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  1. Activist behind Mandela helicopter rescue plot dies
  2. Every adult in Malawi gets biometric ID card
  3. Two policemen killed in Cameroon
  4. Ghanaian migrants fly back from Libya
  5. Wizkid named best international act in Mobos
  6. UAE denies preventing Egypt's former PM from leaving

Live Reporting

By Flora Drury, Farouk Chothia and Clare Spencer

All times stated are UK

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We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

Great advice does not only come from elders but also from the young child."

A Bemba proverb sent by Victor Sichilongo in Lusaka, Zambia

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this photo of a woman taking part in a parade in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, which has been hosting the summit between African and European leaders this week.

People take part in a parade during the 5th African Union - European Union (AU-EU) summit in Abidjan, Ivory Coast November 30, 2017

Seven missing off Tanzanian coast

Sammy Awami

BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

At least seven people are missing after their boat carrying construction material capsized on the route from the northern Tanzanian port of Tanga to Pemba Island on Tuesday morning.

The boat is yet to be located but the rescue mission is still on-going.

Chief inspector of marine vessels at Tanga port authority, Christopher Mlelwa, said he suspects the boat had a technical fault:

The weather in the ocean is not good at the moment. Most vessels are travelling with caution.

But unconfirmed reports says the boat had some technical problem. We haven’t confirmed this because we haven’t located the boat yet, but if the engine failed, coupled with bad weather, then the boat could have easily sank.”

Most of the boats operating along the Tanzanian coast are often in poor conditions and are overloaded. They also lack basic safety and communication equipment.

Tanzanian coast line
Boat accidents around the Tanzanian islands are not uncommon

Activist behind Mandela helicopter rescue plot dies

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One of Nelson Mandela's "greatest friends" from his prison days has died aged 89, the former president's foundation announced.

Anti-apartheid activist Eddie Daniels spent 15 years in prison for his part in the struggle and became friends with Mr Mandela.

Daniels did not forget his friend once he left prison in 1979 - he even hatched a plot to rescue Mandela by helicopter from his island jail.

According to the Nelson Mandela Foundation, he even went as far as picking a date - 1 January, 1981.

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The plan never happened but the two remained friends.

Mandela once said: “I liked Daniels very much. He was one of my greatest friends in prison. We got on very well. I found him honest, very humble and very helpful indeed.”

Mandela even penned the forward for Daniels' autobiography:

“We recall his loyalty and courage; his sense of humour, and justice as well as total commitment to the struggle of the prisoners for the eradication of injustice and the betterment of their conditions,” Mandela wrote.

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Nigerian singer protests against Libyan slave trade

Chris Ewokor

BBC Africa, Abuja

The singer Charly Boy led Nigerian protesters to the Libyan embassy in Abuja earlier today in protest against slavery in Libya:

Slave trade protest

His organisation Our Mumu Don Do describes itself in its Twitter biography as the "coalition of all angry, vexed, and frustrated Nigerians".

He is quoted in Nigeria's Punch newspaper as saying: “It is shocking to find the slave trade, a horrible part of African history which is best confined to our collective past and best studied to avoid a repeat, is being conducted so brazenly in these modern times."

CNN footage appeared to show a slave market in Libya and Nigeria's Daily Post reports that 242 Nigerians were flown back home from Libya.

Earlier this month people, marched to the Libyan embassy in France's capital Paris, reports CNN, and there are plans for an anti-slavery march in London this Saturday.

Read more: Why celebrities are sharing posts about 'slave auctions'

Nigerian primary school children hacked to death

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Abuja

Three primary schoolchildren have been hacked to death by a machete-wielding man in Nigeria.

The man attacked the primary school in a remote village in Borno state during break-time.

He also wounded a female teacher.

The man was arrested and handed over to the police by members of the community, which is about 230km (140 miles) south of Maiduguri, the Borno state capital.

It is not clear if the lone attacker belongs to any group. The police say the mental state of the suspect is being examined.

The militant group Boko Haram, which is active in the region, had targeted secondary schools in the past mostly using a large number of attackers with guns and explosives.

Meanwhile, suspected Boko Haram insurgents have launched a fresh attack on a village in Adamawa state killing at least five people. Residents and the authorities say the militants have also burnt down dozens of homes and looted food.

Two policemen killed in Cameroon

Two police officers have died after coming under attack by suspected Anglophone separatists in Cameroon, the government has said.

The officers were taking part in a routine patrol in Otu, in South-West Province, government spokesman Issa Tchiroma Bakary told news agency AFP.

Another police officer and a soldier were also wounded in the attack.

