macron, who is on a visit to the region, joined his Burkinabe counterpart Roch Marc Kabore for the inauguration of the 55-hectare (135-acre) farm in Zaktubi, outside the capital, Ouagadougou.

French President Emmanuel Macron (L) Burkina Faso President Roch Marc Kabore (R)

According to AFP, it cost $56.7m (£42.2m) to build and was funded by donations from the European Union and a loan from France's development agency.

Only about 20% of Burkina Faso's 17 million population has access to the electricity grid – with many people using wood or bottled butane gas, AFP says.

The country hopes to meet 30% its electricity needs through solar power by 2030, it adds.

Two other plants are also being planned.

Solar panels are seen during the inauguration ceremony of the solar energy power plant in Zaktubi, near Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso - 29 November 2017

Teaching Senegalese inmates to use swords

Young offenders in a Senegalese prison are being taught how to use swords to learn respect.

The teenagers are being given fencing lessons in Thiès Prison.

A charity started the initiative five years ago and says it is helping to reduce re-offending rates and that prisoners have become calmer as a result.

It's also a chance for the inmates to meet members of the opposite sex. Watch them at play:

Young offenders in Senegal are being taught how to use weapons to learn respect.

Video journalist: Maxime Le Hegarat Editor: Raïssa Ioussouf

'Machete men' gang lynched in Mozambique

Jose Tembe

BBC Africa, Maputo

A mob has killed six men near Mozambique's industrial town of Matola in a lynching, after accusing them of robbing, killing and sexually abusing women and girls.

The mob alleged that one of the members of the gang - dubbed machete men - was a policeman.

Lynchings are quite common in Mozambique, apparently because of a shortage of police patrols in residential neighbourhoods.

Police spokesman Antonio Bachir said he could not confirm or deny whether one of the gang members was a policeman.

He said the six were part of an eight-man gang and that police were searching for the remaining two members.

He urged the public not to take the law into their own hands.

Anger after thousands of Nigerian workers fired

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Abuja

About 4,000 government employees in northern Nigeria's Kaduna state have been sacked, sparking outrage among trade unions.

The state government said the workers, mainly in administrative posts, were unproductive, and were dismissed to reduce the "bloated bureaucracy" and the wage bill.

Their dismissal is the latest shock for government employees: earlier this month, 22,000 teachers were fired after they failed a competency test.

Labour unions say the government is sacking the workers to hire those loyal to the ruling All Progressive Congress (APC) party, whivh took power in elections in 2015.

They have vowed to challenge the dismissals in court.

Supporters of the main Nigerian opposition All Progressive Congress (APC) party attend a rally in Kaduna on January 19, 2015.
The APC swept to power after promising voters change

Nigerians 'deceived and lied to in Libya'

Ruona Meyer

BBC Pidgin, Lagos

As more than 80 heads of governments from Europe and Africa meet to focus on youth issues, 242 Nigerians in that age bracket are trying to settle in back home after being repatriated from Libya late last night.

Nikki Laoye, who witnessed the event at Lagos airport and ran live commentary on her Instagram page, told BBC Pidgin:

They were very happy to come back home. Most were deceived and lied to. I spoke to an electrician, who was told he would get a good job in Europe."

Ms Laoye - who is a popular singer and an ambassador for Nigeria’s national commission for refugees, migrants and internally displaced persons - shared videos of the returnees touching the tarmac with relief.

View more on instagram
View more on instagram

She said they had harrowing tales of their experiences:

It was quite emotional seeing this... Heard about their ordeals through the desert, praying to die; no water to drink; thrown into jail and finally given the option to go back to their country.

All because they were looking for a better life in Italy or Europe.”

The agency worked with the International Organization on Migration (IOM) and Nigeria’s National Emergency Management Agency (Nema) to repatriate the migrants.

In the last 10 months, 3,480 young Nigerian migrants have been returned from Libya under this arrangement.

President Buhari has promised that all Nigerians stranded in Libya will be repatriated and "rehabilitated" - and reacted angrily to footage of Nigerians "being sold like goats" in slave markets (see earlier post).

'Symbolic victory' for #ThisFlag pastor


Shingai Nyoka

BBC Africa, Harare

Supporters hold a portrait of Zimbabwes new President Emmerson Mnangagwa during his inauguration on November 24, 2017 in Harare.
Many Zimbaweans are hopeful that life will improve under President Mnangagwa

Some Zimbabweans will see the acquittal of #ThisFlag Pastor Evan Mawarire as a symbolic victory, coming just days after the forced resignation of long-serving ruler Robert Mugabe and the inauguration of his former deputy, Emmerson Mnangagwa, as president.