The deaths came a day after four soldiers were killed in the same region, and combined they bring to 10 the total number of security forces killed in attacks during November.

The deaths form part of an escalating crisis in the country.

Dozens of people have been killed following protests against the mainly Francophone government, leading to increased demands for independence from the English-speaking minority.

For more about the current crisis, watch the video below.

Cameroon's English-speaking protests explained

Last of the strongmen?

Robert Mugabe and King Mswati III
King Mswati III (r) is Africa's last absolute monarch

Since Robert Mugabe's fall from power media across the continent have been taking their guess as to which of the so called strong men might be next to go.

Quartz Africa says the landscape has changed for Africa's leaders, and tweeted an updated list of the longest serving ones.

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But it is a king, not a president, who has caught The Mail and Guardian's attention.

It asks if Swaziland's King Mswati III will be the next to go.

The country is an absolute monarchy, and political parties are banned.

Columnists Bill Snaddon and Sibusiso Nhlabatsi write that "In private... many people express deep displeasure at how the country is run and would prefer a more open and free nation".

However they also caution that it is difficult to say how much dissent there is, and how long his reign will continue.

Every adult in Malawi gets biometric ID card

BBC World Service

Malawi has completed a mass registration programme of more than nine million citizens over the age of 16.

They have been given biometric ID cards.

Until now, millions of Malawians had no legal documents recognising their identity.

The authorities say the registration programme will enable those in need to get help, and allow the state to collect taxes and remove fraudulent names from payrolls.

It is also hoped that it will lead to a reduction in child marriages, since it will now be possible to verify the ages of young brides.

Baby in Malawi
Getty Images
Births in Malawi have often gone unregistered

Would you eat goat's head?

The answer to that seems to depend on where you're from.

But how do you make things like goat's head more palatable to those who didn't grow up eating it?

Well, Senegalese chef Pierre Thiam and Nigerian chef and writer Nky Iweka have a few ideas (hint: don't go straight in with the goat).

You can listen to their talk on The Food Chain below.

The challenges of introducing African cuisines to other cultures

Mozambique arrests 100 illegal immigrants

Jose Tembe

BBC Africa, Maputo

More than 100 suspected illegal immigrants, mainly from Bengal, Ethiopia, Pakistan and Somalia, have been arrested in Mozambique.

The arrests were made at Maputo International Airport on Tuesday and Wednesday, Mozambican Migratory Authority spokesman Cira Fernandes said.

Among those being held as they await deportation are 52 Bengalis, 18 Ethiopians, 11 Pakistanis, and 15 Somalis, she said.

Ms Fernandes added:

They have either forged visas or they aren’t sure why they flew to Mozambique. They claim to have acquired visas in Addis Abeba, New Dheli, Mbabane and Dubai.”

Zuma bid to block corruption charges

Jacob Zuma
South Africa's President Jacob Zuma denies allegations of corruption

South African media is reporting President Jacob Zuma's lawyers have filed papers detailing why charges of corruption should not be reinstated against him.

They had been given until midnight today to do so.

The charges relate to a controversial arms deal in the late 1990s which was worth around $2bn.

They were dropped in 2009 on the basis that they were politically motivated.

But last year the Supreme Court of Appeal said that decision was "irrational".

If the charges go ahead it is likely to increase pressure for President Zuma to step down before the end of his term in 2019.

He is due to step down as president of the ANC in December, and many analysts say he is trying to influence who takes over from him as leader of the ruling party.

Mr Zuma denies all allegations of corruption.

Togo instability may have 'wider implications'

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Abuja

A man holds up a sign, which reads: "Faure, still how many death by you", during an opposition protest calling for the immediate resignation of President Faure Gnassingbe in Lome, Togo, September 2017
Opposition protesters have called on President Faure Gnassingbé to stand down

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari and his Ivorian counterpart, Alassane Ouattara, say the political instability in Togo could have wider implications across the region.

Opposition protesters have been calling on Togo's President Faure Gnassingbé, who has been in power since 2005, to step down in recent months.

They are demanding the restoration of the 1992 constitution, which limited the number of presidential terms to two.

However, Mr Buhari, who was meeting Mr Ouattara on the sidelines of the 5th AU-EU Summit in the Ivorian city Abidjan, warned it could have consequences beyond Togo's borders.

''There will be regional consequences for instability in Togo and this will surely come at a cost to development," he said.

Mr Buhari and Mr Ouattara said friends of the opposition and the government must talk to them on the steps jointly take to achieve stability and mutual trust.