But the acquittal was expected, as when the pastor was given bail, a judge hinted that the case against him was weak.

Political campaigning on social media is one of the reasons why Mr Mugabe's government created the ministry of cyber security, and kicked off the process of drafting laws to regulate social media.

The former government - in which Mr Mnangagwa served as vice-president before his dramatic fall-out with Mr Mugabe - said the laws would help curb the spread of "cyber terrorism" and "revenge porn".

But media activists expressed fear that it would be used to crackdown on free speech.

With Mr Mnangagwa having promised a "new era of democracy", it is to be seen whether the proposed legislation addresses the concerns of activists - and whether he retains the cyber security ministry in what he says will be a "lean" cabinet.

Read more: The 'crocodile' who snapped back

South Sudan killings, abductions and burnings

Mary Harper

Africa editor, BBC World Service

Officials in South Sudan say 50 people have been killed in ethnic clashes in the eastern state of Jonglei.

They said members of the Murle ethnic group attacked Dinka villages, burning homes and stealing livestock.

Women and children are said to have been abducted.

Violence linked to cattle raiding is common in South Sudan, which has also been affected by years of civil war.

Houses burnt by cattle raiders in a village in Pibor County, in South Sudan's Jonglei state, emit plumes of smoke on July 12, 2013
Conflict in South Sudan has led to villages being torched on numerous occasions

Nigerians 'sold like goats' in Libya

Muhammadu Buhari
Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari is in Ivory Coast for the AU-EU Summit

Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari has said all Nigerians stranded in Libya will be brought home and be “rehabilitated”.

Reacting to recent footage showing Africans for sale at a slave auction in Libya, President Buhari said it was appalling that “some Nigerians where being sold like goats for [a] few dollars in Libya’’.

He also seemed to question whether Libyans had learnt anything useful since former leader Muammar Gaddafi was ousted in 2011.

‘‘All they learned was how to shoot and kill. They didn’t learn to be electricians, plumbers or any other trade,’’ he said.

In the video, released by CNN earlier this month, youths from sub-Saharan countries were seen being sold as farm workers to buyers for about $400 (£300) at undisclosed locations in Libya.

Nigeria’s president also vowed to reduce the number of Nigerians making the dangerous journey through the Sahara desert and over the Mediterranean to reach Europe.

This would be done by providing education, healthcare, and food security at home, a statement from the presidency said.

Mr Buhari made the comments at a session with the Nigerian diaspora on the sidelines of the African Union-European Union Summit in the Ivorian city of Abidjan .

A Libyan coast guardsman stands on a boat during the rescue of 147 illegal immigrants attempting to reach Europe off the coastal town of Zawiyah,  27 June 2017
Thousands of migrants attempt the dangerous crossing over the Mediterranean every year

UK sets conditions to help Zimbabwe

Zimbabweans look on ahead of the swearing in ceremony in Harare, Zimbabwe, November 24, 2017.
Zimbabweans are hoping that the economy will improve under a new government

The UK could help Zimbabwe's new government to stabilise its currency system and could give it a bridging loan to clear World Bank and African Development Bank debts, but this was conditional on "democratic progress", Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has said, Reuters news agency reports.

Speaking at the lines of an AU-EU summit in Ivory Coast, Mr Johnson added:

Those are indeed the things that we would try to do to help Zimbabwe forward, but we've got to see how the democratic process unfolds."

The UK, Zimbabwe's former colonial power, imposed sanctions on officials in the government of ousted President Robert Mugabe after condemning its controversial land reform programme and human rights record.

Africa's only professional snooker player

Egyptian Basem Eltahhan is Africa's only professional snooker player and will be taking part in the upcoming UK Championship.

He earned a two-year card on the World Snooker tour after winning the 2017 African Championship.

Snooker has been dominated by European players throughout its history, with just three world champions from outside the continent in 90 years.

Eltahhan, whose name translates to "the man who smiles" in Arabic, is the world number 131 and has not earned a penny on the tour.