Mr Gnassingbe is serving his third term in office. He succeeded his father, Gnassingbe Eyadema, who had ruled the country for 38 years.

Families attend funerals of people killed during Kenyan elections

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC Africa, Kisumu

Kenyan funeral

Funerals are taking place today of some of the victims allegedly killed by Kenyan police as security officers clashed with opposition supporters during this year’s electioneering period.

Human rights groups say more than 50 people have been killed by police since the election in August.

The latest victim was a seven-year-old boy, shot dead as he played outside his home on Tuesday - the same day President Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in.

Some of the affected families have collected the bodies of their loved ones today at the City Mortuary in the capital Nairobi.

Geoffrey Nguyagwa Ovwiru told me his brother Elisha Osenyo Lukuba was shot dead on 17 November.

It is a very sad moment for us as a family, for the entire country to lose such a young energetic person. It's so painful. Why kill an innocent person? The government that is supposed to protect us is no longer protecting us."

Rosa Buyu, who is an MP in Kisumu County, an opposition stronghold which has also witnessed violent protests and deaths, is among the leaders who have accompanied the mourners.She told them this is a fight for justice and electoral reforms:

Your children have paid the biggest price anybody else can pay. But we want to tell the government and the police, we are tired of crying. We have cried enough and we don’t want to cry anymore. It’s the government that can stop us from crying because they can stop these senseless killings."

Police have denied using lethal force against demonstrators.

In an interview with a local TV station, police spokesman Charles Owino said all the deaths are being investigated:

We don’t take death for granted. In every death, we open inquiries into the cause, and we present these files before magistrates having jurisdiction. And if a policeman is found to have committed and offence, he will definitely be charged."

Is crude oil killing children in Nigeria?

Research has shown that babies born within 10km (six miles) of an oil spill are twice as likely to die in their first month.

It is a statistic which has left some communities in the Niger Delta wondering exactly what caused the deaths of their babies.

Stephanie Hegarty has been speaking to some of the mothers who lost their newborns in one village affected by an oil spill.

You can read her report here, or watch this video:

Is crude oil killing Nigerian children?

Malawi women put a ring on it to prevent HIV

World Hacks: The secret HIV protection for women with cheating husbands

Women in Malawi are trialing a new method to help defend themselves against HIV.

A ring, which is inserted into the vagina, is a way for women to prevent getting infected, even when their partner refuses to wear a condom.

What's more, their partner never even needs to know they are using it.

However, it is not a miracle device: studies have found just one in three women using the ring are actually protected.

But as Dr Annalene Nel explains:

If you consider the proportions of the epidemic in our community, if you can reduce the risk for every one out of three women, that can really make a difference."

Watch BBC World Hacks' video above.

Police 'use tear gas' on banned DR Congo protests

Police have fired tear gas to disperse demonstrators in several Congolese cities, reports AFP news agency.

Opposition campaigner group Lucha has been tweeting pictures of protests from across the country:

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The protesters were demanding that President Joseph Kabila step down.

Opposition figures had vowed to push ahead with the demonstrations despite a ban.

In Kinshasa, police fired tear gas to disperse about a hundred supporters outside the home of opposition coalition head Felix Tshisekedi, AFP correspondents reported.

Mr Tshisekedi, who called the protests, was quoted by AFP as saying he urged people to take to the streets "to show that we've had enough of this regime which is on its way out".

The opposition want a transition of power by 31 December.

But the electoral commission announced at the beginning of November that the election will be almost a year later on 23 December 2018.

The date of the election has been a matter of contention or some time - Mr Kabila refused to step down at the end of his second and final term in office in December 2016, despite protests.

Investing in youth goes 'beyond the migrant crisis'

A Libyan coast guardsman stands on a boat during the rescue of 147 illegal immigrants attempting to reach Europe off the coastal town of Zawiya in June 2017
Tens of thousands of young Africans have left for Europe

The Europe-Africa summit in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, was meant to focus on ''investing in youth' - but instead has been dominated by talk of the migrant crisis.

But while the two issues are inextricably linked, Sarah Anyang Agbor, the African Union's youth champion, argues it is about more than just preventing people leaving their home countries.

She told the BBC's Tamasin Ford:

It is beyond the migration crisis: it is a dream that if Africa has to be driven, if Africa has to emerge, if Africa has to become like the American dream, we need competent skilled people who can fit in the needs of the African continent."

Ms Anyang Agbor called for a focus on more practical education to give young people the skills they need to become "job creators not job seekers".

Angola opens borders

South Africa-Mozambique border
Many countries don't allow Africans to enter without a visa

From Friday Mozambicans and South Africans can visit Angola, and Angolans can visit those two countries, without a visa, reports the state-run newspaper Jornal de Angola.

The arrangement, which was first agreed in July, is for visits under 30 days.

The bureaucracy making it difficult to moving between countries in Africa has long been a frustration across the continent.

Back in 2016, the Africa Development Bank report on visa openness found only 13 out of 55 countries allow all Africans to enter either without a visa or to get one on arrival.

The African Union is also pushing for citizens of all African countries to be allowed to stay visa-free for 30 days across the continent.

World Cup 'great opportunity' for Tunisia

Radhi Jaidi looks on during a match
Getty Images
Radhi Jaidi hopes Tunisia can send a positive message

Former Tunisia football captain Radhi Jaidi has said going to next year's World Cup is a chance to remind the world about his country.

Jaidi told the BBC he feels the World Cup campaign could also be used to discourage young people from engaging in terror related activities.

Tunisia has suffered a number of terror attacks in recent years, including the beach attack which left 38 holidaymakers dead two years ago.

Tunisians also make up the largest number of foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq.

Jaidi, now in Southampton's under-23s following a successful career on the pitch with teams like Birmingham City and Bolton Wanderer, said:

Succeeding in football is a great opportunity for the whole country to send a message that Tunisia is trying hard to keep ourselves in a good balance.

Our image faded and we are trying hard to get that image people used to know.

Going to the World Cup for the first time in 10 years will renew the message of what we have been through and sending a positive message that Tunisia still exists."

Read the whole interview here.

Zuma should testify on corruption says deputy

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

Cyril Ramaphosa
Mr Ramaphosa is one of the candidates vying to take over as president of the ANC

South Africa's President Jacob Zuma should testify in front of a parliamentary committee on corruption if he's asked to, says the deputy president.

Cyril Ramaphosa says it is a "no brainer".

He told journalists that Nelson Mandela had set a precedent when he appeared in court in 1998 to answer questions on his decision to set up a commission investigating allegations of corruption and racism in rugby.

Mr Ramaphosa said "Nelson Mandela... sought to demonstrate that even if you're head of state and head of government you should never be above the law."

"Nelson Mandela was grilled, in parts it was very humiliating, but he went through with it," he added.

Mr Ramaphosa is one of the seven candidates vying to take over from Mr Zuma as president of the ANC in December, in an increasingly bitter succession battle that has split the ruling party.

Freed Zimbabwean pastor: Battle not over for freedom of expression

Zimbabwe cleric Pastor Evan Mawarire celebrates with his supporters on November 29, 2017 outside the High Court in Harare
Pastor Evan Mawarire (right) was facing a jail sentence

Leading Mugabe critic Pastor Evan Mawarire has told the BBC there is more to be done to give Zimbabwean citizens a voice - despite indications change is afoot.

Mr Mawarire spoke to Newsday after the court dismissed charges of trying to overthrow Robert Mugabe's former government, which were leveled against him after he organised last year's #ThisFlag protests.

He had faced 20 years in prison had he been convicted and many pointed to the decision as a sign things were changing in Zimbabwe following the resignation of Mr Mugabe.

But Mr Mawarire warned the new president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, was still part of the old ruling party.

Part of their political culture is to silence views of dissent, so a lot remains to be done."

He also spoke of the challenge of encouraging people to speak up, after years of fearing the consequences of criticising their government.

We have to 'on-board' more and more citizens, who were voiceless, who were afraid, and help them scale that wall of fear."

Hear more from Newsday here.

Celebrities speak out against Libya slavery

Celebrities including the US rappers TI and Cardi B are voicing their anger at migrants being sold as slaves in Libya.

A tweet from the American pastor TD Jakes highlighting the issue was retweeted 5,000 times.

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There has been world-wide outrage after CNN published video earlier this month showing black Africans being auctioned.

Thousands of Sub-Saharan Africans have found themselves trapped in Libya after trying, and failing, to get to Europe.

In April the International Office of Migration reported that Africans trying to reach Europe were being sold in "slave markets" in Libya.

Victims described being taken to town squares or car parks to be sold, after being detained by people smugglers or militia groups.

Ghanaian migrants rescued from Libya

Over 100 Ghanaians who had been detained in Libya, have returned after the government secured a chartered flight to bring them home.

They went to Libya with the hope of getting to Europe but ended up in detention centres as illegal migrants.

Their return follows world-wide outrage over footage of Sub-Saharan Africans being auctioned as slaves in the country.

African and European leaders have been discussing the issue at a meeting in Ivory Coast, and have drawn up a "Marshall Plan for Africa" to try and deal with the problem.