The BBC's Jamie Broughton met him ahead of his toughest challenge yet - taking on world number one Mark Selby:

Egyptian Basem Eltahhan will take on World Number 1 Mark Selby at the UK Championship

Read more: World number 131 - Basem Eltahhan - all smiles

#ThisFlag pastor 'warns Mnangagwa'

Pastor Evan Mawarire leaves the High Court after he was found not guilty of subversion in Harare, Zimbabwe, November 29, 2017.
Pastor Evan Mawarire (R) says the whole case was absurd

Zimbabwe's #ThisFlag movement Pastor Evan Mawarire has warned new President Emmerson Mnangagwa to respect the democratic rights of people - or risk a fate similar to his ousted predecessor Robert Mugabe, the AFP news agency reports.

Speaking to reporters after his acquittal on charges of plotting to overthrow Mr Mugbae's government, the pastor said:

If they do to us what Robert Mugabe's government did to us, we will do the same thing to them."

High Court Priscilla Chigumba threw out the charges against the pastor, saying he had called for peaceful protests over the economic crisis - not the "violent removal of government", AFP reports.

Pastor Mawarire became the poster boy of the social media campaign against Mr Mugabe's government, using the national flag to show his patriotism and to urge people to demand change.

He was repeatedly hounded by the security forces, and briefly went into exile before returning to Zimbabwe.

Welcoming the ruling, he said:

The whole journey has been absurd. I should not have been in the dock at all. I should never have had to spend 11 months trying to defend myself from exercising my constitutional rights.

One hopes that as our country changes and begins to move forward that things like this should never ever be allowed to happen."

See earlier post for more details

Macron's heavy 'colonial baggage'

East Africa's best-known cartoonist Gado satirises Emmanuel Macron's visit to Africa as the French president promises a new approach to relations with the continent.

In Burkina Faso, he said he was "from a generation that would not tell Africans what to do".

But given France's colonial legacy, the cartoonist suggests it will be hard policy to change:

View more on twitter

Egypt army given 90 days to secure Sinai

BBC World Service

The mosque near al-Arish in Sinai, Egypt attacked by militants on 24 November 2017
The militants targeted a mosque near al-Arish

Egypt's president has told the military it can use all force necessary to secure the Sinai Peninsula following last week's attack on a mosque that killed more than 300 people.

Abdul Fattah al-Sisi ordered the army to secure and stabilise the region within three months.

No group has yet said it carried out the attack, although there's considerable evidence pointing to the Egyptian branch of so-called Islamic State.

There has been unrest and violence in the northern Sinai for many years, but it has intensified recently.

The Egyptian authorities have vowed to end it before, but failed.

Read more: Who are Egypt's militant groups?

The UK royal family's love affair with Africa

Prince Harry and Meghan Markle
Prince Harry is set to marry Meghan Markle in May

Botswana has played a central role in Prince Harry's fairytale romance with US actress Meghan Markle.

It was after just two dates the already-smitten royal decided to whisk his future bride off to the country to enjoy five nights camping under the African stars.

He has described the continent as the place "where I feel more like myself than anywhere else in the world".

To read more about the UK royal family's love affair with Africa, click here

Burkina Faso 1970s hits up for Grammys

Ata Ahli Ahebla

BBC Afrique

A compilation of recordings made during the 1970s in Burkina Faso has been nominated for two Grammy Awards, which take place next year.

Bobo Yéyé, Belle Époque in Upper Volta has been selected for the Best Historical Album and the Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition.

The set of three discs of 37 songs includes tracks by legendary bands such as Volta Jazz, Dafra Star, Echo Del Africa and Les Imbattables Leopard.

It also shines a light on Bobo-Dioulasso's music scene in the years leading up to the 1983 coup led by Thomas Sankara, an anti-imperialist revolutionary known as “Africa’s Che Guevara”.

Bobo-Dioulasso is the second largest city of Burkina Faso and is considered as the cultural capital of the country.

There’s another contender for Africa in the Best Historical Album category - Sweet As Broken Dates: Lost Somali Tapes From The Horn Of Africa

Here's a selection of some of the tracks on the album:

View more on youtube
View more on youtube
View more on youtube

#ThisFlag pastor acquitted of anti-Mugabe plot

Zimbabwe's #ThisFlag movement activist and pastor Evan Mawarire has been acquitted of trying to overthrow then-President Robert Mugabe's government.

He shared his delight on Twitter:

View more on twitter

He was arrested at his church in the capital, Harare, in September on a charge of subversion after releasing a video about the worsening economic crisis in Zimbabwe, including long queues for fuel and price increases.

The pastor's acquittal comes about a week after Mr Mugabe, 93, was forced to resign following pressure from the military and the ruling Zanu-PF party.