People in France protesting against slavery in Libya
Thousands around the world have protested after the footage emerged

#PeoplevsPatriarchy gets South Africa talking

A documentary shining a light on male attitudes to women in South Africa has sparked a heated debate on Twitter.

The People vs Patriarchy documentary aired on MTV Africa last night - with lines like "never hesitate to discipline your wives, a good spanking won't kill them".

It's provoked a strong reaction on Twitter:

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The documentary was meant to "hold a mirror" to the reason #MenAreTrash began trending earlier this year.

The hashtag was started in response to the high rate of women being murdered and abused in South Africa.

Documentary maker Lebogang Rasethaba said he hoped it would start a dialogue during a chat with South African website Between 10 and 5 earlier this week:

If you asking me if this documentary will change the world and end patriarchy, then the answer is obviously no, and that was never the intention. But hopefully people will introspect and question things and participate in the dialogue, and in that sense this film could help the dialogue. That’s the primary goal, to equip young minds with the tools to engage the dialogue."

You can get a taste for what the documentary was about here:

View more on youtube

Wizkid wins best international act in Mobos

Nigerian superstar Wizkid has won Best International Artist in the Mobos in London.

Nigerian media are reporting that he is the first African act to do so.

One of his biggest songs is a collaboration with the Canadian star Drake:

View more on youtube

The Mobos - which stands for music of black origin - started in 1996.

So, if Pulse Newspaper is correct, it is surprising that this is the first time an African has won.

But there is also a category for best African act, which Nigerian superstar Davido won this year.

One of his biggest songs of 2017 is Fall:

View more on youtube

So the suggestion is that, because there is already an African category in the awards, Africans are forgotten about in the International category.

The big winner of the Mobos this year is British-Ghanaian Stormzy.

He picked up three awards - best male act, best grime act and won best album for Gang Signs & Prayer.

The London star broke into the mainstream this year with a number one album and top 10 single, Big For Your Boots.

View more on youtube

Stormzy is not the only British African who is a big grime star. Skepta and JME are both British-Nigerian.

Read more about the big winners on BBC Newsbeat.

UAE denies preventing Egypt's former PM from leaving

BBC World Service

:Former Prime Minister and presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq attends a news conference in Cairo, Egypt May 14, 2012.
Ahmed Shafiq plans to stand in the next Egyptian presidential election

The foreign minister of the United Arab Emirates, Anwar Gargash, has denied that the former Egyptian prime minister Ahmed Shafiq is being prevented from travelling to Cairo.

Mr Shafiq, who's said he's intending to stand as a candidate in the next Egyptian presidential election, appeared on Al Jazeera television to say he was being barred from leaving.

He told news agency AFP:

I was surprised that I was banned from leaving the brotherly nation of the United Arab Emirates, for reasons I do not understand. I was intending to carry out a tour among the Egyptian diaspora before returning to my country in the next few days."

But the UAE minister denied this, saying his country had been hosting Mr Shafiq after he left Egypt, despite "strong reservations about some of his positions".

National power blackout in Tanzania

BBC World Service

Mother and son with Kerosene lamp
Getty Images
Partial electricity black outs are common in Tanzania

Tanzania has been hit by a nationwide blackout due to a technical fault in its national power grid. The country's electricity supply company, Tanesco, said it was still trying to fix the fault.

Partial blackouts occur regularly in Tanzania, which relies on hydro, natural gas and heavy fuel oil to generate electricity. Many businesses use power generators as a back-up.

Saudi Arabia 'expels Ethiopian migrants'

Saudi Arabia has expelled more than 1,300 Ethiopians "in recent days" after a deadline for undocumented migrants to leave the oil-rich kingdom voluntarily expired, Ethiopia's foreign ministry is quoted by the associated Press news agency as saying.

Ethiopia's government is working with Saudi Arabia to safely return its citizens home, the ministry's director general of diaspora affairs, Demeke Atinafu, told the state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting Corporate.

More than 70 000 Ethiopians have returned home since Saudi Arabia issued a decree in March, ordering all undocumented migrants leave.

The deadline was later extended to June but the majority of migrants remained in the Gulf state where they mostly work as domestic workers and on farms, AP reports.

Campaign group Human Rights Watch (HRW) estimates that Ethiopian migrants around the world sent home more than $4bn in 2015 to boost the income of struggling relatives.

Ethiopian immigrants returning from Saudi Arabia arrive at Addis Ababas Bole International Airport on December 10, 2013.
It's common for Ethiopians to move to Saudi Arabia for work

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