Opposition Senator David Coltart welcomed the ruling, tweeting that "Zimbabwe can move forward if this spirit continues".

View more on twitter

Read more: What next for Zimbabwe?

'Four solders killed' in Cameroon

Four soldiers have been killed overnight in the Cameroon’s English-speaking South-West province, a government source has told the AFP news agency.

"Four soldiers were killed around 02:00 in the Mamfe area,” the source is quoted as saying.

In the last year, there has also been crackdown by the armed forces on protests in English-speaking regions in the west of the country, where people are complaining of marginalisation in mainly French-speaking Cameroon.

emonstrators march during a protest against perceived discrimination in favour of the country's francophone majority on 22 September 2017 in Bamenda
People in western Cameroon have been protesting about their perceived marginalisation

How to stop the migrant crisis?


Tamasin Ford

BBC Africa, Abidjan

African migrants are seen aboard a rescue ship as they arrive at a naval base in Tripoli on November 25, 2017, after their rubber boat was rescued
Many African migrants, exploited by smugglers, die making the dangerous crossing across the Mediterranean

Young people are the focus of this year’s African Union and European Union summit taking place today in Ivory Coast.

German leader Angela Merkel and France’s President Emmanuel Macron are there - along with eighty other heads of state.

Investing in youth for a sustainable future - that’s the tagline as 60% of the population across Africa is under 25.

It’s the youngest continent in the world.

And it’s getting younger, not older, as the number of young people is expected to double in the next decade.

But many think the summit’s focus on young people is simply another way of saying, “the migrant crisis”.

Hundreds of thousands of Africans, mainly from West and East Africa, make the treacherous journey across the Mediterranean every year.

Some are escaping atrocities.

But many, like those from Ivory Coast, are economic migrants, simply aspiring to a better life - chasing the European dream, a dream that doesn’t exist.

It’s hoped presidents, prime ministers and policy makers from both continents, Africa and Europe, will address the root causes of migration.

The EU is expected to offer new investment and loan agreements - because if people’s situations in their home countries don’t change, the migrant crisis is only going to get worse.

Fight against malaria 'stalling'

A mother and her child sit on a bed covered with a mosquito net near Bagamoyo, Tanzania - 2009
The WHO is worried about is lack of access to preventative measures such as bed nets

The UN's World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that the global fight to eradicate malaria shows signs of stalling following recent success.

Pedro Alonso, director of the WHO's global malaria programme, is quoted by the Reuters news agency as saying:

We want [this to be] a wake-up call to the malaria community. We are not on track, and we need to get back on track."

Last year the number of people infected by malaria was up by five million on the previous year.

Funding has been allowed to plateau over the last 10 years, the WHO said.

It also said a complacent attitude to the disease has seen a drop in the use of preventative tools such as bed nets, indoor spraying and primary healthcare.

More than 400,000 people died of the disease in 2016, the vast majority being children under five.

Zimbabwe honours white ex-minister

Zimbabwe has declared former Health Minister Timothy Stamps - who was once the only white person in the government of ousted President Robert Mugabe - a national hero following his death on Sunday at the age of 81, the state-run Herald newspaper reports.

A delegation of the ruling Zanu-PF party visited Dr Stamp's home yesterday, describing him as someone who was "keen on the welfare" of Zimbabweans and would be "missed a lot", the newspaper adds.

Zanu-PF official Obert Mpofu said:

We have been requested by His Excellency [new President Emmerson Mnnangagwa] to come and inform the family that he has been declared a national hero... His name is like a family name in communities."

Dr Stamps played a key role in promoting reconciliation between black and white people after Zimbabwe's independence in 1980.

He was elected an MP on a Zanu-PF ticket in 1985, and served as health minister from 1986 to 2002. For much of this period, he was the only white person in the government.

The Herald described him as a health adviser to Mr Mugabe and the cabinet at the time of his death.

Dr Stamps died at the Borrowdale Trauma Centre in the capital, Harare, after suffering from a lung infection.

In 2000, journalist Andrew Meldrum wrote in the UK-based Guardian newspaper that he was "one of the most persuasive advocates" of Mr Mugabe's government.

School children hold an image of Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe during the country's 37th Independence Day celebrations at the National Sports Stadium in Harare April 18, 2017
Mr Mugabe was forced to resign last week after 37 years in power

Wise words

Today's African proverb:

Two pieces of meat confuse the fly’s mind."

A Hausa proverb sent by Adam A Adam in Gashua, Nigeria

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page, where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news and trends from across the continent.